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Nipple retraction Tips

All About Nipple Discharge

Dr. Namita Mehta 91% (577 ratings)
MD-Gynaecologist & Obstetrician , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
All About Nipple Discharge

Nipple discharge is a common part of breast functioning, which normally occurs during breast-feeding or pregnancy. It is often associated with the changes of menstrual hormone. The milky discharge post breast-feeding usually continues for up to two years after stopping nursing. The condition normally gets resolved on its own but if the situation persists for a long time resort to medical assistance.

The following are some of the causes of normal nipple discharge:

  • Stimulation: Normal nipple discharge can arise due to stimulation; chafing of your breast skin due to tight bras or vigorous exercises.
  • Pregnancy: Most women tend to witness clear nipple discharge in the early stages of their pregnancy. Towards the later stages, this discharge usually turns watery and becomes milky in color
  • Stopped Breast-feeding: In some cases, nipple discharge continues for some time after the mother has stopped breast-feeding her newborn
  • Hormonal Imbalance: Some women notice tenderness in breasts and nipple discharge during their menstrual cycle

What is an abnormal nipple discharge: An abnormal nipple discharge is usually bloody in color and is accompanied with tenderness of the breast. Papilloma is a non-cancerous tumor that is often responsible for bloody nipple discharge. Continuous nipple discharge from one of the breasts or nipple discharge that arises without any stimulation or external irritation is abnormal in nature.

The possible causes of abnormal nipple discharge include:

  1. Abscess: It is an assortment of pus that get accumulated within the tissues of your body. It is usually accompanied by redness, pain and swelling. Boils and carbuncles are types of abscess. Formation of abscess in breasts may result in nipple discharge.
  2. Breast cancer: Breast cancer often results in bloody nipple discharge and is often found with a presence of lump in one of the breasts.
  3. Mastitis: It is a breast infection that affects the tissues of the breast and is usually prominent during breastfeeding. Fatigue, fever and body aches are common in this situation.
  4. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS): Normally characterized by the growth of cancerous cells in the milk ducts of your breasts, it is generally identified through mammography screening.
  5. Fibroadenoma: In this situation most young women witness an appearance of solid, tumor like structure
  6. Galactorrhea: Galactorrhea is nipple discharge of milk when not pregnant or breastfeeding. The discharge can vary in color and can be expressed from either or both breasts.

What Causes Galactorrhea: Galactorrhea is commonly caused by hyperprolactinemia, especially when it is associated with amenorrhea. Hyperprolactinemia is most often induced by medication or associated with pituitary adenomas or other sellar or suprasellar lesions.

The release of prolactin from the pituitary is held in check by dopamine from the hypothalamus. Prolactin release is encouraged by serotonin and thyrotropin-releasing hormone. This balance can be disrupted by medication (ie. antipsychotics), underactive thyroid function, pituitary tumors, hypothalamic tumors, damage to the pituitary stalk, nipple stimulation, chest trauma, herpes zoster, and emotional stress as well as a variety of other factors.

3138 people found this helpful

Fluid Discharge From Nipples - Factors That Can Cause It!

Dr. Jagdip Shah 89% (178 ratings)
MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DGO, MBBS, MCPS
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Fluid Discharge From Nipples - Factors That Can Cause It!

Galactorrhea is not a disease per se, but more of an underlying medical condition or a symptom that involves discharge of a milky fluid from the nipples, which is not the breast milk. It becomes especially crucial owing to the similarity of the two, when breastfeeding the baby is concerned. It may happen even while you are not lactating or not even pregnant, mostly in menopausal women. Strangely, the syndrome has also shown to have occurred to men and children, irrespective of gender.

What are the contributing factors to the development of Galactorrhea?

