Damage caused by high blood pressure to the blood vessels of the retina, result in a condition called Hypertensive Retinopathy. It restricts the proper functioning of the retina leading to vision impairment. No such symptoms are observed in the early stages. However, eye swelling, bursting of a blood vessel, double vision, headache and reduced vision may be experienced in later stages. The main reasons behind the development of such a condition are -prolonged high blood pressure, lack of physical activity, obesity, stress and excessive intake of salt.
HOW IS HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
3–14% of adults above the age of 40, show symptoms of this condition even without hypertension.