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Overview

Health Check Up - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Cosmetic Surgery is a surgical procedure that is used to enhance a person’s external looks and appearance. It can be performed on any part of the body. Some of the most common procedures are rhinoplasty, which changes the size or shape of the nose, and rhytidectomy, also known as the facelift. Other popular treatments are for Breast augmentation, Breast reduction, Tummy tuck, Liposuction, and Skin rejuvenation. Since the trend is becoming hugely popular, the days of cosmetic surgery being looked poorly upon are quickly coming to an end. With any surgery, there can be complications, and that is enough to scare anyone away. Whenever someone agrees to tamper with their body, there are always risks and these days people don't mind taking that risk for a better form of themselves. According to a report from the Huffington Post, out of all the cosmetic surgery patients, 91% are women, and 9% are men. However, the number of male patients has increased by over 45% since the year 2000. While most women are interested in breast implants and rhinoplasty, men are more inclined towards liposuction, eyelid surgery, treatment for male breasts, and even treatment for protruding ears.

How is the treatment done?

There are various types of cosmetics surgeries though the principle objective of enhancing the appearance remains the same. The candidate and the cosmetic surgeon will agree quite ahead of time on exactly which area(s) will be operated, and both will discuss what outcomes to expect. A consent form is signed by the candidate on the day of surgery and an antibiotic is given about an hour before the surgery. The targeted areas are marked and highlighted on the body while the candidate is in a standing position. Sometimes photos are also taken of the area to be operated so that the patient will have before and after pictures. In the operating room, a sterilising antiseptic solution, such as Betadine, is applied to the relevant areas. Local, intravenous anaesthetic is injected, and the patient may also be given a sedative, either orally or through an IV injection. The incisions are small, about a quarter to a third of an inch. The patient is given an Intravenous Fluid line since he or she will be losing a lot of fluid with the fat and the fluid balance has to be kept intact. Monitoring devices are attached to the body to keep track of the blood pressure, heart rate, and blood oxygen level. The patient will feel a little scraping or rasping sensation from the cannula movement. Usually, the patient can walk around, and even go home the same day if he or she did not receive general anaesthesia, though they would need someone else to drive them home.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Most patients who undergo cosmetic surgery are between the ages of 25 and 35 years old. However, people older than 40 can benefit from the surgery as well. A qualified cosmetic surgeon can further evaluate each patient's skin texture and condition to make individual judgments and recommendations are made. According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS), people above the age of 35 are turning to cosmetic surgery to improve their physical appearance. Senior people are lining up for facelifts, laser skin resurfacing and blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery). The doctor takes into account the patient’s particular circumstances, including age, before approving for a cosmetic surgery. Older people who undergo cosmetic surgery may not look 20 years younger but most certainly they will look youthful.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

All can go under a cosmetic surgeon’s knife, though a complete assessment of the candidate’s health is done before the surgery. However, persons with Skin inelasticity, Weak Bone structures, Unrealistic expectations, and a Bad overall health are not the ones for this procedure.

Are there any side effects?

As with any operation, there are certain risks, beyond the temporary and minor effects. Side effects are more pronounced when the treated areas are very large or numerous, and a large amount of fat has to be removed. Some common side effects of cosmetic surgery are Allergic reaction to materials used during surgery, Infection due to surgery, Damage to the skin, Skin necrosis (a rare complication, in which the operated skin falls off in the necrotic area), Puncture of an internal organ during surgery, Contour irregularities, Burns, and Fluid imbalance.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

During the recovery, candidates should allow for adequate healing time and expect some swelling, numbness, and even skin discoloration for about two weeks. All the incisions and dressings should be kept dry until the surgeon indicates that showering is okay. For the first few weeks, the head should remain elevated and immobile to minimize swelling. Most stitches are removed in about five days, and the initial cosmetic surgery results will be apparent soon afterwards. Strenuous exercise and housework and sexual activity should be strictly avoided for at least a period of two weeks after surgery. Alcohol, saunas and steam rooms should also be avoided for several months. During the cosmetic recovery period, extra rest is essential to promote proper healing.

How long does it take to recover?

