Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Acne/Pimples - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is acne?

In medical terms, acne is better known as Acne Vulgaris. It is a disease of the skin which chiefly concerns the oil glands which are to be found at the base of hair follicles. It is most common in adolescents when these glands start functioning. The glands become active due to the stimulation received from the male hormones secreted by the adrenal glands of both the genders.

It is not a dangerous condition per se but can potentially scar the skin, a condition abhorred by those in the tumultuous adolescent phase. The oil or sebaceous glands are located beneath the skin and it is connected with the human skin through pores or tiny holes containing follicles or small canals. The function of the sebum or the oil produced by the gland is to carry dead skin cells to the skin’s surface. These follicles are susceptible to being blocked.

Pimples are usually found on the face, neck, shoulders, back and the chest in human beings. The skin cells, the oil-sebum and the hair clump together to form a plug. In time, the plug becomes infected due to the presence of bacteria which results in the swelling. The plug begins to break down and a pimple develops.

What is the cause of acne?

An interesting thing to note about acne is that it cannot be said for certain what is its cause. According to experts, the hormone androgen is the culprit which surges during puberty which in turn leads to the growth of skin glands resulting in excessive sebum. This sebum then breaks down the cellular wall of pores which enable bacterial growth.

According to some studies, there is also an element of genetic propensity. Medication with lithium and androgen may also lead to the condition. Greasy cosmetics are another culprit. Pregnancy-related hormonal changes may also result in acne.

What are the different types of acne pimples?

Acne pimples may be of various types. These include:

  • Whiteheads- These are very small and are usually present beneath the skin.
  • Blackheads- Blackheads can be seen clearly. They are black in color and make their appearance on the skin’s surface. It is a misconception that blackheads are caused by dirt and scrubbing your face with vigor is of little use.
  • Papules- Papules are small bumps typically pink in color on the skin’s surface.
  • Pustules- Pustules can be identified on the skin surface with ease. They have a red base with a top filled with pus.
  • Nobules- Nobules too stand out on the skin’s surface. They happen to be solid, large pimples. They are often accompanied by pain and are embedded in the depths of the skin.
  • Cysts- These are visible on the skin surface. They are usually painful and are pus filled. They are prone to cause scars.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Usually self diagnosable
Symptoms
Whiteheads (closed plugged pores) Blackheads (open plugged pores) Small red, tender bumps

Popular Health Tips

Eat These 5 Foods And You Will Never Need Botox!

Dt. Ayesha Rehman 87% (57 ratings)
Master of Science (Diabetics & Food Services Management)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
Eat These 5 Foods And You Will Never Need Botox!
What you eat has a direct effect on your skin; eat healthy and your skin looks healthy, eat unhealthy food and your skin looks dull. Eating right can even fight signs of aging thus, negating the need for procedures like Botox. Not only does it cost less, but healthy food boosts your overall health as well. Here are 6 such foods that can help you fight signs of aging and give you a flawless complexion. Turmeric: Turmeric is well known for its yellow colour and anti-inflammatory properties. Many home remedies suggest the use of turmeric for a number of health ailments including skin conditions. Turmeric can fight signs of aging by reducing inflammation and oxidation. This, in turn, helps the skin heal faster. This spice can be added to your food or mixed with warm milk to benefit from it. Tomatoes: Tomatoes are rich sources of vitamin C and lycopene. Vitamin C helps stimulate the production of collagen and hence keeps the skin firm while lycopene protects the skin against harmful UV radiation. As a general rule of thumb, the deeper red the tomato is, the better it is. Berries: Berries such as blueberries and raspberries are excellent sources of Vitamin E and antioxidants that fight against the effects of pollution and rids the body of free radicals and other toxins that cause premature aging. These berries also have anthocyanins that boost the effects of vitamin C Honey: Honey can be eaten or applied topically on the skin to benefit from it. Honey helps keep the body hydrated by absorbing moisture and preventing the skin from drying out. It also has antibacterial properties that prevent acne and other breakouts. Ideally, honey should be used and consumed in its raw, unprocessed form. Nuts: Nuts are a great snack that keeps your skin looking young and fresh. Almonds are excellent sources of vitamin E that help fight acne, psoriasis and eczema among other skin ailments. Walnuts are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids that keep the skin soft and supple. Brazil nuts are also rich sources of vitamin E. However, keep in mind the high calorific value of these nuts and do not overindulge in them. Avocados: Avocados are filled with essential fatty acids that moisturize and nourish skin. They are also rich in Vitamin B, C and E. While vitamin C boosts collagen production, vitamin E maintains the elasticity of skin and prevents sagging.
22 people found this helpful

Cystic Acne - 6 Effective Homeopathic Remedies For It!

Dr. Tanima Bhattacharyya 88% (423 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), FWT (W.B)
Homeopath, 24 Parganas
Cystic Acne - 6 Effective Homeopathic Remedies For It!
Cystic acne is a serious form of acne, which is characterized by deep, inflamed acne breakout. Red cysts are developed under the surface of the skin, which cause great pain. Cystic acnes are not only painful, but also affect your appearance and self-confidence. Hence, effective steps should be taken to get rid of them. Here are 6 effective remedies to treat cystic acne. Do not pop: Avoid popping the acne which appear on your skin. Cystic acnes should never be popped because of their depth and popping or squeezing will make them worse. The more you touch them, the more they tend to worsen, and permanent scars may be left. Ice: Applying ice cubes directly to the acne affected area for some time constricts the blood vessels in the cyst. By applying ice, the size and redness of the acne get reduced. Proper skin care: You should maintain a simple skin care routine and avoid scented moisturizers. Before applying any lotion, ensure that your skin is clean and exfoliated. Use oil free and non-scented moisturizers. Do not get obsessed: Avoid spending hours looking at the cystic acne in the mirror. The more obsessed you, the more negative thoughts will come into your mind, making you feel even worse. Towels and pillowcases: Do not let other people use your towels and pillows. Abstain from washing these items with strong detergents and use natural, non-scented laundry products. Change your pillowcases and towels regularly. Diet: In case of cystic acne, you should take several diet precautions. Cut down the use of dairy products, excessive sugar, grain products and caffeine. Fried food and fast food should be avoided as well. For better healing of cystic acne, you should consume probiotic rich foods, foods high in zinc, protein and fiber. You can consume several supplements as well, such as probiotics, zinc and Omega-3 fatty acids. Relax: Stress makes the condition of cystic acne worse. You should undertake relaxation techniques to reduce stress as hormones released due to stress can make the acne worse. You should try natural stress relievers. Sleep: Having proper sleep at night regularly improves your health and reduces inflammation due to cystic acne. Exercise: Regular exercise benefits the lymphatic system and detoxifies the body. Your mood and self-esteem are improved, which have been hampered due to acne. Essential oils: Essential oils such as lavender and tea tree help in treating cystic acne. With anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties, these oils are effective and can be applied to the acne directly. Cystic acne is a severe form of acne, which requires proper care and treatment. Several simple remedies can be used to treat the same.
3 people found this helpful

Quick Tips To Help You Manage Acne Prone Skin!

Dr. Asmita Dhekne Chebbi 92% (13 ratings)
MBBS, MD-Dermatalogy Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Quick Tips To Help You Manage Acne Prone Skin!
Acne is a condition where the skin experiences breakouts of clusters of pimples as well as other growths like blackheads and whiteheads. This skin condition affects the face, neck and even shoulders in some severe cases. In many cases, these pimples may be swollen and even filled with pus. The most common causes of acne include hormonal changes. Read on to know more about the ways in which you can manage acne. Hygiene: It is important to keep the skin clean as clogged pores often lead to breakouts on the skin, like acne. One must wash the face twice a day at least, so as to ensure that micro particles that can escape from pollutants and other dirt and grime get washed away from the surface of the skin, instead of settling into the pores and clogging them. You can use your fingertips in order to gently rub a mild cleanser or face wash into your skin and then rinse with water. Also, steer clear of facial scrubs and other exfoliation elements as this can make the acne even worse, leaving you with permanent scars if you happen to pop a pimple or scrub too hard. Do not Touch: It is important to remember that constant touching and popping of the pimples can lead to scarring as well as infections in the long run. It is imperative to keep the affected area clean as the hands are one of the most used parts of the body that come in contact with all sorts of dust and dirt, which can easily get transferred to the face every time we touch it. This can make the condition even worse and lead to further inflammation of the pimples. Sun Exposure: If you are suffering from acne, you must ensure that you do not remain exposed to the sun for too long, as the harmful ultraviolet rays will make the condition even worse, and can lead to oozing. This can inturn cause infection and other related skin problems. Also, one must avoid tanning beds and booths as the harmful chemicals used to get a temporary tan can end up having a negative effect on the skin and the acne. Products: When you use a product for the condition, ensure that it is approved by your dermatologist first. You must also use a product long enough before you switch to another product, as constantly switching creams and lotions can lead to a flare up of the condition. Also, before you start using a product, test it on a small patch of your skin on the arm or the leg, so that you know whether or not it will suit you.
4 people found this helpful

4 Causes That Makes Your Skin Prone To Acne

Dr. Dipanjali Singh 89% (47 ratings)
Fellowship In Aesthetic Medicine
Dermatologist, Lucknow
4 Causes That Makes Your Skin Prone To Acne
Acne is a disorder which is characterized by small red bumps on the skin or occluded pores in the skin such as blackheads. It can make people conscious of their appearance and result in low self-esteem and anxiety. It usually affects people who fall in the age group of 12-25, but sometimes older people also get affected. There are various factors that makes the skin prone to acne. Acne occurs when overactive sebaceous glands (glands that produce oil in the skin) produce excess oil and the dead skin cells clog the pores of the hair follicle present in the skin. Inflammation occurs in the clogged hair follicle resulting in acne. Some causes that makes your skin prone to acne are: Diet: Following a proper diet is a key factor in keeping your skin healthy. Food usually doesn't cause acne directly but can cause other problems such as greasy skin that are linked with acne. However, foods high in iodides such as seaweeds consumed over time can cause acne. Stress: Stress is another major cause that makes your skin prone to acne. When the body is stressed, it produces excessive testosterone (a sex hormone) resulting in excessive oil production. Stress also impairs the immune system of the body so that it becomes vulnerable to acne. Cosmetics: Some cosmetics (usually oil based) tend to clog the pores of the skin which may result in acne. Using harsh cleansing agents can dry and irritate the skin. Also, gentle washing of the skin is recommended to avoid breakouts. Hormones: Changes in hormonal balance can cause acne especially in the beginning of puberty. In some cases, women are affected by acne when the menstrual cycle stops. The acne caused by hormonal changes may also be genetic in nature.
521 people found this helpful

Acne Vulgaris

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 88% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Acne Vulgaris
Acne vulgaris is one of the most common dermatoses. It develops at puberty when the sebaceous gland are most active in the pre adolescent period, seborrhoea oleosa some comedones frequently appear as fore runners of the disease. In the twenies, it gradually decreases, and is again seen especially in women after the age28, or so post adolescent acne, since they usuall stop producing children periods may become scanty by that age. It occurs in both girls boys; in the latter, in a somewhat severer from. Etiology:- Acnc is a common occurrence at puberty. With the increased production of sex hormones, the sebaceous gland become hyperactive. Androgen progesterone are responsible for the hyperplasia of the oil glands. Eunuhs do not have oily skins, nor do they suffer from acne but testosterone given to castrtes may produce acne lesions. The usual premen stual flare up is explained by some observets as occurring during the period when the normal androgen oestrogen balance in the blood is altered in favour of androgen. Hence hormonal imbalance is held responsible for causing acne. Besides seborrhoeic diathesis hormonal imbalance, other factors which aggravate acne are: a diet rich in fats starches; intestinal stasis, especially constipation; a sedntary life; excessive use of greasy cosmetics, pomade, detergents mechanical rubbing. Acne vulgaris usually runs in families. Psychogenic stresses particularly the habit of picking pimples makes them worse. Special varieties of acne * acne infants. * acne in the aged. * acne conglobata. * occupational acne. * acneiform drug eruptions. * a. C. T. H. * tropical acne. Treatment * must be treated early, condition be kept under control to avoid scarring. * diet certain foods should be avoided like pasteries, pies, chocolate, creams, fried foods, nuts, butter, pork etc. * cleansing:- wash the face frequently with soap. This reduces flora and removes the excessive oill. Acne best treatment 100% cure.

Popular Questions & Answers

I have open pores on my face. I take acne treatment of 6 months by a skin specialist but now there are open pores left on my face no pimple how can I reduce them?

BAMS
Ayurveda, Varanasi
पोर में इंफेक्शन होंगे तो वह जल्दी ठीक नहीं होंगे इसके लिए आपसे स्टीमर का यूज कीजिए पहले फेस को स्टीम कीजिए उसके बाद किसी दवा का इस्तेमाल कीजिए
1 person found this helpful

I was suffering from minor acne since last two month, now the breakouts are almost gone but pigmentation and dark spots on face are still their, please tell some creams and home remedies to cure it.

Dr. Subodh Bhalke 95% (1015 ratings)
BHMS ,PGDPC , MS (psych.)
Homeopath, Nashik
Take Homeopathic madicine 1) Berberis aquifolium 30.8 pills at morning 2) Natrum mur 30.8 pills at night 3) Apply Saundarya Homeopathic cream daily 4) Use Patanjali Alovera facewash.
1 person found this helpful

I am 21 year old student, Small pimples and acne are appearing on my face for the last 2 years. Then I used to squeeze them with out knowing the after effects; Now it left many dark spots and small pores over my face. It makes me irritating while looking into the mirror; so please kindly help me to get rid of all these scars, dark spots and pores. Suggest me some remedies and medicines. Yours faithfully, Muhammed javed P.

Dr. Narasimhalu C.R.V. 97% (38327 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Use Bengel gel at night. Acne or pimples. Due to hormonal changes. Oily skin causes it. Common in adolescent age. May occur in adults also. Food like Oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it. Treatment depends on the grade of pimples or acne. So, please consult me in my clinic or consult me by direct online consultation by sending photos as it's a must to see which grade of pimples or acne for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

I am 19, my skin (on face) is not clear and clean, Many acne and pimples are growing one after one day by day ,and blackheads and dark spots also. My skin is oily too. Its all happening since last 1 or 2 years. Give me best method/way to get rid of these and get a clear glowing face.(Sorry 4 bad english)

Dr. Narasimhalu C.R.V. 97% (38327 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Use zylo gel at night. Acne or pimples. Due to hormonal changes. Oily skin causes it. Common in adolescent age. May occur in adults also. Food like Oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it. Treatment depends on the grade of pimples or acne. So, please consult me in my clinic or consult me by direct online consultation by sending photos as it's a must to see which grade of pimples or acne for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
1 person found this helpful

Hi. I am 27 years old and I have acne scares problem & holes so please give me a best suggestion. What can I do.

Dr. Rushali Angchekar 95% (52896 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Sindhudurg
General measures : • Keep the face non-oily by washing it mildly with luke-warm water.  • Wash the face with warm water frequently without using a soap or with Homoeopathic soap. • Popping and squeezing of the pimples should not be done as this can worsen the infection and result in increased scar formation. Avoid using scrubs, soaps and vigorous rubbing of the face.  • Avoid using cosmetics which can worsen the problem  • Avoid oily and spicy food, and reduce the meat, coffee and tea intake as these can aggravate the problem.  Homoeopathic Treatment:  An internal medicine is required to eliminate this problem because external applications would only suppress the condition and worsen it over a period of time.  With Homeopathic treatment the acne comes down, and the scars heal with the continued treatment.  In cases with underlying hormonal imbalance or irregular menses, this condition is treated along with the acne, so that the main cause of the acne is removed; allowing the acne to heal faster. you can consult me online for homoeopathic treatment without side effects.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Acne - Can Yoga Help You?

Dr. Venu Kumari 95% (1721 ratings)
MD - Skin,VD & Lepxsy
Dermatologist, Hyderabad
Yoga can help deal with acne. True or false? Take this quiz to know more.
Start Quiz

Acne and Masturbation

Dr. Naval Kumar Verma 83% (33 ratings)
MD, BHMS, Post Graduate Diploma In Hospital Administration (PGDHA)
Sexologist, Delhi
Masturbation largely contributes to blindness, warts and pimples. True or False. Take the quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

Sneaky Causes Of Acne

Dr. Vignessh Raj 93% (362 ratings)
FRGUHS, DDVL, MBBS
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Sun works wonders in treating acne. True or False. Attempt the quiz to know now.
Start Quiz

Nature Remedies For Acne - Know The Myths And Facts!

Dr. Ketan Dangat 92% (2286 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Pune
Natural acne treatments don't work; you need prescription drugs. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

Laser Acne Treatment

Dr. Sunakshi Singh 89% (140 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Stressing and fretting will only make your acne worse. True or false? Take this quiz to find out now.
Start Quiz

Popular Health Packages

ENQUIRE
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹1800
ENQUIRE
90 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹4000
ENQUIRE
₹1500
90 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹2500
ENQUIRE
90 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹7000
ENQUIRE
5 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹1500