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Overview

Plague - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Plague is a serious infection caused by bacteria, which is a deadly disease. Plague is also often referred as “black death”. This disease is caused by a bacterium strain known as Yersinia pestis. The Yersinia pestis bacteria is found on animals all over the world and is generally transmitted to humans through fleas.

The risk of this disease is more in areas that are overcrowded, have poor sanitation or have a large population of rodents. In the medieval ages this disease was responsible for killing millions of peoples in Europe. Although, nowadays death from plague are considerably low, with highest incidents reported in Africa. Plague is a very rapidly progressing disease, which if left untreated lead to death.

There are three basic forms of plague:

Bubonic Plague

This is the most common form of plague. This disease is contracted when someone gets infected with this bacteria from a flea bite or from an infected rodent. Rarely this disease can occur from materials that has come in contact with an infected person suffering from plague. Bubonic plague infects the immune system or the lymphatic system, which cause inflammation. If left untreated this disease can move into the bloodstream causing septicemic plague or into the respiratory system causing pneumonic plague.

Septicemic Plague

When the Yersinia pestis bacterium enters the blood circulatory system it multiplies over there and cause septicemic plague. When pneumonic and bubonic plagues are left untreated, it develops into this disease.

Pneumonic Plague

When the Yersinia pestis bacterium spreads inside the lungs, patients have pneumonic plague. This is the most lethal form of this disease. When patients infected with this kind of plague coughs, the Yersinia pestis bacterium from the patient’s lungs gets expelled into the air. Other people who breathe this air can also develop this form of plague. Pneumonic plague is the only type of plague that can be transmitted from one human to another. It is a highly contagious form of this disease. If doctors suspect that you have been infected with plague, the will check for the presence of Yersinia pestis bacteria in the patient’s body. While blood test are done for detecting septicemic plague, for bubonic plague, doctors take the sample of the fluid in the patient’s swollen lymph glands. Endoscopy is done on the patients suffering from pneumonic plague, for extracting the sample fluid from the patient’s airway.

Plague is most commonly treated with antibiotics. When this disease is suspected doctors generally start the medications even before the arrival of the laboratory reports.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread through the air or contaminated surfaces
Symptoms
Fever and chill along with severe headache. Trouble in breathing. Bloody sputum Diarrhea along with abdominal pain and extreme weakness.

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Dr. Jagdish Prasad Mehrotra 89% (1444 ratings)
MBBS, D.P.H
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Dr. A. K Jain 89% (396 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
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Can Genital Tract Infections Lead to Infertility?
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Popular Questions & Answers

What are the symptoms of plague. I have a doubt that I am suffering from this disease because my street & my house is full of rats / mice .so I want your help to suggest me plz.

Dr. Surbhi Agrawal 91% (18108 ratings)
PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
Symptoms include swollen lymph nodes, which can be as large as chicken eggs, in the groin, armpit or neck. They may be tender and warm. Others include fever, chills, headache, fatigue and muscle aches.
1 person found this helpful

I am having yellow teeth with yellowish plague/tartar deposit. I got to know about scaling from internet. Is there a side effect with it regarding sensitivity to hot and cold temperature. If yes, then for many days? I do not drink or smoke.

Dr. Purva Jingar 91% (468 ratings)
BDS
Dentist, Jaipur
Hello There are no side effects of scaling. They are safe and helpful. Sensitivity comes when some kind of deposit is removed from the gum or teeth because that part becomes free for environment and can sense the touch of air and surroundings. It will last for few days and then will adapt the normal temperature. Regards

I see yellow plague forming around my teeth. Its been 2 months and I thought it would decrease. But its been increasing day by day.

BDS
Dentist, Delhi
Hi For better looking teeth, the first and most important thing is that you teeth should be clean, and free from plaque (accumulated food debris) and stains. For that, you must get professional scaling/cleaning done from a dentist. The tooth brush cannot reach all the surfaces of every tooth and therefore some areas remain unclean. Over time, the soft food debris hardens and turns into a more adherent, hard form called calculus, which can be removed only be a professional dentist. Also, along with cleaning of the teeth, antibacterial mouth washes are generally prescribed. For more specific answers, kindly consult me privately on librate. Regards.

I am suffering from plague from many years and now one of my teeth got a hole on it. I am really worried now. Pls suggest me what to do now.

Dr. Shahnawaz Ismail 91% (265 ratings)
BDS
Dentist, Jaunpur
Plaque and calculus are one problem for which you need oral prophylaxis or in short cleaning of tooth hole is called cavity which need to b filled as soon as possible to limit it other wise serious problem may occur.

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