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Last Updated: Sep 30, 2019
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Health Check Up - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is Health Checkup? What is included in a full-body health checkup? How often should you get a full-body health checkup? How is health checkup done? What are the benefits of health checkup? Are there any side effects of health checkup? How long does it take to recover? How much does a health checkup cost in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is Health Checkup?

Prevention is better than cure- this proverb aptly defines the benefits of having a health check-up. Medical problems, if any, would be detected early if health check-up is done on a regular basis. Chances of treatment and cure are always better when caught early. It is a step forward to a better, healthier and longer living. With the fast lifestyle that today’s people lead topped with global warming and pollution all around, it is quite natural to get infected or diagnosed with a disease.

It is advisable to undergo an annual health check-up, or routine tests to keep a tab on your health issues. Along with these tests, your family history, your routine activities and food habits will be taken note of by the physician. Sugar, pressure level, sodium potassium are some of the necessary tests. The patient’s age, weight, height is recorded. There are special tests to detect cancer, AIDS/HIV and Viral Hepatitis.

What is included in a full-body health checkup?

There are a lot of health check-up packages available in hospitals or clinics around the globe. They offer some great deals and if you want your whole body check-up so it can also be done at a smart price. The price and the number of tests totally depend on the hospital or clinic. The number of tests varies on the package and price you are paying. Here are the basics that which tests should be their, in a full-body check-up for men and women.

Full Body Health Checkups for Men:

There are 35 tests and 4 doctor's consultations are included.

  1. CBC
  2. PSA(Prostate-Specific Antigen)
  3. Chest X-ray
  4. ESR
  5. Peripheral Smear
  6. Audiometry
  7. Blood grouping & RH typing
  8. Urine routine & microscopy
  9. Stool routine
  10. Ultrasound abdomen & pelvis
  11. Diabetes Evaluation:
    • Fasting Blood Sugar
    • Post-Prandial Blood Sugar
  12. Lipid Profile:
    • HDL(High-density lipoproteins)
    • LDL(Lower-density lipoproteins)
    • Total Cholesterol
    • VLDL(Very lower-density lipoproteins)
    • Triglycerides
  13. Liver Function Test:
    • GGT(Gamma-glutamyl transferase)
    • Albumin
    • Globulin
    • Alkaline Phosphatase
    • SGOT(Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase)
    • SGPT(Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase)
    • Total Protein
    • Total & Direct Bilirubin
  14. Kidney Profile:
    • Sr Creatinine
    • Phosphorus
    • BUN
    • Sr Uric Acid
    • Calcium
  15. Thyroid Profile:
    • T3
    • T4
    • TSH
  16. Cardiac Risk Evaluation:
    • ECG
    • ECHO Screening/Tread Mill Test
  17. Consultations:
    • Ophthalmology Consultation
    • Dental
    • Diet Consultation
    • Physician Consultation

Full Body Health Checkup for Women:

There are 36 tests and 5 doctor's consultations are included:

  1. CBC
  2. ESR
  3. Blood grouping & RH typing
  4. Urine routine & microscopy
  5. Stool routine
  6. Peripheral Smear
  7. Audiometry
  8. PSA(Prostate-Specific Antigen)
  9. Chest X-ray
  10. Ultrasound abdomen & pelvis
  11. Sonomammogram(Less than 40 yrs)/Mammogram (Above 40yrs)
  12. Diabetes Evaluation
    • Fasting Blood Sugar
    • Post-Prandial Blood Sugar
  13. Lipid Profile:
    • Total Cholesterol
    • HDL(High-density lipoproteins)
    • LDL(Lower-density lipoproteins)
    • (Very lower-density lipoproteins)
    • Triglycerides
  14. Liver Function Test:
    • Alkaline Phosphatase
    • SGOT
    • SGPT
    • GGPT
    • Albumin
    • Globulin
    • Total Protein
    • Total & Direct Bilirubin
  15. Kidney Profile:
    • Sr Creatinine
    • Sr Uric Acid
    • Calcium
    • Phosphorus
    • BUN
  16. Thyroid Profile:
    • T3
    • T4
    • TSH
  17. Cardiac Risk Evaluation:
    • ECG
    • ECHO Screening/Tread Mill Test
  18. Consultations:
    • Ophthalmology Consultation
    • Dental
    • Diet Consultation
    • Physician Consultation
    • Gynecology Consultation

How often should you get a full-body health checkup?

A yearly full body checkup is a normal annual visit. It is significant to anticipate greater health issues. Your primary care physician can assess your condition of prosperity and diagnose any potential issues that might be in their starting stages. With normal registration, the specialist can distinguish these issues and propose quick treatment dependent on the person's condition.

A few illnesses can be unpretentious and may not give their indications or side effects until they arrive at the following level. This is the reason you have to see your primary care physician consistently, particularly in the event that you carry on with a sort of way of life that can open you to such hazards.

How is health checkup done?

Health check-up is not a treatment but rather a step towards it. Examinations and screenings can be done as part of the check-up. The day before the test you should be on an empty stomach with 2-3 glasses of plain water, carry urine or stool in a sterilized container provided by the health centre. Your doctor would gather several pieces of information before he/she begins further checking. The doctor would use a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat, and then if he finds irregular beating or a heart murmur, then further tests would be prescribed.

For your lungs, the doctor would also use the stethoscope to listen to wheezes or crackle. He would ask you to open your mouth to check the tonsils and throat. Ears, nose, lymph nodes, sinuses, carotid arteries, and thyroid, are also to be examined. Nerves, reflexes, muscle strength are stressed during a health check to check your neurological stability. Tapping on the abdomen will let the physician aware of the size of your liver and the presence of gastric fluids. Skin and nail findings help in checking the dermatology part while pulses of your arms and legs, visual changes are some of the other things that the doctor would look. Note, do not wear deodorant or perfume if you are going for a breast check-up.

Why do we need regular health check-ups?

There are numerous motivations to mesh a standard health checkup into your wellness way of life. One of the most significant reasons is to counteract any illness. The laboratory tests done in the process will help in the early recognition and treatment of a potential health issue, if you go for a health check-up.

Health checks fluctuate from individual to individual, in view of their sex, age, family health, and way of life. Health checks advance better health as well as improve a patient-specialist relationship. The specialists can teach patients about carrying on with a healthy life and how they can maintain a strategic distance from risky propensities, for example, liquor abuse, tobacco fixation, pigging out, latency, and so forth.

What are the benefits of health checkup?

It is always said that one should always need to have regular health check-up to keep a track on their medical health condition. Having a regular health check-up has many advantages. It also improves a person's lifestyle. Its main aim is to make people understand their health values and concern. Health checks up on a regular basis helps in finding the disease and preventing it on time.

Who would need a health checkup?

There is no fixed time for a health check-up. The earlier you decide, the better for you. Since it is not a treatment, it is in your hands to undergo a check-up once in a while. It is for you to take up the initiative and visit healthcare. Facilities of health check-up are there in almost all medical care center. You need to make an appointment and visit the doctor. The doctor would do the initial check-up and prescribe some laboratory examinations and screenings. If the physician detects some other issue that needs immediate attention, then the doctor would begin its treatment separately.

Are there any side effects of health checkup?

There are no side-effects associated with a health check-up. These are just basic examinations conducted without the involvement of any invasive procedure. Care will be exercised by the health care centre to use fresh needles and sterilized medical equipment to avoid infection. Hence, there is no need to have a concern in this regard. Altogether, there can be only positive outcomes from a routine health check-up. However, the need for tests like mammograms can be assessed before taking one.

What are the post-health checkup guidelines?

The health check-up is a routine examination, and the patients tend to improve if anything serious arises, and they follow the doctor’s advice and instructions. Adhering to the guidelines prescribed by the physician is important. If the doctor finds a disease or an ailment, it is imperative to take measures to control it or to improve it via applicable treatment methods.

How long does it take to recover?

Health check-up is a rigorous evaluation and examination of a person’s health. It is not an ailment to have a recovery time. You can undergo a check once every month or once in three months or for an annual check-up. Your physician will be the right person to advise on the frequency and the types of screenings to be undertaken by you. There might not be any disruption in your routine except for the few hours spent for the examination.

How much does a health checkup cost in India?

The consultation fees vary from one health care centre to another. Many centres have the health check-up packages which range from Rs.3000 to Rs.10000. Since it comes in packages, it is easier for you to choose the one you can afford or the one your doctor has prescribed for you.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the health check-up are permanent. It is the examination of the whole body. Thus, the results are always accurate unless there is a fault in the technician’s methods. And since the procedure helps to find the onset of any health issue, it would provide lifelong relief.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There is no other option to health check-up. Doctors from all over the world recommend a health check-up once a year at the least. It is a necessary initiative to be taken on your part for a longer and healthier life. Being aware and early detection is the key to a healthy and happy life!

Key Highlights

Safety: High

Effectiveness: High

Timeliness: Medium

Relative Risk: High

Side Effects: Low

Recovery Time: Medium

Price Range: RS. 3000 - Rs. 10,000

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