  1. Galactorrhea is a major side effect of certain kinds of medication that leads to hormonal imbalance and ultimately leads to quasi-lactation.
  2. Increase in the levels of prolactin can result in Galactorrhea which may be due to a number of reasons ranging from excessive stimulation in the nipples and chest area (during sexual activities), or pituitary and thyroid problems. The former is not a major cause of worry. The latter can be fixed with proper medication.
  3. Kidney disease and spinal cord surgery may also result in this phenomenon.
  4. Substance abuse and birth control pills may also be responsible for breast discharge.
  5. At times, the causes for Galactorrhea may not be certifiably determined.

Various symptoms of Galactorrhea include:

  1. Milky discharge from one or both breasts simultaneously.
  2. Discharge may be continuous or intermittent.
  3. Density and amount of discharge may also vary.
  4. In case of women, this may have a direct effect on periods, leading to irregular menstruation.
  5. The discharge may occur without pressure or when an external agency is involved.
  6. Headaches and worsening vision are also said to occur.

When you experience a nipular discharge, the most common tests you should undergo include a pregnancy test, prolactin level exam, mammography, ultrasounds, even an MRI for the pituitary gland evaluation. Based on the result, your physician prescribes the required medicines or advises you to stop taking a particular medicine that might be causing this discharge in the first place.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2634 people found this helpful

Nipple Discharge ? Be careful.

Dr. Komal Gupta 91% (938 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, DNHE, P.G. Diploma in Panchkarma, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Hapur
Nipple Discharge ? Be careful.
Nipple discharge

Discharge from your nipple without any squeezing or touching of the breast may make any women wonder. Other than breast milk, any kind of nipple discharge can be a warning sign of breast cancer.

When a tumor starts in the milk ducts just under or around the nipple, it may cause irritation and infection, leading to discharge.

If you notice any nipple discharge, particularly clear or bloody, get it checked by your doctor. Such discharge can also be due to an infection or other condition that needs treatment
16 people found this helpful

Nipple Pain And Discharge

Dr. Jagandeep Kaur 91% (1293 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Nipple Pain And Discharge

Discharge from nipple (galactorrhoea)

Secretion of milk-like discharge from one or both breasts unrelated to childbirth is called galactorrhea. Nipple discharge is most often due to a benign process. This common breast problem has been reported in 10 to 15 percent of women with benign breast disease and in 2.5 to 3 percent of women with breast cancer. There are generally two different types of nipple discharge

Non-spontaneous

Occurs when the breast is manually squeezed, can happen to any woman and is usually not concerning.

Spontaneous discharge

Which spots on the clothing, should be evaluated by a physician and may warrant further testing.

Evaluation

Physiologic discharges

Characterized by discharge only with compression and by multiple duct involvement. These discharges are frequently bilateral. With either type, the discharge fluid may be clear, yellow, white or dark green.

Pathologic discharges

Spontaneous, bloody or associated with a mass. These discharges are usually unilateral.

Causes

- excessive production of milk-stimulating hormone prolactin by pituitary problems, malfunction of hypothalamus.

- menstrual problem such as amenorrhea problems with cervical part of spine.

- drugs such as oral contraceptives, tranquillizers, and diuretics.

- injury, burns, or surgery,

- neurological problems such as shingles,

- breast cancer

- athletes may experience small amounts of galactorrhea from constant rubbing of the nipples against clothing. Frequent sexual stimulation of the breasts may have similar effects.

Probable diagnosis

- milky discharge: may be due to physiological (lactation); oral contraceptives; galactorrhea

- bloody discharge: may be due to intraductal papiloma; intraductal cancer; malignancy; duct ectasia; fibrocystic disease.

- purulent discharge: may be due to infection

- serous or sticky discharge: fibrocystic disease

- discharge from the surface of breast is seen in paget’s disease;

- skin diseases such as eczema and psoriasis; rare causes such as chancre may also cause discharge.

Self care

- stimulation of the nipple (i. E, squeezing to check for discharge) actually promotes discharge; patients with a physiologic discharge should avoid checking for discharge. A physiologic discharge often resolves when the nipple is left alone.

- all patients with spontaneous or unilateral nipple discharge needs surgical evaluation. This is true for patients with bloody discharges and for those with clear or serous discharges.

