Last Updated: Aug 08, 2022
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Enlarged Prostate (BPH): Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Cost

What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, or Enlarged Prostate? Prostate: what is it? What signs and symptoms are present in enlarged prostate (BPH)? Why does the prostate enlarge? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent?

What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, or Enlarged Prostate?

The medical term for an enlarged prostate is called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). This happens when the prostate gland's cells start to multiply at a faster than usual rate. Your prostate gland swells as a result of the extra cells, pressing the urethra and decreasing urine flow.

BPH doesn't enhance your chance of cancer and is not the same as prostate cancer. But it can also result in symptoms that lower your quality of life. A large number of men over 50 experience BPH.

Prostate: what is it?

The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that is a part of the male reproductive system. The prostate's primary job is to produce the fluid that becomes semen. For a man to be fertile, his prostate fluid must be present. The gland surrounds the urethra at the neck of the bladder. At the bladder neck, the urethra is joined to the bladder.

The bladder and urethra are parts of the lower urinary tract. The prostate has two or more lobes (or portions) that are encircled by an outer layer of tissue and is situated in front of the rectum, directly beneath the bladder. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Additionally, the urethra carries semen from the prostate to the penis.

What signs and symptoms are present in enlarged prostate (BPH)?

An enlarged prostate is the most typical cause of urinary difficulties in older men. Possible signs include:

  • a weak urination flow and a sense that your bladder hasn't been fully emptied.
  • difficulty urinating
  • Urine dripping rather than flowing.
  • excessive urination, particularly during night
  • sudden urge to urinate; occasionally, you may leak before reaching the bathroom.

Some men with an enlarged prostate experience none or few of these symptoms, so you might not experience them all. Other factors, like cold weather, anxiety, other health issues, lifestyle choices, and some medications, might also contribute to these symptoms. Blood in your pee may be an indication of an enlarged prostate. However, this is unusual and is typically brought on by something else.

If you suffer any of the aforementioned signs or symptoms, you should consult a physician to determine the potential cause.

Why does the prostate enlarge?

What actually increases prostate size is unknown. Age-related factors and alterations in the testicular cells may have an impact on the growth of the gland and testosterone levels. Men who had their testicles removed when they were young do not develop BPH (for instance, due to testicular cancer).

In addition, if the testicles are removed after a man gets BPH, the prostate begins to shrink. The standard course of treatment for an enlarged prostate is not this, though.

Several details regarding prostate enlargement:

  • With age, there is a higher chance of acquiring an enlarged prostate.
  • Because BPH is so widespread, it has been asserted that if men live longer than 50 years, they will all develop an enlarged prostate.
  • A lot of men over 40 have a somewhat enlarged prostate. Men over 80 who have the illness make up more than 90% of the population.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of surgical treatment for enlarged prostate varies. The cost may range between Rs.1,00,000 to Rs.3,00,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the surgical treatment of enlarged prostate varies depending upon the surgery you have opted for. However, the symptoms for enlarged prostate alaways subsides with every surgical option.

Popular Questions & Answers

Urimax f or urimax d tablets is best for prostate enlargement and also to avoid prostate cancer. Kindly inform. Thank you doctor.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MCh Urology and transplant surgeon
Urologist, Faridabad
In studies they have shown to reduce overall incidence of prostate cancer, although definitive evidence lacking. But they also lead to higher number of high risk tumors due to reduction in psa levels that may lead to avoidance of biopsy in earlier...

My age is 27, height 5 ft 11 inch, weight 82 kg, unmarried. On 29 may ,i got 104f for 3 days. Urine report showed pus cell 18-25, rbc 10-12, bacteria 1+. I was having body ache all over. I took nitrofurantoin and levofloxacin for 15 days. On 1 july, my usg was normal and shown prostate size 21 cc. On 7 and 13 july, I got bleeding in semen. But after that there was no bleeding but I was having chillness in body and bone pain in hips and femur. On 14 aug 2020, my total psa was 2.06 ng/ml. Doctor did prostate ultrasound showing prostate volume 14. 8 cc. The prostate is normal in size, shape and shows ill defined parenchymal areas if increased echogenicity mainly limited to the anterior stromal zone and transitional zone of the prostate. The echogenic areas are seen extending and surrounding the opening of ejaculatory ducts on both side and there is preserved zonal differentiation noted in both lobes elsewhere. Possibility of chronic prostatitis needs to be ruled out. And my semen analysis showed 10-12 pus cell and also volume wqs very less around 1.5 ml.then he gave me ofloxacin 400 mg (bd, alfuzosin 10 mg (od) for 21 days. 8 days after taking that on 2 and 3 sep again I got bleeding in semen, I went to doc on 16 september after completing antibiotics course. On same day my total psa was done and it was 3.06 ng/ml (increase 1 ng/ml within one month but in 2016 ,it was 0.76 ng/ml ).i am having severe pain all over body specially hips site, femur connecting hip bone, feet arch pain on movement and rib cage pain, shoulder bone pain, joint pain and chillness all over body. My all these problem. Are increasing in daily basis. My body is becoming too painful day by day. I used to feel penis tip pain sometimes and I also have sore throat or something stuck in. Throat below layrnx (for which doc says might be due to acid reflux without checking. Can I have prostate cancer though rare at this age but my psa is increasing and having uncommon bone pain at uncommon bone sight?

DNB - urology
Urologist, Pune
No it's very very unlikely to have prostate cancer at your age. It seems to prostate infection which requires longer treatment. Don't worry.

Hello sir, my age is 23, I have problems of frequent urination, weak erections and trembling. Pleas recommend something.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Gynaecologist, Shimla
I am sorry to hear about your concern but will be happy to assist you. The study shows that urinary tract problems caused by an enlarged prostate, such as getting up many times during the night to urinate, may be associated with erectile dysfuncti...

I got some small tiny red colored on my penis since 2 weeks back. And when I am pulling my foreskin back I am getting little pain and total skin inside penis became red color. After that I consulted skin doctor regarding this issue, doctor prescribed azithromycin and clotrimazole ointment. I have used the both but still issue not resolved. Please help me.

MBBS, MS- General Surgery, MCH- Urology, Fellowship Minimal Access Surgery
Urologist, Mumbai
Balanoposthitis is a condition that affects the penis. It causes inflammation of the foreskin and glans. The foreskin, also known as the prepuce, is a fold of movable skin that covers the glans of the penis. The glans, or head, is the rounded tip ...
3 people found this helpful

I am taking escitalopram 20 and etizolam 0.5 in the morning. I noticed my anxiety problem has been reduced but my sexual desire and erectile dysfunction has been observed since still I am not getting married .what can I do sir.

MBBS, MS- General Surgery, MCH- Urology, Fellowship Minimal Access Surgery
Urologist, Mumbai
Etizolam can increase blood prolactin levels and potentially result in a condition known as hyperprolactinaemia. This condition may result in infertility and erectile dysfunction in men. Besides anxiety and depression, other health conditions that...
1 person found this helpful

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