The digestive process is complex and takes place in the digestive tract and involves a number of organs. It begins with the esophagus that helps to carry food to the stomach. A number of different organs like the pancreas and the gall bladder produce digestive juices that help to break down the food for digestion. Digestive problems can occur at any stage of the digestive process. Gas is formed as a natural corollary of the digestive process and is passed out through your mouth or through our anus. Some foods tend to produce more gas than others. This is why is important to avoid consuming certain types of food. Unnecessary build-up of gas in the stomach and intestines may cause you to feel bloated. Bloating may lead to serious complications in the future. That is why it should be treated by incorporating some changes in the lifestyle.You can take lactase supplements, alpha-galactosidase, simethicone and probiotics.
Heartburn is caused due to indigestion and can make you feel really uncomfortable. You can avoid fatty and oily foods and aerated drinks if you are suffering from this condition and take some medication. Peptic ulcers cause stomach pain and can cause internal bleeding and may also cause a hole to be formed in the stomach wall. Normally, 10-14 days of antibiotic treatment together with acid reduction therapy works to alleviate this condition. Gallstones are made of cholesterol and bile salts and may require treatment in some cases. Removal of gallbladder can be done through laparoscopy and also via mouth or vagina without any external incision. Other disorders include constipation, diarrhea, hemorrhoids and others.
Gastric electric stimulation or GES is performed in patients who suffer from gastroparesis due to diabetes or any other cause. This method uses a device implanted in the abdomen to send mini electrical impulses to the smooth muscles and nerves of the lower stomach. Gastroparesis is the condition where the nerves and muscles of the stomach are affected and this delays the emptying of food from the stomach to the small intestine. It can happen in people with diabetes or nervous disorder and sometimes, the cause is not detected.
A pocket-watch size device is inserted in the abdomen by means of a surgery that generally lasts for 2-3 hours. Sometimes surgeons choose to use minimally invasive methods rather than going for an open abdominal surgery. In the former case, a small incision is made and a viewing tube called a laparoscope is used to guide the entire procedure. A neuro-stimulator is implanted in the right side of the abdomen while two insulated wires are implanted in the muscle wall of the stomach. It is then routed under skin to the neuro-stimulator and connected. The wires transmit low-energy electrical impulses to the stomach once the device is activated. The doctor activates and programs the device externally using a hand-held programmer. The doctor can adjust the frequency and energy of the nerve impulses according to the requirement of the patient. Most people, however, do not feel the electric impulses.
Chronic pancreatitis requires auto-islet transplantation after a total pancreatectomy which is the removal of the entire pancreas. Chronic pancreatitis is a serious condition which causes inflammation of the pancreas that worsens over time and leads to permanent damage. It gradually impairs a patient’s ability to digest food and make pancreatic hormones. During islet autotransplant, the patient’s own cells are kept separate from the pancreas. They are put back when the patient starts receiving insulin.
GES or gastric electrical stimulation is done when a person is diagnosed with gastroparesis due to diabetes or some other unknown cause. It can also be done if someone is suffering from chronic nausea, vomiting or both.
This treatment can also be initiated if a person has not responded to medication or if/she is intolerant towards medication. It should also be kept in the mind only those people capable of undergoing surgery should be given gastric electrical stimulation.
Those people who suffer from chronic pancreatitis are eligible for islet autotransplantation. Furthermore, if you have to take medication to treat other forms of digestive disorders, it is always good to consult a doctor first.
Gastric electric stimulation can only be undertaken by those patients who have the ability to withstand a surgery. People without such physical tenacity are not eligible for this treatment.
Islet autotransplantation for the treatment of chronic pancreatitis involves pancreatectomy. This procedure can induce permanent diabetes due to its effect on insulin. Thus people with diabetes or people at risk of developing diabetes should refrain from undertaking this treatment.
Heartburn patients are generally prescribed H2 blockers which reduces the amount of acid that a stomach intakes. However, there are a number of side-effects of consuming H2 blockers: they can cause constipation, diarrhea, headache or nausea and vomiting. Islet autotransplantation involves the complete removal of the pancreas. This exposes the patient to the risk of developing permanent diabetes. A patient will then have to take insulin shots or to use an insulin pump for the rest of their lives. Gastric electrical stimulation may cause pain at the implant site, infection, stomach wall perforation, lead obstruction of intestines, lead/device problems and lead penetration, irritation, inflammation, uncomfortable stimulation, tissue damage and others.
Gastric electric stimulation helps to reduce symptoms of chronic intractable vomiting and nausea related to gastroparesis. But it is not a complete cure in itself for gastroparesis. It helps to reduce symptoms but patients generally need to take medication and follow a special diet to control the symptoms even after undergoing this surgery. Islet autotransplantation may induce permanent diabetes in some people. Those people will have to take insulin shots or will have to use an insulin pump for the rest of their lives.
Most patients are discharged within 1-5 days of gastric electrical stimulation procedure. However, as this surgery is not an end in itself, a person will have to go to the doctor for regular check-ups. Other digestive disorders like gas, heartburn, constipation and diarrhea may be treated within a time span of a few hours to a few days with the help of proper medication and a proper diet. The islet autotransplantation procedure is complex and a person may require quite some time to recover.
Common digestive disorders like heartburns, gas, constipation or diarrhea can be effectively treated with the help of some medicines which do not cost much. Medicines for indigestion and heart burn are available within a price range of Rs 50-100. However, islet transplantation for treating acute pancreatitis is expensive and may cost about 10,00,000 – 12,00,000 rupees. Gastric electric stimulation may cost around 6 lakh rupees in India.
