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Ulcerative Colitis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Ulcerative colitis is an IBD (Inflammatory Bowel Disease). Inflammatory Bowel Disease comprises of a group of illnesses that affects the GI (Gastro-Intestinal) tract. Ulcerative colitis happens when the lining in the colon or bowel (large intestine) and the rectum gets inflamed. This inflammation on the GI tract, produces tiny sores known as ulcers on the whole lining of the colon. These ulcers generally develop in the rectum and then spreads upward. Ulcerative colitis rarely affects the small intestine.

This inflammation on the GI tract, causes the bowel to move its contents rapidly and empty frequently. Due to this disease as the cells on the surface of the bowel lining dies, it causes ulcers. These ulcers also often cause bleeding and discharge mucus and pus. Ulcerative colitis can affect people of all ages. However, it’s more common in people who are between 15 and 30 or between 50 and 70.

The cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown. In the past, though researchers were of the opinion that stress is one of the major causes of this disease, but of late researchers focuses on the heredity factors and immune system as a possible cause for this disease. It’s believed that you’re at a risk of getting affected by this disease if someone in your close family members also has his condition. This disease can develop in anyone of any race, but it has found that ulcerative colitis is more common in Ashkenazi Jews and Caucasians.

People suffering from this disease have increased risks of developing colon cancer. So most of the time doctor’s perform a colonoscopy on the patients affected with this disease, to check for cancer, if you are diagnosed with this disease. This screening lowers the risk of colon cancer, since it can detect the precancerous cells early and help in prognosis of the disease. Some of the complications found among the patients suffering from ulcerative colitis are sepsis, severe dehydration, thickening of the intestinal wall, swelling of the colon, hepatic disease, intestinal bleeding, inflammations of the joints and eyes, formation of kidney stones, ankylosing spondylitis and development of a hole in the colon.

As ulcerative colitis mimics the symptoms of other bowel ailments like Crohn’s disease, doctors run multiple tests to rule out other conditions while diagnosing this malady. In general stool tests, endoscopy, colonoscopy, biopsy, barium enema and blood tests are done to confirm the presence of this disease.

Blood tests that check for a high level of the C-reactive protein in done for determining the possibility of this disease.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Increased abdominal sounds. Acute abdominal pain. Blood in stool. Fever along with diarrhea. Rectal pain. Malnutrition and sudden weight loss.

Popular Health Tips

Ghee - Why It Is An Important Part Of Your Diet?

Dr. Kanwar Samrat Singh 92% (951 ratings)
Ayurveda, Patiala
Ghee - Why It Is An Important Part Of Your Diet?
Desi ghee is a powerhouse of vitamins and fatty acids which promote good health. It is an ancient remedy for cough, cold and soft skin, but in the last few years, the credibility of saturated fats like desi ghee has been in question. There are some people who believe that saturated fats are the bad fats but a recent research and majority of health experts agree that naturally occurring saturated fats present in desi ghee are actually good for your health. Here are 8 amazing health benefits of desi ghee: Builds Strong Bones: Desi ghee is one of the few foods that are rich in Vitamin K, especially Vitamin K2. Vitamin K2 helps the body to utilize essential minerals, including calcium and thus improves bone health and development. Also, the right amount of desi ghee helps eliminate tooth decay. Another function of desi ghee is to keep joints and connective tissues lubricated, increasing flexibility. Immune System Booster: Desi ghee is packed with Vitamin A which helps eliminate free radicals in the body. Vitamin A is linked to the proper functioning of the immune system. That s not all; Vitamin A is a powerful antioxidant that may help prevent certain types of cancer, especially ulcerative colitis that could otherwise lead to colon cancer. Boosts Energy Levels: Since experts recommend that athletes should use desi ghee as a consistent energy source, we can take the same advice. The fatty acids in desi ghee are quickly processed by the liver and broken into energy. Apart from boosting metabolism and energy levels, desi ghee aids in the body s absorption of fat-soluble vitamins like A, D, E and K, which enhance stamina. High Smoking Point: While being processed, desi ghee can endure a higher smoking point compared to coconut oil or extra virgin olive oil. This means that it won't break into free radicals till the temperature rises to 482 Fahrenheit. These villainous free radicals are unstable molecules that create havoc on our health, from premature aging to cancer. So when you consume desi ghee your risk levels of ingesting those villains are extremely low. Improves Digestive Tract: Desi ghee is rich in butyric acid. A study reveals that people with unhealthy digestive tract don t naturally produce butyric acid. Since good digestion is a key to good health, it s essential to incorporate foods rich in butyric acid into your diet to aid digestion. This acid nourishes cells in the intestines, reduces leakage of undigested food particles and aids in the repair of the mucosal wall. Reduces Inflammation: Butyric acid is one of the major fatty acids that the body needs to fight inflammation, especially in the gastrointestinal tract. Patients suffering from ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease or other inflammatory bowel diseases would be adviced to include desi ghee in their diet. According to Ayurveda, gently rubbing desi ghee on cranky joints can help soothe inflammation, lubricate joints and banish arthritis stiffness. Keeps Your Eyes Healthy: The vitamin A present in desi ghee improves eye health and this reduces several eye-related health problems. This powerful antioxidant reduces the risk of macular degeneration and the development of cataract. The fatty acid in ghee augments the body s absorption of this important vitamin as well as other nutrients. Healthier Skin: Desi ghee s natural properties can keep skin moisturized for a long period of time. It penetrates deep into the skin to keep it hydrated; dry skin accelerates premature aging, including wrinkles, fine lines and saggy skin. To avoid this, one can generously massage lukewarm desi ghee on the skin, keep it for 10 mins and take a shower. Regular usage will give you a lasting, glowing skin. So, by now you must have understood that desi ghee is not our foe but a good friend that everyone should have. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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Ways To Deal With Ulcerative Colitis!

