Some causes of coughs include:
Common causes — acute
Inhaling an irritant
Common causes — chronic
Asthma (most common in children)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Acute sinusitis (sinus infection)
Bronchiectasis (a chronic lung condition in which abnormal widening of bronchial tubes inhibits mucus clearing)
Bronchiolitis (especially in young children)
Choking: First aid (especially in children)
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
Croup (especially in young children)
Medications called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
Neuromuscular diseases, such as parkinsonism, which weaken the coordination of upper airway and swallowing muscles
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) — especially in young children
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