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Weight Management Counseling Tips

Preparing to Get Pregnant: Preconception Counselling!

Dr. Minu Pandey Shah 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology, DGO
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Preparing to Get Pregnant: Preconception Counselling!

There is no better feeling than the movement of life inside you. Bearing a baby is no easy feat. Caring for your health before you become pregnant is very important for you and your bundle of joy. Preconception care and counseling will empower you to gear up for pregnancy. The goal of preconception counseling is to check for potential risks to you and your baby during pregnancy and address them well in advance before you get pregnant.

It is all about becoming your healthiest self both physically and mentally before you take the plunge. Planning for your pregnancy will help you make healthy choices and you can start out the right way by getting a preconception counseling appointment with your health care provider.

What happens at a Preconception Counselling?

It is the perfect time for you to discuss with your doctor about any concerns you have in your mind. Here are the things that are most likely to be discussed:

  1. Reproductive History – Your history related to your reproductive health can include your previous pregnancies, menstrual history, contraceptive use, vaginal infections or sexually transmitted diseases.
  2. Medical History – This constitutes of any health problems you have now and can get in under control before you get pregnant. Also, your family health history including diabetes, hypertension and more can be discussed.
  3. Surgical History – Have you had any surgeries done before for any complications? It is very important to let you gynecologist know about the same.
  4. Current Medications – Have you taking any prescribed or over the counter medicines, supplements or herbal medicines? If yes, it is best to speak with a doctor as certain medicines can lead to birth defects so talk to your doctor about them.
  5. Home and Workplace Environment – Are you facing any hazards from environmental factors that will deter your ability to get pregnant or maintain a healthy pregnancy?
  6. Weight ManagementIt is good to have an ideal weight before you get pregnant to avoid complications during pregnancy.
  7. Lifestyle Factors – Your diet, caffeine intake, exercise and other lifestyle habits should be discussed. The goal is to help you stop any unhealthy habits that could stand in your way towards a healthy pregnancy.
  8. Prenatal Vitamins – Even before you conceive, it's good to take these vitamins in order to prevent birth or neural tube defects. Your doctor will help you choose the right one at the right dosage.

Tests Performed During Preconception Counselling

  1. Physical Exam – Tests like pap smear, pelvic exam and more can be done to assess where you stand.
  2. Lab Tests – Blood test to detect any abnormalities can be taken into account
  3. Menstrual Cycles – It is good to chart your menstrual cycles to help you detect ovulation and determine the time to get pregnant

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4308 people found this helpful

Why Counselling Is Required To Manage Old Age Problems?

Dr. G B Singh 86% (10 ratings)
Consultant Dyslexia, Autism & Child Psychologist. Consultant Clinical & Mental Health Psychologist., Post Masters Doc in Behavioural Medicine , Post Masters Doc Psychology
Psychologist, Noida
Why Counselling Is Required To Manage Old Age Problems?

Old age is the most fathomed stage of any human’s lifecycle. By the time all the hair are greyish white, teeth are weak, and falling off; there is almost nothing left to fuel the sparks of desire to live. It is scientifically proven that during old age an average human faces the maximum amount of problems.

When an individual is all old and wise, they often become victims of various psychological conditions, which include depression, loneliness, and anxiety. All these terms are overlooked as they are old people waiting for the death, but what their children and younger ones, fail to realize is that all they need is a little bit of g
uidance and counseling to feel better and stay happy and content till their last breath.

Why is counseling required in old age?

  • To get rid of the depressive lows: When a person turns old, he/she is compelled to let go of numerous things that he/she never wanted to live without. Some of these include—they are forced to retire from their job, they are distanced from their family, and they become entirely obsolete with no purpose for continuing their lives. All these situations often make the elderly feel that there is nothing left for them anymore. It makes them feel sad and depressed and at the same time might make them lonely. They know that they are not physically fit for the job, but they still have a feeling of uselessness deep down in their heart.
  • To rev up social interaction: By going to a counselor, the old people can speak their hearts out, feel connected to someone, and can seek help for the things that no one could understand. Counselors can suggest them activities that include social interaction and more, that could use up their free time and keep them occupied. They can recommend small yet efficient and meaningful exercises, which include reading books or watching movies to keep their mind diverted and distracted. A counselor can do wonders and provide excellent facilities, as well.
  • To get help in case of traumas: Counseling is also essential in case of individuals who have suffered a significant trauma in their old age. This includes losing a family member in some accident or being entirely neglected by one's own family. Even in India, many families consider their parents and grandparents to be a burden and send them to old age homes without thinking how they would feel. In such cases, counseling becomes essential to ensure that our elders have a stable mind and are satisfied with the life they have led.

Counseling at old age is not a shameful thing or activity in vain. It is very much essential to ensure that our elders are confident and happy during their last stage of life.

Types Of Counselling

Dr. Richika Sahay Shukla 92% (827 ratings)
DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Types Of Counselling

Types Of Counselling

Therapeutic counselling: Aims to help people cope with the consequences of infertility and treatment and to help resolve issues which may be caused from a diagnosis of infertility. It includes helping people adjust expectations and move towards acceptance of their individual situation.

Decision making counselling: At significant points during treatment, people may require counselling to help them make decisions involving their management of their treatment.

Supportive counselling: Provides emotional support and assistance to people at times of high stress.

Crisis counselling: Is available to people who experience a crisis or adverse outcome whilst undertaking treatment.

Implications counselling: Counselling is available to enable people to understand the implications of their treatment involving themselves, their family or children born as a result of treatment.

Marriage Counselling

Dr. G B Singh 86% (10 ratings)
Consultant Dyslexia, Autism & Child Psychologist. Consultant Clinical & Mental Health Psychologist., Post Masters Doc in Behavioural Medicine , Post Masters Doc Psychology
Psychologist, Noida
Marriage Counselling

Marriage is perhaps the most important relation in an adult’s life. That’s why it needs extra care and attention, especially when things are not exactly gung ho. This is where marriage or marital therapy comes in.

Marriage counseling is the process of counseling the married couple to recognize and to reconcile or at least manage differences and repeating patterns of stress upon the marital relationship.

Basic practices of marital therapy

  1. The basic practices of marital therapy focus primarily on the process of communicating. Counselors use a method called active listening.
  2. Another method used is called “Cinematic immersion”. Both these methods have one important thing in common- they help counselors create a safe environment where each partner can express feelings and hear the feelings of the other.
  3. Emotionally focused therapy for couples or EFT-C is also used. This is based on attachment theory and uses emotion as an agent of change and target, both.
  4. Behavioral couples’ therapy is another method used. It is actually a proven way out of marital discord. This method focuses on integrating the twin goals of acceptance and change for couples in therapy.

The successful couples usually make concrete changes to accommodate the needs of the partner and also show greater emotional acceptance of the other.

Role of the relationship counselor
A couple therapist is usually someone with a degree in psychiatry or counseling. And her primary role is to listen, understand and facilitate better communication between the couple. The counselor also:

  1. Provides a confidential tete-a tete, which normalizes feelings
  2. Enables each partner to be heard and to hear themselves
  3. Works as a mirror to reflect the marriage’s difficulties to the partners
  4. Outlines the potential and direction for change
  5. Delivers important information
  6. Improves communication
  7. Identifies the repetitive, negative interaction cycle that drives a problematic marriage as a pattern
  8. Understands the source of emotions behind that negative pattern
  9. Re-organizes these key emotional responses to offset the pattern
  10. Creates new patterns of interaction
  11. Increases emotional attachment between partners

When should you seek marital therapy?

  1. When you avoid communicating or your communication has become negative- This usually means bad language, verbal abuse, and sometimes physical abuse.
  2. When you or your partner have sought out other sexual partners – Marital therapy can save a marriage after an affair if both partners want and work out the kinks in their relationship.
  3. Lack of intimacy in the marriage- This is the stage when partners just occupy the same space without communication, or exchange of feelings or touch.

Marriage counseling is a long process. And another thing to remember is that it can’t save a marriage that is unsalvageable. So, go in for marital therapy with an aim to do what’s the best for you and your partner. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.

2815 people found this helpful

Career Counselling And Role Of Psychology!

Ms. Ekta Singh 91% (383 ratings)
MA - Psychology, M-Phill Psychology, B.Ed, C.I.G, ECCE, B.A. Psychology
Psychologist, Ghaziabad
Career Counselling And Role Of Psychology!

Career counselling can be defined as a process that helps an individual to gain an understanding of oneself and the various interests to make a firm decision about the career choice and further education plans. It helps in managing a variety of problems such as managing time, help in increasing the concentration levels, resolving various conflicts between parents and children in a family regarding what profession should a child choose.

