A Keloid can be characterized as a scar tissue or fibrous tissue formation over the wound in order to protect and repair the injury. This is caused at the time of skin injury. In certain cases, there is a rapid growth of scar tissue, forming smooth and hard growths known as keloids. These scars tissues can be much larger than the original wound itself. Keloids are most commonly found on the cheeks, earlobes, shoulders, and chest. However, these scar tissues can affect any part of the body. Although, these tissues will not harm you in any way, they may develop cosmetic concerns.
When you develop a keloid scar, it is safe to assume that it was the body’s attempt to heal itself. The decision of treatment may be a tricky one. After the removal of scar tissue, it may recur, and sometimes it grows back in an even larger form. There are a number of treatments associated with keloid. It includes corticosteroid injection to reduce inflammation, radiation therapy to shrink keloids, surgery, laser treatments for the removal of scar tissue, using silicone gel pads or pressure after an injury, or to freeze the tissue to kill skin cells.
Certain family physicians, plastic surgeons and dermatologists generally diagnose and treat the scar tissues called keloids with the occasional help of therapeutic radiologists.
Corticosteroid injections or intralesional steroids are considered safe but are generally painful. Usually, the injections are given once every 4 to 8 weeks into the scar tissues to help flatten them. However, steroid injections tend to make the flattened scar tissues redder by the stimulation of superficial blood vessels. After this treatment is done, the keloid may look better than the previous condition, but even the best results would somehow look and feel a bit different than the surrounding area. The keloids can be flattened by the use of a pulsed-dye laser which also makes it look less red than the treatment of steroids. This treatment is usually safer and less painful, but a number of treatment sessions may be required. On the other hand, surgical treatment method of keloids is associated with cutting the scar tissues. Some surgeons are able to achieve success by applying compression or injecting steroids to the wound site for a few months to be effective. After surgical excision is done, radiation treatment has been found to be quite effective. Doctors have reported that radiation for the treatment of keloids is safe and highly effective.
An individual who does not have any underlying or severe illness or disorder can have this treatment done. Also, a person who wants his scar tissue removed and have clear skin, is included on the list of people who are eligible.
Children, pregnant women, those who have an underlying medical condition which is still untreated, or those affected by a chronic illness are not eligible for receiving the treatment of keloids.
Common side effects include scarring, burning sensation, redness of the treated area, swelling, or moderate to severe irritation to the feeling of a sunburn. In case of rare side effects there will be a change in skin pigmentation.
After the treatment of laser resurfacing or radiation therapy, the treated will be itchy, raw and swollen. Your doctor will apply or ask you to apply a thick ointment on the treated area, or you might have to cover that particular area with a watertight or an airtight dressing. In order to relive pain, your doctor will recommend you a few over-the-counter medications for relief. You should also apply an ice pack on the treated area for swelling and redness. In case you notice something odd or unusual with the colour or texture of the treated area, or are undergoing immense pain, you must immediately contact your doctor.
It takes approximately 6 to 8 weeks for the scar tissues to become red and shrink with the continuous therapy of steroid injections, radiation or surgery.
The price of treatment ranges between Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 50,000.
Small keloids are easily treated with a number of different methods. Usually, a series of steroidal injections injected into the affected area is the safest and simplest approach. It is important for the patient to understand that the scar tissues will never entirely disappear but will likely become flatter and less symptomatic. It is more difficult to treat larger lesions.
Rs. 30,000 - Rs. 50,000
As per the American Osteopathic College of Dermatology, an estimated 10 percent of individuals encounter keloid scarring every year. While women and men are equally prone to have keloid scars, people with darker skin tone are more likely to experience keloids.
What are keloids and why do they occur?
Keloid is widely recognized as keloid scar or keloid disorder. It is caused when the fibrous tissues also known as scar tissues are injured. In specific instances, the scar tissues grow in excess, and they form a hard and smooth growth, which is known as keloid, which could be bigger than the actual wound. They are customarily found in areas like the chest, cheeks, shoulder, and earlobes. Nonetheless, any part of the body could be affected by keloids. Though they do not pose a threat to health, they can be a cause of significant cosmetic concerns. Another factor why they occur is in the case of overgrowth of the scar tissue that develops over the period of weeks.
Are keloids a cause for concern?
