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Overview

Vaginal Yeast Infection: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Vaginal yeast infection is basically a kind of fungal infection caused by a fungus called Candida. Almost 50% of all women have the fungus present in their vaginas. The fungus is not harmful usually and has a passive existence. It is when the normal balance between the bacteria and yeast is overturned that a yeast infection occurs. A vaginal yeast infection is very common and more than 75% of all women are affected by it once in their lifetime.

Topical treatment is often considered for vaginal yeast infection. There are creams that can be directly applied to the vagina and the infection is cured within 2-3 days. Periodic infections may require topical medication for a longer period of time. Oral medication can also be taken to cure vaginal yeast infection.

How is the treatment done?

Vaginal yeast infection can be treated quite easily. Antifungal ointments, creams and tablets are available in abundance. Women can opt for an antifungal course of 3 days or a week depending on the severity of the situation. Terconazole, Butoconazole, Clotrimazole are the medications that have proved to be the most effective. Doctors often prescribe a two or three-time dose of the antifungal oral medication called fluconazole. It is an extremely medication and cures fungal infection in a jiffy. Azole antifungal agents are widely used to treat severe yeast infection. Azole medication is available in the form of pill, vaginal ointment, cream or suppository. An azole medication regimen of a week or two can completely cure severe vaginal yeast infection. For periodic vaginal yeast infections, doctors prescribe a course of fluconazole pills to be consumed each week for 6 months. Some doctors may recommend the use of a clotrimazole suppository once a week for treating the same.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

All women suffering from yeast vaginitis are eligible to receive treatment for the same.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Vaginal yeast infections are very common and women can treat them with over-the-counter medication or antifungal medication present at home. But women who are pregnant must not follow this course of treatment. Pregnant women must consult their doctors before treating themselves for vaginal yeast infections.

Are there any side effects?

Women should use some alternative birth-control measure as antifungal suppositories or ointments are oily in texture and thus often end up weakening condoms and diaphragms. Oral antifungal medication may also cause headache, abdominal pain and nausea.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Women should keep their vaginas as clean and dry as possible to prevent further growth of yeast.

How long does it take to recover?

Vaginal yeast infection is a very common condition in women and gets cured very quickly. The maximum time taken for vaginal yeast infection to completely heal is a week or two. For recurrent yeast infections, doctors may prescribe an antifungal regimen of 6 months, but that does not hinder one's normal routine.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection and can be cured by using antifungal medication. So, the treatment is not expensive and costs anywhere between Rs300 and Rs.1,000.

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Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Vaginal yeast infection gets completely cured with antifungal medication. But like any other infection, it may return sometime later. But there's nothing to be worried about.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Instead of using standard antifungal medication, women can use boric acid suppositories to treat vaginal yeast infection. A regimen comprising one boric acid suppository each day at bedtime will completely cure yeast vaginitis.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Rs.300-Rs,1,000

Popular Health Tips

Vaginal Yeast Infections - Signs You Must Be Aware Of!

DGO , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Vaginal Yeast Infections - Signs You Must Be Aware Of!

In a healthy individual, there are millions of microorganisms in different parts of the body which are essential for normal functioning of that particular organ. Be it the mouth or the gut or the reproductive tract, there are normally organisms. These form part of the normal flora of that body part. It is when there is an imbalance between the good and bad bacteria, where the bad ones take over, then there is a problem. This results in an infection, which manifests with symptoms and requires treatment.

Vaginal yeast infection is one of the most common such conditions and almost 75% of the women would have had it at least once in their lifetime. It is most commonly caused by the yeast Candida albicans, which is normally present in the vagina. Though it can be sexually transmitted, it is not a usual STD.

Causes: The vagina also contains the bacteria Lactobacillus, which produces acid and is essential for maintaining an acidic environment. This acidic environment ensures there is no overgrowth of the yeast. For various reasons, this balance is lost and there is an overgrowth of yeast leading to vaginal yeast infections. Some of the common causes are listed below.

