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Stem Cell Therapy: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

Last Updated: Dec 09, 2021

What is the treatment?

Stem cells are referred to as the smart cells of the body. They possess the capacity of multiplying and indefinitely renewing themselves into specialized cells. This is the reason why stem cells can develop into skin tissue, fat, brain, liver and cardiac muscles directly helping by treating the injured area. Furthermore, there are two legitimate reasons why you would require a stem cell therapy. Firstly, there must be a case where the doctor intimidates a patient that he would be unable to help him by treating his chronic pain or illness from which he is suffering. Secondly, you would want to update yourself with the latest medical advances.

Stem cell therapy is known as the future of medicinal advancement. In today’s world medical science has happened to have explored the latest ongoing technology related to the indications of major symptoms which are absolutely incomparable to traditional therapies. Stem cells are known as the unique cells of the body. Hence, you should compare your body with an apartment and the stem cells to the maintenance men. Stem cell therapy is equipped with three significant criteria. These include the fine division of cells infinitely without the loss of character, the order of number is maintained with each division, and the last one is that these cells are able to differentiate into different cells belonging to different origin. Whenever the body faces a crisis, it calls for help. The resident stems cells will migrate at the injured site for repairing the damage. As the disease progresses, an additional of them is required for the purpose of fast healing.

How is the treatment done?

Every individual is born in a different manner. Some are born with a neurological disorder while others are born perfectly healthy. And fortunately enough, they remain healthy for the rest of their life. On the other hand, there also are people who develop degenerative or neuromuscular disorders. The latter is where Stem Cell Therapy (SCT) comes into action. Stem Cell Therapy is characterized by the treatment for several non-serious to life-threatening disorders by the usage of stem cells. These cells are procures from multiple difference sources are potentially used for the treatment of more than 80 disorders in total, including degenerative and neuromuscular disorders. Hematopoietic disorders like storage disorders, sickle cell anemia, aplastic anemia, MDS, thallassemia, leukemia and many more are known to manifest with a number of systematic complications. This happens when the bone marrow is affected. As a result, the treatment is done by the reconstitution of the defective bone marrow from a donor (either from bone marrow of a parent or cord blood) followed by permanently overcoming the disorder.

The conventional treatment methods aren’t showing a lot of benefits for many degenerative disorders as compared to the stem cell therapy all over the world. This therapy has been showing promising results only due to its unique and amazing features. This treatment method is speedy, safe and is often completed quickly (in a day or two).

How successful is Stem Cell Therapy?

There are only a few stem cell treatments that have been verified to be both innocuous and efficacious. However, the number of disorders for which Stem Cell Therapy has been proved to be effective is still small. There's still a lot to discover about stem cells. It has helped people who have suffered sports injuries or accidents recover their tissues permanently. A lot of research work is needed to accurately determine this therapy option's success rate. Nonetheless, we believe that Stem Cell Therapy is a viable reformative medicine revolution.

Given the fact that Stem Cell Therapy is still relatively new, many people are unsure about its efficacy. So, what is the effectiveness of Stem Cell Therapy? Well, it depends on the following factors:

  • If you're considering stem cells to treat an injury, keep in mind that the degree of the injury will influence the treatment's effectiveness.
  • Healing is aided by stem cells in two ways. To begin with, they have the ability to transform into different sorts of cells, resulting in the creation of fresh new healthy cells. Second, they instruct healthy cells to expand and proliferate.
  • All stem cells are not the same. Each type of stem cell has its own set of benefits, with some being able to change into cell types that other types cannot.
  • The effectiveness of stem cell treatment is also influenced by your lifestyle and habits. You may discover that the therapy is less successful if you smoke or drink heavily.
Summary: Studies on stem cells are limited. There’s a lot to discover about stem cells and their therapies. There are several factors that determine the effectiveness of Stem Cell Therapy. Some are - the degree of injury, lifestyle, and habits. All stem cells are not the same. So everything depends upon the factors influencing the treatment.

Does Stem Cell Therapy really work?

Researchers anticipate that one day, stem cells will be useful in the treatment of a wide range of medical ailments and diseases. Unverified Stem Cell Therapy, on the other hand, can be dangerous, so be sure you have all of the facts before proceeding.

Summary: Stem Cell Therapy is effective in a wide range of medical ailments and diseases. It is one of the rarest and greatest discoveries so far. But one needs to be cautious before opting for this therapy.

What are the negative effects of Stem Cell Therapy?

Patients thinking of unapproved Stem Cell Therapy should be aware that these operations come with significant hazards, which may or may not be treated by a skilled medical team. Even injecting a person's own tissue into another body part has caused severe disease and, in some cases, impaired vision.

Financial risk is also associated with stem cell clinic therapies. People seeking therapy must spend extensive and out-of-pocket payments with no promise of improved health because these procedures are typically not covered by insurance.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

A person with serious neuromuscular, degenerative disorders, or an injury which the doctors have completely given up on, is eligible for the treatment. A person interested in getting updated with the latest medical advancement is also eligible for the treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Someone who is unable to obtain the bone marrow sample of his/her biological parent (donor) is not eligible for the stem cell therapy.


Are there any side effects?

Generally, this procedure is quite safe. Only after a complete medical examination, the process is started. Some patients experience soreness and pain after the treatment is finished. The body will not reject the therapy as your own blood (autologous), fat and bone marrow is used.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines are to take proper medications for the pain and soreness, proper rest and ice application of the sore area. These methods are generally sufficient after the treatment as the total amount f treatment is only for a day or two with an instant healing effect, and it does not require a lot of care thereafter. In case you find something unusual or improper, follow up with your health care specialist for further help and advice.

How long does it take to recover?

The patients generally notice improvements two weeks after the treatment followed by a continuous period of a few months for the stimulation of growth and connective tissue.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The approximate cost of stem cell therapy ranges between Rs. 7,00,000 to Rs. 8,00,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are permanent as the injured area along with the neuromuscular and degenerative disorder will start to heal. The healing process will soon come to an end after a period of 4 to 5 months or even a year. But in case the patient injures himself/herself again, they will require another conventional treatment or stem cell therapy.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are multiple home remedies and natural treatment methods available as alternatives for stem cell therapy. Milk thistle is a kind of herb that originates from the Mediterranean region. This herb is commonly used for the reduction of the growth of cancerous cells and for the treatment of liver ailments. Other treatment methods include the intake of turmeric, Korean Red Ginseng, and olive leaf.

Summary: Stem Cell Therapy is new to most people as its efficacy is still doubtful. Determining the efficacy of this expensive treatment depends upon many factors like the degree of injury, lifestyle, habits, etc. Usually, this therapy requires a lot of money and expert hands. So whenever you are planning to undergo such treatment, always consider the above points in mind.

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Written ByDr. Santosh BhatiaMS - General Surgery,M. Ch. (Plastic Surgery),MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of SurgeryCosmetic/Plastic Surgery
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