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Overview

Ulcerative Colitis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Ulcerative colitis is an IBD (Inflammatory Bowel Disease). Inflammatory Bowel Disease comprises of a group of illnesses that affects the GI (Gastro-Intestinal) tract. Ulcerative colitis happens when the lining in the colon or bowel (large intestine) and the rectum gets inflamed. This inflammation on the GI tract, produces tiny sores known as ulcers on the whole lining of the colon. These ulcers generally develop in the rectum and then spreads upward. Ulcerative colitis rarely affects the small intestine.

This inflammation on the GI tract, causes the bowel to move its contents rapidly and empty frequently. Due to this disease as the cells on the surface of the bowel lining dies, it causes ulcers. These ulcers also often cause bleeding and discharge mucus and pus. Ulcerative colitis can affect people of all ages. However, it’s more common in people who are between 15 and 30 or between 50 and 70.

The cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown. In the past, though researchers were of the opinion that stress is one of the major causes of this disease, but of late researchers focuses on the heredity factors and immune system as a possible cause for this disease. It’s believed that you’re at a risk of getting affected by this disease if someone in your close family members also has his condition. This disease can develop in anyone of any race, but it has found that ulcerative colitis is more common in Ashkenazi Jews and Caucasians.

People suffering from this disease have increased risks of developing colon cancer. So most of the time doctor’s perform a colonoscopy on the patients affected with this disease, to check for cancer, if you are diagnosed with this disease. This screening lowers the risk of colon cancer, since it can detect the precancerous cells early and help in prognosis of the disease. Some of the complications found among the patients suffering from ulcerative colitis are sepsis, severe dehydration, thickening of the intestinal wall, swelling of the colon, hepatic disease, intestinal bleeding, inflammations of the joints and eyes, formation of kidney stones, ankylosing spondylitis and development of a hole in the colon.

As ulcerative colitis mimics the symptoms of other bowel ailments like Crohn’s disease, doctors run multiple tests to rule out other conditions while diagnosing this malady. In general stool tests, endoscopy, colonoscopy, biopsy, barium enema and blood tests are done to confirm the presence of this disease.

Blood tests that check for a high level of the C-reactive protein in done for determining the possibility of this disease.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Increased abdominal sounds. Acute abdominal pain. Blood in stool. Fever along with diarrhea. Rectal pain. Malnutrition and sudden weight loss.

Popular Health Tips

Ways To Deal With Ulcerative Colitis!

Dr. Akshay.P.Bavikatte 87% (28 ratings)
MBBS, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellow of Advanced Laparascopic Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Bangalore
Ways To Deal With Ulcerative Colitis!
Living with ulcerative colitis can be very challenging. Patients of this disease will have to deal with pain in the abdomen and several digestion related issues in their daily lives. It is known to adversely impact the digestive tract. There can be extreme discomfort at the time of flare-ups. A patient can find life extremely difficult while dealing with symptoms like abdominal pain, fever, weight loss, and chronic diarrhea. What is Ulcerative colitis (UC)? It is a serious inflammatory disease. It is caused due to inflammatory bowel movements in the digestive tract. It can affect your daily life adversely. The worst part about this disease is that it relapses in the individual. It is characterized by flare-ups. You need to know fist what is an UC flare-up. Well, it is a term to refer to an exaggerated condition in the disease. It refers to a state when things turn worse. These flare-ups can be caused due to a number of factors. Some of these include: Side-effect of certain medicines Hormonal imbalance, especially during pregnancy Sudden withdrawal from medication Any infection or other medical condition How to deal with the UC flare-ups? Doctors often prescribe corticosteroids to deal with the flare-ups. Some of the most common drugs are Prednisone and budesonide. Doctors prescribe the intake of steroids, 5-Aminosalicylates, antibiotics, and biologics. Lifestyle changes are helpful in treating this disease. You can work towards detoxification and de-stressing yourself to get rid of the flare-ups. Take up some exercises, meditation and Yoga for best results. You can also control chronic diarrhea by keeping a check on what you eat. You should avoid eating fibrous diet. Fibres are tough to digest for patients with UC. You must maintain proper hygiene as well to stay away from diarrhea. Surgical Management of Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory disease of the colon and rectum limited to the mucosa, and may vary in severity from a mild intermittent disease to an acute fulminant and potentially fatal disease requiring urgent surgery. Management of ulcerative colitis depends on severity, extent, and duration of the disease, response and tolerance to medication, patient age and comorbidity as well as patient preference. Surgery plays an important role in the management of UC both because of the premalignant nature of the disease, and because of the periodic failure of medical management. The underlying rationale for surgical treatment of the disease is that the disease is confined to the colon and rectum, and therefore proctocolectomy is curative. The goal of surgical therapy for ulcerative colitis is to remove the disease with as little alteration of normal physiological functions and lifestyle as possible. Four surgical options exist for patients with ulcerative colitis and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. The surgical choices are: Proctocolectomy and Brooke ileostomy. Abdominal colectomy and ilcorectal anastomosis. Proctocolectomy and Kock pouch. Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). The choice of operation requires consideration of the advantages and disadvantages of each option and must be tailored to an individual patient's needs and circumstances. Important factors to be considered in the choice of operation include the indication for surgery, age, associated medical conditions, body habitues, and quality of the anal sphincter. Extensive preoperative education is required which should include discussion with a specialized Gastroenterologist.
3 people found this helpful

5 Helpful Yoga Asana's in Ulcerative colitis

MBBS
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
5 Helpful Yoga Asana's in Ulcerative colitis
Some basic yoga asanas to help you manage ulcerative colitis symptoms.
6 people found this helpful

Ayurvedic Treatment For Ulcerative Colitis!

Dr. Kant Veer Vikram 85% (70 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), C.C.Y.P.
Ayurveda, Faizabad
Ayurvedic Treatment For Ulcerative Colitis!
There are many different Ayurvedic medicines used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis, and one of the most common ways of treatment is to use a combination of the four best medicines, which work in unison to get rid of the disease. Kutazghan vati: This medicine is derived from the tree Kutaz. Its scientific name is Halorrhreana anti dysentrica. The name itself suggests how effective the tree is in treating the disease. Diarrhea can occur due to many reasons, and one of the reasons is ulcerative colitis. If diarrhea is due to this, then it can get treated by taking Kutazghan Vati tablets, which are made from the bark of the tree. Pitta balance with calcium compounds: When pitta or the gastric juices flow more inside the intestines, it leads to bleeding due to the ulcers inside, which needs to be balanced and controlled. The use of calcium compound rich Ayurvedic medicines serve the perfect remedy. Calcium is extracted from naturally occurring things like pearls and corals. When the tablets made from such calcium compounds are consumed, the inflammation within the colon goes down, bleeding reduces and gradually stops, and the internal irritation diminishes. Vatsakadi churna: Tablets made from elements like fennel, coriander, Aegle Marmelos, Nutmeg, pomegranate, Green Cardamom, work like magic in treating ulcerative colitis. These are all ulcer healing items, proven beneficial for ages, and cure fast. The main function of a combination of these herbs is in restoring the metabolic imbalance carried on in the body. The ulcers are healed soon with their use, and the body balance is restored. Arjuna capsules: One of the wound healing barks, really very famous in Ayurveda, is the bark of the Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna) tree. This helps in many ways to heal wounds, and specially the endothelial layer inside the body arteries are healed from injuries related to free radicals, stress and other toxins. The same effects of the Arjuna tablets are seen inside the inner layers of the intestines. The ulcers are cleaned with time with the consumption of these tablets, while the bleeding also stops, and the diarrhea which was due to the inflamed colon gets cured. Moreover, the hemoglobin level is also normalized in the body, which was once affected due to bloody diarrhea. Ulcerative colitis is a painful situation, but can be healed totally with proper administration of Ayurvedic medicines. These 4 essential medicines must be taken in combination without suddenly stopping them. They must be continued until the symptoms and irritation go away.
5060 people found this helpful

Lybrate | Dt. Uc Program What is Ulcerative Colitis (Gujrati)

MBBS
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Play video
This video describes the cause, symptoms, and factors in the development of ulcerative colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease (ibd).
2 people found this helpful

Lybrate | What is Ulcerative Colitis Punjabi

MBBS
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Play video
This video describes the cause, symptoms, and factors in the development of ulcerative colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease (ibd).
2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from Ulcerative Colitis for more than 2 years. I have tried Mesacol tablets Mesacol Enaema. It worked ok in the beginning then their effect wasn't much. So I switched to Ayurvedic Medicines since I heard it can be cured with that and its almost 1 month, can't see any significant difference. My life has become a living hell. Im passing motions like almost 6 times a day now from 3 earlier. I'm running out of options. Please help me. Please.

Dr. Chalapathi Rao Achanta 90% (26 ratings)
MBBS, MD-General Medicine, DM-Gastroenterology, Advanced endoscopy fellowship
Gastroenterologist, Visakhapatnam
Dear Mr. lybrate-user I am sorry to hear that you are suffering from ulcerative colitis please let me stress upon the following things to make you better and understand about this disease and outcomes 1. The disease gets worse with stress, anxiety and psychological depression. So first relax yourself 2. You need to visit only a qualified medical gastroenterologist and please followup him up regularly and be compliant to those medicines 3. Changing docotors in attempt to loom for a better treatment will put varying and differing opinions in your mind. This would add to more stress confusion and anxiety. So please stick on to a single gastroenterologist. Do enough research before choosing your gastroenterologist. 4. It is a life long disease and you need to deal with it. So please make up your mind and be strong good luck and get well soon.
1 person found this helpful

Hello doctor I want to knw what to eat or not for ulcerative patient. Can idly or dhokhla be consumed? Or not.

Dt. Apeksha Thakkar 93% (4489 ratings)
BSc - Food Science & Nutrition, PGD in Sports Nutrition and Dietitics , Diabetes Educator
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Hello, First and foremost ulcerative colitis is a stress induced problem,so stress management becomes important.You need to increase fiber content in your diet(If it is not associated with loose motionS).Avoid eating spicy and heavy meals accompanied it by proper hydration levels.Fermented products products can be taken.

I have ulcerative colitis, and how can I get cure? Is there any possibility for cure?

Dr. Surbhi Agrawal 89% (18046 ratings)
PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
While there is no known cure for ulcerative colitis and flare ups may recur, a combination of treatment options can help you stay in control of your disease and lead a full and rewarding life. Treatment for ulcerative colitis and other IBD varieties is multifaceted and includes the use of medication, alterations in diet and nutrition, and sometimes surgical procedures to repair or remove affected portions of your GI tract.

Can ulcerative colitis cure by homeopathy permanently. How much treatment cost of per month?

Dr. Ajay Kale 86% (29 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Nagpur
Ulcerative colitis it's self tell this r ulcer in colon that is intestines. It can be only treated with homoeopathic medicine. Time is not the criteria as such type of disease r difficult to treat. Hope this helps you
2 people found this helpful

I have been diagnosed with Ulcerative colitis 6 years back. Since last one and half years I am facing problem of frequent mucus and blood in stool. Also I have lost my weight by 12 kg in one year. My doctors says it will be like this only and there is no remedies except continuing the same medicines (mesacol 1.2 gm 4 Tab per day). Pl suggest if it can be cured to normal stage at least.

Dr. Bhagyesh Patel 93% (3025 ratings)
FMAS, MS
General Surgeon, Gandhinagar
Respected lybrate-user hi lifestyle modifications along with YOGA are major role playing factors along with medicines keep your moral at top to get cured without losing hopes dear life gives us daily challenges and the one who faces it cheerfully is the winner at the end dear thanks regards.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

How Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Affects A Person's Sex Life?

Dr. Rajiv Arora 87% (187 ratings)
MBBS
Sexologist, Delhi
Fatigue and pain while having sex are the major drawbacks of IBD. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Multi Speciality Clinic
Multi Speciality, Pune
Being too clean could end up causing inflammatory bowel disease. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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