Dr. Akshay.P.Bavikatte 91% (35 ratings)
MBBS, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellow of Advanced Laparascopic Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Bangalore
Ways To Deal With Ulcerative Colitis!
Living with ulcerative colitis can be very challenging. Patients of this disease will have to deal with pain in the abdomen and several digestion related issues in their daily lives. It is known to adversely impact the digestive tract. There can be extreme discomfort at the time of flare-ups. A patient can find life extremely difficult while dealing with symptoms like abdominal pain, fever, weight loss, and chronic diarrhea. What is Ulcerative colitis (UC)? It is a serious inflammatory disease. It is caused due to inflammatory bowel movements in the digestive tract. It can affect your daily life adversely. The worst part about this disease is that it relapses in the individual. It is characterized by flare-ups. You need to know fist what is an UC flare-up. Well, it is a term to refer to an exaggerated condition in the disease. It refers to a state when things turn worse. These flare-ups can be caused due to a number of factors. Some of these include: Side-effect of certain medicines Hormonal imbalance, especially during pregnancy Sudden withdrawal from medication Any infection or other medical condition How to deal with the UC flare-ups? Doctors often prescribe corticosteroids to deal with the flare-ups. Some of the most common drugs are Prednisone and budesonide. Doctors prescribe the intake of steroids, 5-Aminosalicylates, antibiotics, and biologics. Lifestyle changes are helpful in treating this disease. You can work towards detoxification and de-stressing yourself to get rid of the flare-ups. Take up some exercises, meditation and Yoga for best results. You can also control chronic diarrhea by keeping a check on what you eat. You should avoid eating fibrous diet. Fibres are tough to digest for patients with UC. You must maintain proper hygiene as well to stay away from diarrhea. Surgical Management of Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory disease of the colon and rectum limited to the mucosa, and may vary in severity from a mild intermittent disease to an acute fulminant and potentially fatal disease requiring urgent surgery. Management of ulcerative colitis depends on severity, extent, and duration of the disease, response and tolerance to medication, patient age and comorbidity as well as patient preference. Surgery plays an important role in the management of UC both because of the premalignant nature of the disease, and because of the periodic failure of medical management. The underlying rationale for surgical treatment of the disease is that the disease is confined to the colon and rectum, and therefore proctocolectomy is curative. The goal of surgical therapy for ulcerative colitis is to remove the disease with as little alteration of normal physiological functions and lifestyle as possible. Four surgical options exist for patients with ulcerative colitis and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. The surgical choices are: Proctocolectomy and Brooke ileostomy. Abdominal colectomy and ilcorectal anastomosis. Proctocolectomy and Kock pouch. Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). The choice of operation requires consideration of the advantages and disadvantages of each option and must be tailored to an individual patient's needs and circumstances. Important factors to be considered in the choice of operation include the indication for surgery, age, associated medical conditions, body habitues, and quality of the anal sphincter. Extensive preoperative education is required which should include discussion with a specialized Gastroenterologist.
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5 Helpful Yoga Asana's in Ulcerative colitis

Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
5 Helpful Yoga Asana's in Ulcerative colitis
Some basic yoga asanas to help you manage ulcerative colitis symptoms.
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Ayurvedic Treatment For Ulcerative Colitis!

