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If you have colorectal cancer, your healthcare team will develop a treatment plan just for you. It will be based on your needs and could include the combination of different treatments. When your healthcare team decides what treatments to offer you for colorectal cancer, it takes the following into consideration:
- The location of the tumor or where the cancer has reappeared (recurrence)
- The stage of cancer
- Your general state of health
- Your personal preferences
- You may be offered one or more of the following treatments for colorectal cancer.
Surgery is the main treatment for most colorectal cancers. Depending on the stage and location of the tumor, you may have one of the following types of surgery.
The local excision, resection, or local, serve primarily to remove polyps or early stage tumor which is the surface coating of colon or rectum (superficial tumor). The surgeon uses special equipment, usually an endoscope, to remove the polyp or tumor and a margin of healthy tissue all around. Local excision is also used to remove local recurrence of rectal cancer or to relieve symptoms such as pain (palliative surgery). Surgery is done to remove metastatic tumors when there is only one or a few in the liver or lungs.
Chemotherapy is a common treatment for colorectal cancer. It is often given after surgery for stage 2 or stage 3 colon cancer. Chemotherapy may be used as the primary treatment for stage 4 or recurrent colon or rectal cancer that cannot be removed by treatment.
Mostly, radiotherapy is used to treat rectal cancer. It is usually given before surgery and sometimes as part of a chemoradiotherapy (chemotherapy and radiotherapy given during the same period). It may be used after surgery for stage 3 colon cancer to help prevent the recurrence or recurrence of cancer.
Radiotherapy to the abdomen, pelvis, bones or brain can be used as a palliative treatment for advanced colorectal cancer that cannot be surgically removed. The external radiation is the type that is most commonly radiotherapy. Brachytherapy may be used in some cases.
Targeted treatment of colorectal cancer is used to treat stage 4 colorectal cancer that has spread to distant organs such as the liver or lungs. It is usually associated with chemotherapy, but can be administered alone.
Some colorectal cancer clinical trials are underway in this country and accept participants. Clinical trials aim to find new, better methods for cancer prevention, detection and treatment. Learn more about clinical trials. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!