Depending on the area of the surgery, patients can return to work between two days and two weeks. Any pain if arises is controlled by a prescription or over-the-counter medication, which may last as long as two weeks. The bruising fades after a few days or may take as long as two weeks. Swelling subsides in from two weeks to two months, while the numbness may last for several weeks. Normal activity can be resumed between several days to several weeks afterwards, depending on the procedure. The results are visible from one to six months after surgery, however, noticeable difference can be seen within weeks as the swelling subsides.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Cosmetic surgery has its downsides. The most unappealing aspect of cosmetic surgery is the cost of the procedure. Liposuctions can cost about Rs. 5000 or more. Rhinoplasty can cost Rs 15,000 or more. Facelifts, which seem like the quickest procedure but are one of the most expensive, can cost Rs 40000 or more.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of cosmetic surgery are permanent except in the case of liposuction where if the patient does not maintain a proper diet and exercise regimen, the remaining fat cell neighbours could still enlarge.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Cosmetic surgery being an expensive may not be affordable to everyone. However, there is good news. For those who are not very happy with their looks and would like to go for an enhancement to their outward appearance, there are quite a few alternatives to cosmetic surgery. Anti-ageing cosmetic creams and powders and electrical skin stimulation as alternatives for enhancement of skin, Quantum treatment as an alternative for breast enlargement, Pulsed ultrasound-assisted liposuction technique as an alternative to liposuction are a few. Apart from these you can resort to natural remedies as well.

Safety: Very High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Very Low Relative Risk: Very Low Side Effects: Very Low Recovery Time: Very Low Price Range: RS. 5000 - Rs. 40,000

Popular Health Tips

Why Should You Go For Routine Health Check-up?

MD - Pharmacology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Ahmedabad
Why Should You Go For Routine Health Check-up?

“An apple a day keeps the doctor away” however, while one may commend you on an excellent diet schedule, keeping the doctor away might not always seem to be too favourable an option, especially in recent times when unforeseen circumstances and complications pertaining to lifestyle irregularities always keep creeping up.

While proper diet and regular workouts may keep you remarkably fit, genetic constraints might easily overrule such efforts to maintaining good health. Frequent checkups are especially recommended for those who share a family history of a number of diseases, infections, any type of cancer, hypertension, or sleep disorders, since problems might grow quietly and steadily when left unchecked for a longer span of time.

Most people usually visit their doctor or physician when they face an emergency. This should not be the scenario, as is advised by most health experts. It has been widely accepted that the average visit to the clinic must be at the least, four times a year. However, uniformity isn’t to be maintained by everyone in this regard. Infants see a doctor for at least eight times a year while six to eight year olds visit their physician twice a year.

It is important to have a number of crucial matters looked into and tested periodically in order to keep track of any unfavourable developments:

  1. Dental check-up every six months
  2. Annual pap smears
  3. Semi-annual HIV tests
  4. Eye examinations once every two years, once a year for those patients with current vision problems
  5. Biennial skin cancer screening
  6. Full physical examination once a year
  7. Breast examination once a month
  8. Pelvic examination every few months
  9. Thyroid tests every five years
  10. Check blood pressure level every month

It is imperative to understand that not one particular check-up schedule is capable of fitting in the necessities of all individuals. This makes it all the more clear that, while the requirement of physical attention isn’t the same for everyone, once a year physical check-up is a must for any individual. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2992 people found this helpful

Urine Colour - What It Says About Your Health?

DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology), MD, MBBS
Nephrologist, Delhi
Urine Colour - What It Says About Your Health?

Changes in the colour of your urine can reveal important information about your health. If your urine takes on a hue beyond what's normal, it can be indicative of something wrong with your health. In general, the normal urine colour varies from pale yellow to deep yellowish-brown, which is a result of a chemical pigment in the urine called urochrome.

1. Red or Pink

  • When your kidneys, urethra, bladder or any other urinary tract organ gets infected or inflamed, blood cells get leaked into the urine, giving it a red hue. The causes behind the presence of blood can be urinary tract infections, kidney cysts, kidney stones, enlarged prostate and even cancer. Taking blood thinners can also cause you to have blood in your urine.
  • Certain foods like blackberries, rhubarb and beets can cause your urine to turn pink.
  • The use of certain medications like a particular class of antibiotic used in the treatment of tuberculosis can turn your urine red. Likewise, a drug used to numb discomfort in the urinary tract can cause a red/pink discoloration of your urine.

