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Type 1 Diabetes Treatment: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is Type 1 Diabetes Treatment?

Type 1 diabetes is a condition human body, when the body can’t make a harmone called Insulin, which causes blood glucose level in human body to get too high.

But, with a proper care and disease management, people suffering with type 1 diabetes (T1D) can live a long and happy life. Now, with best medication types people may choose the treatment option according to their particular circumstance. A combination of treatments and lifestyle choices may help drastically in improving T1D prognoses.

Is Type 1 diabetes completely curable?

Though, research on type 1 diabetes has been underway for decades, it has been unsuccessful in providing an antidote for permanent solution of this problem. But, yeah the type 1 diabetes can be controlled with various treatments and abstention. An ideal cure for any disease would be to eliminate the cause of that disease from its root. Being more realistic in case of type 1 diabetes, if there is a need for injected insulin to achieve normal blood sugars, it can’t be the permanent solution.

Is diabetes Type 1 dangerous?

Type 1 diabetes has no cure. There is a need for constant careful self-management and good medical treatment as it may cause serious complications if left untreated. It is important to recognize the early warning signals, such as increased thirst and urination, and you must consult your doctor when these symptoms occur. You will need to stabilize your blood sugar levels on a daily basis and follow your doctor's treatment plan, if diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. In case your blood sugar levels get too low or too high, serious complications can occur.

Can you live a long healthy life with type 1 diabetes?

Though, it is true that a person suffering from Type 1 diabetes may have shorter life expectancy but a lot depends on glucose control. A well-controlled and maintained diabetes may have little effect on life span. Blood vessels, nerves are damaged by high blood sugar that further causes poor circulation and functioning of important organs like the heart, kidney, and eyes. Type 1 diabetes may get extremely uncontrolled unless the right amount of insulin is delivered at the right time of the day, also, keeping in mind the diet that patient is consuming.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

A type 1 diabetes patient must take care of his glucose level and must be conscious about his/her diet plans and sleeping habits. Here goes some important guidelines for post-treatment for type 1 diabetes patient.

  1. Keeping a frequent check of blood glucose with a meter is an essential part of post-treatment for a type 1 diabetes patient
  2. Assess insulin requirements prior to eating, and determination of blood glucose level for sleeping, can help keep people with diabetes on track.
  3. Continuous glucose monitors (CGMs), which test glucose every couple of minutes, may help people with type 1 diabetes.
  4. Getting A1C checks four times a year
  5. Frequent blood glucose checks
  6. Diabetes education and support from knowledgeable health care providers is essential.

Is Type 1 diabetes genetic?

Though, the scientists are yet to find the main causes of type 1 diabetes. But, yeah, genetics, family history, and environmental factors appeared have to played an important role in the development of such serious health situation. Human genes definitely play a crucial part in type 1, a less common form of diabetes that’s often diagnosed in children and young adults.

There’s no diabetes gene that gets turned on or off to give you type 1. Certain genes are more common in one group of people than in another. That’s why race and ethnicity affect things, too. But even if you have genes that make you more likely to get type 1, that doesn’t mean you definitely will. According to experts, it is also true that for most people who have diabetes, it is not the result of a straight genetic group of factors or to environmental ones, but rather it is a combination of both.

What are the Side effects of the treatment ?

Type 1 diabetes treatment may have these side effects relatively suddenly:

  1. Increased thirst
  2. Frequent urination
  3. Extreme hunger
  4. Unintended weight loss
  5. Irritability and other mood changes
  6. Fatigue and weakness
  7. Blurred vision

Popular Health Tips

Type-1 Diabetes - What Is It and What Causes It?

Visiting Consultant - Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital, Saroj Super Speciality Hospital, D.N.B. PEDIATRICS, MD - Paediatrics, MBBS, Bhagwati Hospital, Rainbow Hospital- Panipat
Pediatrician, Delhi
Type-1 Diabetes - What Is It and What Causes It?

What is Type-1 Diabetes?