Keloids are often itchy and discomforting. Keloids often cause a major cosmetic concern as they are large and easily spotted. Due to this, several patients encounter stress as they become conscious. Exposure to sun must be avoided in case of keloids as the tanning of the affected area may darken the keloid scar and become more prominent. The response of the treatment for keloids depends majorly upon the anatomical location of the scar. An extremely itchy keloid can be quite distracting. Many patients are skeptical of getting treatment as it may leave a permanent scar.
Common Treatment options for Keloids
A condition that poses no threat to your health, and is purely of cosmetic concern, Keloids do have several treatment options providing the expected results.
When an injury happens, the normal tendency of the skin is to repair itself from inside out, until it is completely closed and healed. However, in some cases, due to various reasons, excessively large scars can form. These hypertrophic scars are known as keloids. Here is everything you would like to know about keloids:
Features of keloids:
Treatment options: If the keloid is not in a visible area and does not cause any problem, it is best to leave it untreated and observe for any changes. The following changes could indicate the need for treatment.
Treatment options include both nonsurgical and surgical. Nonsurgical methods are tried first before resorting to surgery.
Also, in people who are prone to develop keloids, surgical incisions can be treated for a longer time with pressure dressings and silicone pads.
Hair loss due to androgenetic alopecia or pattern baldness is a condition that affects both men and women equally. Surgical hair transplantation is the only solution for restoring the lost hair in pattern baldness when medical hair restoration does not offer you a good hair re-growth. If you have well-defined and clearly established areas or patterns of baldness on the crown with healthy dense coverage of hair at the sides and the back of the head, you are probably suitable for a hair transplant surgery. Hair that is transplanted in the frontal region of the skull generally offers the best results. However, a hair transplant procedure can also be carried out on any other area of your head if you have some bald patch there.
It is best to have detailed information about the hair transplant procedure before you make plans to undergo a surgery. It is only after you have read through all the information that you can understand and appreciate the significance of surgical hair restoration. The information will also help you decide whether you are the right candidate for the hair transplant surgery. Receiving a hair transplant can improve your appearance and self-confidence.
All those who can opt for a hair transplant:
Hair replacement isn’t a good option for:
Two types of procedures
It's worth noting that there are new surgical techniques involved in hair transplants:
Hair transplant do, of course, utilise your own natural hair and re-growth can be expected within 4 weeks of surgery. Great care must be taken during your recovery period to protect the newly-transplanted hair. However, once it is deemed safe to resume normal activities, the results can be life-transforming. A successful hair transplant is permanent and can restore confidence and self-esteem. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.
A breast augmentation surgery can leave you with bigger and fuller breasts, but can also leave you with a few scars. These scars typically appear on the lower half of the breast, under the arm or around the areola. Scarring depends on the type of skin, as well as how well your skin heals after the surgery. Like any other, the scars caused by breasts augmentation surgery can be treated in a number of ways. Some of these are:
Scars are referred to as marks left on the skin or body tissue, caused by an accident or injury. Scars are part of the natural healing process that takes place after an injury. When the white blood cells attack bacteria, they cause physical changes to the underlying skin cells around the area, thereby leading to the formation of a scar.
There are different types of scars, caused due to different factors. Some of the commonly occurring scars are:
1) Atrophic scars - These types of scars are flat against the upper layer of the skin. This type of scarring is caused by hyperpigmentation and is marked by discolored parts and patches of the skin. Initially, they are red, dark and raised. With the help of medicines and passage of time, they gradually fade away.
2) Hypertrophic scars - These types of scars appear to be elevated or raised and are caused as a result of a disparity in the production of collagen (connective tissues). These scars do not extend beyond the outline of the original wound, and can remain for a period 2-5 years. Hypertrophic scars turn flatter and paler with the course of time and with the help of requisite medication.
3) Keloid scars - Keloid scars tend to appear when the skin goes through an aggressive healing process. This causes thick, dark, clustered scars to form, which are often in contrast with the surrounding skin. Secretion of excess collagen on the affected area can also be a cause of keloid scars. Although medications are used, the most effective way to remove keloid scars is through surgery.
4) Scar contractures - This type of scar is caused due to burns. Burns present on the joints and creases stiffen the affected area, causing difficulty in movement and flexibility. Deep contracture scars may in some cases lead to dysfunctions in nervous and muscular activities.
5) Acne scars - Acne and pimples are acute skin problems, and the marks they leave behind are long lasting. Acne scars are caused due to severe acne and show differing patterns when it comes to their shape, type, and depth. In fact, the treatment for acne scars varies depending on these factors. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon.