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Vaccination During COVID-19!

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health (DCH)
Pediatrician, Aurangabad
Vaccination During COVID-19!

The current guidelines suggest to take primary vaccination like bcg/ easysix/pentavac/ mmr on priority basis on time
Precaution to b taken is to inform prior to visiting hospital n avoid crowding.
Booster vaccination can b delayed

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Vaccination for Newborns and Adults

Dr. B.M Lava 93% (8479 ratings)
Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MBBS
General Physician, Bangalore
Vaccination for Newborns and Adults

The immune system is extremely important in an individual's system. A strong immune system helps to combat the invasion of foreign particles and consequently resists the diseases.  Vaccination in such a context becomes imperative as it strengthens an individual's immunity. In vaccination, antigens or germs are given in very small doses. They stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies to fight against that particular infection. Vaccinations are provided to both children and adults to protect them from a number of diseases.  However, different vaccinations are provided in different ages according to the susceptibility to diseases.

Some of the vaccinations that are provided to newborns are:

1. Hepatitis B vaccine: This vaccination is given in order to prevent the child from having Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a liver disease that if persists can lead to liver failure or even liver cancer. This vaccine must be injected immediately after the birth of the baby. The first dose must be followed by administering a second dose within a span of a month or two. 

2. Rotavirus Vaccine (RV): This vaccine, taken orally, prevents the infant from Rotavirus. This virus causes vomiting and diarrhea in children that often leads to severe dehydration. This vaccine is administered within two to four months of the baby's birth. Sometimes, on doctor's prescription a second dose may be necessary in the sixth month. 

3. Acellular Pertussis Vaccine and Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids: This is a combination of various vaccines that protects the child from tetanus and diphtheria. Newborns are extremely prone to diphtheria that causes fatal illness and sometimes even deaths in children. This vaccination thereby, is extremely important and must be administered within two or four months and must be followed up with secondary doses later under the doctor's supervision. Vaccinations do not end with childhood. In many cases adults too need to be vaccinated against certain diseases. Some of them are:

  • Hepatitis A Vaccine: You can get this vaccination if there is any risk of you suffering from Hepatitis A. Much like Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A too is an acute liver disease. This is extremely fatal and is seldom accompanied by any symptoms. 
  • Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: This is a sexually transmitted virus that causes cervical dysplasia in women and men.  The apt age for both men and women for this vaccination differs. Women who are twenty six years of age or younger and men below or at the age of twenty one are most suitable for this vaccination. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
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My child is 9 months, and I vaccinated today Mr. and j.e vaccine, and given vaccines by government schedule and yet I not given pcv, tcv and flu vaccines which is not given in government hospital so you recommend any vaccines yet. Mumps vaccine also not given.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 93% (31776 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
My child is 9 months, and I vaccinated today Mr. and j.e vaccine, and given vaccines by government schedule and yet I...
Just give government schedule vaccines only. Don't give any extra. They are just money making schemes and causes major side effects.
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Mr. Vaccine and MMR Vaccine are same or not? I had given my child MMR Vaccine some time ago whether should I have to him give Mr. Vaccine also.

Dr. K.B Rangaswamy 91% (2169 ratings)
MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Tumkur
Mr. Vaccine and MMR Vaccine are same or not? I had given my child MMR Vaccine some time ago whether should I have to ...
MMR is superior to Mr. vaccine as it has additional mumps coverage which is also potentially dangerous infection.
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Ovarian cancer k vaccination karna chahiye? Is vaccination help to avoid this cancer cost of this vaccination?

Dr. Karuna Chawla 97% (84748 ratings)
Homeopath, Noida
If you r asking for yourself (age-36) then its useless. It should be taken before you become sexually active. Doctors stop recommending the HPV vaccine to women once they've reached their mid-20s. The human papillomavirus vaccine is FDA-approved only through age 26, with the thinking that by that time women (and men) have had enough sex that they're probably already exposed to the virus and won't benefit. However you should annually get your PAP smear done.
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Is gardasil vaccine all 3 doses are the same or they are different? Mention full name of vaccines.

Dr. Swati Atish Pagare 92% (131 ratings)
MD-Pediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Pune
Gardasil vaccine, if taken between 9-15 years of age, only 2 doses r needed (6 months apart). Between 15-45 years of age, you need 3 doses, 0, at 2 months & 6 months. All doses r same.
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I have vaccinated my son with HIB vaccine and hepatitis A vaccine yesterday. Today morning he had fever. Is that vaccine causes fever or he had any virus infection?

Dr. E Venkata Ramana 92% (19 ratings)
DNB (Pediatrics), Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
I have vaccinated my son with HIB vaccine and hepatitis A vaccine yesterday. Today morning he had fever. Is that vacc...
Hi lybrate-user, Vaccines usually cause fever for 24 to 48 hours after administration of Vaccine. If the fever is persisting beyond this period or associated with other symptoms like cold, cough, throat pain, loose stools, then we can think other reasons such as Viral infections. Hope I have answered your query. Regards,
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I want a prescription for Zostavax vaccine & pneumovax23 vaccine as I want to get vaccinated.

Dr. Nirav Patel 85% (46 ratings)
MBBS,D.Ped., Jawaharlal Nehru Medical college, Belgaum , Boston University, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Pediatrician, Ahmedabad
I want a prescription for Zostavax vaccine & pneumovax23 vaccine as I want to get vaccinated.
You can get your vaccination done from local Pediatrician but as they are special vaccines you need to inform doctor prior going there as they have to arrange it specially for you.
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HPV Vaccination - Everything You Should Be Aware About!

Dr. Pratik Savaj 89% (16 ratings)
MBBS, DNB - Medicine, Fellowship In Infectious Disease, FNB - Infectious Diseases
General Physician, Surat
HPV Vaccination - Everything You Should Be Aware About!

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of 200 viruses. 40 of these are transmitted through direct sexual contact. The infections from papillomavirus can cause penile cancer and anal cancer in men. It can cause genital warts, cervical cancer, anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, vulval cancer, and vaginal cancer in women. The Human Papillomavirus is used to prevent such diseases.

Transmission and infection from HPV

The symptoms of the HPV infection usually develop years after the first contact. Therefore, there is a huge possibility of transmission of the virus during intimate. HPV virus may be of a high-risk variety or a low-risk variety. The high-risk HPV produces two proteins. These deactivate the tumour suppressing genes. This leads to abnormal growth of cells that causes cancer. Cervical cancer is the most common form of HPV infection.

In India over 1,22,000 women are diagnosed annually from HPV related cancers. Of them, 67,000 women die annually. Thus, India has the highest HPV related deaths in the world. Using HPV vaccination when a person becomes sexually active is the only preventive method.

HPV Vaccine

HPV vaccine is used to produce antibodies against the virus that prevent them from infecting the cells. It contains virus-like particles. These are not infectious despite having the structure of a virus. The vaccine promotes antibody production and prevents future infections. HPV vaccine is quite effective if an individual is immunised before becoming sexually active. The vaccination requires three shots given over a period of 6 months if you are beetween age 13-26. All girls before marriage should take this vaccine. It is single best vaccine which can prevent genital cancer in women.

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Flu Vaccine - Why And When It Is Required?

Dr. Rajesh Jain 95% (14274 ratings)
General Physician, Jalgaon
Flu Vaccine - Why And When It Is Required?

Yearly flu vaccination is the best tool currently available to protect against influenza (flu).

While how well the flu vaccine works can vary, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends a yearly flu vaccination as the first and most important step in protecting against flu and its potentially serious complications. Millions of people have safely received flu vaccines for decades. Flu vaccination can reduce flu illnesses, doctors' visits, and missed work and school due to flu, as well as prevent flu-related hospitalizations.

A flu vaccination does not guarantee protection against the flu. Some people who get vaccinated might still get sick. However, people who get a flu vaccine are less likely to get sick with flu or hospitalized from flu than someone who does not get vaccinated.

Why do I need to get vaccinated every year?

New flu vaccines are released every year to keep up with rapidly adapting flu viruses. Because flu viruses evolve so quickly, last year's vaccine may not protect you from this year's viruses.

After vaccination, your immune system produces antibodies that will protect you from the vaccine viruses. In general, though, antibody levels start to decline over time — another reason to get a flu shot every year.

Flu vaccines bring down the risks of suffering from flu. However, its effectiveness is based on different factors.

  1. Age: Usually, the flu vaccine happens to work the best for healthy adults. However, these vaccines cannot work as well with children, especially infants (below the age of 2-3 years). Nevertheless, the efficacy improves with age. Since older people are more prone to contracting the flu virus, it is essential that they get themselves vaccinated. Even if the vaccine is not able to ward off the flu entirely, it can still help reduce the risks to some extent.

  2. General Health: Vaccine spurs immunity into action. It helps your body in identifying and fighting the virus. The efficacy of the flu vaccine solely depends on the capability of your body’s immunity system and how well it responds to the virus. Chronic illnesses weaken your body’s defense mechanism and with a poor immunity system, the vaccine may not work properly.

  3. The time of the vaccination: For optimal protection, it is advised to go for the vaccination every year right before the ‘flu’ season starts. This is because after the flu season gets done with, old vaccines may not work as effectively.

The flu vaccine needs to be updated every season to guard you against the kind of flu dominant in that particular year. Getting yourself vaccinated is also not a guaranteed foolproof protection, however, it does render partial immunity and helps reduce the severity of the symptoms. However, it should be noted that flu vaccine cannot shield one from cold viruses.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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