Type-1 Diabetes, also known as Diabetes Mellitus type-1, is a condition which is characterised by the lack of sufficient amount of insulin in the body. This is a chronic condition and cannot be cured. The insufficient amount of insulin in the blood results in the spike in blood sugar levels, which in turn, can damage various organs in the body. However, with proper therapy and treatment, it can be controlled and the quality of life can be improved for the patient.

The tell-tale signs and symptoms of this type of diabetes are the frequent urges to urinate, increase in appetite, increased thirst and rapid weight loss. It is most commonly diagnosed in children or young adults and thus, it was previously known as juvenile diabetes.

Glucose and other types of sugars are essential for the body cells to absorb energy. The glucose that is present in the blood is taken up with the help of insulin and utilised for energy. The lack of this hormone renders the glucose useless as it is not being able to enter the body cells. This is precisely type-1 diabetes.

What Causes It?

The cause of type-1 diabetes is not known entirely. Although, there are certain theories that explain the cause –

  1. Genetics: The chances of getting type-1 diabetes are increased in children if either of their parents suffers through from this disease. More than 50 genes are involved in diabetes type-1.

  2. Environmental factors: Environmental factors are also thought to play a role in type-1 diabetes.

  3. Viral infection: A theory suggests that viral infections are responsible for type-1 diabetes. According to this theory, the virus activates the auto-immune system of the body which in turn attacks the pancreatic beta cells along with the cells that are infected by the virus. Viruses like Epstein-Barr virus, Mumps virus, rubella virus etc. are considered to be responsible for the same.

How Is It Treated?

Many people with type-1 diabetes live long, healthy lives. The key to good health is to keep your blood sugar levels within the range your doctor gives you. You’ll need to check them often and adjust insulin, food, and activities to make that happen.

All people with type-1 diabetes must use insulin injections to control their blood sugar. Several types of insulin are available. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an endocrinologist and ask a free question.

2895 people found this helpful

Know The Signs Of Type 1 & 2 Diabetes!

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Kolkata
Know The Signs Of Type 1 & 2 Diabetes!

The food we eat contains energy which is stored as glucose in the body. This glucose is then converted into back into energy with the help of a hormone called insulin. A lack of insulin in the body or an inability to use the insulin is known as diabetes. There are two types of diabetes mellitus; type 1 and type 2. These diseases cannot be cured but with medication, correct nutrition and weight management, they can be controlled so as to not affect your quality of life.

Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong condition and usually, begins in childhood. This is an autoimmune condition and makes the pancreas stop producing insulin.

Some probable causes of type 1 diabetes are:

  1. Family history of diabetes

  2. Pancreatic diseases

  3. Other infections and diseases that can affect the pancreas.

Between the two, type 2 diabetes is more common. Type 2 diabetes is also known as insulin resistance and can affect a person at any stage in life. However, it is more common amongst men and women above the age of 45. Ethnicity also plays an important role here with African Americans, Latino Americans, Asian Americans and Hispanic people being more vulnerable to this disease. In this case, the body does produce insulin but either this amount is insufficient or the body is resistant to the insulin.

Some factors that can trigger this condition are:

  1. Obesity

  2. High blood pressure

  3. Sedentary lifestyle

  4. Polycystic ovary syndrome

  5. Family history of diabetes

  6. Low levels of good cholesterol and high levels of triglycerides

  7. Presence of cells that are resistant to insulin

  8. Prediabetes or glucose intolerance

The most common symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are:

  1. Increased urination

  2. Excessive thirst and increased appetite

  3. Weight loss

  4. Fatigue

  5. Wounds that are slow to heal

  6. Yeast infections

  7. Numbness and tingling sensations in the toes

  8. Dry skin

  9. Blurred vision

  10. Nausea and vomiting

Another common type of diabetes is known as gestational diabetes Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women. It is caused by the over or under production of insulin by the placenta. Gestational diabetes can affect the health and growth of the baby is not treated in time. This condition usually resolves itself after the baby is delivered but it can put the mother at an increased risk of suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Some factors that can trigger this condition are:

  1. Obesity

  2. Glucose intolerance

  3. Family history of diabetes

  4. Pregnancy after the age of 30

Complications Of Type 2 Diabetes!

Fellowship in Critical Care Medicine, Post Graduate Diploma in Diabetology (PGDD)
Diabetologist, Thane
Complications Of Type 2 Diabetes!

