Hair loss can affect the head as well as the whole body. The cause of hair loss can be genetics, hormonal fluctuations and being on certain types of medications. There are various forms of hair loss categorized according to their causes. Some of the signs of hair loss are gradual thinning of hair, an increasing hairline, split ends and loosening of hair follicles. Alopecia and pattern baldness are some of the types of hair loss.
HOW IS FEMALE HAIR LOSS DIAGNOSED?
Excessive styling or improper use of hair-styling products can cause hair loss in women.
Hair loss is commonly associated with men. Women however also suffer from this condition in which they lose more than 100-150 strands of hair regularly. Hair loss can be short-term and long-term. In short-term hair loss, the hair fall is temporary and can usually be remedied if diagnosed correctly on time. Long-term hair loss requires more stringent treatment and care.
The medical term for excessive hair loss is alopecia. Androgenic alopecia or Female Pattern Baldness causes thinning of the hair on all portions of the scalp. Mainly genetic in nature, androgenic alopecia may be caused by the following hormonal factors:
• Predominance of androgens or male hormones in the female body
• Hormonal fluctuation as in the case of PCOS, pregnancy and menopause
• Intake of oral contraceptive pills
• Presence of the DHT which causes a shrinkage of hair follicles
Other conditions of hair fall include:
• Telogen Effluvium: This is a chronic condition that develops from 6 weeks - 3 months after a traumatic experience like malnutrition, extreme stress, severe infection, major invasive surgery, childbirth etc. At its worst stage, the patient may lose a handful of hair.
• Anagen Effluvium: Usually associated with chemotherapy, anagen effluvium results from the impairment of the metabolic activity of the hair follicles. Immediately after chemotherapy begins, the patient may lose up to ninety percent of her hair.
• Traction alopecia: This condition develops because of prolonged exertion of pressure at the hair follicles. Tight hairstyles, braiding, tight ponytails, weaving cornrows and hair extensions are usually responsible.
• Alopecia Areata: In this condition, hair falls out from a single area on the scalp to create a round or oval shaped bald patch that grows gradually. It is considered to be an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system of the body attacks the hair growth systems causing the death of healthy hair follicles and preventing further hair growth.
Excessive hairfall is always an indication of some health problem. Given below are the reasons for hairfall:
• Hereditary factors.
• Iron deficiency anaemia.
• Unhealthy scalp including dandruff, psoriasis, and/or fungal infections like ringworm.
• Excessive hair styling.
While it is impossible to prevent hair loss altogether, there a few home remedies for hair growth. These home remedies for hair growth not only an answer to our questions on how to stop hairfall but also ensure a very healthy mane:
• Intake of beta-carotene, iron, zinc and vitamin supplements.
• Include beetroots in your daily diet.
• Apply aloe vera gel to the scalp every night and drink two tablespoons of aloe vera juice every day.
• Apply a mixture of 10 drops of rosemary extract and 5 drops of nettle extract to the scalp once, every day.
• Apply arnica cream or ointment to the scalp. You may also dilute arnica tincture with warm water and use it to wash your hair.
• Massage your head with jojoba/olive/almond/coconut oil once a week.
• Mix one tablespoon of amla juice with one tablespoon lemon juice and massage it onto your scalp. Leave overnight before shampooing the next day.
• Make a paste of soaked fenugreek seeds and apply it to your head. Shampoo your hair after 40 minutes.
• Apply onion juice on your head an hour before shampoo. You may also mix it with two tablespoons of aloe vera gel or one tablespoon of olive oil.
• Apply the paste of ground licorice roots, saffron and a cup of milk to the scalp and leave overnight. Wash your hair off the next morning.
• Boil coconut oil in which 10 chinese hibiscus flowers have been added till the flowers are charred. Strain the solution and apply to the scalp a night before shampoo.
• Consume one tablespoon of flaxseeds regularly. You may also apply flaxseed oil to your scalp.
• Massage coconut milk to your hair.
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