2. Blue or Green

  • The consumption of coloured food dyes containing green or blue pigments can cause you to pass urine of such hues.
  • Certain anti-depressant and anti-inflammatory medications can turn your urine green/blue.
  • A very rare medical condition called familial benign hypercalcemia (fbh), characterised by high levels of calcium in the blood and low levels of the mineral in the urine can cause your urine to turn blue.
  • Green urine can also occur if your urinary tract gets infected by the pseudomonas bacteria.

3. Dark Brown

  • Having large amounts of these foods - aloe, rhubarb (a type of leafy green) and broad beans can cause you to pass dark brown urine.
  • Certain anti-malarial drugs, laxatives and muscle relaxants can darken the colour of your urine as well.
  • Dark brown urine can also be caused by disorders of the kidney or liver as well as infections of the urinary tract.
  • Injury of the muscle as a result of excessive training can result in dark brown urine.

4. Orange

  • Problems with the bile duct (the duct through which bile from the gall bladder and liver passes before entering the duodenum) or liver along with the passing of light coloured stools can result in orange urine.
  • A cause of orange urine may also be dehydration as fluids bring about a decrease in the concentration of compounds present in the urine.

5. White

  • The presence of calcium or phosphate sediments in the urine can give it a white hue.
  • White urine can also be a result of funguria infection (a form of fungal urinary infection wherein the fungus produces white sediments) or a bacterial infection.

Antibacterial Soaps - Why Should You Avoid Them?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Mumbai
Antibacterial Soaps - Why Should You Avoid Them?

We are bombarded with advertisements of how 'good mothers' never fail to have their children use antibacterial soap as a habit. But does it really work? There have been several reports of potentially harmful ingredients being used in these antibacterial soaps and yet their sale continues unhindered. Let's dive in to get the dope behind these soaps.

What are antibacterial soaps?

A drug called 'triclosan' was originally used strictly in hospital environments. In the 1990s the commercial manufacture of antibacterial soaps started with this ingredient in its center and fear mongering and advertisements pushed this into a whooping $1 billion industry. There is murky data on the FDA approval on triclosan usage and guidelines which are leaving us only with information the manufacturers propagate about it. But with enough information out there on the internet, should you wait for manufacturers to prove its effectiveness or make a judgment call? Here are a few facts to help:

1. It is as effective as conventional soap: There are countless studies and researches done in the last four decades that proves that antibacterial soaps are not more effective than regular soaps and the added triclosan doesn't proved any special health benefits. These tests measure the amount of bacteria in one's hand before and after usage. But the real question is do antibacterial soaps reduce infection rates and the answer to that question is yet to be proven.

2. It has the potential to create antibiotic-resistant bacteria: The main benefit of using these products is its bacteria resistant formula. With frequent usage, some bacteria gain resistance to the chemicals. Eventually, while the soap kills off regular bacteria, the resistant bacteria can spiral into a local or global threat.


3. It can disrupt endocrine functions: Triclosan closely resembles the thyroid hormone and can bid to its receptor sites. This can lead to many problems like infertility, artificially-advanced early puberty, obesity, and cancer. This problem has been found during animal testing and yet not proven for humans. With so much threat on the loose, would it matter how effective or ineffective the antibacterial soap is against bacteria?

4. It can lead to problems in children: At a growing age, children are developing their immune system and natural resistance to diseases. Prolonged exposure to antibacterial soap can result in reduced exposure to bacteria which prevention the proper development of the child's immune system.

5. It is bad for the environment too: The more triclosan we use, the more gets flushed down the drain. The problem arises because triclosan isn't fully treated at sewage treatment plans and enters water bodies where it disrupts algae's ability to perform photosynthesis. The spin ball effect reaches all sea animals and plants and eventually comes back to attack us in ways we are yet to find out.

The solution to this problem is to use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that is effective on both bacteria and viruses. If you are wondering how you can add bacteria resistance to your family without any added harm, consult a doctor today.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4427 people found this helpful

Ganne ke Juice ke Fayde Aur Nuksaan in Hindi - गन्ने के जूस के फायदे और नुकसान

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Ganne ke Juice ke Fayde Aur Nuksaan in Hindi - गन्ने के जूस के फायदे और नुकसान

गन्ने का वैज्ञानिक नाम सैकेरम औफीसिनरम है. पहले गन्ने की मूल खेती पापुआ न्यू गिनी में हुई थी. अब यह एशिया और अमेरिका सहित आधे से ज्यादा दुनिया में उत्पादन किया जाता है. ये हमारी प्यास बुझाने के अलावा हमें ऊर्जा से भी भर देता है. गन्ने में प्रचुर मात्रा में कार्बोहाइड्रेट, प्रोटीन, कैल्शियम, फास्फोरस, लोहा, जस्ता और पोटेशियम और विटामिन ए, बी-कॉम्प्लेक्स और सी भी पाया जाता है. गन्ने में फैट नहीं होता है, वास्तव में यह एक 100% प्राकृतिक पेय है. इसमें लगभग 30 ग्राम प्राकृतिक चीनी है. एक गिलास गन्ने के रस में कुल 13 ग्राम आहार फाइबर होता है. आइए गन्ने के फायदे और नुकसान पर प्रकाश डालें.
1. रोके मूत्र पथ संक्रमण
गन्ने का रस गुर्दे को स्वास्थ्य को बनाए रखने के लिए मूत्र पथ के संक्रमण से जुड़ी समस्याओं को रोकता है. इसके इलाज के लिए गन्ने का इस्तेमाल एक दिन में दो बार नींबू और नारियल का पानी मिलाकर गन्ने का रस पीकर करें. गन्ने का रस शरीर में प्रोटीन के स्तर को बढ़ाने के लिए जाना जाता है. यह कई गुर्दा संबंधी रोगों जैसे पत्थरी, यूटीआई और एसटीडी से बचाता है.
2. कैंसर को रोकने के लिए
गन्ना का रस कैंसर, विशेष रूप से प्रोस्टेट और स्तन कैंसर जैसे घातक रोगों के लिए एक व्यापक उपचार हो सकता है. गन्ने में फ्लेवोनोइड की उपस्थिति स्तन ग्रंथियों में कैंसर की कोशिकाओं को बढ़ने से रोकती है, इस प्रकार यह ब्रेस्ट कैंसर के जोखिम को कम करता है.
3. बचाए मुँहासे से
मुँहासे से ग्रस्त लोग प्रभावी परिणाम के लिए गन्ना का रस का मास्क आज़माएं. इसके लिए आपको गन्ने के रस और मुल्तानी मिट्टी की जरूरत है. गन्ने के रस में कुछ मुल्तानी मिट्टी को मिलाकर एक तरल बनाएं. अपने चेहरे और गर्दन पर इस मास्क को 20 मिनट के लिए लगाए. अब अपने चेहरे और गर्दन को साफ करने के लिए गीले तौलिया का प्रयोग करें. सप्ताह में कम से कम एक बार इस उपाय का प्रयोग करें.
4. मधुमेह को नियंत्रण में
शुगर से पीड़ित व्यक्ति भी गन्ना, संयम से खाया जा सकता है. गन्ना में सूक्रोज़ होता है जिसमें कम ग्लिसेमिक सूचकांक होता है. यह आपके रक्त शर्करा के स्तर को नियंत्रण में रखने में मदद करता है.हलांकि सावधानी जरुरी है.
5. पीलिया के उपचार में
पीलिया, लिवर के खराब कामकाज के साथ भारी हुई पित्त नलिकाओं के कारण होता है. इसके उपचार के लिए 1 गिलास ताजा गन्ना का रस में तोड़ा सा नींबू मिक्स करके दिन में दो बार पिएं. ये स्वभाव से क्षारीय होने के नाते गन्ने का रस आपके शरीर में इलेक्ट्रोलाइट संतुलन बनाए रखकर आपके लिवर को तेज़ी से खराब होने से रोकता है और हमारे पेट एवं आंतों में एसिडिटी और जलन को शांत कर सकता है. गन्ने के रस में मौजूद पोटेशियम आपके पेट के पीएच स्तर को संतुलित करने और पाचन रस के स्राव की सुविधा प्रदान करता है.
6. नाखूनों के पोषण में
रंग उतरे हुए और भंगुर नाखूनों को की समस्या का मुकाबला करने के लिए गन्ने का रस लगायें. ऐसा पोषक तत्वों की कमी के कारण होता है. चूंकि गन्ना का रस पोषक तत्वों से भरा होता है, यह आपके नाखूनों को पोषण देता है और उन्हें स्वस्थ बनाता है.
7. मांसपेशियों की शक्ति के लिए
कोई भी मेहनत का काम शक्तिशाली मांसपेशियों के दम पर ही किया जा सकता है. दिन में दो बार गन्ने का रस पीना शरीर को बहुत आवश्यक ग्लूकोज प्रदान करता है जिसे अपनी मांसपेशियों की शक्ति को बढ़ाने के लिए जाना जाता है.
8. गर्भवती महिला के लिए
गन्ने का रस सुरक्षित गर्भधारण की सुविधा प्रदान करता है. इसमें फोलिक एसिड और विटामिन बी 9 पाया जाता है जो स्पाइना बिफिडा जैसे तंत्रिका जन्म दोषों से रक्षा के लिए जाने जाते हैं. इसके अलावा गन्ना का रस, महिलाओं की समस्याओं को कम कर देता है, जिससे गर्भधारण की संभावना बढ़ती है.
9. त्वचा के लिए
गन्ना रस बुढ़ापे के लक्षणों में देरी करने के लिए मदद कर सकता है. गन्ने के रस में मौजूद एंटीऑक्सिडेंट्स, फ्लेवोनोइड्स और फीनोलॉजिक यौगिकों की उपस्थिति चमकीली, नरम और मॉइस्चराइजिंग त्वचा प्राप्त करने का एक अच्छा विकल्प है. इसके अलावा गले में अचानक खुजली या जलन होती है, तो उसे शांत करने के लिए नींबू और काले नमक को एक गिलास गन्ने के रस के साथ मिक्स करके पी लें.
10. बढ़ाए प्रतिरक्षा
गन्ने का रस आवश्यक एंटीऑक्सिडेंट से भरपूर हैं जो हमारे प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को कई परतों से मजबूत करने में सहायता करते हैं. ये एंटीऑक्सिडेंट कई रोगों से लड़ते हैं, जिनमें लिवर और पाचन तंत्र शामिल हैं. आपकी प्रतिरक्षा बढ़ाने के अलावा, गन्ने का रस भी घावों को जल्दी से ठीक करने में मदद करता है.
11. हड्डियों और दांतों को मजबूत
गन्ने के रस का एक गिलास पिलाने से आप दांत और हड्डी से संबंधित समस्याओं को दूर कर सकते हैं. गन्ने कैल्शियम का एक बहुत ही अछा स्रोत है जो हड्डियों और दांतों सहित आपकी कंकाल की ताकत के निर्माण में मदद करता है. इसके अलावा ये सांसों की बदबू को भी दूर करता है.
गन्ने के जूस के नुकसान
* दैनिक रूप से दो गिलास से अधिक गन्ने के रस का सेवन ना करें इससे आपके शरीर को नुकसान पहुंच सकता है.
* 15 मिनट से अधिक समय तक फ्रिज के बाहर रखें हुए गन्ने के रस को कभी नहीं पीना चाहिए क्योंकि आपके पेट और आंतों पर इसका प्रतिकूल प्रभाव हो सकता है. 

