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Acne/Pimples - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is acne?

In medical terms, acne is better known as Acne Vulgaris. It is a disease of the skin which chiefly concerns the oil glands which are to be found at the base of hair follicles. It is most common in adolescents when these glands start functioning. The glands become active due to the stimulation received from the male hormones secreted by the adrenal glands of both the genders.

It is not a dangerous condition per se but can potentially scar the skin, a condition abhorred by those in the tumultuous adolescent phase. The oil or sebaceous glands are located beneath the skin and it is connected with the human skin through pores or tiny holes containing follicles or small canals. The function of the sebum or the oil produced by the gland is to carry dead skin cells to the skin’s surface. These follicles are susceptible to being blocked.

Pimples are usually found on the face, neck, shoulders, back and the chest in human beings. The skin cells, the oil-sebum and the hair clump together to form a plug. In time, the plug becomes infected due to the presence of bacteria which results in the swelling. The plug begins to break down and a pimple develops.

What is the cause of acne?

An interesting thing to note about acne is that it cannot be said for certain what is its cause. According to experts, the hormone androgen is the culprit which surges during puberty which in turn leads to the growth of skin glands resulting in excessive sebum. This sebum then breaks down the cellular wall of pores which enable bacterial growth.

According to some studies, there is also an element of genetic propensity. Medication with lithium and androgen may also lead to the condition. Greasy cosmetics are another culprit. Pregnancy-related hormonal changes may also result in acne.

What are the different types of acne pimples?

Acne pimples may be of various types. These include:

  • Whiteheads- These are very small and are usually present beneath the skin.
  • Blackheads- Blackheads can be seen clearly. They are black in color and make their appearance on the skin’s surface. It is a misconception that blackheads are caused by dirt and scrubbing your face with vigor is of little use.
  • Papules- Papules are small bumps typically pink in color on the skin’s surface.
  • Pustules- Pustules can be identified on the skin surface with ease. They have a red base with a top filled with pus.
  • Nobules- Nobules too stand out on the skin’s surface. They happen to be solid, large pimples. They are often accompanied by pain and are embedded in the depths of the skin.
  • Cysts- These are visible on the skin surface. They are usually painful and are pus filled. They are prone to cause scars.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable
Whiteheads (closed plugged pores) Blackheads (open plugged pores) Small red, tender bumps

Popular Health Tips

6 Mistakes in Self-Treating Your Acne!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Dermatology, FRGUHS (Cosmetology), DNB - Dermatology & Venereology
Dermatologist, Mumbai
6 Mistakes in Self-Treating Your Acne!
Acne is a very common problem that affects people, mostly teenagers worldwide. The problem of acne can be extremely annoying, making most of the people to opt for self medication. However, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist to avoid unwanted complications. The following common but serious mistakes should be avoided while self-treating acne: Fight acne the dermatologist way: During adolescence, hormonal imbalance is one of the major factors resulting in acne. However, factors like prolonged illness, pollution, dermatological problems cannot be sidelined either. It should be noted that acne is an inflammation which needs proper investigation. A dermatologist should be consulted at the very onset. Use of any medicated lotions or creams without proper recommendation can aggravate the problem. The lesser the better: Using too many products at a time will do you more harm than good. Use one product at a time. If you think a product can magically treat your acne in a day, then you are in for some disappointment. Optimism is good, but being realistic is better. Not all products show positive results in a day. One needs to have patience. Use the product diligently for a week before trying out a new product. Complete what you started: It is a crime to stop any medications mid way. Complete the full course of the medication, even if your acne is fully treated. Popping away to ugly spots and scars: Popping or picking only worsens the inflammation and acne. It will leave your face with some really ugly spots. When the acne head turns white, do not try to squeeze it out. Show some resilience. It is a very common mistake that should be strictly avoided. Exfoliants should be chosen carefully. Understand your skin type well. Micro-beads-enriched exfoliants are the best to use. Avoid scrubbing or over washing the face. Always use a sunscreen before stepping out in the sun. If you are into make-ups, remove them before retiring to bed. Use make-ups that suit your skin type. Minimal application of make-up is advisable in case of acne. Many well-wishers might suggest innumerable acne treatments. Listen to all, but choose what you feel and know is the best. A flawless and acne-free face is very much achievable.
13 people found this helpful

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) For Skin Rejuvenation And Ageing - How Does It Help?