Career counselling is required by everyone at one point in time as it helps in gaining an insight and hence illuminates us regarding our career opportunities and various improvements that a person can make. There are different roles performed by the career counsellors which are mentioned below:

  1. They help in making the correct assessment of aptitude, personality, interests and other aspects of an individual.
  2. It helps an individual to gain access to the resources and knowledge that are possessed by career expert.
  3. It helps in gaining confidence to cross the hurdles in one’s life and give a right direction with respect to different aspects of one’s life be it maintaining social relationships, personal life or any other career problem.
  4. It helps in modifying the abnormal behavioural patterns, especially in case of children. These behavioural patterns may involve the procrastination, ignorance of one’s mental and emotional health, low self-esteem etc. A career counsellor helps in correcting these behavioural patterns and makes a person indulge in more productive activities at any place.
  5. It helps in connecting students to the professionals having extensive experiences in life to share.

Psychology has played a very prominent role in counselling. Other than handling emotional difficulties, counselling follows a more holistic approach in dealing with various issues. Psychology is an integrated part of the field like career counselling where more emphasis is given upon the understanding thoughts and feelings of others. The roles like performing personality assessments require the knowledge of psychology where a person should have a detailed knowledge of different theoretical perspectives of personality and other underlying principles.

Hence, to work as a counsellor, you should have a professional educational qualification in psychiatry, psychology, or social work. The career counsellors have to be very effective in dealing with people; therefore they should be having good communication skills and should be able to establish rapport with the clients. They should be having the good connection with the education institutions such as schools, colleges, etc. The practitioners should be able to handle associations of large or small groups. They should be willing to take initiatives and work as a team. They should be flexible while dealing with different people and working on various aspects. They should have a good adaptability with respect to changes that take place in the environment.

Therefore, career counselling is not just a matter of good communication but a lot more than that. It involves a variety of skills and knowledge to deal with people’s problems. Also, knowledge of psychology is very much essential for being a career counsellor. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2738 people found this helpful

How Can Counselling Help A Patient With Tinnitus?

Dr. S M Gupta 92% (14 ratings)
MS - ENT, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
ENT Specialist, Ghaziabad
How Can Counselling Help A Patient With Tinnitus?

A patient suffering from tinnitus will experience a sensation of ringing in the ears. However, during this time they may also hear certain sounds such as whistling, clicking or hissing sounds. These sounds can keep either be episodic or regular. There isn’t any cure for the condition of tinnitus but the symptoms can be managed. Most people get used to the ringing sensation over a period of time. For many others tinnitus can cause insomnia, can make concentrating troublesome and can also lead to depression and or anxiety.

The noise that is heard in tinnitus by the patient is generally exclusive. Patient suffering with tinnitus will hear either low or high-pitched ringing noise. This is indicative of a severe condition. The volume keeps fluctuating and most likely affects a person during the night. In severe cases, a person can even lose his ability to hear.

Tinnitus involves disturbance within the auditory system and is resistant to a range of treatments. Tinnitus can be quite difficult to treat and therefore, counselling can be a way of dealing with it. This is because those who suffer from tinnitus can experience extreme levels of emotional imbalance, trouble sleeping, trouble concentrating, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and disruption of one’s social life.

How can counselling help?
Counselling aids in lowering the negative effects of the condition and enables the patients to comprehend their situation better. By coming to terms with their condition, it can markedly lower the disturbance levels.
Counselling is very important for treating tinnitus. The counselling method makes use of sessions that involve advising, empowering and informing the patients who are in need of support. The main aim of helping a tinnitus patient with counselling is either to reduce the severity of condition itself or to help a patient deal with his or her annoyance that arises out of suffering from the condition.

You should consult a trained psychologist if you think you are suffer from the condition. The degree of counselling is also dependent on the environment. A tinnitus management therapy primarily aims to reduce the stress caused on the patient’s life. These include psycho-educational approach that can be either carried out in single sessions or in groups. The psycho-education approach comprises maintaining sleeping hygiene, relaxation techniques and providing training for controlling attention.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2427 people found this helpful

6 Reasons For You To Consider Pre-Marital Counselling!

Dr. Syed Saquib 92% (101 ratings)
M.B.B.S, D.P.M, M.A (Clinical Psychology)
Psychiatrist, Nagpur
6 Reasons For You To Consider Pre-Marital Counselling!

Marriage is a life-long commitment. Premarital Counseling is a therapy that serves to help couples prepare for their wedlock. It aids in ensuring that you and your partner forge a healthy and a strong relationship in the long run making way for a successful, happy and a satisfying marriage. It also helps you in spotting out the weaknesses early that can later magnify into troubles muddling up your conjugal life. The sessions are usually conducted by licensed and qualified therapists when a couple is considering marriage or are about to get into marriage.

Why is pre-marital counseling at all necessary?

  1. Matching all Aspects: Through this sort of counseling, couples are motivated to initiate conversation pertaining to marriage such as anger management, devoting time for each other, decision-making, family relationships, parenting and children, sex and affection, marital roles, ethics and beliefs, communication and finances.

  2. Communication and Conflict Resolution: Pre-marital Counseling helps partners in improving their ability to communicate with each other, setting sensible marriage goals, as well as skillfully resolving conflicts. In addition to these, premarital counseling also seeks to create a positive attitude for your conjugal life.

  3. Acclimatizing: Remember that you carry your own history, opinions, and values in a relationship and they might vary with your partner who has had an entirely different life with their own and unique experiences. Adjusting to each other as different human beings can be quite a task in itself. Marriage counseling helps in acclimatizing, accepting to the bad and good parts of both the partners.

  4. Becoming a support for each other: Most people rush into marriage to gratify their financial, social, emotional, and sexual needs, but such a mind set is always a gamble. You may hit it off greatly with you partner and then have troubles later on. Clearing out your expectations and bridging the differences prior to marriage would enhance your understanding of each other. This way you can become a source of great support for each other.

  5. Break the pattern: Both or one of you might belong to a divorced or a dysfunctional family where manipulation and fighting was the norm. Premarital Counseling can actually help you to come out of your fear and make peace with your past so that the mistakes of your parents aren’t repeated in your life.

  6. Averting divorce: Owing to the modern lifestyle, the chances of divorce are rising with each passing day. Therefore, early intervention is indeed the need of the hour. Premarital counseling can help you pinpoint areas of major concern and work to resolve them or work around them to avoid issues which may balloon and end up in a worst case scenario for a marriage, which is divorce.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2575 people found this helpful

How Is Counselling Beneficial For Your Regular Life?

Dr. Prem Chand 88% (2810 ratings)
MBBS, Craniosacral Balancing, Quantum Touch, Visceral manipulation
Pain Management Specialist, Panchkula
How Is Counselling Beneficial For Your Regular Life?

Stress and anxiety are good to some extent. When they go beyond a limit, things go for a toss. With lifestyle changes, several people go through severe stress and anxiety that results in psychological trauma. Some people can cope with the issues themselves, while others feel completely stuck in an emotional turmoil under a mountain of difficulties.

Is managing such a mental trauma possible? It is indeed possible if you reach out to skilled professionals who can counsel you by building your mental strength and increasing positive vibes in you.

Offering unconditional support
When a person is going through a stressful situation or emotional crisis, and it becomes incredibly difficult to find a clear path forward, counseling can be the answer. It can empower one to seek help and look for inner strength, which will help in untangling all the problems that they face.

One of the primary roles played by counselors is that they help their clients in strengthening their inner support systems. Counseling can help in understanding the importance of healthy support systems and how an individual can create such a system without any external help. Counseling in day-to-day life can create a safe and supportive environment where the affected individual can grow and heal while learning how to deal with everyday problems.

Limitless Acceptance
Counselors strive to be unbiased and accepting. This allows patients to explore the unanswered questions in their life in a safe environment. The best part of the relationship between a counselor and their client lies in the fact that it is a one-dimensional relationship, where the counselor focuses on offering emotional and moral support to the client without asking for anything in return. The relationship between a counselor and client is confidential, which allows them to talk and discuss freely without the fear of judgment. This confidentiality and creation of a safe space are instrumental in creating positive change.

Making the much-awaited changes
Counselors have been trained in creating a clear path forward for their clients. As a result, counseling in regular life can help in discovering everything that may aid an individual to move forward effectively. Counselors can understand what helps people in changing their outlook towards life.

These are some of the key areas that demonstrate why counseling in regular life is essential. It is crucial to seek help right when the need arises instead of ignoring it to the extent that it starts affecting one’s life adversely. The relationship that a person shares with his or her counselor is uniquely structured as per the demands and desires of each individual.

To understand and see how counseling can bring about a positive change, it is necessary to talk to a counselor in person. It is also necessary to get rid of the mental stigma that counseling is only for those who have a problem. Counseling is for everyone who needs a space to talk. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2638 people found this helpful

Pre-marital Counselling - Why is it Necessary?

Dr. Akshata Bhat 97% (2094 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Pre-marital Counselling - Why is it Necessary?

Marriage is a life-long commitment. Premarital Counseling is a therapy that serves to help couples prepare for their wedlock. It aids in ensuring that you and your partner forge a healthy and a strong relationship in the long run making way for a successful, happy and a satisfying marriage. It also helps you in spotting out the weaknesses early that can later magnify into troubles muddling up your conjugal life. The sessions are usually conducted by licensed and qualified therapists when a couple is considering marriage or are about to get into marriage.

Why is pre-marital counseling at all necessary?

  1. Matching all Aspects: Through this sort of counseling, couples are motivated to initiate conversation pertaining to marriage such as anger management, devoting time for each other, decision-making, family relationships, parenting and children, sex and affection, marital roles, ethics and beliefs, communication and finances.

  2. Communication and Conflict Resolution: Pre-marital Counseling helps partners in improving their ability to communicate with each other, setting sensible marriage goals, as well as skillfully resolving conflicts. In addition to these, premarital counseling also seeks to create a positive attitude for your conjugal life.

  3. Acclimatizing: Remember that you carry your own history, opinions, and values in a relationship and they might vary with your partner who has had an entirely different life with their own and unique experiences. Adjusting to each other as different human beings can be quite a task in itself. Marriage counseling helps in acclimatizing, accepting to the bad and good parts of both the partners.

  4. Becoming a support for each other: Most people rush into marriage to gratify their financial, social, emotional, and sexual needs, but such a mind set is always a gamble. You may hit it off greatly with you partner and then have troubles later on. Clearing out your expectations and bridging the differences prior to marriage would enhance your understanding of each other. This way you can become a source of great support for each other.

  5. Break the pattern: Both or one of you might belong to a divorced or a dysfunctional family where manipulation and fighting was the norm. Premarital Counseling can actually help you to come out of your fear and make peace with your past so that the mistakes of your parents aren’t repeated in your life.

  6. Averting divorce: Owing to the modern lifestyle, the chances of divorce are rising with each passing day. Therefore, early intervention is indeed the need of the hour. Premarital counseling can help you pinpoint areas of major concern and work to resolve them or work around them to avoid issues which may balloon and end up in a worst case scenario for a marriage, which is divorce.

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a specilized psychologist and ask a free question.

2564 people found this helpful

Marriage Counselling - How The Counsellor Will Help You?

Ph.D Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Ranchi
Marriage Counselling - How The Counsellor Will Help You?

Marriage is perhaps the most important relation in an adult’s life. That’s why it needs extra care and attention, especially when things are not exactly gung ho. This is where marriage or marital therapy comes in. 
Marriage counseling is the process of counseling the married couple to recognize and to reconcile or at least manage differences and repeating patterns of stress upon the marital relationship.

Basic practices of marital therapy

  1. The basic practices of marital therapy focus primarily on the process of communicating. Counselors use a method called active listening.
  2. Another method used is called “Cinematic immersion”. Both these methods have one important thing in common- they help counselors create a safe environment where each partner can express feelings and hear the feelings of the other.
  3. Emotionally focused therapy for couples or EFT-C is also used. This is based on attachment theory and uses emotion as an agent of change and target, both.
  4. Behavioral couples’ therapy is another method used. It is actually a proven way out of marital discord. This method focuses on integrating the twin goals of acceptance and change for couples in therapy.

The successful couples usually make concrete changes to accommodate the needs of the partner and also show greater emotional acceptance of the other.

Role of the relationship counselor
A couple therapist is usually someone with a degree in psychiatry or counseling. And her primary role is to listen, understand and facilitate better communication between the couple. The counselor also:

  1. Provides a confidential tete-a tete, which normalizes feelings
  2. Enables each partner to be heard and to hear themselves
  3. Works as a mirror to reflect the marriage’s difficulties to the partners
  4. Outlines the potential and direction for change
  5. Delivers important information
  6. Improves communication
  7. Identifies the repetitive, negative interaction cycle that drives a problematic marriage as a pattern
  8. Understands the source of emotions behind that negative pattern
  9. Re-organizes these key emotional responses to offset the pattern
  10. Creates new patterns of interaction
  11. Increases emotional attachment between partners

When should you seek marital therapy?

  1. When you avoid communicating or your communication has become negative- This usually means bad language, verbal abuse, and sometimes physical abuse.
  2. When you or your partner have sought out other sexual partners – Marital therapy can save a marriage after an affair if both partners want and work out the kinks in their relationship.
  3. Lack of intimacy in the marriage- This is the stage when partners just occupy the same space without communication, or exchange of feelings or touch.

Marriage counseling is a long process. And another thing to remember is that it can’t save a marriage that is unsalvageable. So, go in for marital therapy with an aim to do what’s the best for you and your partner.

2903 people found this helpful
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