Homeopathic symptoms and cure

Homeopathic remedies are prescribed on the basis of symptoms rather than conditions, as each case of a particular illness can manifest differently in different people. There are many symptoms which can be effectively treated by homeopathy few symptoms are given below.

. Nipples sore and fissured, intense suffering on putting child to breast, pain starts from nipple and radiates all over body. Breast feels like a brick, lumpy and nodular.
. Premenstrual breast congestion in women with abundant periods, weight gain and nervousness before the period.
. Cyst in the breast, hard and painful but, itchy, with stitching pains in the nipple. Discomfort worse just before and after the period; woman wants to press breasts hard with hand.
. Bluish-red lumps in the breast, with gradual loss of fatty tissue, and tendency to feel hot all the time.
. Intensely sensitive nipples, sticking pains, like a splinter, cracks, nipples discolored.
. Nipples inflamed and very tender, can hardly bear the pain of nursing, intolerant of pain: “cannot bear it!” very irritable.
. Sore nipples with dry hard deep cracks on it. Dry itching and crusty.
. Cheesy and offensive discharge from nipple.
. Deep sore cracks across crown of nipple.

For proper diagnose consult a homeopath. Start treatment to get rid of these problems.

breast pain
14 people found this helpful

Treatment For Itchy Nipples During Pregnancy!

Dr. Vandana Jain 90% (62 ratings)
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Treatment For Itchy Nipples During Pregnancy!

Pregnancy brings a lot of changes in the personal life, social life, physical appearance, and most importantly internal changes in the body of the mother-to-be. From quitting smoking, cutting on alcohol and moving towards a healthy lifestyle are some of the many changes in the life of the expecting mother that are needed to give birth to a healthy baby.

Every woman undergoes some or the other changes during this journey of becoming a mother, including sore and bigger breasts, itchy nipples, nausea, vomiting, constipation, mood-swings, endocrine system changes, change in physical structure, shift in the centre of gravity of the body, heartburn, skin changes, abnormal food cravings, Linea Nigra, sleep disorders, swollen feet, increased respiratory rate and so on.

As the pregnancy progresses, the breasts begin to become more tender, larger, and fuller, caused by the increased level of estrogen and progesterone and increased blood flow. Women often experience itchy nipples in the early pregnancy, as the breasts grow larger and become heavy, they become dry and start getting cracks, resulting into itchy nipples.

How to Treat Itchy Nipples:

  1. Maternity/Nursing Bra: Investing in a good nursing bra can work wonders to the itchiness that the women experience during pregnancy since it provides relief, comfort, reduces sweating, and reduces the stress of itchy nipples.
  2. Lotions and Moisturizers: The usage of lotions containing a good amount of moisturizer, such as Aloe Vera, vitamin E and cocoa butter. Application of moisturizer regularly after bath keeps the skin nourished and reduces the chances of developing itchiness in the nipples. Regular usage of the lotion can reduce the itchiness in the nipples and help to provide comfort to the expecting mother. The lotions should be used at least twice a day to provide the moisture required.
  3. Avoid harsh chemicals: Less exposure to the harsh chemicals leads to a better skin, similarly avoiding harsh chemicals around the nipple benefits the breasts and nipples, making the nipples less prone to the itchiness, hence harsh soaps, fragrances, perfumes etc. should be avoided.
  4. Usage of natural oils: Application of a mixture of natural oils, such as almond oil, lavender oil, and olive oil on the affected area helps in reducing the itchiness caused.
  5. Petroleum jelly: Petroleum Jelly application regularly several times in a day, helps in locking the moisture in the breasts making the nipples not itchy and maintaining smooth skin.
  6. Hydration: Drinking a lot of fluids helps in reducing the dry skin, which is also one of the reasons causing itchiness in the nipples.
  7. Personal hygiene: Maintaining a good personal hygiene is one of the most basic requirements to keep any body part itch-free. Discussing such things with the doctor not only helps one to be away from itchy nipples but also helps to understand the various reasons why the current regime being followed is not working.

Having itchy nipples is not related to having a bad health and can be reduced easily so that the pregnancy can be enjoyed without much worry.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3676 people found this helpful

Can Inverted Nipples be a Sign of Breast Cancer?

Dr. Rupak Banerjee 90% (124 ratings)
Doctor of Medicine, DGO
Gynaecologist,
Can Inverted Nipples be a Sign of Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is a type of a cancerous infection that develops in the skin cells of the breast. This condition is more commonly diagnosed after you have skin cancer and is more common in women than men. There are certain signs to identify this disease, which are as follows.

1. Breast lumps - Lumps are patches of skin that occur due to the thickening and swelling of the skin. Breast lumps is a very common phenomenon for women but that does not always lead to a breast cancer; however, frequent and reoccurring instances of the same increases the risk of breast cancer. A breast lump is easily identifiable through the naked eye as it looks different from the surrounding tissues.

2. Blood discharges - The nipple is one of the most sensitive areas in the human body. In case of women, it is meant to emit milk during pregnancy, in order to feed the infant externally. A probable symptom of breast cancer can also be a frequent discharge of blood from the nipple without any visible damage or injury.

3. Breast changes - If you are experiencing any visible changes in the size, appearance or shape of the breast, then it is an indicative sign that you may have breast cancer. Thus, it is of paramount importance that you observe, touch and physically examine your breast regularly for changes. If there is any major change detected then it is advisable to consult a doctor.


4. Inverted nipple - The tip of the nipple is generally bulging and pointing outwards both in cases of men and women. But sometimes the tip of the nipple is pushed inside due to excessive suction caused by the skin tissues present inside the breast around the nipple area. This suction forces the nipple to grow inwards which is abnormal and might harm the breast and skin in various ways.

However, apart from these main symptoms, some other signs are also there that increase your chances of being diagnosed with breast cancer. They are redness or pitting of the skin over your breast like an orange, peeling or scaling of the pigmented area around the nipple, dimpling of the skin on the breasts, and such others.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2926 people found this helpful

Nipple Discharge - 4 Common Causes

Dr. Anuradha Khurana 91% (163 ratings)
MBBS, DGO
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Nipple Discharge - 4 Common Causes

Nipple discharge is a common part of breast functioning, which normally occurs during breast-feeding or pregnancy. It is often associated with the changes of menstrual hormone. The milky discharge post breast-feeding usually continues for up to two years after stopping nursing. The condition normally gets resolved on its own but if the situation persists for a long time resort to medical assistance.

The following are some of the causes of normal nipple discharge:
- Stimulation: Normal nipple discharge can arise due to stimulation; chafing of your breast skin due to tight bras or vigorous exercises.
- Pregnancy: Most women tend to witness clear nipple discharge in the early stages of their pregnancy. Towards the later stages, this discharge usually turns watery and becomes milky in color
- Stopped Breast-feeding: In some cases, nipple discharge continues for some time after the mother has stopped breast-feeding her newborn
- Hormonal Imbalance: Some women notice tenderness in breasts and nipple discharge during their menstrual cycle

What is an abnormal nipple discharge?
An abnormal nipple discharge is usually bloody in color and is accompanied with tenderness of the breast. Papilloma is a non-cancerous tumor that is often responsible for bloody nipple discharge. Continuous nipple discharge from one of the breasts or nipple discharge that arises without any stimulation or external irritation is abnormal in nature.

The possible causes of abnormal nipple discharge include:

1. Abscess- It is an assortment of pus that get accumulated within the tissues of your body. It is usually accompanied by redness, pain and swelling. Boils and carbuncles are types of abscess. Formation of abscess in breasts may result in nipple discharge.

2. Breast cancer- Breast cancer often results in bloody nipple discharge and is often found with a presence of lump in one of the breasts.

3. Mastitis- It is a breast infection that affects the tissues of the breast and is usually prominent during breastfeeding. Fatigue, fever and body aches are common in this situation.

4. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)- Normally characterized by the growth of cancerous cells in the milk ducts of your breasts, it is generally identified through mammography screening.

5. Fibroadenoma- In this situation most young women witness an appearance of solid, tumor like structure

6.Galactorrhea- Galactorrhea is nipple discharge of milk when not pregnant or breastfeeding. The discharge can vary in color and can be expressed from either or both breasts.

What Causes Galactorrhea?
Galactorrhea is commonly caused by hyperprolactinemia, especially when it is associated with amenorrhea. Hyperprolactinemia is most often induced by medication or associated with pituitary adenomas or other sellar or suprasellar lesions.

The release of prolactin from the pituitary is held in check by dopamine from the hypothalamus. Prolactin release is encouraged by serotonin and thyrotropin-releasing hormone. This balance can be disrupted by medication (ie. antipsychotics), underactive thyroid function, pituitary tumors, hypothalamic tumors, damage to the pituitary stalk, nipple stimulation, chest trauma, herpes zoster, and emotional stress as well as a variety of other factors. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

4711 people found this helpful

5 Easy Ways To Treat Sore And Cracked Nipples!

Dr. Bhumika Kalathiya 90% (208 ratings)
Mbbs, MS(obstetrics and gynecology), Fellowship in laproscopic gynecological surgery
Gynaecologist, Delhi
5 Easy Ways To Treat Sore And Cracked Nipples!

Sore, cracked or even bleeding nipples is very common condition, while you breastfeed your baby. This could be due to the ways your baby sucks on to your breasts or because of problems such as a fungal infection in baby's mouth. 

Here is 5 easy ways to treat sore, cracked and bleeding nipples while you breastfeed your child.

1. Position of your baby:
You need to check that your baby has proper access to your nipples. Position your baby in a such a way that help baby to reach your breast. Keep a pillow on your lap and place your baby on it. Allow baby to open mouth wide and push your nipples till your areolas are in his/her mouth. This will allow baby to suck in better way and it will not hurt nipple.

2. Check that your baby's tongue is not tied and look for oral thrush:
Sometimes, babies face problems positioning their mouth and may not be able to move their tongue to the roof of the mouth for proper sucking. We suggest you check for it and get it treated by a doctor.
Oral thrush is a fungal infection is babies mouth. It looks like white patches with redness over tongue and mouth cavity. Consult immediately for it's treatment.

3. Use your own breastmilk as a medicine:
Your breast milk has antibacterial properties and can treat sore nipples. Just pump a few drops and apply on the affected area until dry. This will soothe your nipples and help you.

4. Use protective nipple shells:
If you have severe sore and cracked nipples, buy yourselves a pair of nipple shells to protect your breasts from friction against your bra or clothes. It will help them to keep protected.

5. Feed your baby at regular interval:
If you aren’t feeding baby on time, than baby becomes aggressive, especially when they are hungry. Hence, baby will suck aggressively. 

 

2 people found this helpful

Breast Cancer Awareness

Dr. Sumit Goyat 89% (91 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Patiala
Breast Cancer Awareness
Do this self-breast examination once in 3-4 months and do report to your doctor if you feel something unusual - a lump, retraction of nipple, dimpling of skin, any kind of nipple discharge, etc.
26 people found this helpful

Symptoms of breast cancer

Dr. R.S. Saini 92% (8919 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
Symptoms of breast cancer

Possible symptoms of breast cancer include:

  • Swelling of all or part of a breast (even if no distinct lump is felt)
  • Skin irritation or dimpling
  • Breast or nipple pain
  • Nipple retraction (turning inward)
  • Redness, scaliness, or thickening of the nipple or breast skin
  • Nipple discharge (other than breast milk)

Sometimes a breast cancer can spread to lymph nodes under the arm or around the collar bone and cause a lump or swelling there, even before the original tumour in the breast tissue is large enough to be felt. Swollen lymph nodes

1 person found this helpful
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