Dr. Kant Veer Vikram 89% (74 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), C.C.Y.P.
Ayurveda, Faizabad
Ayurvedic Treatment For Ulcerative Colitis!
There are many different Ayurvedic medicines used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis, and one of the most common ways of treatment is to use a combination of the four best medicines, which work in unison to get rid of the disease. Kutazghan vati: This medicine is derived from the tree Kutaz. Its scientific name is Halorrhreana anti dysentrica. The name itself suggests how effective the tree is in treating the disease. Diarrhea can occur due to many reasons, and one of the reasons is ulcerative colitis. If diarrhea is due to this, then it can get treated by taking Kutazghan Vati tablets, which are made from the bark of the tree. Pitta balance with calcium compounds: When pitta or the gastric juices flow more inside the intestines, it leads to bleeding due to the ulcers inside, which needs to be balanced and controlled. The use of calcium compound rich Ayurvedic medicines serve the perfect remedy. Calcium is extracted from naturally occurring things like pearls and corals. When the tablets made from such calcium compounds are consumed, the inflammation within the colon goes down, bleeding reduces and gradually stops, and the internal irritation diminishes. Vatsakadi churna: Tablets made from elements like fennel, coriander, Aegle Marmelos, Nutmeg, pomegranate, Green Cardamom, work like magic in treating ulcerative colitis. These are all ulcer healing items, proven beneficial for ages, and cure fast. The main function of a combination of these herbs is in restoring the metabolic imbalance carried on in the body. The ulcers are healed soon with their use, and the body balance is restored. Arjuna capsules: One of the wound healing barks, really very famous in Ayurveda, is the bark of the Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna) tree. This helps in many ways to heal wounds, and specially the endothelial layer inside the body arteries are healed from injuries related to free radicals, stress and other toxins. The same effects of the Arjuna tablets are seen inside the inner layers of the intestines. The ulcers are cleaned with time with the consumption of these tablets, while the bleeding also stops, and the diarrhea which was due to the inflamed colon gets cured. Moreover, the hemoglobin level is also normalized in the body, which was once affected due to bloody diarrhea. Ulcerative colitis is a painful situation, but can be healed totally with proper administration of Ayurvedic medicines. These 4 essential medicines must be taken in combination without suddenly stopping them. They must be continued until the symptoms and irritation go away.
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Lybrate | Dt. Uc Program What is Ulcerative Colitis (Gujrati)

Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Play video
This video describes the cause, symptoms, and factors in the development of ulcerative colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease (ibd).
2 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hey I am suffering from ulcerative colitis and due to cold weather in india, this disease picks up I have regular stomach ache and also loose motions. I have google and found that vitamin d is good during this season. As I am vegetarian can you please suggest me what to eat which cure my disease and also has vitamin D.thanks.

Dr. Chidambaranathan 93% (849 ratings)
Post Graduate Diploma in Echocardiography, Mbbs
General Physician, Ernakulam
Dear Mr ayush You should take more fibers.. Take more boiled and raw vegetables. (no tubers) And fruits... VIT D and ulcerative colitis.. Doubtful association... Any way good VIT D sources are oils... SO taking more oil create it's own problems... You can try uprise D 3 60k once a week.. For 2 months.. (8caps)

Previously I am having ulcerative colitis but now the bleeding has stopped but there is a sticky mucus that goes out with while defecating.

Dr. Sameer Bhale 89% (29 ratings)
MD Kayachikitsa
Ayurveda, Pune
Ayurvedic medicines found very effective and long lasting in cases of ulcerative collitis. Avoid wheat, milk products especially curd, panner, cheese for few days. Have buttermilk daily @5 pm. Visit ayurvedic clinic for treatment.

I am 35 years old facing allergy problem. Also having 750ige level and also get sleepiness at night. And also suffering ulcerative colitis since 17 years old.Please suggest me something for these problems.

Dr. Seema Bali 92% (331 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Ghaziabad
Dear lybrate-user, You should note that any external malady expressed by your body is a result of the underlying internal cause. The common causes could be- Due to contact with clothing (tight clothing, hard detergents used to wash) Allergies: in cases of contact with the allergen (specific). Disease conditions: Psoriasis, impetigo, eczema, STDs (genital herpes), etc. The line of treatment should be specific to your cause and individual constitution. It should include internal medicine with external application to provide with a complete and permanent cure. You should: Wear loose clothing (100% cotton). Apply mild products on the area to clear the toxins and keep the region hygienic. Keep your body hydrated. Trust this serves your introductory purpose. Please feel free to contact me. Revert back with your specific signs and symptoms such as pain, itching, odor, perspiration, color, location and any other concomitants for a more specific guide.

I have suffered ulcerative colitis. please suggest some medicine I got depressed due to this. My mother also have same. I go 2 toilet 2wice a day. Toilet hard sometime soft and sticky Too much gas. Wt 68 but feel weakness in legs and hand.

Dr. Jagadeesan M.S. 97% (9570 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Ulceartive colitis has strong correlation to mind and requires medications from psychiatrist apart from gastro, it will lead to wonderful recovery and fewer relapses. Consult any psychiatrist. All the best.
2 people found this helpful

I am a patient of ulcerative colitis. I have stool with bleeding and paus. I need to go for toilet several times in a day.

Dr. Nazima 83% (1419 ratings)
General Physician, Delhi
Yes in ulcerative colitis you do suffer from these symptoms. To treat so you need to take medication for the same. It include medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, immune system suppressors, and steroids to control inflammation and other symptoms of the condition. Surgery to remove the colon and rectum is another form of treatment if medication doesn’t prove effective. Avoid stress, exercise daily, avoid fibrous food, full cream milk, no lime water intake. Consult a gastroenterologist for the same.

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