Dr. Navneet Bansal 88% (31 ratings)
Dermatologist, Delhi
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) For Skin Rejuvenation And Ageing - How Does It Help?
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a concentrate of platelet-rich plasma protein derived from whole blood, centrifuged to remove red blood cells. It has a greater concentration of growth factors and other cytokines that can stimulate healing of soft tissue and joints. The concentration of growth factors can be 5 to 10 times greater (or richer) than whole blood and has been used to encourage a brisk healing response across several specialities, in particular dentistry, orthopaedics and dermatology. Once this is accomplished, the concentrated platelets are re-injected into the damaged area like the knees, elbows, shoulders, hips and even Achilles tendons. PRP therapy is a relatively new procedure - It was first developed in the 1970s and first used in Italy in 1987 in an open heart surgery procedure, but scientific and medical research shows that it is safe to perform. Because of that, it s steadfastly on its way to becoming the primary means of treatment in many different medical fields such as cosmetic surgery, dentistry, sports medicine and pain management, most commonly treating hair loss (and other things, like injuries). Platelet Rich Plasma Treatment is frequently called stem cell treatment due to the fact that it behaves as bringing in cells from a person s own body, which can then actually differentiate into either tendon, cartilage, or ligament cells. Use of PRP in Dermatology Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) helps you harness the natural aesthetic powers of your own platelets to augment your facial rejuvenation. When done properly, PRP creates impressive results both as an isolated procedure or when incorporated into a treatment plan with hyaluronic acid fillers, neuromodulators, volume restoration and technology. The major advantage is it can be done in the clinician's office and produces virtually no downtime in the treatment of wrinkles, melasma, and acne scars. Exceptionally, there is some downtime when it is used to treat the lower eyelids. The aesthetic benefits it generates are dramatic! Skin Rejuvenation and Ageing The goal of PRP skin rejuvenation therapy is to improve skin tone and texture, tighten skin, and soften lines and pores. The PRP, injected into specific areas of the skin, act as a matrix that promotes your own collagen to grow, regenerates tissue, and thus acts as to naturally smooth and tighten the skin. Results begin to show 3-4 weeks after the treatment session and continue to improve with time. Three treatment sessions are generally recommended, spaced 1-2 months apart, to achieve the best outcome. In this way, PRP softens wrinkles and creating smoother skin texture and tone, thus making you look younger! Acne, Scar and Ulcer Treatment PRP is used to correct pitted acne scars on the skin. You may have heard about this acne scar treatment technique, which is also known as the Vampire Facial, as it has gained popularity amongst celebrities and beauty insiders. Once the platelet-rich blood is injected into sites on the face with acne scars, the concentrated platelets release a host of beneficial growth factors that help to promote healing and stimulate regrowth of collagen and elastin. PRP can also been used as an adjuvant for improving the viability of grafts for the treatment of recalcitrant ulcers, with good results. PRP might not be a panacea or universal cure, but it could turn out to be a miracle treatment nonetheless!
455 people found this helpful

Best Ways To Treat Acne Without Antibiotics!

Dr. Nitin Jain 87% (248 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
Best Ways To Treat Acne Without Antibiotics!
Acne is one of the acute skin troubles people face every now and then and thus desperately look for the best solution to cure the same. There are many people who think that medications are the only way out, but this is completely wrong. This is because most of the acne treating drugs have got stronger antibiotics that are believed to cure acne speedily, but the real fact is that you will get temporary recovery, and your skin texture will get adversely affected by the same. Thus, you are recommended to look for only those solutions that are safe and can replace antibiotics in the most efficient manner. Top 5 methods for treating acne without using antibiotics 1. Blue light: Acne creating bacteria can be only killed by using this therapy. This therapy is quite improved, and it is not at all invasive in nature and thus your skin quality is not affected at all. Total four sessions are included for getting the ultimate result and these sessions are only conducted under clinical supervision. You can also make a purchase of blue light, especially Tria skin clarifying light so that skin acne can be cleared along with the clearance of acne marks. There are few safety precautions that need to be maintained so that skin damages can be easily prevented. 2. Giving up sugar: Sugary foods should be completely curtailed from your regular diet so that acne trouble can be kept in control. Excessive sugary components lead to the creation of excessive skin oil, and this oil is highly responsible for creating acne, and on the other hand, bacterial infection can also occur due to excess oil secretion. 3. Taking Omega-3: Acne are very much irritating as they create inflaming sensations and these sensations can be only be effectively dealt with this particular component. Fish oil gel caps are highly enriched with this component and in this regard Omega Max deserves special mention. This will help in maintaining absolutely flawless and healthy skin. 4. Silk Peel Microdermabrasions: Pink scars can be treated well using silk peel. This kind of peel plays the most useful role in making the skin unclogged from different unwanted wastes causing acne and bacterial infections. In this case, collagen production can be stimulated along with the maintenance of healthy and glowing skin. 5. Glycolic acid lotions and cleansers: Sugarcane is enriched with glycolic acid and this acid is now available in different lotions and cleansers that are useful for skin exfoliation and pore unclogging.
3255 people found this helpful