Uncontrolled diabetes can be life-threatening. Prevent these serious diabetes complications by learning the warning signs.

People with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of many serious health problems, including heart attack, kidney failure, nerve damage, stroke, vision loss, amputation. But by keeping your diabetes in check — that means maintaining good blood sugar control, you can prevent many of these.


  1. Chest discomfort that feels like pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest, lasting for a short time or going away and returning.
  2. Pain elsewhere, including the back, jaw, stomach, or neck; or pain in one or both arms.
  3. Shortness of breath.


Stroke warning signs may include:

  1. Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially if it occurs on one side of the body.
  2. Feeling confused.
  3. Difficulty walking, talking and lacking coordination.


People with diabetes are at increased risk of nerve damage, or diabetic neuropathy, due to uncontrolled high blood sugar. Nerve damage associated with type 2 diabetes can cause a loss of feeling in your feet, which makes you more vulnerable to injury and infection. You may get a blister or cut on your foot that you don't feel and, unless you check your feet regularly, an infection can develop. Untreated infections can result in gangrene (death of tissue) and ultimately amputation of the affected limb.


Diabetes can also make it more difficult for your body to fight infections, causing skin problems. Various skin conditions are linked to diabetes, and even the most minor cuts or sores can turn serious fast. Any bumps, cuts, or scrapes should be cleaned and treated with an antibiotic cream and monitored carefully.


Type 2 diabetes increases your risk of kidney disease, or diabetic nephropathy, a condition in which the blood vessels in your kidneys are damaged to the point that they cannot filter out waste properly. If left untreated, dialysis (a treatment to filter out waste products from the blood) and ultimately a kidney transplant may be needed.

Typically, you won’t notice symptoms of kidney disease until it has advanced. However, if you experience any of the following symptoms, visit your doctor:

  • Swelling in your ankles and legs.
  • Leg cramps.
  • A need to go to the bathroom more often at night.
  • A reduction in your need for insulin.
  • Weakness and paleness.
  • Itching.

The best way to prevent type 2 diabetes-related kidney problems is to have your urine, blood, and blood pressure monitored regularly and to keep your blood sugar and blood pressure under control.


People with type 2 diabetes are at risk of several eye conditions, including diabetic retinopathy (which affects the blood vessels in the eye), glaucoma, and cataracts. If left untreated, these conditions can cause vision loss.

Visit your doctor if you notice any of these warning signs:

  • Blurry vision that lasts for more than two days.
  • Sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes.
  • Floaters, black or gray spots, cobwebs, or strings that move when you move your eyes.
  • A sensation of seeing "flashing lights".
  • Pain or pressure in one or both eyes.


Hyperglycemia means you have too much sugar in your blood. High blood sugar doesn't always produce symptoms; therefore, it is important to check your blood sugar regularly, as indicated by your doctor. When symptoms of hyperglycemia occur, they may include:

  1. Frequent urination.
  2. Extreme thirst.
  3. Feeling tired and weak.
  4. Blurry vision.

The key to preventing many of the complications of diabetes is to keep your blood sugar at a healthy level. To do this eat right, exercise, monitor your blood sugar as recommended by your doctor, and don't smoke.

A healthy lifestyle is your road map for managing diabetes, which is the key to preventing or delaying complications:

  1. Follow a healthy eating plan.

  2. Be physically active for at least 150 minutes a week (just 30 minutes, 5 days a week).

  3. Manage your ABCs:

    • A regular A1C test to measure your average blood sugar over 2 to 3 months; aim to stay in your target range as much as possible.

    • Try to keep your blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg (or the target your doctor sets).

    • Control your cholesterol levels.

  4. Stop smoking or don’t start.

For people with diabetes, controlling blood pressure has big benefits: it reduces the risk of heart disease by as much as 50% and the risk of kidney, eye, and nerve disease by about 33%.

Lose weight if you’re overweight—just a 5% to 7% weight loss lowers the risk for complications. That’s 10 to 14 pounds for someone who weighs 200 pounds.

Take medicines as prescribed.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3503 people found this helpful

Diabetes Type 1 & 2 - A Complete Guide!

