Enlarged Prostate (BPH): Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Cost
Last Updated: Sep 17, 2022
What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, or Enlarged Prostate?
The medical term for an enlarged prostate is called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). This happens when the prostate gland's cells start to multiply at a faster than usual rate. Your prostate gland swells as a result of the extra cells, pressing the urethra and decreasing urine flow.
Prostate: what is it?
The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that is a part of the male reproductive system. The prostate's primary job is to produce the fluid that becomes semen. For a man to be fertile, his prostate fluid must be present. The gland surrounds the urethra at the neck of the bladder. At the bladder neck, the urethra is joined to the bladder.
The bladder and urethra are parts of the lower urinary tract. The prostate has two or more lobes (or portions) that are encircled by an outer layer of tissue and is situated in front of the rectum, directly beneath the bladder. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Additionally, the urethra carries semen from the prostate to the penis.
What signs and symptoms are present in enlarged prostate (BPH)?
An enlarged prostate is the most typical cause of urinary difficulties in older men. Possible signs include:
- a weak urination flow and a sense that your bladder hasn't been fully emptied.
- difficulty urinating
- Urine dripping rather than flowing.
- excessive urination, particularly during night
- sudden urge to urinate; occasionally, you may leak before reaching the bathroom.
Some men with an enlarged prostate experience none or few of these symptoms, so you might not experience them all. Other factors, like cold weather, anxiety, other health issues, lifestyle choices, and some medications, might also contribute to these symptoms. Blood in your pee may be an indication of an enlarged prostate. However, this is unusual and is typically brought on by something else.
If you suffer any of the aforementioned signs or symptoms, you should consult a physician to determine the potential cause.
Why does the prostate enlarge?
What actually increases prostate size is unknown. Age-related factors and alterations in the testicular cells may have an impact on the growth of the gland and testosterone levels. Men who had their testicles removed when they were young do not develop BPH (for instance, due to testicular cancer).
In addition, if the testicles are removed after a man gets BPH, the prostate begins to shrink. The standard course of treatment for an enlarged prostate is not this, though.
Several details regarding prostate enlargement:
- With age, there is a higher chance of acquiring an enlarged prostate.
- Because BPH is so widespread, it has been asserted that if men live longer than 50 years, they will all develop an enlarged prostate.
- A lot of men over 40 have a somewhat enlarged prostate. Men over 80 who have the illness make up more than 90% of the population.
What is the price of the treatment in India?
The cost of surgical treatment for enlarged prostate varies. The cost may range between Rs.1,00,000 to Rs.3,00,000.
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
The results of the surgical treatment of enlarged prostate varies depending upon the surgery you have opted for. However, the symptoms for enlarged prostate alaways subsides with every surgical option.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
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- Prostate Enlargement - NIH [Internet]. niddk.nih.gov 2022 [Cited 04 October 2022]. Available from:
- Enlarged Prostate - MedlinePlus [Internet]. medlineplus.gov 2022 [Cited 04 October 2022]. Available from:
- Benign Prostate Enlargement - NHS [Internet]. nhs.uk 2022 [Cited 04 October 2022]. Available from:
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