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Last Updated: Feb 05, 2020
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Acne/Pimples - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

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Acne/Pimples - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is acne?

In medical terms, acne is better known as Acne Vulgaris. It is a disease of the skin which chiefly concerns the oil glands which are to be found at the base of hair follicles. It is most common in adolescents when these glands start functioning. The glands become active due to the stimulation received from the male hormones secreted by the adrenal glands of both the genders.

It is not a dangerous condition per se but can potentially scar the skin, a condition abhorred by those in the tumultuous adolescent phase. The oil or sebaceous glands are located beneath the skin and it is connected with the human skin through pores or tiny holes containing follicles or small canals. The function of the sebum or the oil produced by the gland is to carry dead skin cells to the skin’s surface. These follicles are susceptible to being blocked.

Pimples are usually found on the face, neck, shoulders, back and the chest in human beings. The skin cells, the oil-sebum and the hair clump together to form a plug. In time, the plug becomes infected due to the presence of bacteria which results in the swelling. The plug begins to break down and a pimple develops.

What is the cause of acne?

An interesting thing to note about acne is that it cannot be said for certain what is its cause. According to experts, the hormone androgen is the culprit which surges during puberty which in turn leads to the growth of skin glands resulting in excessive sebum. This sebum then breaks down the cellular wall of pores which enable bacterial growth.

According to some studies, there is also an element of genetic propensity. Medication with lithium and androgen may also lead to the condition. Greasy cosmetics are another culprit. Pregnancy-related hormonal changes may also result in acne.

What are the different types of acne pimples?

Acne pimples may be of various types. These include:

  • Whiteheads- These are very small and are usually present beneath the skin.
  • Blackheads- Blackheads can be seen clearly. They are black in color and make their appearance on the skin’s surface. It is a misconception that blackheads are caused by dirt and scrubbing your face with vigor is of little use.
  • Papules- Papules are small bumps typically pink in color on the skin’s surface.
  • Pustules- Pustules can be identified on the skin surface with ease. They have a red base with a top filled with pus.
  • Nobules- Nobules too stand out on the skin’s surface. They happen to be solid, large pimples. They are often accompanied by pain and are embedded in the depths of the skin.
  • Cysts- These are visible on the skin surface. They are usually painful and are pus filled. They are prone to cause scars.

Popular Questions & Answers

I have back acne. Its on & off. One dermatologist suggested zady 500. After taking those acne reduced, but after a month again it started. It gave me black spots as well. I have tried home remedies like tea tree oil & aloevera, but they aren't permanent solution. Please suggest me how to reduce acne & spots completely.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Treatment depends on the grade. Acne or pimples. Due to hormonal changes. Oily skin causes it. Common in adolescent age. May occur in adults also. Food like oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it. Treatment depends on the grade of...
1 person found this helpful

Hi I have dark acne pigmentation and a few active acne. I did an online consultation with a dermatologist who prescribed me azee 500 for 3 days, clear gel and aha glow face wash for 7 days. I see there are two variants - ‘clear gel’ and ‘clear gel ap’. Which one should I use? Also how many times a day? When?

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
It depends on the grade. Acne or pimples. Due to hormonal changes. Oily skin causes it. Common in adolescent age. May occur in adults also. Food like oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it. Treatment depends on the grade of pimple...
1 person found this helpful

Hello doctor i’m having acne pimples from almost 6 months which is becoming worst day by day I used episoft gel and aziderm cream but it has worsened my face kindly help me with the issue.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
No. Treatment depends on the severity grade. Acne or pimples. Due to hormonal changes. Oily skin causes it. Common in adolescent age. May occur in adults also. Food like oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it. Treatment depends on...

Is betnovate n good to use to treat acne/pimples? Someone told me to consult a doctor and due to pandemic i'm unable to visit any derma doc. Thanks in advance for helping.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
No. Contains steroid. Very dangerous. Alternate safe cream available. Do direct private online consultation for detailed prescription by sending photos.

dermatologist gave me epiduo gel for acne when I applied it below my mouth for pimple there brownish black spot and pimple has vanished but brownish black spot is there will this gel vanish the spot?

DNB (Dermatology), MBBS, Diploma in Trichology - Cosmetology
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Hi! epiduo gel is a combination of benzoyl peroxide and adapalene gel, which works very well for acne. But ,less effective for spots. Most of the times, spots will respond to azaelic acid /glycolic acid creams. But be sure to start the cream at ni...

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MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy,MBBS
Dermatology
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