MBBS, Fellow in Critical Care(FCCM)
General Physician, Bhubaneswar
Diabetes Type 1 & 2 - A Complete Guide!

Diabetes is one of the most common problems that are caused by obesity, unhealthy and inactive lifestyle. It is a metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to store and use energy from food. Being physically inactive and eating unhealthy food are primary causes of diabetes. It is a long term condition which causes high or unstable blood sugar levels in the body.

When a patient suffers from low blood sugar it is called Hypoglycemia, and if the blood sugar levels are too high, it is called Hyperglycemia. Both are extremely harmful for a patient.

Type 1 and Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes-

Type 1

In Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. The condition has no known cure and is usually hereditary in nature. Approximately 10% of those suffering from diabetes have Type 1 diabetes. Patients with Type 1 diabetes have to take regular medication, including insulin injections as well as take care of their diet.

Type 2

Type 2 diabetes happens when the body does not produce enough insulin for its proper functioning. 90% of all diabetic people suffer from Type 2 diabetes. It is usually caused by poor lifestyle choices, like physical inactivity and unhealthy food habits. The disease lasts a lifetime and is usually progressive in nature, but can be managed by taking regular medication, choosing an active lifestyle and maintaining proper body weight.

Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. This has to be managed by taking medication or in extreme cases insulin shots. If undetected or untreated, gestational diabetes increases complications during childbirth, and causes unusual weight gain in the baby. However, gestational diabetes usually ends after the baby is born and women can go back to their normal lifestyle and eating habits post delivery.

Symptoms of Diabetes

  1. Frequent urination
  2. Extreme hunger or thirst
  3. Weight loss
  4. Problems with vision
  5. Tingling or numbness of the extremities.
  6. Unexplained fatigue
  7. Dry skin
  8. Cuts or sores that heal slowly
  9. High number of infections

Who is at greatest risk for developing diabetes?

People who:

  1. Are 45 or over
  2. Are overweight
  3. Are habitually physically inactive
  4. Have previously been identified as having IFG (impaired fasting glucose) or IGT (impaired glucose tolerance)
  5. Have a family history of diabetes
  6. Are members of certain ethnic groups (including Asian American, African American, Hispanic American, and Native American)
  7. Have had gestational diabetes or have given birth to a child weighing more than 9 pounds
  8. Have elevated blood pressure
  9. Have an HDL cholesterol level (the good cholesterol) below 35 mg/dl and/or a triglyceride level above 250 mg/dl
  10. Have polycystic ovary syndrome
  11. Have a history of vascular disease

What is pre-diabetes?

Pre-diabetes is a condition of elevated blood glucose level that has not yet reached a diabetic level. Along with insulin resistance, pre-diabetes causes no symptoms. An individual may be pre-diabetic for years without knowing it. Pre-diabetes increases your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Weight loss and exercise may halt the onset of diabetes from pre-diabetes by returning blood glucose levels to a normal range.

Diabetes is the fifth-leading cause of death by disease. Diabetes leads to the death of many people each year across the globe. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Physician.

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Popular Questions & Answers

Hello sir, I am from Bangalore, I am 29 years old and am suffering from diabetic type one. Before 6 months back I know I had suffering from diabetic. And Daily I've 2 times insulin is der 1) human actrapid 14 unit at afternoon 2) at nite 12 unit human and 14 unit glaritu is der. Sir how much days shall I continue this process .still I am not got married also so. Please reply me .and and tablets also they r given me afternoon meal pioz 7.5 mg and at nite lipikind and pioz after food.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. I have gone through the details given, however, there is no mention of actual glucose levels like - fasting & PP and HbA1c%. If a person has Type! diabetes then only Insulin injection is given. Oral drugs do not work in that condition. Since you are also using Pioglitazone, that means it is Type 2 diabetes. Insulin is given to achieve a quicker control on blood glucose. In many cases once the strict control is gained, Insulin injections can be discontinued and patient can be maintained only on oral drugs. So it is better if you come back with necessary details as mentioned above, plus diet pattern, extent of daily exercise, lipid profile and BP readings, preferably in a private conversation (paid consultation), then I will be able to give specific guidance and even prescribe necessary drugs. In this communication we are supposed to give only general guidelines. No drugs can be prescribed. Thanks.

I am a Type 1 Diabetic patient and I am going to a high altitude trekking. Besides my normal medication do I need to take any special care?

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Hello, Thanks for the query. It is very essential to monitor glucose levels carefully while one is on high altitude tricking. It is better to maintain glucose level around 160 plus (9 mMoles/L) so as to avoid hypoglycemia or hyper one. It is essential to carry glucose gels and even glucagon injections in case of hypoglycemia. Glucometers may not give correct readings due to extreme temperatures. Similarly Insulin also should be properly stored. High altitude can lead to hypoglycemia due to excess exercise or some times hyperglycemia due counter regulatory hormone activity. It is better to consult the medical staff available there. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

I'm in a relationship with a guy who is a diabetic (type 1).he said that there would be some martial problems also so he is requesting me too find someone else to lead a happy life. Will this affect normal marriage life. Are there solutions for this.

MBBS, Fellowship In Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Vijayawada
A Type 1 diabetic with good glycemic control should not have any marital issues unless he has any other accompanying health issue. Check his LH FSH TESTOSTERONE PROLACTIN AND SPERM COUNT AND ULTRASOUND SCROTUM. After getting the tests done ask the question Once again with the reports.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Type 1 Diabetes Treatment?

Is Type 1 diabetes completely curable?

Is diabetes Type 1 dangerous?

Can you live a long healthy life with type 1 diabetes?

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Is Type 1 diabetes genetic?

What are the Side effects of the treatment ?

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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

I am Dr. Rukamani Nair. I am working as a medical superintendent in Bnchy Wellness Medispa. I am a Naturopathy doctor and I am working for the last 32 years in this wellness spa.

Here I would like to share with you on the topic type 2 diabetes mellitus which is also known as Non-Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. So diabetes mellitus is a metabolic syndrome which is caused by the impaired or the dysfunction of the beta cell functions or insulin action. And at times our body is unable to utilize this insulin which Is produced by the beta cells and body becomes blunt and maybe because of the blunting of the insulin receptors or otherwise insulin signaling part ways. And we all know that now in this type of diabetes mellitus has become a social-economic problem world over. And India has got the highest number of population and it has been estimated by ICMR survey that by 2030 the one in five diabetes person in the world will be Indian.

So there is not exact cause of diabetes, but in developing countries like our India, it may be because of the high intake of calorie diet and a decreased physical activity, environmental factors and stress that will be contributing to the position and also deployment and progression of the diseases. And it is also known that this disease more associated with other factors like obesity, hypertension, lipid increase levels, and also stressful situations. So I will like to make you know that how naturopathy and yoga can control this disease and before starting that I will like also make you know that there are certain symptoms or signs regarding type 2 diabetes mellitus. When 1 starts suffering diabetes mellitus, the person in his cell system aspire by X variance. It starts giving disturbance in the digestive system. So the system is often time, we may get gas formation, we may have loose motions, when we are unable to consume high calorie as well as spicy food.

Along with that there will be excess increased hunger, increased thirst, increased urination, fatigue, blood vessel and also no healing of wounds etc. when such systems even. When such systems develop, it is very much, I mean needed to show and sat by their. We have started, I mean diabetes. So you need to consult a doctor and do regular checkup and one that has known that they a diabetes then I higher glasses. Then reeking check is very much needed. But when it comes to the treatment, in naturopathy, yoga there are very very good moralities, like say in naturopathy. We have clinical for one, I mean study is there. So in that we have huge. Like mudpack to the abdomen. And then also abdomen and spinal has which is followed by Para cyclonite, at least minimum to 22 to 30 minutes. He again give eat bath. So these techniques are highly useful and they are found to be must more helpful and given a significant reason in reducing , I mean the, the lipid, propyl age is passing glucose in PP even glucolis leave tat hemoglobin.

And there are certain yoga techniques. So along we such techniques, one can start doing regularly, if they want to go yoga the can go regularly at least for 45 minutes to 1 hour regular walking, swimming that serves the purpose so once, daily one continues then type 2 diabetes mellitus can be controlled along with certain discipline of the restriction. Particularly people we all know that timely eating, and then low calorie diet, low fat diet, and high fibers diet. They are highly useful in controlling or relieving type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Thank you everybody. And if you like to contact us and consult, please call us on Lybrate for detail consultancy.
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Know More About Diabetes
Types and causes of Diabetes

Hi, I m Dr.R.S Saini internal medicine specialist and endocrinologist. I am treating diabetes and hormone imbalance disease.

Diabetes is two types, type 1 and type 2. Diabetes is caused by the low release of insulin in human body and some and endocrinal hormone imbalances in a human body. We treated diabetes and hormone imbalance in our clinic if any person suffers from this diseases they can get treated by us in our clinic. Diabetic and hormone imbalance patients should not stop their medicines without consulting your doctors. if you want the best treatment then you contact us. We give 100 days one hundred percent satisfaction in treatment.

If you wanted really good health then contact us on, clinic name is Pyare Lal hormones clinic in Bolivar Ballabgar, Faridabad, Haryana. Thank you!
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Here are type,symptoms,cause and treatments of Diabetes

Hi Lybtateres, this Ravi Kumar Muppidi (Endocrinologist). Today I am enlightning you about diabetes.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes means high blood sugar above normal blood sugar. Right now 7 crores people are suffering with diabetes and another 7 crores will become diabetic in a few months or few years. Diabetes are of two varieties Type 1, type 2 and other varieties. Type 1 is when body is fully deficient of insulin and need daily insulin injections to control their blood sugars. So Type 2 is the common variety, most people will suffer with type 2 diabetes. Why this type 2 diabetes is very high in India because of their lifestyle. We have to focus on this lifestyle. We have to keep moving and maintain an ideal weight. The thing is if you maintain an ideal weight for your height then this diabetes wont occurs as common. Daily ten thousands steps you have to walk otherwise your heart rate should be above 130 per minute for 20 minutes a day then that is called exercise so daily exercise and maintaining weight through diet is important so you need to concentrate on diet restrictions, whatever necessary the amount you have to eat. You got diabetes don t worry you need to maintain diet, exercise and medication. Medication also very important once you have got diagnose with diabetes you have to take tablets. Type 2 diabetic s patients they need to be aware of diabetes and their blood sugar levels; they need to monitors their blood sugar levels weekly once at least. The blood sugar should below 130 before food and below 180 after food ok.

How to know if you are diabetic?

If you feel thirsty and if you are drinking lot of water then check your blood sugars, So other complaints of a diabetic are not only excess thirst also excessive urine one or two times in the night, three or four times in the night and excess appetite. You eat a lot of food and still you will be hungry ok. You your weight is overweight and your age is above 30, it s the right time to check blood sugars. So the next thing is complications. This high blood sugar can affect your eyes causing retinopathy and even nerves causing diabetic neuropathy and kidney causing nephropathy and these heart problems are very common in diabetic people, strokes and other are common in diabetic people. Infections are also more common in diabetic people. So these are the complications of diabetes. Coming to prevention, how can we prevent has tony before lifestyle. So you have to walk at least 20 to 30 minutes a day. Then you have maintain ideal weight, so if your height is 160 cms you should not be more than 60 kgs, if you height is 170 cms you should not be more than 70 kgs. So like this you have maintain your ideal weight and if you got diabetes s you need to start medicines along with lifestyle modifications.

If you got diabetes you have consult your doctor either endocrinologist or physician or diabetologist. You can contact me through Lybrate.
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Here are type, cause, symptoms, and treatments of Diabetes

Good morning all of you, my name Dr. Anil Mehta, I am consultant physician practicing for the last 23 years in Delhi as a general practitioner. Today s topic of discussion is Diabetes.

Diabetes is very core mobility existing in our community defines all disorder that affects all organs of the body leading to increase of sugar levels due to deficiency of insulin which occurs due lack of insensitivity of the body organs, to insensitivity to different organs and also due to lack of insulin and due to lack of decrease production in the pancreas leading to its various core morbidities in every organs of the body. Mainly its symptoms are polydipsia, polyphagia, and polyuria and delayed wandlining.

There are various types of diabetes mainly in our community.

You know there is type 1 and type 2.

Type 1 is existing in children and young adults and type are existing in old age. Type 1 is known as due to lack of insulin. Deprive of and the patient is deprived of insulin so we have to replace the insulin.

Type 2 there is decrease sensitivity of insulin so lead to various other disorders mainly existing in old age. So to replace insulin, increase sensitivity there are various drugs available to treat. Ok, now we come to the complications. There are various complications mainly it affects eyes, peripheral system nerves, and kidney, heart every organ of the body. We can divide into microangiopathy and macroangiopathy. Microangiopathy means small vessels of the body leading to reduce sensation altered sensation. Micro was Fletcher of the body example is diabetic foot reduce sensation numbness leading to foot ulcers and diabetic foot. It s a nowadays a huge problem in our community.

So I am discussing this topic diabetes because it is a major disorder in our world. The patient is increasing more than 6 million and incidence is 2 or 3 children in every 10 giving birth to a baby means every 10 individual 1 or 2 or 3 are having diabetes. There are various measures by which you can screen diabetes mainly by fasting blood sugar, post mandal sugar and also by Hba1c.

So I will cut short my topic of discussion, you can any information or contact me at my clinic, my website at at Dr. Anil Mehta. Thank you
Play video
Here are symptoms, type, effects, and Treatments of Diabetes

Hi, to all the viewers. I am Dr. Hardik Thakker, an M. D. physician practicing from Mumbai. I would like to take this opportunity to talk about diabetes mellitus, As you all know, diabetes is a very common lifestyle disorder that we see in India. In fact, 7.1% of the adult Indian population is afflicted by this disease. If you go by world ranking, India ranks 1 as per the total number of diabetic patients in India followed by China and the United States. So this number by itself shows the burden of the disease.

Now, what I commonly see in our practice is there are a lot of newly diagnosed patients who do not have any symptoms but they have just done a random sugar check and are diagnosed to have diabetes. So the moral of the story is that one does not need to have symptoms. Typically, a diabetic would have a history of increased urination, increase of water intake, weight gain or weight loss. Sometimes, they may develop complications like eye issues, peripheral neuropathy which is tingling and numbness in the nerves and sometimes they come with foot ulcers but a majority of the patients are asymptomatic. So, a sincere request to all the viewers to have your sugars checked once a year at least just to be sure that you are not missing out on your own disease.

Now, I am going to speak about the types of diabetes, why does it happen and what are the things that happen in diabetes. There is Type 1 diabetes which is found in people less than 20 years of age, and then there is autoimmune destruction of the pancreas because of which the secretion of insulin is not there and hence the sugars are high. These patients need only insulin and there are no medications for them. The second and the most common type is Type 2 diabetes which you will find in people above 40 years of age. The typical age in Mumbai or in India for that matter is 42 years which is the age of presentation and they usually treated with medications and sometimes with add-on insulin.

There is a third uncommon variant called the MODY which is Mode Dematurity Onset Diabetes which also needs insulin and it has some autoimmune disorders and genetic predispositions. In diabetes, there are sugars present in the blood in very high amounts which damages a lot of your organs. For example, the most common organ is the nerve. So it leads to neuropathy, people get tingling and numbness in the nerves. Also, another most common organ is the heart. Diabetes can cause blockages in the heart which leads to heart attack. The third common is the eye, specially the retina. It causes retinopathy and people have decreased vision and sometimes they see floaters in the eyes.

Fourth, most common complication is the foot ulcer. We do not want people to have these complications and hence the reason to diagnose and treat early and eat right. With regard to lifestyle management, I would sincerely request diabetic patients to have a brisk walk for 30 minutes every day. This by itself will increase your insulin sensitivity and help you to decrease the dose. Second thing is eating healthy which makes a huge difference to your sugar levels, to have a very low calorie meal, specifically avoid sugars and exercise. So, that is all I would like to say on diabetes.

If you wish to contact me further or would like to consult with me in private, I would request you to go to my website which is and you can even get in touch with me through Thank you very much for your time.
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