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Acne/Pimples - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is acne?

In medical terms, acne is better known as Acne Vulgaris. It is a disease of the skin which chiefly concerns the oil glands which are to be found at the base of hair follicles. It is most common in adolescents when these glands start functioning. The glands become active due to the stimulation received from the male hormones secreted by the adrenal glands of both the genders.

It is not a dangerous condition per se but can potentially scar the skin, a condition abhorred by those in the tumultuous adolescent phase. The oil or sebaceous glands are located beneath the skin and it is connected with the human skin through pores or tiny holes containing follicles or small canals. The function of the sebum or the oil produced by the gland is to carry dead skin cells to the skin’s surface. These follicles are susceptible to being blocked.

Pimples are usually found on the face, neck, shoulders, back and the chest in human beings. The skin cells, the oil-sebum and the hair clump together to form a plug. In time, the plug becomes infected due to the presence of bacteria which results in the swelling. The plug begins to break down and a pimple develops.

What is the cause of acne?

An interesting thing to note about acne is that it cannot be said for certain what is its cause. According to experts, the hormone androgen is the culprit which surges during puberty which in turn leads to the growth of skin glands resulting in excessive sebum. This sebum then breaks down the cellular wall of pores which enable bacterial growth.

According to some studies, there is also an element of genetic propensity. Medication with lithium and androgen may also lead to the condition. Greasy cosmetics are another culprit. Pregnancy-related hormonal changes may also result in acne.

What are the different types of acne pimples?

Acne pimples may be of various types. These include:

  • Whiteheads- These are very small and are usually present beneath the skin.
  • Blackheads- Blackheads can be seen clearly. They are black in color and make their appearance on the skin’s surface. It is a misconception that blackheads are caused by dirt and scrubbing your face with vigor is of little use.
  • Papules- Papules are small bumps typically pink in color on the skin’s surface.
  • Pustules- Pustules can be identified on the skin surface with ease. They have a red base with a top filled with pus.
  • Nobules- Nobules too stand out on the skin’s surface. They happen to be solid, large pimples. They are often accompanied by pain and are embedded in the depths of the skin.
  • Cysts- These are visible on the skin surface. They are usually painful and are pus filled. They are prone to cause scars.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable
Symptoms
Whiteheads (closed plugged pores) Blackheads (open plugged pores) Small red, tender bumps

Popular Health Tips

Acne Breakout - Know Why It Happens!

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
Acne Breakout - Know Why It Happens!

Acne is very common nowadays, whether it be among teens or adults. It seems this tiny little thing disturbs many! Proper treatment of several months is needed to eradicate this problem. You have to maintain your daily skin regime to prevent it and get a healthy and glowing skin. Acne also called pimples is the cause of spots on the face, further leaving scars there. These scars are very difficult to get rid of. Many get acne in their teen years only and it get minimized as soon as the adult years hit. On the other hand, many people start to get pimples from their early adolescence and this problem prevails well into their middle age or old age. The root cause may vary from person to person. Both the genders are equally affected and suffer from the problem of acne. Acne and scars on the face make an unappealing personality which is of course not liked by many and it can really reduce your confidence level.

Reasons behind break out of acne

  1. It is quite natural to get acne in adolescent years as there are overall lots of changes in the body at that time.
  2. Acne occurs when the pores on our skin get clogged. The clog is due to excess oil secreted by the skin or the presence of dead cells.
  3. People adopt unhealthy lifestyles like consumption of junk food, excessive alcohol intake and smoking, irregular sleeping hours.
  4. People use skin products which may not be suitable for their skin type.
  5. Acne could be the result of an internal problem in your body and it may be the indicator or reflection on your face.
  6. You may be suffering from dandruff, resulting in acne.
  7. You just can’t stop picking the pimples which result in acne scars and further acne.

Treatment of Acne and Scars
You should take care of your face like you would care for a baby. A proper routine of cleansing, toning and moisturizing should be done twice daily. If anyone has oily skin, then they should search for products that are specifically for oily skin. One should not touch one’s face unnecessarily as hands have minute impurities many times. Scars can be prevented by treating acne and not by touching them. Many natural ways of treatment are there which you can find among your kitchen ingredients. You can apply apple cider vinegar, cinnamon and honey mask, milk and honey mask, egg white mask, smashed papaya mask, orange peel paste, applying tea tree oil, aloe vera, baking soda and much more on your skin as a part of the natural treatment. But you should also consult a dermatologist or medical practitioner before taking any treatment to find the root cause of acne and eradicate them totally.

