Hypercholesterolemia is an inherited condition causing high levels of cholesterol in blood. This condition can cause atherosclerosis and increase chances of heart attack. The signs and symptoms include angina from heart disease, xanthoma which are fatty skin deposits on elbows, buttocks, knees and tendons and cholesterol depositing around eyelids and corneas. Genetic mutations in chromosome 19 results in this condition. A diet rich in saturated fats, smoking, high BP and a family history of heart disease increases the risk of developing this condition.
HOW IS HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA DIAGNOSED?
Limiting consumption of lamb, beef, chicken and pork and switching to low-fat dairy products can help reduce the level of cholesterol.