From Acne To Wrinkles - Why Sugar Is Bad For Your Skin

MBBS, DNB - Dermatology & Venereology
Dermatologist, Mumbai
From Acne To Wrinkles - Why Sugar Is Bad For Your Skin
Almost every person salivates over desserts and sweets. One does not need a special occasion to get their sweet tooth going. While the lip smacking sugary delight might impress the taste buds, it is sure to affect the health in a big way. If you thought that sugar was only bad for your waistline and general health, then you need to know that it is equally harmful for your skin. In fact, it can lead to serious dermatological conditions. Harmful effects of sugar on the skin A lot of what we eat reflects on our body externally. A number of internal changes can influence the external appearance of the body. Excessive intake of carbohydrates, starch and sugar can have an adverse effect on the skin. It can also accelerate the ageing process. But what triggers these complications needs to be understood and discussed in detail. Carbohydrates can be simple or complex. Simple carbohydrates (cake, bread; to name a few) break down and convert to glucose rapidly. Increased glucose level implies increased insulin level, and causes inflammation, which affects the whole body. The enzymes produced during inflammation breaks down important proteins, namely elastin and collagen, leading to wrinkles and saggy skin. Acne problems mainly arise from Glycation (the process through which digested sugar attaches permanently to the collagen). Glycation plays a significant role in accelerating the ageing process. Complex carbohydrates, on the other hand, is good for health. When ingested, complex carbohydrates break down at a much slower rate. As a result, there is no abnormal increase in the insulin level. Corrective measures to check the harmful effects of sugar on the skin: With a little care and preventive measures, the deleterious effects of sugar on the skin can be minimised. Supplement your diet with foods rich in antioxidants. Lean proteins, fibrous foods and diets rich in good fats are highly recommended. Include beans and nuts that have low glycemic value in your diet. Drink plenty of water. Food items containing high amount of saturated fats (cheese, ice creams, fried foods; to name a few), and with high glycemic value should be strictly avoided. Do not compromise with your sleep. A sound sleep and a stress-free life is the mantra to a glowing and youthful skin. Practice meditation and yoga diligently. The rewarding and positive outcomes will leave you in awe. Do not skip your meals or indulge in overeating. Have small servings at regular intervals.
2927 people found this helpful

Acne & Pimples - Can You Say Bye To It With Homeopathy?

Dr. Sonam Jain 88% (57 ratings)
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
Acne & Pimples - Can You Say Bye To It With Homeopathy?
Acne and pimples do not usually have easy solutions or quick remedies.When it comes to treatment of acnes and pimples, Homeopathic medicines are considered the most effective and paramount. Homeopathic cure does not intend to quick-fix acne and pimples. The objective being the correction of inner causes, it allows the pimples to heal slowly on their own instead of taking any medicine of high dose. Homeopathy is, the best way to cure acnes and pimples. Popular Homeopathic Remedies for Acne and Pimples Here is a list of the most common solutions for acne and pimples and what they indicate: 1. Pulsatilla - For cases where the intake of rich junk food and indigestion are the causes of acne. - Also in cases of girls suffering from menstrual problems - Symptoms include decreased thirst. - Patient is usually very sensitive to heat 2. Sulphur- It is a very common cure, especially for chronic cases of acne - The eruptions cause great pain. - They are present in the form of abscesses. - Patient is vulnerable to cold and pain. Increased rate of perspiration.- Patient tends to get agitated and irritated very easily 3. Silicea- In cases where there is pus formation - The best homeopathic medicine for acne - Increased rate of perspiration. The patient cannot bear cold at all. - Skin turns pale and tender. 4. Antimonium Crudum- Formation of tiny red pimples all over the face - Very irritable in nature - Arthritic pain in fingers and loss of appetite - White, thick coating on tongue 5. Nux Vomica- For cases where acne formation is because of gastric disruptions. - Skin seems to appear red and blotchy - Caused because of having too much spicy food - Signs of constipation and over sensitiveness to cold 6. Bovista- Formed due to cosmetic use, especially during summer - Skin tends to itch - Cheeks swell up and become pale - Makes patient restless. Homeopathy is certainly the best way to deal with and to get rid of unwanted, ugly acne, which ruin your face.
5740 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Holi khlne ki vjhe se mere face pe dag a gye the unhe mitnae ki liye mene derobin cream use kiya pr usne nera ek side ka face pura khraab kr diya kya ye shi ho skta h.