Common gastric disorders like gas, constipation, diarrhea and heartburms are more often than not the result of lifestyle irregularities. Thus there is seldom a permanent solution to such problems. Gastric electric stimulation is not an end in itself and patients will require medication and routine check-ups to keep the symptoms of gastroparesis at bay. Islet transplantation procedure may cause to reduce chronic pancreatitis but it tends to have a lot of side-effects.
There is no such alternative to islet autotransplantation as these method is adopted only when all other options fail. Chronic gastric stimulation is used to treat gastroparesis. Alternative methods to treat gastroparesis may include changes in the diet of the patient and medications. Such medications like metoclopramide and erythromycin can be used to stimulate the stomach muscles. Other drugs that help to contain nausea and vomiting may include prochlor perazine and diphenhydramine.
A digestive system that is healthy and functions smoothly ensures sound health of both body and mind. If the digestive system faces any kind of interference, the body will be in trouble too. The way the body benefits from regular exercising so does the digestive system as well as the digestive process.
Keep on reading to understand the importance of exercise on digestion.
Before opting for any exercise, it's important that you consult a doctor first. This is because sometimes you may not be aware of your physical condition. If there are any underlying health problems, they could worsen further by random, strenuous exercise.
Knowingly or unknowingly, people often end up consuming food items that affect their digestive health negatively, instead of providing health benefits. Yes, the majority of people think that they can digest any kind of food and won't suffer from any side effects at all. But in reality, based on the preparation, processing, and ingredients present in them, some foods end up triggering digestive problems.
Let's take a look at some such foods that can be bad for the digestive health.
For those who are concerned about their digestive health, consulting a doctor is recommended. In case you already have a stomach related ailment or disorder or have suffered from any in the past, a doctor can suggest and advice you and what are the best foods to incorporate in your diet.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Firstly, what you need to realise is that Alzheimer’s is not dementia and the main point you need to remember about the difference between the two is that the former is a disease while the latter is a syndrome. Alzheimer’s is a neurodegenerative disease, it breaks down the cognitive functions of the brain and reduces a person’s ability to function properly. It’s one of the foremost reasons for untimely senility in middle-aged to old-aged persons.
It can be a scary time for the patient themselves as well as for friends and family alike but fear not, there are ways to reduce the chances of suffering from this painful predicament. Here are a few easy hacks to keep in mind to stave off the risk of Alzheimer’s:
Your digestive organs together comprise one of the most important systems in your body. You have to be very careful about everything in your body as sometimes the most common digestive disorders, having the most common symptoms, can be seriously threatening as well. A number of different health issues can be related to problems with your digestive system, therefore you need to be very careful about your health and track any symptom which indicates a digestive disorder.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
According to various studies, around 10-15% of the population faces the problem of irritable bowel syndrome in their lives, with almost twice as many women than men. This usually happens when there is a change in the functioning of the GI tracts. Constipation and diarrhea both can be observable problems in people with an Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Abdominal pain, changes in the bowel habits, cramping and other discomforts can be symptoms of IBS.
One of the most common diseases which affect around 2 million people in the US alone is Celiac Disease. This disease manages to damage the small intestine and also intrudes in the process of absorbing nutrients from the food. People affected by this disease are usually intolerant of various food products like wheat and barley among other items. Seizures, fatigues, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain and more can be symptoms of celiac disease.
Women are more likely to get affected by gastroparesis than men as the process of emptying food from the stomach to the small intestine is slowed down and this is already a slow process in the case of women. Diabetes along with intestinal surgery and nervous system diseases are often the cause of this problem. Pain in the stomach, lack of appetite, bloating of the abdominal region are all symptoms of this disorder. This disorder can be a chronic disease in many cases and immediate diagnosis and treatment are suggested on observing the symptoms. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Ulcerative Colitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the lining of the intestine and the rectum. It is located just above the anus. Patients suffering from ulcerative colitis tend to have small ulcers in their rectum and the colon. These eventually flare up leading to diarrhea, bloody stools, anemia and abdominal pain. The inflammation starts from the rectum and eventually, spreads to the colon. Ulcerative Colitis tends to flare up and remit in an alternate phase. The remission can last from few weeks to few years.
Methods adopted to diagnose Ulcerative Colitis-
Ulcerative Colitis is very similar to an inflammatory bowel disease known as Crohn’s disease. The only differentiating factor is the fact that, ulcerative colitis affects the colon whereas, Crohn’s disease affects the digestive system and the small intestine. A doctor might prescribe certain tests such as the colonoscopy, blood tests, CT scan, pill camera, stool sample tests etc.
Why is surgery necessary to treat Ulcerative Colitis?
An estimated 40 percent of all Ulcerative Colitis patients need to undergo surgery to recover completely. The reason surgery becomes necessary to treat ulcerative colitis are the following:
Types of surgery available to treat Ulcerative Colitis
A procedure where the entire colon is removed is known as the colectomy. In case both the colons are removed, the procedure is termed as proctocolectomy. In this procedure, an external pouch needed to be attached to the stoma that collects the stools. There is another method known as pouch surgery.
Pelvic pouch or ileal pouch is also termed as IPAA. This procedure doesn’t involve permanent stoma. In this procedure, both the colon and the rectum are eradicated from the body. The small intestine is then used to form a J-shaped pouch, that serves as the new rectum. The pouch is then connected to the anus. The whole procedure is done via two surgeries.
What are the surgical complications of this procedure?