Narcolepsy is a chronic nerve disease caused by the brain's inability to regulate the sleep-wake cycle. Patients fall asleep all of a sudden at daytime and nighttime sleep is interrupted by a disturbed sleep cycle. Symptoms can also include insomnia and waking up early in the morning. The exact reasons behind the disorder has not yet been identified but researchers have deemed genetic anomalies and reduction of hypocretin in the brain as primary causes. It is of two types, narcolepsy with cataplexy and narcolepsy without cataplexy.
HOW IS NARCOLEPSY IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED?
2.8% of 712 people in India including children suffer from narcolepsy.