8 people found this helpful

Microdermabrasion - How It Helps In Maintaining The Right Skin Tone

MBBS, MD
Dermatologist, Noida
Microdermabrasion - How It Helps In Maintaining The Right Skin Tone

Your skin is constantly exposed to harsh environmental factors. Over a course of time, the pollution and with the harmful effects of the UV rays of the sun can wreak havoc on the skin.

To combat such skin problems, several skin treatments are available. One such treatment option is microdermabrasion which helps in eliminating skin damages ranging from fine lines and wrinkles to acne scars to unwanted pigmentation.

Understanding microdermabrasion
Microdermabrasion is a common non-chemical and non-invasive treatment in which microcrystals are sprayed for removal of the outermost layer of dry and dead skin cells. The procedure aids in the production of the underlying layer of the skin cells with high levels of elastin and collagen so that the overall appearance of the skin is improved. Thus, your skin looks brighter and younger, brimming with health.
Skin problems that can be treated with Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion can effectively treat the following skin conditions

  1. Fine lines and wrinkles in the facial area
  2. Age Spots
  3. Sun damage
  4. Uneven pigmentation
  5. Issues with skin texture
  6. Minor scars

Also, the treatment is suggested for patients with acne or rosacea as the gentle spraying of microcrystals can help in dealing with the skin imperfections effectively. This is primarily achieved by removing the upper layer of the skin to allow the new and damage-free skin to manifest itself.

The process of microdermabrasion
During the microdermabrasion process, the expert dermatologist directs a fine stream of tiny aluminum oxide crystals with the help of a handpiece placed against the facial skin. The function of these crystals is to exfoliate the skin while the mild suction brought about by the microdermabrasion helps in removal of the crystals along with the debris of the skin.

How many sessions are required?
Numerous sessions of microdermabrasion may be required for the production of thicker and healthier layers of the skin with high levels of collagen as well as elastin. Both these crucial components of the skin are necessary for bringing out the healthy skin. One may need around 5 to 12 sessions of the treatment spaced at two or three weeks intervals in order to get the desired results.

Is it painful?
Microdermabrasion is a virtually painless procedure and takes only between 30 minutes or an hour an hour for each session which makes it one of the most convenient skin treatments.

Post-treatment care tips
After the treatment, the newly emerging layer of skin is typically more sensitive. 

  • Use sunscreen to protect from the sun.
  • Apply moisturizer

Thus, if you are looking for an effective treatment to address skin problems due to pollution and aging, Microdermabrasion can be considered. With this treatment, it becomes effortless to reveal the younger-looking fresh skin that you have been longing for.

4173 people found this helpful

Acne Scars - Dermatological Treatments That Can Help!

MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Acne Scars - Dermatological Treatments That Can Help!

Acne scars are caused when a pimple or cyst is popped and broken leaving a layer of damaged skin behind. These scars are caused by the excess oil, dead skin, and bacteria blocking the skin pores causing it to swell.

Acne scars can be categorized into three types:

  1. Ice Pick scars which are small but have deep pits.
  2. Boxcar scars have sharp edges, these can be shallow or deep
  3. Rolling scar have a wavy look as they are wide and shallow. This type of scarring is usually caused by damage to the skin.

Causes of acne scars
Acne and acne scars can be caused due to the following reasons:

  1. Hormonal imbalance during or after the onset of puberty
  2. Medicines that contains lithium, androgen or corticosteroids
  3. Oil and greasy food items and those rich in carbohydrates can trigger acne. In some cases, dairy products can worsen the condition.

Simple tips to prevent scarring
Some acne scars fade with time. In the early stages, the scars might look pink as blood vessels in the damaged area of the skin provide it with nourishment. With time the collagen in the skin would fill the injured or damaged portion of the skin. In some cases, it might take up to a year for scars to fade.

  1. Don’t pick or squeeze pimples or acne as they can get inflamed. This inflammation can cause the bacteria to go further into the skin which would result in deeper scars.
  2. Use mild cosmetic products as some products can increase the risk of acne and scarring. Non-toxic, paraben-free products free from synthetic dyes and colours should be used sparingly.
  3. Getting enough sleep is important and necessary for the body to produce collagen which is a protein necessary for skin elasticity. Sleep also helps the body and skin to repair itself.