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Popular Questions & Answers

Namasthe sir/ mam. I done my tmt test in March 2018 which comes normal. My concern is how many months onc can do tmt? Please help me.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Consult your Cardiologist as depending on complaints, examination findings, routine ECG and other reports same is decided.

I am 16 yr. Old male patient. All my reports are normal. But I have high alkaline phosphatase level (about 250. What are it's causes? And what it it's treatment?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Most of medical challanges need doctor to listen to detailed medical history in form of questions and answers, examination of patient and sometimes reports so meet concerned doctor.

Recently I took blood test and my report is as follows:- 1). Glucose Fasting - 92 2). HBA1C - 6.1 3). Mean plasma glucose - 128.4 4). AST/SGOT - 46 5). ALT/SGPT - 77 6). Creatinine - 0.8 7). CHL/HDL ratio - 2.9 8). Hydroxy vitamin D - 20.88 So my query is do I need to worry or such results are normal. Thanks in advance.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Certificate Course In Evidence Based Diabetes Management, Certificate Course In Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetologist, Sri Ganganagar
Hi Mr. lybrate-user. Dr. Verma here. Your all reports are quite good except Vit D which is abit on lower side. Need not to worry much.
1 person found this helpful

Hi Sir, Homocysteine is linked to increased risk of premature coronary artery disease, stroke and thromboelism. Moreover, Alzheimer disease, osteoporosis, venous thrombosis, schizophrenia, cognitive deficiency and pregnancy complications also elevate homocysteine levels. Is this report is fine?

MSW, Clinical Hypnotherapy, MBA, Post Graduation in Counselling, Research Scholar
Psychologist, Guwahati
It seems that you are very anxious and stressed about years health. Along with consultation with a qualified physician. You need to engage yourself in some form of yoga or relaxation to take care of years stress. U should also share y issues with close friends and pursue years hobbies to buildup years self esteem. Maybe gardening, writing, painting, music etc.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Guidelines for Treatment of Elderly Diseases
Hello. I m Dr Rajiva Gupta. I m a senior consultant in internal medicine at Ashok Vihar and Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Park. My special areas of interest are diabetes and care of the elderly.

Now talking about care for the elderly, the branch of medicine that deals with the care of the elders is called Geriatrics anthology. The elderly patients present peculiar problems. They present not just discreet conditions, but with discreet syndromes. A syndrome is a constellation of symptoms and signs. In common, they are called the geriatric syndromes. The common geriatric syndromes are false, impaired cognition, deficiencies in a hearing, difficulty in vision, delirium. These syndromes are important because we have to investigate several different causes. For example, if the patient falls, it is not necessary that he may be having weakness in his legs. It is highly possible that the patient will be suffering from an acute infection or from some electrolyte imbalance or from CVA or cardiovascular problem. The patient is having disorientation, he is not oriented, he may have necessarily, he may be having, that he is having infection of the brain, he could as well be having electrolyte imbalance or any infection or a cardio-vascular problem. It means that the syndromes present, similar syndromes present with different types of illness in the elderly. The reason is that the physiological reserves of the elderly are just on the borderline and any acute insult that results in these syndromes. The approach to geriatric patients is slightly different from the way we approach people of other age.

So there are two components, one is the Curative component and another is comfort, or the palliative. That depends much on the functional ability of the patient. So if you have got an elderly person, above 80 years, he does regular exercise, enjoys his life, goes out for walks, the treatment of any condition in such a patient would be on the lines the management is done for a younger or a middle aged patient. Whereas, on the other end, if the patient is 70 years or 75 years, and he suffers from a problem, he is immobile, confined to bed, he is not able to take care of his own daily needs. For such patient, the aim would be to have a comfort care. So, the treatment of the elderly has to be individualized and surprisingly, there are not many guidelines which are available for treatment of elderly in different, for different medical conditions. SO the treatment for each individual has to be individualized, considering his individual circumstances. For example, if we take a very common problem like sugar, and we call that, there is a parameter called the Glycosylated hemoglobin, so we say that glycosylated hemoglobin for a normal should be less than 7% or less than 6.5 %. Bit for the elderly, because they may be having other illnesses, they may be having kidney disease or may be living alone in the house, they may not be able to take care, so in such patients, we will not go in for a very strict control, we ll go in for a modest control, where the range may be say, around 8 or 8.5.

As physicians, we need to be aware that the number of elderly people is increasing, we need to be aware about their special needs, we have to give time once they come to our clinic and we have to define their problems and treat them accordingly.

I will be most willing and happy to answer to any questions, which can be approached through the lybrate website or they can seek consultation by telephone or physical consultation.
Play video
Dr. Vandana Jain Talks About Mental and Physical Care For Women During Pregnancy
Hi, I am Dr Vandana Jain, practising gynaecology and infertility specialist. My areas of interest are antenatal care and giving care and cure to infertile patients.

Nowadays mostly all women are working. Pregnancy and motherhood become a huge responsibility for them. With the host of changes taking place in a working woman right from conception to child birth a woman needs both mental and physical care throughout the entire 9-month span. It is a real challenge to squeeze in the right diet, exercise and care both to the mother and the child and focus should be on regular antenatal visits to the doctor. A few things which pregnant women should focus on are;

Regular antenatal checkups
Daily sleep
Eat well
Exercise well.
The doctor should provide you with additional nutritional supplementation.
Keep stress at bay.
Do not travel without informing your gynaecologist
Do not smoke
Do not lift heavy objects
Do not take alcohol and strenuous exercises are to be avoided.
For any query regarding pregnancy or antenatal consultation, you can contact me through Lybrate.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice