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Mental Disorders - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Mental Disorders? Causes of Mental Disorders. What is the symptoms of Mental Disorders? Treatment of Mental Disorders. Prevention to avoid Mental Disorders. Withdrawal symptoms of Mental Disorders.

What is Mental Disorders?

The term “mental disorder” can cover anything from PTSD, to anxiety disorder; and given the sheer number of cases being reported from all over the world, it is to be expected that the current figures of 450 million individuals diagnosed with various mental disorders worldwide will double by the next decade. The mental disorders is not a new subject and had been studied to an extent by the ancient Greeks but not much is yet known about why some are more susceptible to the same while others do not.

It is assumed that genetics and family history does play a pivotal role in the sense that you are more at risk of developing mental disorders if you have a family history that features the same rather prominently. More and more mental disorders are being studied in depth and while treatment methodology can differ depending on the type of mental disorder that you are currently suffering from, therapy and counseling form a pivotal part of any treatment process. However, many patients continue to suffer from the various mental disorders despite the fact that it is a manageable condition provided treatment is given in time, on account of the stigma associated with the same.

Causes of Mental Disorders.

As indicated earlier, not much detailed research was done on this topic until a few decades back and it is assumed that most patients start displaying some of the symptoms associated with these mental disorders due to changes in their brain chemistry. It is further thought that these changes can take place due to various reasons, from environmental factors or even facing a sudden trauma like a head injury which can lead to the change in brain chemistry.

Apart from environmental and biological factors, a patient can also develop mental disorders on account of genetic predisposition to develop the same. More often than not, a detailed study of their family history would indicate that several other family members suffered from the same disorder. This is why it is essential that you consult a doctor right away on spotting some of the symptoms listed below, as most, if not all the mental disorders are treatable and you can manage your condition with the right medication and lead a normal life again.

What is the symptoms of Mental Disorders?

Some of the symptoms associated with mental disorders are listed below. Please consult a health professional right away if some of these symptoms listed below sound too familiar:

  • Sudden, unexplainable mood swings
  • Behavioral changes
  • Paranoia, thinks everyone is out to get them
  • Remains withdrawn from close family members, relatives
  • Remains listless, fatigued all the time
  • Starts abusing alcohol
  • Starts abusing other controlled substances
  • Shows or starts displaying violence towards others around them
  • Inability to cope with anything stressful
  • High levels of stress
  • Changes in sex drive
  • Feeling extremely depressed
  • Feeling suicidal

Treatment of Mental Disorders.

Given the various mental disorders, it is but natural for the treatment methodologies to differ as well. Your doctor would first assess your condition and then talk to your family and friends to help confirm the same; he would then test you further before diagnosing your current condition and the associated mental disorder. He would then prescribe psychoactive medication to help treat any imbalance in the brain chemistry, as well as mood altering drugs, which are supposed to help you combat depression.

Apart from this, you would be asked to attend counseling and psychological therapy for the duration of your treatment. You may be required to take medication for prolonged periods depending on the severity of your condition so that you can manage your condition better and continue to lead a normal life. And you may be required to report in for periodic counseling sessions to ensure that there is no relapse on your part.

Prevention to avoid Mental Disorders.

Mental disorders are being studied in-depth only now and so far, there is no known way to prevent a person from developing the same. Most therapists hold the view that an active social life, social interactions with others can actually help foster a healthy environment which should prevent anyone from developing mental disorders. Apart from this, eating healthy, and practicing a good workout should ensure that your brain chemistry is well balanced and a good workout should result in more dopamine being released by your brain, which should make you feel good about yourself.

Withdrawal symptoms of Mental Disorders.

There are no withdrawal symptoms associated with the disorder itself, however, if you should continue to stop taking the prescribed medication, this can cause you to experience some of the withdrawal symptoms listed below and may even cause you to relapse as well.

  • Dry or cottonmouth
  • Feeling extremely depressed
  • Displaying extreme range of emotions, moods
  • Becoming violent

Popular Questions & Answers

My friend's wife did not accept him because in wedding she found out that my friend is taking dicorate er 500 and sulpitac 200 and another tablet also. Bt I don't know the name. May be olanzapine 10 mg. So which disease he has? And can he dangerous to others? And his wife's decision is right or wrong?

MD Medicine, DM Neurology
Neurologist, Panchkula
Hello, your questions are more philosphical, obviously the husband has not disclosed his problem before matrimony. The main thing is that sulpitac is used for mental disorders like schizophrenia. But a better approach will be to visit the doctor w...
1 person found this helpful

I am facing issues right now which I feel is leading me to self destruction. I have always been so practical and sorted in my life but right now things are bothering me. I so want to stop the release of oxytocin and dopamine for few time so that I will stop over thinking and caring about things I request to please prescribe the medication which make me feel cold towards things.

MSc COUNSELLING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY, B.A Psychology, Sociology and English Literature
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Dear Lybrate user, it must be hard going through these tough times. I would suggest that instead of medications you go for psychological counseling/therapy. Therapy will help you vent and deal with your concerns with certain strategies, skills and...

Yes, I am aware about my problem (even according to a psychiatrist also, I am suffering from schizoaffective disorder - but not medical diagnosis provided). I have to control it in a proper way. Medicines are not a perfect solution for mental health. I have to work on my own, through my own will-power and positive thoughts. I will not depend on the medicines and will not make it a habit for future. Yes, I started to take the psychiatric medicines on 2nd january 2021 and stopped it on 19th february 2021 by tapering as advised by psychiatrist. I was taking escitalopram and olanzapine for depression, anxiety, mild trichotillomania, bipolar 1 disorder (most recent episode), moderate cluster b traits, grandiose delusions, odd eccentric belief, premorbid rigidity, anhedonia, non pervasive low mood and mood swings. And in total I had undergone 27 counselling/psychotherapy sessions. Also I completed (in total) 8 weeks of computerized cognitive behavioural therapy. Also, my parents are aware of my problem (they got to know by my college principal) I feel that the thought of antidepressants increase serotonin is theoretical but it's side-effects are confirmed in the sense after stopping antidepressants/antipsychotic, relapse of mood disorder could occur in a severe way.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd, Transactional Analysis
Psychologist, Bangalore
If you are not going to use the medication, it is going to be very tough. In that case, you will need to not only work with a counselor but also do a lot of lifestyle changes as advised by a CBT therapist, and completely comply with all the expect...
2 people found this helpful

According to psychiatrist, I am suffering from schizoaffective disorder but I am medically diagnosed with bipolar 1 disorder (most recent or current manic) along with grandiose delusions symptoms. What does that mean? Anyway, currently I am experiencing delusions (beliefs that conflict with reality). In the following, I explained reality v/s my illusion. Please relate it like analogy. Reality: 1) from a youtube video, there was someone’s mother named mamta. She discussed the disadvantages of online classes in a crying manner and told not to submit the online assignments through youtube video. She told “bhaad me janna do” and after that I tore all the papers which I wrote as assignments to upload. And this is the reason I did’t appear for internal exams. 2) I had opt for spiritual counselling to get rid of suicidal thoughts and masturbation addiction. Just before semester 6 theory exams, I had voluntarily dialled the organization number. It was a group call, means in first call, their manager was there. He was from tamil nadu, therefore he does’t knew english language. So he forwarded to another person. So, there was an old lady in the second call, she told me to avoid phone. She then forwarded the call to a man and he gave spiritual advice from the bible and also told to avoid phone. Actually he was trying to say to stay from phone addiction but I altered the meaning of it and then for almost next week I did’t appear for online exams wilfully because in my mind it was there that they were supporting me to stay from phone addiction therefore I was feeling that I am doing a great thing by not giving online exams thus staying away from phone and I got failed in online exam because I was absent for it. 3) I had booked an appointment with a female psychologist (completed her masters) for counselling. So on the third day she told to opt for psychiatric medications (in the label of medicine it is mentioned as drug). Therefore I resisted. Then I booked an appointment with a senior clinical psychologist so at last she told me to opt for psychiatric medications then I agreed to her decision. I then booked an appointment with a clinical psychologist then on the same day, she told me to visit a psychiatrist. And then on the same day I booked an appointment with a male psychiatrist. Then after 2 weeks, I left home saying that I want to get cut my hair therefore I told my parents that I am going to barber shop. My parents got suspicious that suddenly what happened to me. So, they dropped me to the barber shop, so after finishing the hair cut, I immediately went to the medical store and bought the medicines prescribed by the psychiatrist. Meanwhile, my parents were searching for me. My parents searched me, asked barber shop about me, and searched me in sewage thinking I fall down in the sewage. But then I came back to house with medicines in my pocket. Then my parents and my siblings asked me, “where were you? We were searching you.” then I told them I was busy in helping a person. He wants someone to take care of his suitcase (cloth). He wants to go to home by bike so he needs someone to sit behind the back. So, I sat behind carrying his suitcase so that the suitcase should be ironed (to look good all the time). My parents then told me that in this case, 90% people falls in a trap of drug case. Better avoid next time or say no politely. I did’t give semester 5 practical exams because I gave priority to my life and not exams in the sense to get treatment first. I was taking escitalopram and olanzapine for 46 days for major affective depressive disorder, cluster b personality disorder, mild trichotillomania, adjustment disorder with mixed anxiety and depressed mood, bipolar 1 disorder (most recent or current manic) along with grandiose delusions symptoms (according to the psychiatrist, I believe myself that I am god) and stopped the treatment by tapering as advised by the psychiatrist. 4) I completed the treatment on 18th february 2021 but on 23rd march 2021, relapse of mood disorders occurred and it was high than previous scenario in the sense suicidal thoughts were coming, wants to complete the tasks of blue-whale game. 5) recently I watched crime patrol, so my mind delusions and the dramatized scene of crime patrol getting combined. In the sense, what scene is happening in crime patrol the same thing I believe it like a reality and tell everyone that I also experienced that… for example, in a crime patrol episode, a depressed girl left home so I was getting the same thought that I should also leave house. In the episode, an engineering student left home and join taliban and there the taliban commando telling their students that leave your family and join taliban and then shadi ho jao. So I was also getting inspire by them in the sense I feel that I also did like that and telling everyone that I am a community of taliban member (making my illusion mind like reality) 6) then I made my mind to pray for syria, so then I left my studies and devoted my time in praying for syria. (thus not attending online lecture, didn’t appear for online exams, not submitted assignments and then failed) then I joined a prayer whatsapp group in which all are praying for syria then suddenly the admin of the whatsapp group removed me from the whatsapp. Then I introspect myself that I left education and devoted my time in praying but the admin removed me. So I stood nowhere. Then I watched a crime patrol episode in which an engineering student left studies and joined terrorist because he was emotionally blackmailed but the commando rejected him because he was an indian. So, neither he completed engineering nor gained respect from that person whom he left studies. illusion (what I told to my classmates thinking its reality): 1) through video call, someone’s mother (i don’t know her personally…she told her name is mamta). She brainwashed me in the sense, in a crying way she told that not to give online exams, not to submit assignments. She told, “bhaad me jaane do”. And after that I tore all the papers which I wrote as assignments to upload. And this is the reason I did’t appear for internal exams. 2) through phone-call (not whatsapp call): just before semester 6 theory exams, I had a phone-call. It was a group call, means in first call, their boss was there. In second call, there was a person (voice was like of an old lady person)…she told to switch off the phone for the next 1 week. And then the third call, the call last for 1 hour. He told me that he is very religious and he altered the meaning of bible verses in his way and told to completely stay away from internet for the next 1 week. In short, in the name of religion they all brainwashed me which made me not to appear for semester 6 theory exams. 3) I don’t know who they were….but a girl (completed her masters) talked to me very nicely for hours, then later she told me to take drugs but I resisted. Then next day I received a phone call from a lady (she was her team member). For 3 days, the lady was telling to take drugs but I resisted, then on the same day, I received a phone call, there was girl (elder than me) told me to take drugs but I resisted, then after few days a phone call (a female from delhi) told me to take drugs, again I resisted. Then due to repetitive calls from a girl who is talking to me nicely, I lost my control then I approached a person to take drugs. He told me to do what they say, to buy drugs. Then after 2 weeks, I left my home without informing my parents to buy drugs. My parents searched me, asked barber shop about me, and searched me in sewage thinking I fall down in the sewage. But then I came back to house with drugs in my pocket. Then my parents and my siblings asked me, “where were you? We were searching you.” then I told them I was busy in helping a person. He wants someone to take care of his suitcase (cloth). He wants to go to home by bike so he needs someone to sit behind the back. So, I sat behind carrying his suitcase so that the suitcase should be ironed (to look good all the time). My parents then told me that in this case, 90% people falls in a trap of drug case. Better avoid next time or say no politely. I didn't gave semester 5 practical exams in december 2020 because my mind was stacked in drug matter. I was taking 2 type of drugs per day for 46 days, then that drug subconsciously tell me multiple times – that thing which certain people told to me during brainwashing. This includes not to give assignments, therefore now also I cannot even submit pending assignments of semester 5 and 6. I don’t know what happened to me because that drug erased the memory after brainwashing. Because if someone asks what they told during brainwashing, then that part of memory is difficult to recall. 4) the brainwashed mind was in a such way that suicidal thoughts were coming, wants to complete the tasks of blue-whale game, without informing parents to get resign from college, then leave house and catch train, marry a girl of taliban community and then shadi ho jao. The brainwashed mind was telling that these all are spirituality and can reach to janna. 5) through whatsapp, I was then invited to syria for justice (actually it was terrorist) but they rejected me because I am indian and their thoughts about indian was brutal. 6) I became the victim of a terrorist mind-set (terrorist not in the form of suicide bomber but using coronavirus as a biological weapon) and I was responsible in spreading the coronavirus worldwide. I did it because the brainwashed mind told that after coronavirus, india will be great. Means just like before giving birth, pain occurs during labour. Then later I realized that in the terrorist group, there was many terrorist in the form of priest means terrorist were wearing priest clothes.

MBBS, DPM (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Thrissur
The love and support of family and friends plays an important role in schizophrenia treatment and recovery. If you have a loved one with schizophrenia, you may be struggling with any number of difficult emotions, including fear, guilt, anger, and ...
2 people found this helpful

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