Dark circles are blemishes under the eye caused due to lack of adequate sleep. If someone gets dark circles even after adequate sleep, it is not unusual. Puffy eyelids can cast shadows which may seem like blemishes under the eye. Allergies, contact dermatitis, fatigue and non-uniform pigmentation are some of the common causes of dark circles. Swollen eyelids and darkening blemishes are two of the worsening conditions.
HOW IS DARK CIRCLE DIAGNOSED?
Dark circles can some of the times be blue or brown in color.
Many women and even men are worried when they find dark circles around their eyes. In today’s life, dark circles are common due to excessive usage of computer. However, we cannot blame the computers alone for causing dark circles. Dark Circles are caused due to many reasons and as we age dark circles become more prominent as the skin loses the collagen which makes it look stiff and nice. What exactly are the causes of these Dark Circles? Let us explore.
The skin around the eyes is thinner than the skin in other parts of the body. The thickness of the skin around the eyes is around 0.5 mm whereas in other parts of the body it is around 2mm. So you can understand that the skin is very thin. We can see the blood vessels below the skin which causes the blue circles around the eyes. Sometimes the vessels rupture and cause blood to leak, causing many enzymes to clean up this area resulting in darkness around the eyes.
Another condition more common among Asian and African women is brown dark circles. Causes of this type darks circles is due to constant rubbing of the eyes, genetics or sun exposure. Hyper pigmentation also causes dark circles to the skin below the eyes producing more melanin and this result in the area around the eyes to look darker than the other areas of the face.
Other factors also contribute to formation of dark circles around the eyes. They are:
Nutritional deficiency: Lack of vitamins A,C, K and E and other nutrients can also cause dark circles.
Tiredness and Sleep Deprivation: When we are tired and lack sleep the skin becomes pale and hence the areas around the eyes will become look darker.
Hormones: In pregnant or menstruating women there is a marked difference in hormones which causes dark circles.
Allergies: Allergies especially in children cause itchiness around the eyes which makes them rub their eyes and create dark circles.
Liver Diseases: People with liver disease like hepatitis have dark circles around their eyes.
Dehydration: Lack of water in the body causes dark circles around the eyes.
Anaemia: Low iron content in the blood leads to less oxygen being supplied to the eyes and this result in dark circle formation.
Exposure to Sun: Excessive exposure the sun can cause dark circles around the eyes as a result of heavy pigmentation around the eyes.
Dermatologists have a number of solutions to the problem of dark circles. Some of the professional treatments provide the best results and can reduce the dark circles around your eyes.
Lybrate is the platform which helps you find dermatologists who can find solutions to the problem of dark circles. You can consult doctors from all over India. Choose the doctor who you feel will give you the best solution to your problem in Noida, Panchkula, Patna, Rajkot, Surat.