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Enlarged Prostate (BPH): Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Cost

Last Updated: Sep 17, 2022

What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, or Enlarged Prostate?

The medical term for an enlarged prostate is called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). This happens when the prostate gland's cells start to multiply at a faster than usual rate. Your prostate gland swells as a result of the extra cells, pressing the urethra and decreasing urine flow.

BPH doesn't enhance your chance of cancer and is not the same as prostate cancer. But it can also result in symptoms that lower your quality of life. A large number of men over 50 experience BPH.

Prostate: what is it?

The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that is a part of the male reproductive system. The prostate's primary job is to produce the fluid that becomes semen. For a man to be fertile, his prostate fluid must be present. The gland surrounds the urethra at the neck of the bladder. At the bladder neck, the urethra is joined to the bladder.

The bladder and urethra are parts of the lower urinary tract. The prostate has two or more lobes (or portions) that are encircled by an outer layer of tissue and is situated in front of the rectum, directly beneath the bladder. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Additionally, the urethra carries semen from the prostate to the penis.

What signs and symptoms are present in enlarged prostate (BPH)?

An enlarged prostate is the most typical cause of urinary difficulties in older men. Possible signs include:

  • a weak urination flow and a sense that your bladder hasn't been fully emptied.
  • difficulty urinating
  • Urine dripping rather than flowing.
  • excessive urination, particularly during night
  • sudden urge to urinate; occasionally, you may leak before reaching the bathroom.

Some men with an enlarged prostate experience none or few of these symptoms, so you might not experience them all. Other factors, like cold weather, anxiety, other health issues, lifestyle choices, and some medications, might also contribute to these symptoms. Blood in your pee may be an indication of an enlarged prostate. However, this is unusual and is typically brought on by something else.

If you suffer any of the aforementioned signs or symptoms, you should consult a physician to determine the potential cause.

Why does the prostate enlarge?

What actually increases prostate size is unknown. Age-related factors and alterations in the testicular cells may have an impact on the growth of the gland and testosterone levels. Men who had their testicles removed when they were young do not develop BPH (for instance, due to testicular cancer).

In addition, if the testicles are removed after a man gets BPH, the prostate begins to shrink. The standard course of treatment for an enlarged prostate is not this, though.

Several details regarding prostate enlargement:

  • With age, there is a higher chance of acquiring an enlarged prostate.
  • Because BPH is so widespread, it has been asserted that if men live longer than 50 years, they will all develop an enlarged prostate.
  • A lot of men over 40 have a somewhat enlarged prostate. Men over 80 who have the illness make up more than 90% of the population.
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What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of surgical treatment for enlarged prostate varies. The cost may range between Rs.1,00,000 to Rs.3,00,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the surgical treatment of enlarged prostate varies depending upon the surgery you have opted for. However, the symptoms for enlarged prostate alaways subsides with every surgical option.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the most recent prostate enlargement treatment?

A recent method of treating an enlarged prostate is called water ablation. There are two distinct water ablation techniques. In the first, a probe is passed up the urethra and water is administered into the prostate. The prostate is then reduced in size by using the water's pressure to remove part of the tissue.

What is enlarged prostate size in cc?

Although other studies have employed cutoffs of 30 cc (36) or 40 cc (11, 15), prostate volumes exceeding 20 cc are frequently thought to be indicative of anatomical BPH (2, 35). Men with prostates larger than 40 cc frequently experience greater symptoms and worse results ( 1, 15 ).

Does a man's libido decrease if his prostate is enlarged?

Sexual issues could arise if you have BPH or an enlarged prostate. However, some remedies can be helpful. Studies have found a connection between erectile dysfunction and BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia). "It's a confusing tale, but guys with BPH frequently have ED.

Is an enlarged prostate serious?

Benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) is the medical term for an enlarged prostate, a condition that may affect your ability to urinate. BPE occurs frequently in men over 50. It's not cancer, and there's typically no significant risk to your health.

Is sex good for enlarged prostate?

There is no proof that regular sex inhibits prostate enlargement. Benign prostatic hyperplasia, also known as BPH, is a prevalent issue among older men and can result in symptoms like difficult urination, frequent urination, and a weak urine stream.

How to check for enlarged prostate at home?

There is no simple technique to test for prostate cancer at home besides a PSA blood test. It is advised to visit a doctor for a digital rectal exam because they are trained to feel for lumps or an enlarged prostate.

Which procedure is most effective for an enlarged prostate?

In comparison to open radical prostatectomy, laparoscopic prostatectomy has certain benefits, including reduced blood loss and pain, shorter hospital stays (often no longer than a day), quicker recovery times, and a shorter time the catheter needs to be in the bladder.

Do I have an enlarged prostate?

Prostate gland enlargement can cause a variety of symptoms, all of which tend to get progressively worse with time. Common BPH warning signs and symptoms include Urinary desire that is frequent or urgent. increased frequency of nighttime urination (nocturia)

Does an enlarged prostate affect sperm count?

Fertility issues may occur from prostate inflammation (prostatitis), which affects sperm motility, or how sperm migrate. Prostate inflammation that affects the bladder can cause retrograde ejaculation, in which semen enters the bladder rather than leaving it.

Does an enlarged prostate cause pain?

Some BPH symptoms are uncommon and may indicate a more severe or advanced case of the disease. They include pain or burning sensation when you urinate.

Is prostate enlargement dangerous?

No, Prostate enlargement is not that dangerous, if it is treated properly.

References

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Written ByDr. Rajeev Sarpal DNB - Urology/GenitoUrinary SurgeryUrology
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Reviewed ByDr. Bhupindera Jaswant SinghMD - Consultant PhysicianGeneral Physician
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