Dr. Amit Patel 91% (89 ratings)
Diploma in Dermatology Venereology, MD - Physician
Dermatologist, Surat
Hello lybrate-user Yes, yeh sahi ho sakata hai. Aap ko is ke liye DERMATOLOGIST se consult karna chahiye. Tab tak ke liye aap face par COTARYL AF CREAM aur FUCIBECT CREAM mix karke apply kijiye.
1 person found this helpful

Can you please suggest me medicine to treat scabies. This is second time I am suffering from scabies I have little pimples in my penis and stomach area but the problem is they come back after treatment. Is this not curable? Can scabies affect my head also I am feeling some itching in my hairs also.

General Physician, Kolkata
Tab ivermectin 6 mg 1 tab once & 14 days later Zyscab 0.1 % lotion apply locally thrice daily Ointment mupiricin apply locally thrice daily Scap 1% soap use daily Maintain hygiene Wash all the garments & bed sheet, pillow cover at a time.

I am suffering for acne and pimples last 1 month. Will you please suggest me the medicine.

Dr. Narasimhalu C.R.V. 94% (39747 ratings)
Dermatologist, Chennai
Use bengel gel at night, along with the following medicine. Contact me or send photos on direct private online consultation for proper diagnosis and treatment. Acne or pimples. Due to hormonal changes. Oily skin causes it. Common in adolescent age. May occur in adults also. Food like Oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it. Treatment depends on the grade of pimples or acne. So, please consult me in my clinic or consult me by direct online consultation by sending photos as it's a must to see which grade of pimples or acne for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Many creams and gels are available for big or medium acne. But I have small very small (like dana) but not red pimples. What should I use? And how to get crystal clear skin? How to remove small bumps on face?

Dr. Narasimhalu C.R.V. 94% (39747 ratings)
Dermatologist, Chennai
Use bengel gel at night, along with the following medicine. Contact me or send photos on direct private online consultation for proper diagnosis and treatment. Acne or pimples. Due to hormonal changes. Oily skin causes it. Common in adolescent age. May occur in adults also. Food like Oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it. Treatment depends on the grade of pimples or acne. So, please consult me in my clinic or consult me by direct online consultation by sending photos as it's a must to see which grade of pimples or acne for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Hello doctor, I have acne problem on face and back. I want to get a rid out of it.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (3243 ratings)
Homeopath, Hooghly
Apply alovera gel extract, apply atta as a scrubber, apply yogurt, apply cold milk as a cleanser, with this you need proper homoeopathic treatment to cure your problem permanently.

Health Quizzes

Acne - Can Consuming Too Much Milk Cause it?

Dr. Nitin Barde 92% (55 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Nagpur
Consuming too much cow s milk will lead to skin problems such as acne. True or False? Take this quiz to know now.
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Acne - Know The Real Facts!

Dr. Rohini P Gaikwad 84% (45 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
Living with acne means saying no to make-up for good. True or false. Take this quiz to know.
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104 people took this quiz

Acne - Strange Things That Can Cause It!

Dr. Sumit Sharma 89% (23 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Panipat
Acne can occur only in teenage. True or False. Attempt the quiz to know now.
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160 people took this quiz

Homeopathy Treatment to Cure Acne, Pimples, Scars

B.H.M.S, M.D.(Hom.)
Homeopath, Kolkata
Homeopathy is known to only cure the skin problems of teenagers going through puberty. True or False? Take this quiz to find out now.
Start Quiz
99 people took this quiz

Acne - Can Yoga Help You?

Dr. Venu Kumari 91% (1793 ratings)
MD - Skin,VD & Lepxsy
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Yoga can help deal with acne. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
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55 people took this quiz

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