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Last Updated: Feb 05, 2020
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Acne/Pimples - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

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Acne/Pimples - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is acne?

In medical terms, acne is better known as Acne Vulgaris. It is a disease of the skin which chiefly concerns the oil glands which are to be found at the base of hair follicles. It is most common in adolescents when these glands start functioning. The glands become active due to the stimulation received from the male hormones secreted by the adrenal glands of both the genders.

It is not a dangerous condition per se but can potentially scar the skin, a condition abhorred by those in the tumultuous adolescent phase. The oil or sebaceous glands are located beneath the skin and it is connected with the human skin through pores or tiny holes containing follicles or small canals. The function of the sebum or the oil produced by the gland is to carry dead skin cells to the skin’s surface. These follicles are susceptible to being blocked.

Pimples are usually found on the face, neck, shoulders, back and the chest in human beings. The skin cells, the oil-sebum and the hair clump together to form a plug. In time, the plug becomes infected due to the presence of bacteria which results in the swelling. The plug begins to break down and a pimple develops.

What is the cause of acne?

An interesting thing to note about acne is that it cannot be said for certain what is its cause. According to experts, the hormone androgen is the culprit which surges during puberty which in turn leads to the growth of skin glands resulting in excessive sebum. This sebum then breaks down the cellular wall of pores which enable bacterial growth.

According to some studies, there is also an element of genetic propensity. Medication with lithium and androgen may also lead to the condition. Greasy cosmetics are another culprit. Pregnancy-related hormonal changes may also result in acne.

What are the different types of acne pimples?

Acne pimples may be of various types. These include:

  • Whiteheads- These are very small and are usually present beneath the skin.
  • Blackheads- Blackheads can be seen clearly. They are black in color and make their appearance on the skin’s surface. It is a misconception that blackheads are caused by dirt and scrubbing your face with vigor is of little use.
  • Papules- Papules are small bumps typically pink in color on the skin’s surface.
  • Pustules- Pustules can be identified on the skin surface with ease. They have a red base with a top filled with pus.
  • Nobules- Nobules too stand out on the skin’s surface. They happen to be solid, large pimples. They are often accompanied by pain and are embedded in the depths of the skin.
  • Cysts- These are visible on the skin surface. They are usually painful and are pus filled. They are prone to cause scars.

Popular Questions & Answers

My name is hasnain sarwar. And I am suffering from acne before 1 year and now my situation is very critical and I have no medicine intake yet but before one month I used benzoyl peroxide cream amd anti acne soap unfortunately this is not work and my skin is very dry.

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist,
85 percent population affected in this age group, first of all you must be understand your problem otherwise you go here and there for this. For more detail consult with us for best result.

I am using ahaglow facewash from 3 days as I got hormonal acne and I have combinational skin. After washing face with ahaglow, my cheeks and mouth area became very dry and feeling like burning sensation above my lips. Should I stop using the facewash?

Dermatologist, Jaipur
Use ahaglow once a day. Start using a good moisturizer like acnemoist 2-3 times daily. Dryness can also occur if you are using topical anti-acne medicines. Alternatively you can stop ahaglow and start using a cleansers like cetaphil, episoft etc. ...

Since a month, I got a skin problem, look like ringworm but center part of my skin between the ringworm gets black and tempt to itch. It gets very much itchy. I used gentalene plus cream on it but had no effects. Some of then have acne like things in the centre area of the skin between the ring. I want help please.

Dermatologist, Jaipur
For starters you can use amorolfine cream for local applocation twice daily. Also start antihistamines like levocetrizine or desloratidine for itching at bedtime. For further held send in a personal query using my code sjbe26. Hope that helps.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Skin Care For Acne!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
General Physician, Surat
Skin Care For Acne!
If you have acne prone skin, you must get in the habit of checking skin care and cosmetics labels for acne causing, comedogenic ingredients. They are bad for your skin.
2 people found this helpful

Emotional Effects Of Acne!

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Emotional Effects Of Acne!
How to manage the emotional effects of acne? What is acne Vulgaris? Skin conditions are commonly known to have psychological effects. Acne vulgaris is one such very common chronic skin condition that effects almost 80-85% individuals between puber...
4 people found this helpful

Acne!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
General Physician, Surat
Acne!
It can take up to 90 days for an acne lesion to form. You have to be consistent and treat your skin every day in order to get your acne under control.
3 people found this helpful

Stress!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
General Physician, Surat
Stress!
Stress promotes oil production and can lead to clogged pores or break outs in people with acne prone skin. Reduce stress in your life.
1 person found this helpful

Keep Your Recurrent Acne At Bay

MBBS,MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Patna
Keep Your Recurrent Acne At Bay
Acne is a real distressing condition. It may recur again. Hydrate yourself as much as you can. Keep your skin oil free. Avoid touching your face as it is the most common thing which we do. Stop oily, sweets and high glycemic food. Also avoid high ...
Content Details
Written By
MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy,MBBS
Dermatology
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