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Last Updated: Nov 06, 2019
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Gastritis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Gastritis? What are the early symptoms of gastritis? What causes gastritis? What is the best treatment for gastritis? How to cure gastritis permanently? What are the home remedies for Gastritis? How to prevent gastritis? What are the precautions for a gastric problem?

What is Gastritis?

the stomachs lining gets inflamed, irritated, or eroded in gastritis. It may either happen gradually or suddenly. Excess alcohol consumption, chronic vomiting, anxiety, stress, certain medicines like aspirin can all cause gastritis.

What are the early symptoms of gastritis?

The early symptoms of gastritis are as follows:

  • Nausea or frequent stomach upset
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Indigestion
  • Burning sensation
  • Hiccups
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting blood
  • Black or tarry stools

Also, sweating, rapid heartbeat, feeling faint or short of breath, chest pain or stomach pain may accompany the above-mentioned symptoms.

What causes gastritis?

Following are the causative factors for gastritis:

  • H.pylorii Infection: This is a common cause of gastritis and can cause symptoms of indigestion as the bacteria creates inflammation in the lining of the stomach. This is more prevalent in elderly people. H.pylorii stomach infection is normally life-long except it is cured using eradication therapy.
  • Excessive use of alcohol or drugs
  • Consumption of ibuprofen, aspirin, or any other painkillers from the class of NSAIDs.
  • Critical illness, injury or major surgery.
  • Autoimmune reaction - In this condition, the immune system attacks the body’s own cells and stomach lining.

What is the best treatment for gastritis?

A person should meet a doctor if the symptoms of acidity or gastritis appear more than two times a week. The physician normally recommends antacids to give aid against the symptoms. A doctor may also suggest these tests:

  • pH monitoring: This test is carried out to verify the presence of acid in the oesophagus. Under pH monitoring, a device is put inside the oesophagus to measure the amount of acid.
  • Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: Through this, a medical expert is enabled to examine the lining of the stomach and the oesophagus. A thin flexible tube equipped with light and camera is inserted into the throat to check for the inflammation caused by excessive acid production.
  • X-ray: Under this, a chalky suspension is consumed by the patient which coats the digestive tract after which an x-ray is conducted.

Treatment of gastritis helps in decreasing the acidity in stomach to relieve the symptoms and also helps in healing of the stomach lining. Treatment includes:

  • Antacids are available over the counter, act to neutralise the acid in the stomach, providing rapid pain relief.
  • Histamine 2 blockers such as ranitidine act to reduce acid production and are available over the counter as well as on prescription.
  • Proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole decrease acid production effectively than Histamine 2 blockers. Low dose PPIs can be bought over the counter whereas higher doses need prescriptions.
  • Antibiotics are Amoxycillin, Metronidazole and Clarithromycin are presribed for treating H.pylorii Infection. A retest may be performed 4 weeks after completing the antibiotic course to check if there is any H.pylorii is left in the stomach. If there is still some infection, eradication therapy is required with a different set of antibiotics.

How to cure gastritis permanently?

Although medicines are more preferred to treat gastritis, they usually help by managing the symptoms temporarily and not the root cause of condition. To cure gastritis permanently, one might have to make a few lifestyle modifications such as:

  1. Anti-inflammatory diet: Do not consume processed foods, dairy foods, gluten, acidic foods, sugary and spicy foods and alcohol.
  2. Garlic extract supplement: This can reduce the frequency of the attacks.
  3. Probiotics: These encourage regular bowel movements by introducing good bacteria into the digestive tract, thus improving the digestion.
  4. Green tea with honey: Green tea decreases the prevalence of H.pylorii in the stomach. Honey has antibacterial action.
  5. Essential oils: Lemongrass and lemon verbena help increase resistance to H.pylorii. Peppermint, clove and ginger oils have a positive effect on the digestive tract.
  6. Eat smaller meals: This can ease the digestive process and reduce the gastritis symptoms.
  7. Avoid smoking and overuse of painkillers
  8. Reduce stress: Stress management techniques include:
    • massage
    • meditation
    • yoga
    • breathing exercises

What are the home remedies for Gastritis?

Following are the home remedies that are effective against gastritis:

  1. Cinnamon: Cinnamon gives relief from acidity and gastritis due to its antacid characteristics. Consuming cinnamon tea two times a day relieves from this condition.
  2. Basil leaves: This gives instant relief from the problem of acidity because of its soothing and carminative properties. Once can either drink basil leaves tea or chew basil leaves.
  3. Apple cider vinegar: It produces an alkalizing effect on the stomach. Taking apple cider vinegar in water twice a day reduces the symptom of acidity.
  4. Buttermilk: This is one best method for the treatment of acidity. Taking buttermilk is helps against acidity as it is rich in lactic acid which decreases the stomach acidity.
  5. Cumin seeds: These works as an acid neutralizer and provides relief from acidity. Drinking cumin seeds in water after meals decreases acidity.
  6. Soda: it is very helpful in neutralizing the acid present in every individual's stomach. Mixing a spoon of baking soda in the water and drinking it before the fizzing stops prove very advantageous in healing acidity problem.
  7. Ginger: It has anti-inflammatory and neutralizing action. Consuming ginger tea or even chewing a slice of ginger can give instant result.
  8. Fennel seeds: The carminative action of fennel seeds decrease the symptoms of acidity. Eating fennel seeds or drinking water boiled with fennel seeds is very beneficial against this problem.
  9. Cold milk: Consuming cold milk is an ancient method for treating the condition of acidity. Cold milk neutralizes the gastric acids within the stomach.
  10. Jaggery: Eating jaggery after meals can reduce the symptoms of acidity because of its alkalizing properties.

How to prevent gastritis?

Gastritis can be quite painful and uncomfortable. It may also lead to stomach cancer and hence should be prevented. To know ways to avoid it, one need to know it causes like:

  1. Excessive alcohol consumption
  2. Liver, lung or kidney failure
  3. Digestive disorder like Crohn’s disease
  4. Diet high in acidity like citrus fruits
  5. Anti-inflammatory medications

If you are diagnosed with gastritis, foods that should be eaten are:

  1. Vegetables
  2. Poultry
  3. Whole-grains
  4. Brown rice
  5. Beans
  6. Eggs
  7. Nuts
  8. Olive oil

What are the precautions for a gastric problem?

Individuals who are overweight or obese, have been prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, females that are nearing menopause and individuals who suffer from medical conditions like a peptic ulcer or Zollinger-Ellison syndrome are more likely to suffer from gastric problem.

Also, Individuals who consume spicy food, non-vegetarian food, excess alcohol and pregnant women are also at higher risk. The following measures also can be helpful:

  1. Ensure to maintain good eating habits like having smaller meals, eating slowly and on time.
  2. Avoid Alcohol, Coffee & tea, Whole milk, Citrus fruits and juices, Peppers, Garlic powder, Processed meats and Tomato.
  3. Limiting or avoiding exposure to certain medicines like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and substances like tobacco, alcohol, caffeine, etc.
  4. .

Popular Questions & Answers

I have chronic gastritis. I have painful sensation and burning sensation penis sometimes from 1 month. And also during urination and after urination .i have done urine test 2 times. It shows .heat only. I also drink 3 litre water per day. But it remains same burning and painful sensation .what is its cause.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Shimla
I am sorry to hear about your concern but will be happy to assist you. Chronic gastritis occurs when your stomach lining becomes inflamed. Bacteria, consuming too much alcohol, certain medications, chronic stress, or other immune system problems c...

Hello doctor, my age is 30. I'm suffering from severe gastritis and infected by h pylori and also have lax les. I'm suffering from severe acidity from past 2 years. Suddenly I pass black stools from yesterday and also have constipation. Due to locldown, I can consult the doctor on tuesday. Could you please suggest me any medicine to protect myself from the issue for two days. Thanks and regards s govardhan.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Shimla
I am sorry to hear about your concern but will be happy to assist you. Gerd can be a problem if it's not treated because, over time, the reflux of stomach acid damages the tissue lining the esophagus, causing inflammation and pain. In adults, long...

I was suffering from the problem of black stool. This problem had occurred in 2014. Then endoscopy test was conducted and stomach ulcer deudonal was detected. After giving treatment of ulcikit it was ok. After that time I was fine. Now in 2020 the same problem occurred. The doctor conducted endoscopy test and some erosive lining was there. He gave me some medicine. i.e. sucralfate and provacid tablet. Please suggest some remedial measure so that it can be avoided further. Also inform the eating menu. Can egg, or non veg be taken or not.

DM Gastoenterology, DNB- Gastroenterology, MD - Internal Medicine, MNAMS (Gastroenterology)
Gastroenterologist, Latur
Hi lybrate-User, Black stool means most likely you are losing blood from some where ; it is recommended that you should also undergo colonoscopy to rule out lower gi bleed in consultation with dm Gastroenterology doctor of your area You can have e...
1 person found this helpful

Hi doctor, from last 2 months I am taking antral gastric medicines like rabeloc plus and rabeloc 20 20 with one syrup gaviscon syrup, but still sometimes I feel poop area burning as I left non-veg and alcohol products. When I will get permanent relief? Why do I feel burning?

FELLOWSHIP IN HEPATOBILIARY AND LIVER TRANSPLANT SURGERY, Fellowship in Abdominal Multi Organ Transplant Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Mr Goel , what is the reason for starting these medications? If the reason is burning during passing motion then please be aware that all the three medications that you are taking are for acidity and have no relation to pain on passing stools.
1 person found this helpful

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