after the menopause
. Many people with arthritis
also have a risk of developing osteoporosis.
The best sources of calcium are:
Dairy products such as milk, cheese, yogurt (low-fat ones are best – skimmed and semi-skimmed milk contains more calcium than full-fat milk).
Calcium-enriched varieties of milks made from soya, rice or oats.
Fish that are eaten with the bones (such as sardines).
Arthritis Research UK recommends a daily intake of calcium of 1,000 milligrams (mg), with added vitamin D if you’re over 60.
Iron is important in preventing anaemia and many people with arthritis are anaemic. Anti-inflammatory drugs to help treat arthritis help the pain
and stiffness of arthritis but may cause bleeding and stomach ulcers in some
people, leading to anaemia. The other main cause of anaemia in arthritis is anaemia of chronic disease, which often occurs with rheumatoid arthritis
and similar conditions and doesn’t improve with iron supplements.
Good sources of iron are:
Oily fish e.g. sardines, salmon, mackerel etc
Pulses e.g. lentils and haricot beans
Dark green vegetables e.g. spinach, kale and watercress.
Your body absorbs iron better if you take it with vitamin C, so have fruit juice or a good portion of fruit or vegetables with your meal. It’s best not to drink tea with your meal as this reduces the amount of iron that your body can absorb.