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Last Updated: Feb 05, 2020
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Acne/Pimples - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

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Acne/Pimples - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is acne?

In medical terms, acne is better known as Acne Vulgaris. It is a disease of the skin which chiefly concerns the oil glands which are to be found at the base of hair follicles. It is most common in adolescents when these glands start functioning. The glands become active due to the stimulation received from the male hormones secreted by the adrenal glands of both the genders.

It is not a dangerous condition per se but can potentially scar the skin, a condition abhorred by those in the tumultuous adolescent phase. The oil or sebaceous glands are located beneath the skin and it is connected with the human skin through pores or tiny holes containing follicles or small canals. The function of the sebum or the oil produced by the gland is to carry dead skin cells to the skin’s surface. These follicles are susceptible to being blocked.

Pimples are usually found on the face, neck, shoulders, back and the chest in human beings. The skin cells, the oil-sebum and the hair clump together to form a plug. In time, the plug becomes infected due to the presence of bacteria which results in the swelling. The plug begins to break down and a pimple develops.

What is the cause of acne?

An interesting thing to note about acne is that it cannot be said for certain what is its cause. According to experts, the hormone androgen is the culprit which surges during puberty which in turn leads to the growth of skin glands resulting in excessive sebum. This sebum then breaks down the cellular wall of pores which enable bacterial growth.

According to some studies, there is also an element of genetic propensity. Medication with lithium and androgen may also lead to the condition. Greasy cosmetics are another culprit. Pregnancy-related hormonal changes may also result in acne.

What are the different types of acne pimples?

Acne pimples may be of various types. These include:

  • Whiteheads- These are very small and are usually present beneath the skin.
  • Blackheads- Blackheads can be seen clearly. They are black in color and make their appearance on the skin’s surface. It is a misconception that blackheads are caused by dirt and scrubbing your face with vigor is of little use.
  • Papules- Papules are small bumps typically pink in color on the skin’s surface.
  • Pustules- Pustules can be identified on the skin surface with ease. They have a red base with a top filled with pus.
  • Nobules- Nobules too stand out on the skin’s surface. They happen to be solid, large pimples. They are often accompanied by pain and are embedded in the depths of the skin.
  • Cysts- These are visible on the skin surface. They are usually painful and are pus filled. They are prone to cause scars.

Popular Questions & Answers

I have had acne since I was 13. I am 30 now. The only time my skin has been acne free is when I am on isotroin. I have been on low dose multiple times in the past years but my acne almost always returns. My skin is excessively oily. My question is is it safe to be on low dose for a prolonged period or is there an alternative that can work in the long term?

DNB (Dermatology), MBBS, Diploma in Trichology - Cosmetology
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Hi definitely low dose of isotroin without doctors prescription is a not a good idea to deal with acne. More over acne beyond teenage and staying for a longer period of time give a signal of a hormonal imbalances like pcod or thyroid etc underneat...

Respected sir, kindly share information about azelaic acid cream for red spots for post inflammatory reaction of acne and vit c serum for face thank you :)

Dermatologist, Jaipur
Hi lybrate-user azelaic acid is mainy for black pigmentation, red spots of acne go with time. Vit c serum is good you can apply, but what exactly your skin needs can only be said after lookin at it.

Is there any steroid in melaglow coz I have acne issue and dark circle so suggest me any cream and if I skip after 2to3 months than my skin will be get more worst thn before or not?

DNB (Dermatology), MBBS, Diploma in Trichology - Cosmetology
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Hi! dark circles can be due to multiple causes, like nutritional deficiencies like b12 deficiency, ferritin deficiency, hormonal imbalances like thyroid, pcod, sensitive skin, genetic factors, obesity etc .we should examine and find out the cause ...
1 person found this helpful

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MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy,MBBS
Dermatology
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