Mania is sometimes conceived as similar to depression. The term literally means madness frenzy. Mania is characterized by heightened mood, which can be either irritable or euphoric. As mania worsens, the irritability experienced by the patient becomes prominent and may lead to violence. Symptoms like high self-esteem, lack of sleep, the pressure to keep talking, flights of thoughts or ideas, psychomotor agitation, lack of concentration and involving oneself in activities that can cause painful consequences are seen in mania. The exact cause of this disorder is not known.
HOW IS MANIA DIAGNOSED?
In the current DSM-5 nomenclature, hypomanic episodes are separated from full manic episodes.