  • Antibiotic usage, which kills the Lactobacillus count and increases vaginal pH
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Weakened immunity due to various reasons
  • Pregnancy
  • Increased levels of oestrogen due to use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy

Symptoms: The symptoms would depend on the severity of the infection.

  • Vaginal itching, burning, and irritation
  • Vulvar swelling, irritation, and redness
  • Burning sensation with urination or intercourse
  • Vaginal rash
  • Vaginal soreness and pain
  • Vaginal discharge that can be thick or thin, white or clear, odor-free or foul-smelling

In cases of recurrent vaginal yeast infections, there could be more than 4 infections per year along with extensive burning and itching and swelling that could even lead to cracks and fissures.

Diagnosis: Though the symptoms can be helpful in diagnosis, sometimes a pelvic exam and swab of the vaginal discharge might be required to confirm the diagnosis. This is especially required in cases of repeated infections.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4952 people found this helpful

Vaginal Yeast Infection - Signs You are Suffering from it

MBBS, DGO, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Vaginal Yeast Infection - Signs You are Suffering from it

A yeast infection in the vagina is characterized by itchiness, irritation in the vulva and vaginal discharge. Inflammation occurs in the tissues of the vagina, leading to constant itching. Though this is not a sexually transmitted infection, the fungus may spread via oral sex where the mouth and genitals come in contact.

The symptoms of vaginal yeast infection are:

1. You may experience a painful sensation during sexual intercourse

2. An itching sensation in the vaginal opening

3. A sore and painful vagina

4. Rashes may develop in the vagina

5. You may have a thick and whitish discharge from your vagina

Apart from this, the symptoms may turn severe under certain circumstances. The risk factors are:

1. If you are a diabetic, then you are at a high risk of contracting this infection

2. Pregnancy

3. If you are taking medications or have infections such as HIV then it may cause your immune system to malfunction. This increases your risk of vaginal yeast infections.

4. Multiple episodes of yeast infections (about 4 or more).

Causes behind it

The vaginal yeast infection is caused by a fungus known as candida. This fungus naturally exists in the vagina along with a bacterium called ‘lactobacillus’. This bacteria produces a substance that controls the over growth of the yeast. Yeast infection occurs when the balance is disturbed due to various factors such as:

1. If you are pregnant

2. Taking antibiotics may modify the pH balance of your vagina, leading to yeast infection

3. Any therapy or medication that increases estrogen levels in the body

4. If you have diabetes or an impaired immune system

Treatment

Medications such as ointments, tablets and creams are administered to get rid of the yeast infection. It is recommended to not use latex condoms as birth control measures; as the oily nature of the lotions and ointment can weaken the latex thus, increasing the risks of unplanned pregnancies.

There are certain preventive measures which you may adopt to prevent these infections, them being:

1. Do not wear tight fitting undergarments

2. The material of your clothes should preferably be cotton based

3. Do not use hot water for your bath

4. Don’t stay in your wet clothes for long hours

11 people found this helpful

Vaginal Discharge and Foul Odour - Know the Reason Why?

MD, MBBS, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Jalandhar
Vaginal Discharge and Foul Odour - Know the Reason Why?

Vaginal discharge or odor is one of the most common conditions in women, yet the least talked about or taken help for. It is of vital importance that more and more women become aware of the condition and stop neglecting it. It is this neglect towards the condition that leads to some ancillary side effects and the increase in the complexity of the situation. Before things take a turn for the bad, it is imperative that you take help from concerned medical specialists and fight the condition during its initial days itself.

Why consult a specialist?
Treating the condition as soon as you notice it leads you to stem other diseases and infections that may be caused as a side effect. Also, vaginal discharge and foul odor can become not only the cause of discomfort for your day to day life, but also a great hindrance in your private life. Don’t let a curable condition hamper your personal life and most importantly your conjugal life. Visiting a doctor will help you get rid of both the excessive discharge and foul order. All you have to do is shred that mental neglect and confining attitude, step out of the home and make way to the doctor’s clinic.