Treatment of acne scars
Mild acne can be treated with simple home remedies such as the use of fenugreek extract and lemon juice. Face packs made from sandalwood and orange peel are also very effective in reducing acne scars. But in some extreme cases, you might need proper treatment at a hospital. Most of these treatments can be performed as an outpatient procedure. Some of them are:

  1. Skin resurfacing: where the damaged skin is removed to help new skin to grow. The damaged skin can be removed by the use of a laser, dermabrasion or a chemical peel.
  2. FillersIn this procedure, the doctor would inject a filler such as a collagen or fat into the damaged area. This helps the skin to become smooth.
  3. Rolling: Rolling also known as needling, is a procedure where tiny needles are rolled over the skin to stimulate it to grow
  4. SurgeryIn a few very extreme cases the scars would need to be cut away and the area repaired with the use of skin grafts obtained from another part of the body.

Any scars and especially acne scars can be unsightly. A skin doctor or dermatologist would help you choose the right treatment plan depending on the type of damage done to the skin.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

56 people found this helpful

Acne and Acne Scars - Know Its Types!

MBBS, DHMS-Harvard, Masters in Clinical Dermatology
Dermatologist, Chandigarh
Acne and Acne Scars - Know Its Types!

The first thing a person notices about you is the skin. So, while a person with clear skin feels good and confident, a person with acne marks can be bothered about it and feel embarrassed. This is a common finding especially among teenagers who are very conscious about how their looks.

Given the hormonal changes that they are going through, adolescents are most affected by acne. Not just cosmetically, it also affects them emotionally. Those with oily skin, poor food choices with oily and greasy foods, and poor exercise are more prone to acne.

Types of acne: Acne are classified on a different basis, as below.

  1. Whiteheads of blackheads, nodules or cysts – based on appearance
  2. Mild, moderate, or severe – based on severity
  3. Acute or chronic - based on periodicity

There could be a combination like chronic blackheads, which most people suffer even well into their 30s. Similarly, acute nodular or chronic cystic forms are also seen.

Treatment: Acne can be treated using topical and systemic methods depending on the condition.
Diet changes, skin care methods, topical anti-acne creams, and even systemic measures can be used. Most commonly used products are retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, and antibiotics like tetracycline and clindamycin.

General Tips:

  1. Limit exposure to the sun and use protection with sunscreen, hat, scarf, and sunglasses
  2. Avoid use of chemicals on the skin including creams, lotions, deodorants, etc.
  3. Use safer peels and scrubs like fruits and vegetables
  4. Reduce oil in food, and avoid junk food
  5. Increase water intake to improve skin hydration

A more serious issue with severe acne, acute/chronic, is the marks they leave behind. There could be people who are severely affected cosmetically and require scar removal. Some of the options they have are listed below.

  1. Laser: Acne marks are darker than the rest of the skin, and so a beam of the laser is targeted at this tissue to get rid of the darker tissue. The laser also tends to reduce further acne attacks by reducing bacteria contained in the skin.
  2. Micro-needling: The underlying layers of the skin contain collagen, which can be boosted to generate more healthy skin cells. Through tiny needles, micro fat cells are injected into the skin, which improves skin quality.
  3. Photofacials: Another way to stimulate the collagen is to apply a heated probe to the inner layers of the skin. The outer layer of the skin is simultaneously cooled. Skin regeneration happens, leading to scar removal.
  4. Injectable fillers: Chemicals like retinoids and micro fat are injected into the skin, which promotes collagen formation and new skin regeneration.

So, though acne and acne scars are common problems, there are definitely solutions available.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2670 people found this helpful

Dermabrasion - How Can it Help With Acne?

M Ch., MS - General Surgery, DNB Plastic surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Dermabrasion - How Can it Help With Acne?

Acne is one of the most common skin conditions that afflict people. Usually starting around adolescence, it mostly affects younger adults, although they can be found in older adults as well. Acne occurs when the follicles of hair get blocked due to the accumulation of dead skin cells and excess oil production from the sebum glands. These areas then become inflamed, causing a reddish bump which can be unsightly in appearance.

Treatment options

There are multiple treatment options for acne, ranging from oral pills which control hormone levels, to peels and washes. Home remedies which use easily available ingredients are also fairly popular. There are other more modern means such as laser and oxygen treatment which are effective as well. Another commonly employed treatment for acne scars is dermabrasion, which is very effective as well.

What is dermabrasion?

Dermabrasion is a process which involves wearing away the outermost layer of skin through the use of rollers and abrasive devices. The outer layer of skin is the area which contains all the acne scars as well as blemishes and by removing it carefully, dermabrasion encourages the growth of new skin. This new skin is tighter and smoother and thus also results in a younger look.

However, the effectiveness of the treatment also depends on what kinds of techniques are used and the proficiency of the people administering it.  These will influence how effective the treatment is as well as how quickly it will restore natural skin from acne prone skin.

Advantages of dermabrasion  

While many other treatments such as lasers and peels exist, dermabrasion has stood the test of time because it is very effective in treating specific types of skin problems including acne and acne scars. Here are a few of them:

  1. Dermabrasion is better compared to peels as it can be focused on a specific area of the skin rather than the entire face.

  2. It is better than laser treatments as it doesn’t leave a distinguishing mark between the treated and untreated areas of the skin.

  3. As dermabrasion involves focused treatment, it is good at treating pitted acne scars or deeper acne scars on a specific area of the face.

Information about the procedure

Dermabrasion is usually done as an outpatient basis wherein the patient is usually discharged the same day. There are a few precautions you have to take before and after the procedure. It is performed under local anesthesia. Once completed, dermabrasion may start showing results in the first 24 hours although it will take up to two to three weeks for the skin to heal and for the full results to be visible.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4336 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have acne problem. It started when I was 21 years of age. But immediately after I had facial waxing done, it got worse and worse. I figured that dairy, eggs and sugar increased the number of breakouts. So I have cut these things out. Also, it gets worse in winter time. I break out mainly on the cheeks and chin. These are cystic pimples with no head and pus filled inside them. Can you please tell me what Topical antibiotic I should use and what antibiotics I should orally take? It would help if I get both allopathy and homeopathy advice.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Acne or pimples. Due to hormonal changes. Oily skin causes it. Common in adolescent age. May occur in adults also. Food like Oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it. Treatment depends on the grade of pimples or acne. So, please send photos by direct online consultation as it's a must to see which grade of pimples or acne for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
1 person found this helpful

I am having fungal infection, my Dr. Prescribed me two i- win100 capsules after lunch. It's been more than 10 days, fungal infection is reduced but I am having acne all over my face. I also asked my Dr. For this but she refused that her medicines are not the reason for my acne. What to do?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
You may be suffering from tinea cruris which is fungal infection of the inner thighs, groin and buttocks area. It is also called jock itch. It can be treated by taking four to six weeks of anti fungal treatment which includes tablets along with creams. Do not use soap over that area. Mistreatment with over the counter Steroid containing creams like fourderm, panderm, quadriderm, dermi5, betnovate, dermikem OC, candid b etc lead to repeated case of recurrence and also side effects due to application. Do not use steroid containing combination creams. Please contact me using online consult option with photos for detailed prescription. Do not delay treatment as it may spread further on your body and also to other people living in the household.
1 person found this helpful

How to keep skin fresh and clean and free from acnes whole day. My skin is oily and I am 21 years old man. Can I use benzoyl peroxide soaps or creams.

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
don't use them....they have side effects If you're suffering from acne, you're not alone. Acne is a common skin condition that happens when oil and dead skin cells clog the skin’s pores. It normally occurs on the face, chest, back, shoulders, and neck. Acne can be caused by many things: heredity, hormones, and oil production. Avoid touching your face. Dirt and bacteria on your hands can clog your pores and make acne worse if you constantly touch your face. If your skin feels irritated from acne, use a gentle, oil-free daily facial wipe to remove excess dirt and calm your skin. Do not squeeze or pop your blemishes or you may risk developing scars. Squeezing a pimple might even spread the bacteria further Wash regularly. Wash your skin using your fingertips, once in the morning and once at night. Remember to thoroughly rinse your skin with lukewarm water after washing it. Limit washing to twice a day and after you sweat. Sweating can irritate your skin. Wash your skin as soon as possible after sweating. Eat a healthy diet. Avoid meat that contains hormones and similar substances which could throw your hormones out of balance, causing acne. Instead, eat plenty of fiber, fresh vegetables and fruits. Foods rich in vitamin A, C, E, and zinc can help reduce the severity of acne through the nutrients’ anti-inflammatory properties. Apply aloe vera gel. Daily apply aloe vera gel liberally over your skin. You can find it at most drug stores. Aloe vera is a succulent plant with antibacterial properties that are effective in treating acne and reducing inflammation. It prevents bacteria from infecting acne wounds and speeds up the healing process Some people may be allergic to aloe. If a rash develops, stop using it For medication Consult online in private.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from excessive hair loss, acne, excessive weight gain, migraine please suggest me any effective treatment?

