MELAS syndrome is the abbreviated name of a disease that presents a number of symptoms including stroke-like episodes. It is caused by defects in the mitochondrial genome and is inherited from the female parent only. However, it can manifest itself in both the sexes. The disease affects multiple organ systems, including the brain, the nervous system and the vascular system. No treatment has been discovered for the condition, which eventually results in death.
HOW IS MELAS SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
A buildup of lactic acid in the blood due to the disease can cause muscle weakness, extreme tiredness and difficulty in breathing.