Orthopedic physiotherapy treatment is essential to restore the patient's activity, strength and motion, right after injuries or surgery. Orthopedic patients typically have deficiencies and weaknesses, which could be eliminated or at least alleviated through particular targeted workouts. Only a specialized physical therapist can show the patient and teach him/her the appropriate workouts designed to restore and enhance functions or even to help minimize the problems.
An orthopaedist is a doctor who corrects all the functional abnormalities of the bones with surgery, casting and bracing. He/she also specializes in treating bone injuries. Orthopedic surgery is the branch of surgery that is concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumours, and congenital disorders. As such, an orthopedic surgeon is a surgeon who has been educated and trained in the diagnosis and preoperative, operative, and postoperative treatment of diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system.
While orthopaedic surgeons are familiar with all aspects of the musculoskeletal system, many orthopaedists specialize in certain areas, such as the foot and ankle, hand, shoulder and elbow, spine, hip or knee. They may also choose to focus on specific fields such as in the areas of paediatrics, trauma, reconstructive surgery, oncology (bone tumours) or sports medicine. An orthopaedic surgeon has extensive training in the proper diagnosis and non-surgical and surgical treatment of injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system.