Hydrotherapy or hydropathy is a procedure to treat arthritis using water for treatment and pain relief. It is also known as water cure in rheumatic conditions. Hydrotherapy is not similar to swimming as there are special exercises referred by the physiotherapist in the pool. Hydrotherapy is considered alternative medicine in naturopathy, occupational therapy and physiotherapy. Hydrotherapy treatment is beneficial for acne, arthritis, sports injuries, back and shoulder pain, weakness and fatigue, colds, depression, headaches, stomach problems, joint, muscle, and nerve problems, sleep disorders, and stress. The success of hydrotherapy treatment is different with each individual as every person responds in various ways. The temperature of the pool is maintained during the therapy to avoid any discomfort to the patient. The hydrotherapy is executed by a physiotherapist who will suggest exercises on one to one basis. It is mandatory for the therapist to be aware of the medical history of the patient along with the physical condition and fitness level for the therapy. This therapy is most advisable for colon cleansing and colon hydrotherapy. In many cases the hydrotherapy treatment may be treated in spa water as hydrotherapy has maximum benefits regardless of the water used. The therapy includes various sessions of exercises in the pool till the desired results are achieved. This is the most preferred treatment as it has no side effects and is non-surgical in nature. The benefits of the treatment are felt at the initial stages of rehabilitation and helps motivate the patient for commitment and dedication to achieve targeted results.