Kidneys form the base on which the human body does waste elimination. Although renal failure is not exactly a disease, it can lead to many complications that can be life-threatening as the waste gets accumulated. The medical field has made discoveries that it is possible for a person to live with one kidney when the other kidney fails. The Kidney Transplant Treatment is based on this principle. Kidney transplant surgery or a renal transplant needs a kidney donation, and the Nephrologist would check the compatibility of the donor's kidney before the treatment is performed. The donor kidney can be obtained either from a live person or a deceased person. In the case of a live person, the preferred donor can be a blood relation of the patient as there are high chances that the kidney would be compatible easily. In the Kidney Transplant Treatment, the donated kidney is placed surgically inside the patient's body. This is a major surgery, and post-operative care should be followed religiously. The patient has to take Immune-suppressing medications for a period as the body would treat the new kidney as a foreign agent and attack it. Once the body gets accustomed to the new kidney, the medications can be stopped. In rare cases there is a complete chance that body will reject the entire organ. But this happens rarely, and a successful transplant can prolong a life activity of the person by many years.