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Ciprofloxacin

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required
Last Updated: November 28, 2019

Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that is a member of the quinolone family of medicines. It is effective in treating infections that are caused by bacteria. Ciprofloxacin is used to treat patients with bacterial infections such as pneumonia, anthrax, syphilis, gonorrhea, bronchitis, gastroenteritis and plague. This antibiotic is also used to fight against infections of the throat, skin, ears, nose, sinus, bones, respiratory system and urinary tract.

Ciprofloxacin inhibits the regular synthesis of bacterial DNA, obstructing the process of their cell division. Therefore, it destroys the existing bacteria that are causing the infection, and it inhibits the growth of new bacteria.

Ciprofloxacin is an anti-biotic, which is a member of the fluoroquinolone family. It helps fight against infections caused by bacteria. It is used to treat severe bacterial infections including pneumonia, respiratory or urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, anthrax, gastroenteritis as well as infections of the sinus, bones, skin and joints. It is also effective in treating septicemic plague.

Ciprofloxacin works by destroying the existing bacteria, that cause infections, from within the body and preventing the growth of new bacteria. The regular synthesis of DNA requires the presence of enzymes of bacterial DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV. Ciprofloxacin inhibits the activity of DNA gyrase, thus preventing DNA relaxation, encouraging the damage of double stranded DNA and inhibiting the cell division of bacteria. In this way, Ciprofloxacin is efficient in fighting against bacterial infections within the body.

Ciprofloxacin is available in many forms such as tablets, oral solution, ophthalmic ointment and a solution that can be injected. It is important to read the label of this medicine and follow the exact guidelines of the doctor’s prescription. Do not take an extra pill to make up for a missed dose, if you forget to take a dose. Instead, just continue with the next dose.

Ciprofloxacin can cause a few common side effects like headaches, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, mouth sores, heartburn and fatigue. Consult your doctor, if you notice any of these side effects. Some of the major side effects that can occur in rare cases include loss of consciousness, irregular heartbeats, difficulty breathing, muscle aches, liver dysfunction, increased risk of tendonitis and severe rashes. If you detect any of the symptoms mentioned above, you must seek immediate medical attention. If you are allergic to Ciprofloxacin, you will experience rashes, hives, breathing problems, swelling of the throat, tongue, face or limbs and itchiness. If you notice these symptoms, it is advisable to stop taking this medicine immediately and contact your doctor.

In some cases, patients having certain disorders, who take this antibiotic, are more susceptible to its side effects. Therefore, before starting a prescription of this medicine, you should consult the doctor if you are allergic to Ciprofloxacin, blood disorders, conditions of the heart and low levels of magnesium in the blood. Children and pregnant women should exercise caution before taking this medication. Although this antibiotic does treat infections, it does not treat infections like influenza, cold and viral infections.

Information given here is based on the salt content of the medicine. Uses and effects of the medicine may vary from person to person. It is advisable to consult a Internal Medicine Specialist before using this medicine.
  • Erosive Esophagitis

    Ciprofloxacin is used in the treatment of severe ulcers caused by chronic acidity.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

    Ciprofloxacin is used in the treatment of a reflux disease where acid from the stomach and bile irritates the food pipe.
  • Helicobacter Pylori Infection

    Ciprofloxacin is used to treat Helicobacter Pylori infection in combination with other drugs.
  • Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome

    Ciprofloxacin is used to treat a condition where excessive amount of acid is produced in the stomach due to tumors in the small intestine.
  • Other Forms Of Ulcers

    Ciprofloxacin is also used to treat ulcers in the stomach (Gastric) and small intestines (Duodenal). It is also used to prevent ulcers caused due to stress.
  • Allergy

    Ciprofloxacin is not recommended for patients who are allergic to Pantoprazole or any other drug of the same group i.e Benzimidazoles.
  • Headache

    Ciprofloxacin can cause headache and dizziness especially in pediatric patients and patients on triple therapy.
  • Altered Sense Of Taste

    Ciprofloxacin can cause altered taste. The most common is metallic or bitter taste.
  • Running Nose And Cough

    Ciprofloxacin can cause running nose, cough, blocked nose, breathing difficulties.
  • Diarrhoea

    Ciprofloxacin can cause stomach discomforts including diarrhea, abdominal pain, flatulence etc.
  • Nausea Or Vomiting

    Ciprofloxacin can cause nausea or vomiting.
  • Unusual Tiredness And Weakness

    Ciprofloxacin on long term usage can cause tiredness and weakness along with muscle pain and occasional cramps.
  • Skin Rash

    Ciprofloxacin can cause skin rashes and Pruritis like symptoms.
  • Anorexia

    Ciprofloxacin can cause severe loss of appetite resulting in under-nourishment.
  • Injection Site Thrombophlebitis

    Ciprofloxacin injections can cause veins under the skin to swell. This effect is present only at the site of injection.
  • How long is the duration of effect?

    Ciprofloxacin remains active in the body up to 24 hours after administration and is excreted in the urine.
  • What is the onset of action?

    Ciprofloxacin is rapidly absorbed from the Gastro-intestinal tract and reaches its peak levels after 2 to 2.5 hours of oral administration.
  • Are there any pregnancy warnings?

    Ciprofloxacin is considered safe for consumption by pregnant women. But there is a lack of conclusive evidence and hence, it must be used only when necessary after consulting a Doctor. Potential benefits and risks involved should be considered before taking the drug.
  • Is it habit forming?

    No habit forming tendencies were reported.
  • Are there any breast-feeding warnings?

    Ciprofloxacin is not expected to cause any adverse effects on the breastfed baby. However, a Doctor must be consulted before taking the drug.
  • Are there any missed dose instructions?

    The missed dose should be taken as soon possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it's already time for your next scheduled dose.
  • Are there any overdose instructions?

    Seek emergency medical treatment or contact your doctor in case of an overdose.
  • India

  • United States

  • Japan

Below is the list of medicines, which contains Ciprofloxacin as ingredient

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The active constituent of this medication belongs to the class fluoroquinolones. It works as a bactericidal by inhibiting the bacterial DNA gyrase enzyme, which is essential for DNA replication, transcription, repair, and recombination. This leads to expansion and destabilization of the bacterial DNA and causes cell death.

Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.

  • Interaction with Disease

    Liver Disease

    Any incidence of liver disease should be reported to the Doctor. Suitable adjustment in dosage can be done based on the extent of the liver impairment.

    Osteoporosis

    Suitable adjustment in dosage and duration should be made for patients who are at risk for Osteoporosis related fracture. Established treatment guidelines should be strictly followed in such cases.

    Hypomagnesemia

    Any incidences of magnesium level imbalance should be reported to the Doctor. The imbalance could occur due to a disease or due to other medication used by the patient. Regular monitoring is recommended for patients taking Ciprofloxacin.
  • Interaction with Alcohol

    Alcohol

    Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
  • Interaction with Lab Test

    Lab

    Information not available.
  • Interaction with Food

    Food

    Information not available.
  • Interaction with Medicine

    Nelfinavir

    Ciprofloxacin is not recommended for use when the patient is already taking anti-viral medications like Nelfinavir or other drugs used in the management of HIV Infection.

    Digoxin

    Ciprofloxacin should be used with caution if the patient is on Digoxin. Prior usage of any of these drugs should be informed to the Doctor. Any symptoms like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, disturbances in vision, and abnormalities in heartbeat should be reported immediately.

    Ketoconazole

    Usage of Ciprofloxacin with Ketoconazole or other antifungals of the same group should be avoided. Inform the doctor about the usage of either of these medications so that safer alternatives can be prescribed.

    Warfarin

    Usage of Ciprofloxacin with Warfarin should be strictly monitored by the Doctor. Suitable adjustment in dosage and monitoring of Prothrombin time is necessary to ensure safety. Any symptoms like unusual bleeding, swelling, vomiting, presence of blood in urine should be reported immediately.

    Methotrexate

    Ciprofloxacin should not be used with Methotrexate. Use of either of the drugs should be reported to the Doctor so that safer substitute could be prescribed.
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

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Table of Content
About Ciprofloxacin
What are the uses of Ciprofloxacin
What are the contraindications of Ciprofloxacin ?
What are the side effects of Ciprofloxacin ?
Key highlights of Ciprofloxacin
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Ciprofloxacin approved?
Medicines containing Ciprofloxacin
How does this medication work?
What are the interactions of Ciprofloxacin ?