Norfloxacin is a used to treat uncomplicated urinary tract infections and cystitis caused by susceptible gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. It is also prescribed to treat sexually transmitted disease (eg, uncomplicated urethral and cervical gonorrhoea) caused by N. gonorrhoeae.
This medicine is also used to treat prostatitis due to E. coli; ophthalmic solution for conjunctivitis. Norfloxacin is not recommended in children <18 years of age. CNS stimulation may occur which may lead to tremor, restlessness, confusion, and very rarely to hallucinations or convulsive seizures.
However, remember that this drug will not be effective for infections that aren’t caused by bacteria (viral infections such as common cold and the flu). Using an antibiotic repetitively and for infections that aren’t bacterial will lead the medicine to lose its potency over a period of time.
The treatment plan and dosage will depend upon the severity of the condition. It is advised to take this drug minimum two hours prior to consuming other minerals/vitamins or such products containing aluminium/magnesium such as antacids.
For best results, take this medicine at regular intervals every day. Try to limit your intake of caffeinated beverages such as coffee or tea, for that matter, as caffeine can interfere with the medicine’s potency in all probability. Don’t consume any dairy product either two hours prior to or an hour after taking this medication.
Risk factors for this medicine include kidney disorders, heart afflictions and epileptic seizures. It isn’t recommended for children below the age of 12 years. Overdosing on this medicine can result in irregular (slow) heartbeats.
Few side effects include an allergic response in the form of rashes, irritation of the skin, itching, etc. (though very rare), chest pain, dizziness, confusion, seizures, liver damage, joint or muscle pain, a ringing sensation in the ears (tinnitus), lightheadedness, diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, headaches and troubled sleeping.
Don’t take narcotic pain medicines if you experience any of these side effects since these can cause you more harm than good. Yeast infection and oral thrush are other concerns that might show up if you use this medicine indiscriminately. Know from your doctor the names of all those drugs that could diminish the efficacy of this medication.
The medicine is useful against the following conditions:
How long is the duration of effect?The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 9 to 12 hours.
What is the onset of action?The peak effect of this medicine can be observed in 1 to 2 hours.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?This medicine is not recommended for use during pregnancy unless absolutely necessary. Consult your doctor about the potential benefits and risks before deciding to take this medicine.
Is it habit forming?No habit forming tendency has been reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?Use of this medicine is not recommended in women who breastfeed due to the adverse effect on the development of the infant's joints. Use only if clearly needed under the supervision of the doctor. Monitoring of undesired effects like diarrhea, diaper rash is necessary.
Is It safe with alcohol?It is unsafe to consume alcohol along with this medicine.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?It is not known whether Norfloxacin affects the patients ability to drive or not.
Does this affect kidney function?Caution must be taken in patients with kidney disease. Adjustment of dose is needed. Kindly consult your doctor before taking it.
Does this affect liver function?Limited information is available regarding the use of this medicine in patients with liver disease. Kindly consult your doctor before doing it.
Are there any missed dose instructions?The missed dose should be taken as soon possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it's already time for your next scheduled dose.
Are there any overdose instructions?Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of overdose.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Norfloxacin as ingredient
This medicine works as a bactericidal by inhibiting the bacterial DNA gyrase enzyme, which is essential for DNA replication, transcription, repair, and recombination. This leads to expansion and destabilization of the bacterial DNA and causes cell death.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Alcohol
Interaction with Lab Test
Interaction with Medicine
DisulfiramIncreased toxicity/serum levels: Quinolones cause increased levels or toxicity of digoxin, caffeine, warfarin, cyclosporine, and possibly theophylline. Cimetidine and probenecid increase quinolone levels.
Interaction with Disease
Central Nervous System DepressionIf you suffer from CNS disorder and you take Norfloxacin, then you may experience tremors, restlessness, anxiety, confusion and hallucinations. Avoid consuming caffeine-containing products like coffee, chocolates and energy drinks.
Qt ProlongationAvoid using Norfloxacin if you experience any chest discomfort. Regular cardiac function tests are to be performed if you have any heart disease (arrhythmia) or family history of heart disease.
ColitisAvoid taking Norfloxacin if you experience severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, and blood in stools after taking the medicine. Inform the doctor if you have any gastrointestinal diseases. Drink adequate amount of water to prevent dehydration.
Interaction with Food
Dairy productsThe desired effect of Norfloxacin is not observed if consumed with dairy products. There should be at least 2 hours gap between taking Norfloxacin and dairy products.
Ques: What is Norfloxacin?
Ques: How long do I need to use Norfloxacin before I see improvement in my condition?
Ques: At what frequency do I need to use Norfloxacin?
Ques: Should I use Norfloxacin empty stomach, before food or after food?
Ques: What are the instructions for the storage and disposal of Norfloxacin?
Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.
Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.