Thyroiditis is the inflammation or swelling of the thyroid gland. It primarily affects women from early adulthood to middle age, although anyone can get it. The thyroid is the butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of your throat, just below your Adam’s apple. It controls your metabolism by producing hormones that influence how fast or slow your heart, brain, and other parts of your body work. Thyroiditis can make thyroid gland produce too many or not enough hormones. Too many hormones can make you feel jittery and possibly make your heart race. Too few hormones can make you feel tired and depressed.
Types of thyroiditis: There are several types of thyroiditis –
Symptoms of thyroiditis: The symptoms of thyroiditis depend on the type and phase of thyroiditis. Thyroiditis can cause slow, long-term thyroid cell damage and destruction that causes thyroid hormone levels in the blood to fall. If this happens, the symptoms are similar to those of hypothyroidism, which includes fatigue, unexpected weight gain, constipation, dry skin, depression, and muscle ache. On the other hand, thyroiditis can also cause rapid thyroid cell damage and destruction that causes thyroid hormone in the gland to leak out and increase the thyroid hormone levels in your blood. If this happens, symptoms that are similar to those of hyperthyroidism may occur. This may include weight loss, nervousness, anxiety or irritability, difficulty in sleeping, rapid heart rate, fatigue, muscle weakness, and tremors.
Treatment of thyroiditis: Hypothyroidism is generally treated with synthetic versions of the thyroid hormone. These are taken as pills. As your metabolism returns to normal, your doctor may adjust the dosage. The treatment of hyperthyroidism depends on the type of inflammation and also on any symptoms that you may be having.
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