What causes vaginal discharge?
Some of the most common causes of vaginal discharge include-

  1. Yeast Infection: Vaginal yeast infection is by far the most common cause of vaginal discharge. This relatively common condition is caused by fungus. This factor is characterised by itchiness, irritation and swelling.
  2. UrethritisAnother cause influencing excessing vaginal discharge includes Urethritis. This condition is influenced by the inflammation and irritation in the tube carrying urine, also referred to as the urethra.
  3. GonorrheaGonorrhea is an alarming cause of vaginal discharge. This disease is sexually transmitted and affects warm and wet areas of the body.

Other causes of vaginal discharge include pregnancy, anxiety, cervix inflammation, cervical cancer or history of the same.
Causes of vaginal foul odor:
Some of the most common causes of vaginal odor are-

  1. InfectionFungal infection is a major cause of vaginal odor.
  2. Sweat: Accumulation of sweat in wet and humid areas of the body leads to a certain amount of odor. The same goes for the vagina.
  3. Hormonal change: Change in hormone and discharges also lead to a foul-smelling vagina.
  4. Overused tampon: Using a tampon for a longer period than prescribed can also lead to accumulation of periodical blood and bacteria, leading to foul smell from the vagina.

Treating vaginal discharge and foul odor:
In case that vaginal discharge and a foul odor is becoming a major concern in your life and making things uncomfortable for you, it is the time that you make your way to a medical specialist. Other preventive practices often suggested by doctors include- wearing loose clothes, not wearing a tampon for a long time, losing weight, consulting a gynaecologist before starting a specific treatment or medication, etc.

4184 people found this helpful

Rashes in Genitals - Can it be a Sign of Vaginal Yeast Infection?

MBBS, DGO, MD, Fellowship in Gynae Oncology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Rashes in Genitals - Can it be a Sign of Vaginal Yeast Infection?

Candidiasis or yeast Infection of the female reproductive organ is a condition caused from the fungus known as ‘Candida’. A vaginal yeast infection is accompanied by severe itching, swelling or irritation in your vaginal region. 

Yeast is present in your vagina in a small proportion as part of the normal vaginal flora, an imbalance of which results in vaginal Yeast Infection. Frequent in its nature, these infections can be quite bothering due to the symptoms that such as persistent burning sensation in your genital area, excess vaginal discharge, painful sex, rashes followed by soreness around your vagina.

What are the causes of Vaginal Yeast Infection?

  1. Antibiotics lowering good bacteria or ‘lactobacillus’ within your vagina
  2. Unchecked and untreated diabetes
  3. Pregnancy
  4. A Fragile immune system
  5. Uncontrolled eating habits, like consuming a lot of sugary food
  6. Stress
  7. Menstrual imbalance
  8. Inadequate or no sleep

How to treat Vaginal Yeast Infection?

Treatment of the infection varies with the severity of the condition. For simple infections

  1. One to three days of anti-fungal medications in the form of cream or ointment, for instance, Terazol, Lotrimin, Gynazle and Monistat.
  2. One dosage of an oral medicine known as Fluconazole

For complicated Infections
There are particular types of Candida that does not respond to the normal treatment and hence requires a more aggressive approach. If you meet any one of the following criteria like uncontrolled diabetes, weak immune system due to HIV positive or medicinal side-effects, you are pregnant, excess build-up of the candida fungus, the infections recur more than four times a year or you are down with severe itching, swelling, redness, tears or sores in your vaginal area, your case is severe and complex.

Possible treatments in this situation can be:

  1. A 14-day tablet course, cream or ointment for vaginal treatment.
  2. 2 to 3 dosages or a long term usage of anti-fungal medication or  Fluconazole (not suggested for pregnant women).
  3. Cure of your sexual partner who may be transmitting it to you (although these are rare) or use of condoms during intercourse. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.
3063 people found this helpful

Why Does Vaginal Itching Occur?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Diploma In Specialised Advanced Gynaecological Endoscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Why Does Vaginal Itching Occur?

Vaginal itching is a condition which occurs when the vagina comes in contact with irritants or because of a vaginal infection. Menopause may also lead to conditions that trigger itching in the vagina. In some cases, sexually transmitted diseases and skin allergies also lead to vaginal itching. The conditions in itself is not a major cause of concern, however, one should consult a doctor to treat the underlying condition, if any.

Causes-

The main component of vaginal itching is the trigger, as there can be many of them. The various causes of vaginal itching are-

  1. Irritants: Vaginal contact with certain irritants can be the cause behind vaginal itching. Some common substances that irritate the vagina are:

    1. Creams

    2. Ointments

    3. Detergents

    4. Harsh soaps

    5. Topical contraceptives

    6. Scented toiletries

  2. Skin Problems: Certain skin problems such as eczema and psoriasis can result in itching and redness in the genitals. Eczema is a condition which is akin to allergies. Psoriasis is a condition which is characterized by itchy, scaly and red patches on the skin. These symptoms may slowly start spreading to the vagina.

  3. Infections in the Vagina: Infections in the vagina such as bacterial vaginosis and yeast infection can lead to vaginal itching. In addition to the vaginal itching, they can also lead to a foul smelling discharge from the vagina.

  4. Menopause: During menopause, the estrogen levels in the body dip, thus resulting in a dry vagina. A dry vagina can sometimes lead to vaginal itching.

  5. Stress: Excessive stress can lead to vaginal itching as stress affects the immune system in the body. A weakened immune system makes one prone to a number of disorders, vaginal itching being one of them.

  6. Sexually Transmitted Diseases: STDs such as gonorrhea and chlamydia are disorders, symptoms of which include itching in the vagina.

Treatments-

The treatment for vaginal itching begins with a diagnosis of the underlying condition that might be causing it in the first place. The treatment for this disorder is cause specific; hence the underlying condition needs to be identified. Antibiotics and antifungal medications may be administered to treat vaginal itching. For menopause related causes, estrogen creams or tablets are required.

You can also take preventive measures such as:

  1. Avoid using scented soaps.

  2. Use protection during sex.

  3. Wear cotton based underwear.

  4. Eat plenty of yoghurt. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

2570 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

HI, I am a 19 year old female that has currently got a yeast infection from the antibiotics I am on. A doctor has prescribed me dexamethasone and I have reads that you should not take it if you have a fungal infection. Will this make my yeast infection worse or am I ok to take it?

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Don't worry. You are suffering from yeast. Medicine available for good improvement. As the treatment varies depending on the severity. Send photos of the affected area, by direct online consultation for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

I have been prescribed Cansoft CL any my doctor for my yeast infection. Will there be any side effects? What are the consequences of inserting it in my vagina?

Pediatrician, Allahabad
Hi. This is an excellent drug and will relive you of your vaginal discharges. U may experience some burning but it relives in some minutes. Go ahead with it. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Hello, I am a 20 year old female. This is the third time I am suffering from vaginal candidiasis. The first two times it happened, I took zocon-t kit and applied candid B ointment. It gets cured but happens again. And I have noticed that it reoccurs after my periods are over. My doctor said to keep taking these medicines whenever it happens but I am afraid that if I take medications so frequently I will have side effects plus this is not a permanent solution! Please help me.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Candida infection is like cold which comes often. It is more common during pregnancy, after period, in diabetic patients, females on oral contarceptives. If both sexual partners are not treated together and get rid of infection at same time then recurs sooner. It needs treatment whenever it recurs
1 person found this helpful

I am 24 years old girl. Problem is that I have yeast infection from last 8-9 months and now I am observing red spots on my foot also and also constipated from last 2 months. What is the problem and how can I cure it? Please help. THANKS.

MBBS, MD
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Increase vegetables and salad intake. Avoid junk food. Exercise regularly. Increase intake of liquids. Consult a skin specialis for yeast infection of foot.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Vaginal Discharge
I m Dr Meera Sethi, I ll be telling you something very important topic which is the most common factor in women of all age group that is vaginal discharge.

Vaginal discharge serves an important housekeeping function in the female reproductive system. From where the fluid comes, where the discharge comes, the fluid is made by the glands inside the vagina and cervix, and this carries dead cells and bacteria. This keeps the vagina clean and helps to prevent infection. Most of the time, vaginal discharge is perfectly normal. Girls complain I am having the discharge, I am having the discharge, this discharge may be normal, this can vary in odour as well as hue, colour, depending on the time of your menstrual cycle. For example, there will be more discharge if you are ovulating, breastfeeding or sexually aroused. It will be different if you are pregnant or if you are not keeping your personal hygiene properly. However, the colour, smell, consistency seems significantly different and if it is associated with vaginal itching or burning, there can be some infection.

What causes abnormal discharge?

Any change in the vaginal balance of vaginal flora affects the smell, colour or consistency of the discharge. There are few things that can upset the balance like a fungal infection, bacterial vaginosis which is common in pregnancy or in women who have multiple sexual partners. Trichomoniasis, which is typically contracted after unprotected sex, pelvic inflammatory diseases, diabetes, sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhoea or Chlamydia, can be by the use of antibiotics. If the girl or woman is taking antibiotics for a throat infection, or urinary infection, she might have added symptoms of vaginal itching, because of the change in the vaginal flora, the fungal infection can be there. By use of douches, scented soaps, bubble bath, there can be an infection. During the menopausal period, vaginal atrophy leads to infection.


What are the types of abnormal discharges and their possible causes?

Cloudy or yellow discharges seen in gonorrhoea, frothy yellow or greenish discharge with a bad smell is seen in trichomoniasis. There can be symptoms associated such as pain and itching while urinating. Thick, white cheesy discharges are seen in fungal infection with symptoms like swelling and itching around the vulva. There will be painful sexual contact also. A white, grey or yellow discharge with vicious odour is seen in bacterial vaginosis with symptoms like itching and swelling of the vagina and vulva. Bloody or brown discharge is seen in irregular menses, cervical erosion, or there can be a polyp.

How to make a diagnosis of abnormal discharges?

You will be asked by the doctor of the abnormality of the discharge, that when does the abnormal discharge begin, what is the colour of the discharge, what is the smell if there is any if you have any itching, pain or burning in and around the vagina.

Do you have any sexual partner? Do you douche?

And the doctor may take a sample of the vaginal discharge for testing. So it is mandatory not to take any self-medication because the type of the discharge varies from person to person, and from time to time, and the treatment will depend on the type of infection you are having.

So how is abnormal discharge is treated?

Your treatment will depend on your causative problem. Like if there a is fungal infection, you will be treated with oral anti fungals, vaginal pessaries into the vagina and cream outside the vagina and your vulva. Bacterial vaginosis is treated with anti biotics orally and vaginal creams to be applied inside the vagina. Trichomoniacal infection is treated with oral metranedazole or tinidazole and vaginal pessaries are supplemented with it. If the patient is diabetic, it is very important to control the blood sugar levels, otherwise the patient will not be cured of the symptoms. In menopausal ladies, we give estrogen creams for local application to make the atrophic vagina very healthy.

Now, I ll be giving you some important tips to prevent the vaginal infection, which is a very common problem. So you have to keep your vagina clean by washing regularly with mild, gentle soap and warm water or hygienic washes. You should not use scented soaps and feminine douches. Do not use bubble bath or feminine sprays. It is important while going to washroom, always wipe from front to back to prevent bacteria from getting into your vagina and causing any infection. Wear 100% cotton undergarments and avoid overly tight clothing. It is very important to keep your perineal area or private parts dry.

I think this talk will help you in the prevention of a major problem that is vaginal discharge.

Thank you.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice