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Diet Chart For type 1 diabetes

About Diet Chart Food Items To Limit Do's And Dont's Food Items You Can Easily Consume


Type 1 diabetes patients are insulin dependent as the pancreas produce little or no insulin. Insulin is needed to allow glucose to enter the body cells to generate energy. For type 1 diabetes patients, it is necessary that blood glucose levels are maintained within a limit with proper type 1 diabetes diet. However, one should not be confused with eating zero carbohydrates. Insulin taken may drop the blood glucose level to drop very low, therefore, the meal should include the proper amount of carbohydrates. There is no particular Type 1 diabetes diet, but it is recommended that you should always follow a proper diet to keep yourself away from any kind of “Emergency Diet”. Proper diet may include a balanced diet consisting of the adequate amount of starch, sugar, and fibers. Some carbohydrates act faster than the other, fast-acting carbs can be consumed such as fruits, fruit juice, green leafy vegetables, carrots, sprouts, beets, onions, cucumbers, etc. All in all, carb counting is very important while consuming food. If one wants to eat fat, the effect of high fat should be kept in mind. The high amount of fat delays the rate at which stomach empties so optimum amount should be taken. Animal fat should be avoided if one has type 1 diabetes. Ultimately, it’s about maintaining the blood glucose level by not letting it get out of the range.

Diet Chart

Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Ragi dosa-2 +2 tsp methi chutney+1 glass milk(toned)/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1/2 cup of roasted sweet potato salad with 1 tsp olive oil
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup parboiled rice +2 roti+100gm fish(tuna/sardine/salmon/mackerel) curry+1/2 cup soya chunk and aloo sabji
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1/2 cup of boilled bengal gram with onion, tomato and corriander
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti/ 1 cup parboiled rice+1/2 cup ridge gourd sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Dalia upma-1.5 cup with vegetables(potato,onion,tomato,green peas, carrot)+1 glass milk(toned)/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 wedge of papaya
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup parboiled rice+2 roti+1/2 cup cabbage dal+1/2 cup chicken curry+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1/2 cup of beetroot, carrot and broccoli salad with 1 tsp olive oil+1 cup green tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 multi grain roti (jowar, bajra, wheat)/ 1 cup parboiled rice+1/2 cup ivy gourd sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Egg sandwich (Toasted whole wheat bread- 4 slices+ eggs-2)+ 1 glass milk(toned)/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup of orange and grape fruit salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup parboiled rice+2 jowar roti+1/2 cup tomato dal+1/2 cup cluster beans curry+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 small fist of peanuts,raisins,almonds,walnuts+1 cup green tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti/ 1 cup parboiled rice+1/2 cup bhindi sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Idly-4+sambhar-1/2 cup+green chutney-2 tsp+1 glass milk(toned)/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup of pomegranate seeds
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)4 roti+1/2 cup palak dal+1/2 cup bitter gourd sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1/2 cup of stewed tuna and leek salad+1 cup green tea
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 multigrain roti (bajra, oats, ragi)/ 1 cup parboiled rice+1/2 cup snake gourd sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup oats and milk porridge
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1/2 cup banana and oats porridge
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)4 roti+100gm fish(tuna/sardine/salmon/mackerel with little olive oil)-grilled/stewed+1/2 cup rajmah curry
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1/2 cup of boilled green gram with tomato, onion and corriander
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti/ 1 cup parboiled rice+1/2 cup bittergourd sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Roasted oats upma-1 cup with vegetables(potato,onion,tomato,green peas, carrot)+1 glass milk(toned)/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)100gm pine apple
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup parboiled rice+2 bajra roti+1/2 cup methi dal+1/2 cup french beans sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 glass avocado(75gm) milkshake(milk-150ml-toned)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 multi grain roti (corn flour, wheat, oats)/ 1 cup parboiled rice+1/2 cup lauki sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)Omelette-2+ 1 glass milk(toned)/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)6-7 strawberries
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)4 bajra roti+1/2 cup lauki dal+1/2 cup green peas and capsicum sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 glass milk(toned)+2-3 ragi biscuits)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)3 roti/ 1 cup parboiled rice+1/2 cup cauliflower sabji+1 glass buttermilk

Food Items To Limit

  1. Grains - white rice, pasta, flour, white bread, cookies, cakes, muffins has to be avoided as they have high glycemic index which may increase your blood glucose levels.
  2. Protein - red meat (beef, pork, lamb), fried, high-sodium meats, poultry with skin, deep-fried fish, processed meats like bacon- high in saturated fat and sodium which may cause other co-morbidities such as heart disease and hypertension.
  3. Dairy - whole milk, full-fat yogurt, full-fat cottage cheese, full-fat sour cream, ice cream- high in saturated fat.
  4. Fruits & Vegetables - dried fruit, fruit drinks, fruit juice drinks, pickles, canned fruits with sugar syrup, regular jam, jelly, and preserves- high glycemic index which may increase your blood glucose levels.
  5. Fats and Sugars - butter, pastries, mayonnaise, french fries, potato chips, doughnuts, cakes and cookies- high in saturated fat and high glycemic index.

Do's And Dont's


  1. Do eat Vegetables such as Spinach, tomatoes, cucumbers, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, and asparagus. They’re packed with nutrients and low in carbohydrates, which your body quickly breaks down into glucose.
  2. Do eat whole-wheat bread and pasta, brown rice, and oats. Whole-grain starches give you more vitamins, minerals, and fiber than white or refined versions. They’re also less likely to lead to rapid spikes in blood sugar.
  3. Do eat small servings of peaches, apples, oranges, berries, kiwi, and other fruits. Fruit is a low-calorie, high-fiber, nutrient-rich source of carbohydrates.
  4. Do eat skinless poultry, fish, tofu, beans, and lean cuts of red meat.
  5. Do eat unflavored and low-fat yogurt, milk, and cheese. Low-fat dairy gives you protein, calcium, vitamins, and minerals in every serving.


  1. Fried and breaded vegetables – they add extra calories, carbs, and fat.
  2. White bread, chips, and pastries, which quickly increase blood sugar.
  3. Jellies and fruit juices with added sugar.
  4. Full-fat dairy products. They come with extra calories and saturated fat, which raises LDL or “bad” cholesterol. Remember diabetes increases your risk of heart disease.
  5. Fatty cuts of meat and processed meat, like sausages and hot dogs.

Food Items You Can Easily Consume

  1. Cereals: Brown rice, Oat meal, Broken wheat, Ragi, Quinoa.
  2. Pulses: Chickpeas, Kidney beans, moong dal, masoor dal, soybeans.
  3. Vegetables: All gourds-bitter gourd, snake gourd, ridge gourd, bottle gourd, ivy gourd, ladies finger, tinda,green leafy vegetables.
  4. Fruits: Melons, apple, pine apple, papaya, citrus fruits, guava, berries etc.,
  5. Milk and Milk products: Skim milk, Paneer, Cottage Cheese, Yoghurt.
  6. Meat, Fish and Egg: Lean Meat, Skin out chicken, Tuna, Salmon, mackerel and sardines, egg white.
  7. Oil:
    1. 5 Tbsp/ day( Olive oil, Mustard Oil, Rice bran Oil, Canola oil
    2. Sugar: 2 Tsp/ day.
    3. Other beverages: Green tea.

Popular Questions & Answers

My grandfather 80 years. Having type 2 diabetes. But since some time his sugar level random is around 80-100. Sometimes it drops .he earlier takes 1 tab after breakfast. Now started taking 1/2 tab of glimiprex mf 1/500 before meal. So, what to do to remain sugar level static.

MRCP (UK), MRCGP int, MRCP (UK) Endocrinology and Diabetes (SCE), MBBS
Endocrinologist, Thrissur
Please do check serum creatinine and make sure that he is not having any kidney problems and liver problems. Please consult a physician to make appropriate changes.

Sir mari wife ko type 1 diabetes jai or wo under weight hai sath uske pero me dard rhta hai kya use neurobion forte tablet syrup de sakte hai.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Hello, thanks for the query. Yes you can give nurobion tablets if patient needs those. There is absolutely no problem. Thanks.

My father 65 is ckd patient with diabetes type 2 and hypertension. His pressure in every evening remains greater than=180/ 100. He takes cilacar 20 in parts as morning 10 & night. He used to take inderal 40 last year. What home remedies can lower his pressure along with medication? He has a strict diet and water count of 1.5 ltr. Please let me know the difference between cilacar & inderal also?

Homeopathy Doctor, Sindhudurg
Hello avoid salt, pickles, sugar etc. Eat whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products. I suggest you to give him homeopathic treatment along with allopathic medicines to control hypertension, further progression of ckd, and diabetes.

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Content Details
Written By
PhD (Pharmacology) Pursuing, M.Pharma (Pharmacology), B.Pharma - Certificate in Nutrition and Child Care
Reviewed By
Diploma In Diet & Nutrition
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