Actinomycosis is a long-term infection that causes sores, or abscesses, in the body's soft tissues. Actinomycosis is usually found in the mouth, nose, throat, lungs, stomach and intestine. Actinomycosis rarely appears elsewhere in the body. However, it can spread from the initial infected area to other parts of the body if illness or injury damages your tissue. Actinomycosis isn't contagious. It's primarily found in the tropical areas of the world. Actinomycosis is usually diagnosed through a fluid or tissue sample from the affected area. The general physician uses a microscope to check the sample for Actinomyces bacteria. Any such bacteria appear as yellowish granules. Antibiotics are the primary treatment for actinomycosis infection. High doses of penicillin are usually necessary to cure the infection. In most cases of actinomycosis, antimicrobial therapy is the only treatment required, although surgery can be adjunctive in selected cases. Penicillin G is the drug of choice for treating infections caused by actinomycosis. The preferred Actinomycosis Medication for treating actinomycosisarebenzylpenicillin, which is used for the antibiotic injections, and amoxicillin tablets. One of the best ways to prevent actinomycosis is to practice good oral hygiene. If you get proper treatment for actinomycosis, it's highly curable and you'll likely make a full recovery. Notify your doctor immediately if you have the symptoms of actinomycosis. Early, aggressive treatment decreases your likelihood of developing long-term complications and requiring surgery.