Common Specialities
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Common Issues
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Common Treatments
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Overview

Surgery - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A medical specialty, surgery is known to treat diseases and medical problems through incisions, where the body is opened and operated on. A medical professional who performs a surgery is called a surgeon. A surgeon needs to be highly trained in the related medical field. Surgery residency generally extends up to 5 years and involves training for many more years after that.

Surgery can mean a small outpatient procedure, which has very low chances of complications and entails fast recovery or a long major procedure that requires proper care and longer time for recovery. The severity of the procedure depends on the kind of surgery that is being performed and the medical condition it is treating

Surgeries may be performed on the heart, brain, bones, organs as well as tissues. Various types of surgeries include- Surgery for cancer, general surgery, endocrine surgery, Gynecological surgery, Neurosurgery, Orthopedic surgery, Ophthalmological surgery, Pediatric surgery, Plastic and reconstructive surgery, Trauma surgery, thoracic surgery, minimally invasive surgery.

Today a number of different types of surgeries are performed. Here are some common types of surgeries -

  • General surgery- This procedure treats a number of diseases and conditions. General procedures often involve the use of minimally invasive methods, thus reducing risk and allowing faster recovery.
  • Gynecological surgery- Procedures performed to treat the reproductive system of women come under gynecological surgery. Some of these procedures include- Endometrial ablation and gynecology cancer procedure.
  • Neurosurgery- It deals with treating problems of the brain and the nervous system. A number of surgeries fall under this category such as spine surgery, surgery for brain tumor etc.
  • Orthopedic surgery- It deals with treating problems of the bones and muscles. The different types of procedures include shoulder and knee surgery.

How is the treatment done?

Humans started undergoing surgical procedures about 30,000 years ago. During a surgery, the particular part of the body that is being treated is opened up. Thus, in the case of a bypass surgery, the heart is opened up and the blockage is then located and removed. In the case of a knee ligament tear surgery, the ligament is removed and replaced with a rod.

Various instruments and machines are used during surgical procedures. These instruments and machines help surgeons perform the procedure effectively. Thousands of years ago, bone needles were used and surgeries were known to be highly risky. But today, surgical procedures have become simpler because of the advent of medical technology. The use of lasers, robots, and radiation has become common during surgical procedures. Thus, as medical technology advances, the meaning and definition of surgery are slowly altering. Now minimally invasive techniques have come up, which do not require the body to be opened completely. Only minor incisions are made on the part of the body which is being operated. It generally involves the introduction of a tube into the body to make the necessary alterations.

Minimally invasive techniques are generally less expensive and safer than normal surgery. The recovery period is also less in this case and the body heals faster.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Eligibility for surgery depends on the type of surgery one is seeking to undergo. Depending on the health and the medical problems that an individual has, he may be eligible or not for a certain type of surgical procedure.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Non-eligibility for a surgical procedure depends on the type of surgery one is undergoing,

Are there any side effects?

The side-effects depend on the type of surgery a patient is undergoing. But some common side-effects that patients generally face after any surgery include-

  • Slight fever- A slight temperature generally follows a major surgery. If it persists a doctor should be consulted.
  • Swelling- Swelling around the incision is common.
  • Pain- Pain is very common and is generally curbed with medication.
  • Redness around the incision area
  • Itching as the incision heals
  • Infection- Infection after a surgery can result in unwanted complications, thus one should be very careful in treating the surgical wound.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post surgery guidelines too vary as per the surgical procedure a patient undergoes. But, recovery after every surgical procedure is important and it is essential that one rests and regains health as per the doctor’s advice. Even minute post-surgery guidelines should be followed for optimum benefit from the procedure. Most surgeries also require certain lifestyle changes afterward. These lifestyle changes include a healthy diet, getting proper sleep and exercising regularly. Such changes should be adopted under the doctor’s guidance.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery period varies according to the procedure that a patient undergoes. For instance, recovery after bypass surgery takes about 12 weeks, while recovery after dental surgery takes about a week.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Prices of surgery depend on the complexity of the medical condition and procedure. Generally, surgery prices range from Rs 15000- Rs 25, 00,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Most surgeries have permanent results when post-surgery guidelines are carefully followed. In the case of cosmetic procedures, some are permanent while some may be temporary.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Alternatives to surgical procedures include- oral medications, lifestyle changes, herbal medication, and acupuncture.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Recovery Time: Medium Price Range: Rs. 15,000 - Rs. 25, 00,000

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Most men, about 60%, see some development of breast tissue in their lifetime. This growth could be round, symmetrical and occurs bilaterally. This growth of breast tissue in males is medically known as gynecomastia. Causes: The most common cause is an imbalance between the oestrogen and androgens, with excessive oestrogens leading to the growth of breast tissue. Excessive use of anabolic steroids Obesity Unknown reasons It can affect men of all ages, and if this presents as a serious problem, then surgery is the most definitive form of treatment. Surgical options: There are two major options available for correcting gynecomastia liposuction and excisive surgery. Liposuction: Done either under local sedation or under general anaesthesia depending on the extent of the tissue proliferation A small incision is made either in the armpit or around the areola Excessive fat tissue and breast gland tissue are suctioned out The chest contour also is altered at the same time, if desirable Post-surgery, the person is made to wear a compression garment for the first few days This helps in keeping the tissue in place and also helps reduce swelling Healing takes about a couple of weeks time, depending on the person s overall health status and the extent of surgery. Excisive surgery: This is done when the extent of gynecomastia is more severe These people would have sagging, stretched skin around the breast area More amount of fat and glandular tissue can be removed through excision This is more often done under general anaesthesia The incision is often done around the areala (dark portion around the nipple) so it is concealed or along the natural creases which are formed due to excessive breast tissue Excessive breast tissue is removed and the incisions are closed There could be swelling, pain, bruising, and higher chances of post-surgical infections Recovery will take about ten days to two weeks Refraining from exercise is often advised for up to 2 weeks Benefits: Restore a masculine appearance Shorter surgery Faster recovery Minimal or invisible scars Almost immediate results that can be dramatic Improved confidence and self-image After the surgery: Surgery is definitely a sure way to remove the male breast tissue, it is almost a permanent treatment for this condition. It is very important to get a trained, experienced surgeon for the procedure It is important to follow post-op instructions including pain management, infection control, and recovery If it was caused by use of steroids or obesity, lifestyle modification is essential to prevent recurrence

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13 Tips to Help You Recover from Hernia Surgery

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Popular Questions & Answers

Please suggest How much it cost for fistula surgery in mumbai? Can you please suggest me lower cost of surgery healthcare?

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Hello dear lybrate-user, hi Warm welcome to Lybrate.com I have evaluated your query thoroughly.* In our set up at Gujarat, fistula surgery costs around Rs. 20,000 inclusive of all.* For cost in mumbai, have to consult nearby surgeon. Hope this clears your query. Wishing you fine recovery. Welcome for any further assistance. Regards take care.
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Is lasik best for me as I am wearing glasses since 2006 today my age is about 23 and glasses create problem for me in getting a job. Please advice

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As you are having cylindrical number it means that you don’t have a normal corneal curve and hence lasik surgery is not advisable for you for refractive error purposes and if you are comfortable with your spectacle than continue wearing it

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