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Mental Disorders - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

What is Mental Disorders? Causes of Mental Disorders. What is the symptoms of Mental Disorders? Treatment of Mental Disorders. Prevention to avoid Mental Disorders. Withdrawal symptoms of Mental Disorders.

What is Mental Disorders?

The term “mental disorder” can cover anything from PTSD, to anxiety disorder; and given the sheer number of cases being reported from all over the world, it is to be expected that the current figures of 450 million individuals diagnosed with various mental disorders worldwide will double by the next decade. The mental disorders is not a new subject and had been studied to an extent by the ancient Greeks but not much is yet known about why some are more susceptible to the same while others do not.

It is assumed that genetics and family history does play a pivotal role in the sense that you are more at risk of developing mental disorders if you have a family history that features the same rather prominently. More and more mental disorders are being studied in depth and while treatment methodology can differ depending on the type of mental disorder that you are currently suffering from, therapy and counseling form a pivotal part of any treatment process. However, many patients continue to suffer from the various mental disorders despite the fact that it is a manageable condition provided treatment is given in time, on account of the stigma associated with the same.

Causes of Mental Disorders.

As indicated earlier, not much detailed research was done on this topic until a few decades back and it is assumed that most patients start displaying some of the symptoms associated with these mental disorders due to changes in their brain chemistry. It is further thought that these changes can take place due to various reasons, from environmental factors or even facing a sudden trauma like a head injury which can lead to the change in brain chemistry.

Apart from environmental and biological factors, a patient can also develop mental disorders on account of genetic predisposition to develop the same. More often than not, a detailed study of their family history would indicate that several other family members suffered from the same disorder. This is why it is essential that you consult a doctor right away on spotting some of the symptoms listed below, as most, if not all the mental disorders are treatable and you can manage your condition with the right medication and lead a normal life again.

What is the symptoms of Mental Disorders?

Some of the symptoms associated with mental disorders are listed below. Please consult a health professional right away if some of these symptoms listed below sound too familiar:

  • Sudden, unexplainable mood swings
  • Behavioral changes
  • Paranoia, thinks everyone is out to get them
  • Remains withdrawn from close family members, relatives
  • Remains listless, fatigued all the time
  • Starts abusing alcohol
  • Starts abusing other controlled substances
  • Shows or starts displaying violence towards others around them
  • Inability to cope with anything stressful
  • High levels of stress
  • Changes in sex drive
  • Feeling extremely depressed
  • Feeling suicidal

Treatment of Mental Disorders.

Given the various mental disorders, it is but natural for the treatment methodologies to differ as well. Your doctor would first assess your condition and then talk to your family and friends to help confirm the same; he would then test you further before diagnosing your current condition and the associated mental disorder. He would then prescribe psychoactive medication to help treat any imbalance in the brain chemistry, as well as mood altering drugs, which are supposed to help you combat depression.

Apart from this, you would be asked to attend counseling and psychological therapy for the duration of your treatment. You may be required to take medication for prolonged periods depending on the severity of your condition so that you can manage your condition better and continue to lead a normal life. And you may be required to report in for periodic counseling sessions to ensure that there is no relapse on your part.

Prevention to avoid Mental Disorders.

Mental disorders are being studied in-depth only now and so far, there is no known way to prevent a person from developing the same. Most therapists hold the view that an active social life, social interactions with others can actually help foster a healthy environment which should prevent anyone from developing mental disorders. Apart from this, eating healthy, and practicing a good workout should ensure that your brain chemistry is well balanced and a good workout should result in more dopamine being released by your brain, which should make you feel good about yourself.

Withdrawal symptoms of Mental Disorders.

There are no withdrawal symptoms associated with the disorder itself, however, if you should continue to stop taking the prescribed medication, this can cause you to experience some of the withdrawal symptoms listed below and may even cause you to relapse as well.

  • Dry or cottonmouth
  • Feeling extremely depressed
  • Displaying extreme range of emotions, moods
  • Becoming violent

Popular Questions & Answers

What can I do? I have been using qutipin sr 50 and panazeep 25 for more than 6 years but after 6 years I consulted the same doctor again and he prescribed the medicine changed qutan 50 and zaptin problem is that before 8 years I had panic attack and heart beat fast now I feel my mood low sometimes and negative thought also I feel something bad is going to happen lack of sleep.

Psychologist, Bangalore
Dear lybrate-user, it is good that you are following your doctor's instructions. But in addition to that, I would like to know if you are aware of your disorder other than just anxiety. Along with a doctor's prescription kabir please take the help...

I am diagnosed with bipolar disorder, even after taking medicines for years ,i am not feeling well how ketamine therapy is helpful for me?

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Srinagar
Ketamine helps in depressive disorder or depressive phase of bipolar mood disorder. It doesn't help in mania, hypomania or mixed phase of bipolar disorder. Your condition needs to be assessed first, to come to conclusion if ketamine infusions are ...
1 person found this helpful

I'm in 95% remission on medication, I take carispec 3 mg, valproate cr 1g, and bupropion xl 150 mg. I'm happy with my new doctor but I feel denied therapy for traumatic emotional sensitivity. I want a opinion if with these symptoms I should continue advocating for therapy or if it is harmful for me. 30, male, diagnosed early stage f20 15 years ago. Doctor's meds never worked, tried many throughout the years. Since childhood, violent father who struck me, family and my mother. No interest in school studies and unable to understand simplest subjects, always landed up in trouble with teachers who constantly berated me as a child. High school was further traumatising, bullied constantly by whole class and cursed upon to the point I was so conscious of myself and filled with anxiety everyday and the anxiety was high to the point of being almost psychotic. I avoided places like barber and school vicinity where I felt uncomfortable and became extremely anxious. Stopped speaking with father completely for 15 years even though we lived together until his death, retaliated his behaviour with outbursts of rage of my own. Since childhood and especially 11 years old, felt very sensitive and hurt by everything, started becoming detached and separate from the world, spending time alone by myself to cope and increased computer use. Was also not very expressive and that fuelled rage further. The sensitivity gave way to complete isolation and severe grief filled depression, weeping everyday, and that gave way to extreme irritability where I could not tolerate the slightest noises like building construction, kid crying, and lashed out physically and verbally. Electrical shock sensations in my chest also. Started having full on rage attacks, retaliatory outbursts where I shattered glass objects by the dozen, tore the house down everyday, and screamed at the top of my lungs, often curses which kids at school had said to me. Was hospitalized in 2015 3 months because of unending outbursts, felt others misunderstood that these curses were from trauma and I didn't deserve the torture. ​ get repetitive nightmares and flashbacks in dreams where my father is screaming violently, and I start screaming as well curses and rage and then beg in despair after breaking things in dream also, that please I don't want to go to nursing home. Or that my father is hitting my mother and I beg please don't hit her, I picture this as a kid. ​ wake up angry often unconsciously punching and kicking the near wall or bed. Often woke up unconsciously crying with tears in eyes. ​ the depression is such that I feel so sensitive and lonely. I crave intimacy but have no friends. I feel there is no one to love me. I feel i'm completely wretched and damaged and there is no good in me. I become hypersexual but scared of that. I feel want to marry a chaste, pure christian girl and conceive a child in her womb but get upset because that will never be. ​ I also stop all hygiene. 1 months ago started low dose vraylar because no other meds were helping. And every inch of irritability, rage, hygiene issue disappeared instantly and I feel happy for first time in life. But I do feel I need support for my trauma to prevent any depressive relapses in the future but the hundred doctors I saw just put f20 because I damage property, and say you are not a war victim. I feel misunderstood and that does not help. Thank you.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd, Transactional Analysis
Psychologist, Bangalore
I am glad that you are feeling 95% remission in your current treatment, which only means that the medicine is working well for you. But you are also right that you need therapy in tandem with the medication. You must seek the help of as good couns...
1 person found this helpful

Namaste to all doctors .sir I am taking clomipramine ,lithium ,risperidone ,clonazepam and acamprosate also .i was good when taking all these drugs except acamprosate .now from 3 days I am experiencing very anxious .what can I do .please help me.

Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Syed, I don't know for what diagnosis, you are taking these tablets, at what dose and for how long. However if you are going to drink alcohol to reduce your anxiety, please take acamprosate also. It reduces the craving for alcohol!
1 person found this helpful

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