Carotid artery disease is also called carotid artery stenosis. The term refers to the narrowing of the carotid arteries. This narrowing is usually caused by the build-up of fatty substances and cholesterol deposits, called plaque. Carotid artery occlusion refers to complete blockage of the artery. When the carotid arteries are obstructed, there are high chances of a stroke and death.
HOW IS CAROTID ARTERY DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Early diagnosis by a cardiologist includes listening to the arteries in the neck by using a stethoscope for a swishing sound called a bruit. The additional tests used are:
2. CT Angiography
3. Head CT Scan
4. MRI scan
5. Cerebral Angiogram
HOW IS CAROTID ARTERY DISEASE TREATED?
Treatment of carotid artery disease is done through healthy lifestyle changes, medication and medical procedures. Eating heart healthy food, quitting smoking and drinking, stress and weight management, and regular exercises are some lifestyle changes that help in treating carotid artery disease. Medical procedures involve surgical removal of the blocks in the arteries.
DID YOU KNOW?
Patients suffering from hypertension, diabetes and high cholesterol are also at risk.