Trichologist, Amritsar
Don't worry search for Roots hair & scalp clinic Amritsar 1.Sash Pro Shampoo 2.Biolosh Oil Oiling to b done overnite & wash in morning don't apply any oil or serum after wash. Do all this at least thrice a week for 1 month.
3 people found this helpful

All of a sudden from 31st dec I got my face full of pimples. I'm very sad coz my face was so clear before bt now filled with acne.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Please don't be panic. Overproduction of oil and a build-up of bacteria contribute to pimples. Areas of the skin that have the largest number of functional oil glands, such as the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders, are often affected. Symptoms include small tender bumps on the skin, often filled with pus. Treatment can include topical creams or oral medication.. I am here to help you in every aspect of your mental and physical health. Any sexual or psychological problems can be cured with the help of various methods and therapies. I suggest you to post your query with every detail here. I will help you in overcoming your problems certainly. Take care.

Table of Content

What is acne?
What is the cause of acne?
What are the different types of acne pimples?
Play video
Acne
Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that causes spots and pimples, especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms.
Play video
Acne
One of the skin's main functions is protection, and one of the ways it does that is by producing sebum. During teenage and early adolescent years, there is a release of excessive sexual hormones, which also leads to excessive sebum production. This clogs the pores, leading to accumulation of sebum within the skin layers.
Play video
Acne
Acne is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It primarily affects areas of the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back.
Play video
Acne
Whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, cysts, and nodules are all types of acne. It is a skin disease involving the oil glands at the base of hair follicles.It is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars.Treatment depends on how severe and persistent it is.
Play video
Acne
Hello Everyone!

Mera name Dr. Archit Aggarwal hai. Me Faridabad me as a skin specialist practice kerta hun. Aaj me apko acne ke bare me bataunga. Acne matlab muhase and pimples. Vaise ye teenage problem hai jo 13-21 ki age tak hoti hai. Logon ko puri jankari na hone ki vjha se vo thik se treatment nhi le pate hain. Or aise unke face pe scars bhi aa jate hain. Acne scars baad me psychological problems bhi karte hain. Pimples ka reasons kya hai? 12-13 puberty age hoti hai jab body ke hormones badhte hain. Hmara scalp, face, chest, back, in sab me special glands hote hain jinko sebaceous gland bolte hain.

Jab hormones in glands pe act karte hain to body jyada oil or sebum produce kerte hain or jab ye oil bahar nahi nikal pata to ye acne bante hain. In acne me bacterial infection ho sakta hai. Isme pus or keel bhi ban sakti hai. Aaj kal treatment advance ho gaya hai and jitna jaldi treatment start ho jaye utna acha hai. Logon ka myth hai ki agar ek bar treatment karao to baar baar treatment karana pdta hai. Jaruri nahi hai ki acne 25 saal ki age tak hi ho.

Ye problem especially ladies me 35 years ke baad bhi ho sakti hai. Isko acne tarda bolte hain. Is problem ke sath unhe hirsutism ki bhi shikayat hoti hai. Ye hormonal balance se associated hai or isko PCOD bolte hai. Isme menses ka bhi problem hota hai. Usme hume hormonal angel se bhi treat krna pdta hai. Acne age group and severity pe depend krta hai. Agar bahut kum acne hai to vo lagane ki medicines se bhi thik ho sakta hai. Agar severity jayada hai to hume antibiotics deni hoti hai. Acne kahtm kerne ke lia kuch procedures bhi hote hain jaise microdermabrasion, chemical peel. Is se severe acne me aram aata hai. Agar kisiko early age pe acne hua hai or uske baad scarring or gadhe hain to unhe sub-sicion surgery, laser, dermaroller se thik kia jata hai. Kayi log puchte hain ki acne prevent kerne ke lia diet ka kya role hai.

Scientific studies proven hai ki oily products and dairy products acne ko badhati hain. Sath me stress bhi acne ko badahta hai. Stress avoid keren, jyada pani peeyen, vegetarian and fibre rich diet acne me fayada kerti hai.

Take care.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice