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Language Disorders And Ways They Can Be Treated

Dr. Murli Singh 92% (221 ratings)
D.H.L.S, B.A.S.L.P, M.A, B.Ed .SE . ( H.I )
Speech Therapist, Delhi
Language Disorders And Ways They Can Be Treated

People who suffer from language disorder can have problems in expressing themselves and also in understanding what other people are saying. They seem to interpret things in a completely different manner and out of context. This language disorder, which was previously known as receptive-expressive language disorder, is mostly prevalent among young children.

Around 10 to 15 percent of the cases occur among those, who are under the age of 3. This is according to the University of Mississippi Medical Centre. By the time, children attain the age of 4 years; language ability becomes stable and can get measured in a more accurate fashion, whether or not any deficiency exists.

Before looking into the ways through which language disorders can be treated, we will go deep into the concept and understand better by way of the symptoms related to expression, symptoms related to understanding other people and the causes behind language disorder.

Symptoms and Types

Related to Expression: Language disorder is usually noticed in childhood for the first time. There could be overuse of “uh” and “um” as they are unable to find the right word.

Some other symptoms include:

  • Lack of vocabulary as compared to other children of the same age.

  • Their ability to frame sentences becomes limited.

  • Have problem in using the right set of words to explain something.

  • Children are unable to converse properly with others.


Related to Understanding Others:

Another important aspect of language disorder is when children face the hard time of trying to understand others when they say something. This can lead to face difficulty while following instructions given by others regarding the directions to get to home and school.  Now, if at 1.5 years of age, a child does not respond verbally to questions or at least through a nod or headshake, then that could be a clear case of language disorder.

Causes behind Language Disorder

The cause of this disorder is often not known. There is possibility that genetics and nutrition can have a role but till now they have not been proved.

Language disorder, thereby leading to a delay in language development might well be related to:

Other developmental problems might also arise, including:

  • Loss of hearing

  • A person can become autistic.

  • Learning disability

Treatment Options

The best treatment option for those suffering from language disorder would be speech and language therapy. Both these therapies help in getting people out of the difficulties faced while trying to communicate or even while trying to eat, drink and swallow. The therapists work in tandem with parents, caretakers, doctors and nurses.

Language disorder might well be accompanied by emotional and behavioural problems, which could be treated by way of Psychotherapy and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy.

Psychotherapy helps to find out where the problem lies, get to the root of the problem and by making a person expresses his or her problems through careful questioning, can help them get rid of the problems.

10227Cognitive Behaviour Therapy is also a talk therapy, which allows people to manage their problems by helping them change their way of thinking.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2806 people found this helpful

Language Disorder - How to Diagnose it?

Dr. G B Singh 86% (10 ratings)
Consultant Dyslexia, Autism & Child Psychologist. Consultant Clinical & Mental Health Psychologist., Post Masters Doc in Behavioural Medicine , Post Masters Doc Psychology
Psychologist, Noida
Language Disorder - How to Diagnose it?

Language disorder is commonly known as language impairment, it is a common childhood disorder, which makes it difficult for kids to understand what the people around them are saying to them and to face difficulty in following simple directions, it also includes difficulty in expressing the thoughts and feeling through speech.

Language disorder can be classified as:

  1. Receptive language disorder: This disorder makes it difficult to understand what the other person is saying to the one suffering from it.
  2. Expressive language disorder: Kids suffering from it are not able to express themselves and their thoughts.
  3. Mixed receptive expressive disorder: These kids have combined symptoms of receptive language disorder and expressive language disorder, making it difficult to understand and to make someone else understand.

Symptoms of language disorder:

  1. Difficulty in understanding: The ones suffering from language disorder, finds it difficult to understand what the people around them are saying.
  2. Limited vocabulary: It is one of the prominent symptoms, in which the vocabulary of the kids is very limited as compared to other kids of that age.
  3. Trouble learning new things: Learning new things is a difficult task for the kid suffering from language disorder
  4. Repeat usage of certain phrases: Kids tend to use the same phrase again and again, which is one of the basic symptoms.
  5. Frustration: As the kid is either not able to understand or to make other understand or both, kids with this disorder tend to remain more frustrated in comparison to other kids, as they are unable to do things. 
  6. Sentences which do not make sense: Making incomplete or senseless sentences is a key indicator of language disorder.

What you should do?

  1. Speech therapist: The treatment may include speech therapy, in which the speech therapist will work towards building the vocabulary and improving the grammar of the kids suffering, making the kids more confident and feel good about themselves.
  2. Psychotherapy: If the kid is also suffering from emotional issues because of the language disorder, then one should also undergo Psychotherapy, as it not only improves the morale of the patient, but also provides the guidance on how to keep improving further from the language disorder.
  3. Positive Atmosphere: The kids suffering from such a disorder should be made comfortable enough to enjoy their being, giving plenty of time to your young ones is the best way to cure such disorder, so one should always communicate well with his kids and make them learn new things, sing to them, listen to various sounds, show different pictures, colours, shapes to make them learn.
  4. Parental Support: The parents should also understand the issue well, be patient, and should support the kid to work out on the disorder. Parents should also interact with other parents, who have been there, to learn more about the language disorders and how their kids overcome the disorder.

As language disorder is one of common issue in kids, this can be managed and cured well to improve after all the required knowledge and best practices to follow. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.

2302 people found this helpful

Delayed Speech And Language

Dr. Murli Singh 92% (221 ratings)
D.H.L.S, B.A.S.L.P, M.A, B.Ed .SE . ( H.I )
Speech Therapist, Delhi
Delayed Speech And Language

As with other skills and milestones, the age at which kids learn language and start talking can very. Many babies happily babble" mama" and" dada" well before their first birthday, and most toddlers can say about 20 words by the time they're 18 months old. But what if a 2-year-old isn't really talking yet or only puts two words together? 

Knowing what's" normal" and what's not in speech and language development can help parents figure out if there's cause for concern or if their child is right on schedule.

How are speech and language different?

Speech is the verbal expression of language and includes articulation (the way sounds and words are formed).

Language is the entire system of giving and getting information in a meaningful way. It's understanding and being understood through communication — verbal, nonverbal, and written.

What are speech or language delays?

Speech and language problems differ, but often overlap. For example:

A child with a language delay might pronounce words well but only be able to put two words together.

A child with a speech delay might use words and phrases to express ideas but be difficult to understand.

When do kids develop speech and language skills?

The stages of speech and language development are the same for all kids, but the age at which kids develop them can vary a lot.

During routine speech therapist/ doctors look to see if kids have reached developmental milestones at these ages:

Before 12 months

By the first birthday, babies should be using their voices to relate to their environment. Cooing and babbling are early stages of speech development. At around 9 months, babies begin to string sounds together, use different tones of speech, and say words like" mama" and" dada" (without really understanding what those words mean).

Before 12 months of age, babies also should be paying attention to sound and starting to recognize names of common objects (bottle, binky, etc.). Babies who watch intently but don't react to sound could be showing signs of hearing loss

By 12 to 15 months

Kids this age should have a wide range of speech sounds in their babbling (like p, b, m, d, or n), begin to imitate sounds and words they hear, and often say one or more words (not including" mama" and" dada"). Nouns usually come first, like" baby" and" ball" they also should be able to understand and follow simple one-step directions (" please give me the toy" etc.).

From 18 to 24 months

Most (but not all) toddlers can say about 20 words by 18 months and 50 or more words by the time they turn 2. By age 2, kids are starting to combine two words to make simple sentences, such as" baby crying" or" daddy big" a 2-year-old should be able to identify common objects (in person and in pictures); point to eyes, ears, or nose when asked; and follow two-step commands (" please pick up the toy and give it to me" for example).

From 2 to 3 years

Parents often see huge gains in their child's speech. A toddler's vocabulary should increase (to too many words to count) and he or she should routinely combine three or more words into sentences.

Comprehension also should increase — by age 3, a child should begin to understand what it means to" put it on the table" or" put it under the bed" kids also should begin to identify colors and understand descriptive concepts (big versus little, for example).

What are the signs of a speech or language delay?

A baby who doesn't respond to sound or who isn't vocalizing should be seen by a doctor right away. But often, it's hard for parents to know if their child is just taking a little longer to reach a speech or language milestone, or if there's a problem that needs medical attention.

Here are some things to watch for. Call your doctor if your child:

By 12 months: isn't using gestures, such as pointing or waving bye-bye

By 18 months: prefers gestures over vocalizations to communicate

By 18 months: has trouble imitating sounds

Has trouble understanding simple verbal requests

By 2 years: can only imitate speech or actions and doesn't produce words or phrases spontaneously

By 2 years: says only certain sounds or words repeatedly and can't use oral language to communicate more than his or her immediate needs

By 2 years: can't follow simple directions

By 2 years: has an unusual tone of voice (such as raspy or nasal sounding)

Is more difficult to understand than expected for his or her age:

Parents and regular caregivers should understand about half of a child's speech at 2 years and about three quarters at 3 years.

By 4 years old, a child should be mostly understood, even by people who don't know the child.

What causes speech or language delays?

A speech delay in an otherwise normally developing child might be due to an oral impairment, like problems with the tongue or palate (the roof of the mouth). And a short frenulum (the fold beneath the tongue) can limit tongue movement for speech production.

Many kids with speech delays have oral-motor problems. These happen when there's a problem in the areas of the brain responsible for speech, making it hard to coordinate the lips, tongue, and jaw to produce speech sounds. These kids also might have other oral-motor problems, such as feeding difficulties.

Hearing problems are also commonly related to delayed speech. That's why an audiologistshould test a child's hearing whenever there's a speech concern. Kids who have trouble hearing may have trouble articulating as well as understanding, imitating, and using language.
Ear infection especially, chronic infection, can affect hearing. Simple ear infections that have been treated, though, should not affect speech. And, as long as there is normal hearing in at least one ear, speech and language will develop normally.

How are speech or language delays diagnosed?

If you or your doctor think that your child might have a problem, it's important to get an early evaluation by a speech_ language therapistyou can find a speech-language pathologist on your own, or ask your health care provider to refer you to one.

The speech-language pathologist will evaluate your child's speech and language skills within the context of total development. The pathologist will do standardized tests and look for milestones in speech and language development.

The speech-language pathologist will also assess:

What your child understands (called receptive language)

What your child can say (called expressive language)

If your child is attempting to communicate in other ways, such as pointing, head shaking, gesturing, etc.

Sound development and clarity of speech

Your child's oral-motor status (how the mouth, tongue, palate, etc, work together for speech as well as eating and swallowing)

Based on the test results, the speech-language pathologist might recommend speech therapy for your child.

How does speech therapy help?

The speech therapist will work with your child to improve speech and language skills, and show you what to do at home to help your child.

What can parents do?

Parental involvement is an important part of helping kids who have a speech or language problem.

Here are a few ways to encourage speech development at home:

Spend a lot of time communicating with your child. Even during infancy — talk, sing, and encourage imitation of sounds and gestures.

Read to your child. Start reading when your child is a baby. Look for age-appropriate soft or board books or picture books that encourage kids to look while you name the pictures. Try starting with a classic book (such as pat the bunny, in which your child imitates the patting motion) or books with textures that kids can touch. Later, let your child point to recognizable pictures and try to name them. Then move on to nursery rhymes, which have rhythmic appeal. Progress to predictable books (such as brown bear, brown bear, what do you see?) that let kids anticipate what happens. Your little one may even start to memorize favorite stories.

Use everyday situations. To reinforce your child's speech and language, talk your way through the day. For example, name foods at the grocery store, explain what you're doing as you cook a meal or clean a room, point out objects around the house, and as you drive, point out sounds you hear. Ask questions and acknowledge your child's responses (even when they're hard to understand). Keep things simple, but avoid" baby talk"

Recognizing and treating speech and language delays early on is the best approach. With proper therapy and time, your child will be better able to communicate with you and the rest of the world.

Identifying A Language Disorder - What You Need To Know?

Ms. Aarathi Selvan 87% (26 ratings)
B.A. Hons . Psychology, MA Psychological Counseling, EDM Psychological Counseling, Trauma Specialist, MPhil Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Identifying A Language Disorder - What You Need To Know?

Language disorder is commonly known as language impairment, it is a common childhood disorder, which makes it difficult for kids to understand what the people around them are saying to them and to face difficulty in following simple directions, it also includes difficulty in expressing the thoughts and feeling through speech.

Language disorder can be classified as:

  1. Receptive language disorder: This disorder makes it difficult to understand what the other person is saying to the one suffering from it.
  2. Expressive language disorder: Kids suffering from it are not able to express themselves and their thoughts.
  3. Mixed receptive expressive disorder: These kids have combined symptoms of receptive language disorder and expressive language disorder, making it difficult to understand and to make someone else understand.

Symptoms of language disorder:

  1. Difficulty in understanding: The ones suffering from language disorder, finds it difficult to understand what the people around them are saying.
  2. Limited vocabulary: It is one of the prominent symptoms, in which the vocabulary of the kids is very limited as compared to other kids of that age.
  3. Trouble learning new things: Learning new things is a difficult task for the kid suffering from language disorder
  4. Repeat usage of certain phrases: Kids tend to use the same phrase again and again, which is one of the basic symptoms.
  5. Frustration: As the kid is either not able to understand or to make other understand or both, kids with this disorder tend to remain more frustrated in comparison to other kids, as they are unable to do things. 
  6. Sentences which do not make sense: Making incomplete or senseless sentences is a key indicator of language disorder.

What you should do?

  1. Speech therapist: The treatment may include speech therapy, in which the speech therapist will work towards building the vocabulary and improving the grammar of the kids suffering, making the kids more confident and feel good about themselves.
  2. Psychotherapy: If the kid is also suffering from emotional issues because of the language disorder, then one should also undergo Psychotherapy, as it not only improves the morale of the patient, but also provides the guidance on how to keep improving further from the language disorder.
  3. Positive Atmosphere: The kids suffering from such a disorder should be made comfortable enough to enjoy their being, giving plenty of time to your young ones is the best way to cure such disorder, so one should always communicate well with his kids and make them learn new things, sing to them, listen to various sounds, show different pictures, colours, shapes to make them learn.
  4. Parental Support: The parents should also understand the issue well, be patient, and should support the kid to work out on the disorder. Parents should also interact with other parents, who have been there, to learn more about the language disorders and how their kids overcome the disorder.

As language disorder is one of common issue in kids, this can be managed and cured well to improve after all the required knowledge and best practices to follow. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4748 people found this helpful

Language Disorder - What Type Of Treatment Should You Get?

Dr. Praditi Choudhary 90% (65 ratings)
Advance Diploma Child & Guidance Counselling, Post Graduate Diploma In Clinical Psychologist
Psychologist, Jodhpur
Language Disorder - What Type Of Treatment Should You Get?

Language disorder is commonly known as language impairment, it is a common childhood disorder, which makes it difficult for kids to understand what the people around them are saying to them and to face difficulty in following simple directions, it also includes difficulty in expressing the thoughts and feeling through speech.

Language disorder can be classified as:

  1. Receptive language disorder: This disorder makes it difficult to understand what the other person is saying to the one suffering from it.
  2. Expressive language disorder: Kids suffering from it are not able to express themselves and their thoughts.
  3. Mixed receptive expressive disorder: These kids have combined symptoms of receptive language disorder and expressive language disorder, making it difficult to understand and to make someone else understand.

Symptoms of language disorder:

  1. Difficulty in understanding: The ones suffering from language disorder, finds it difficult to understand what the people around them are saying.
  2. Limited vocabulary: It is one of the prominent symptoms, in which the vocabulary of the kids is very limited as compared to other kids of that age.
  3. Trouble learning new things: Learning new things is a difficult task for the kid suffering from language disorder
  4. Repeat usage of certain phrases: Kids tend to use the same phrase again and again, which is one of the basic symptoms.
  5. Frustration: As the kid is either not able to understand or to make other understand or both, kids with this disorder tend to remain more frustrated in comparison to other kids, as they are unable to do things. 
  6. Sentences which do not make sense: Making incomplete or senseless sentences is a key indicator of language disorder.

What you should do?

  1. Speech therapist: The treatment may include speech therapy, in which the speech therapist will work towards building the vocabulary and improving the grammar of the kids suffering, making the kids more confident and feel good about themselves.
  2. Psychotherapy: If the kid is also suffering from emotional issues because of the language disorder, then one should also undergo Psychotherapy, as it not only improves the morale of the patient, but also provides the guidance on how to keep improving further from the language disorder.
  3. Positive Atmosphere: The kids suffering from such a disorder should be made comfortable enough to enjoy their being, giving plenty of time to your young ones is the best way to cure such disorder, so one should always communicate well with his kids and make them learn new things, sing to them, listen to various sounds, show different pictures, colours, shapes to make them learn.
  4. Parental Support: The parents should also understand the issue well, be patient, and should support the kid to work out on the disorder. Parents should also interact with other parents, who have been there, to learn more about the language disorders and how their kids overcome the disorder.

As language disorder is one of common issue in kids, this can be managed and cured well to improve after all the required knowledge and best practices to follow. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2735 people found this helpful

Speech & Language Delay - Spot The Signs!

Dr. Murli Singh 92% (221 ratings)
D.H.L.S, B.A.S.L.P, M.A, B.Ed .SE . ( H.I )
Speech Therapist, Delhi
Speech & Language Delay - Spot The Signs!

There are instances when a kid doesn’t show the usual signs of development compared to their peers. Most parents take it casually thinking that their child will catch up in due course only to find a larger problem associated with it. It is therefore extremely important to discuss speech and language related delays with a medical practitioner to find out whether a child is immature or has a genuine problem which requires medical help. A child can show different signs as per age:

Different age group:

  • Within the first 12 months, a baby should be able to relate to his environment and make babbling and cooing sound. It is often observed that by month 9, a baby is capable of stringing sounds after seeing things. If a baby is intently watching objects, but is unable to make any sound, this may be an early symptom of speech or language related problem.
  • Between the 12th and the 15th month, a baby should be capable of making a wide array of sounds including few commonly used words. Babies should also be able to take few basic instructions and oblige those.
  • Between the age of 18th and 24th months, a baby becomes smart enough to pronounce anywhere in the range of 20 to 50 words. They also start combining words and make simple sentences. They should be capable of identifying common objects and remember their names.
  • By the age of 3, a toddler should be smart enough to combine 4-5 words and form sentences. Kids of this age also become smart enough to take straightforward instructions and perform them comfortably. Any deviation on this should be immediately reported to the Doctor.

What are the warning signs?

If a child between the age of 1-2 is not able to do the following things:

  1. Fails to use gesture
  2. Use more gesture than vocalising by the age of 18 months
  3. Produce no voice by 18th-month
  4. Fails to perform simple instructions

A child between the age of 2-3 needs evaluation if:

  1. Capable of imitating words but isn’t spontaneous in vocalising
  2. Repeats certain words multiple times
  3. The tone of voice is unusual compared to his peers

Possible causes of speech and language delay:

  1. Problems with palate leading to oral impairments
  2. Short frenulum restricting sufficient tongue movement to produce speech
  3. Oral-motor problems leading to speech limitation
  4. Problems related to hearing
  5. Chronic infection of the ear leading to speech delay

What does the pathologist assess?

  1. What can the child speak?
  2. What can the child understand?
  3. Oral-motor status
  4. Clarity of speech

Post the above evaluation a pathologist directs a plan of action. Sometimes speech therapy sessions are recommended in order to improve kids’ skill. For a motor related problem, a doctor can state a plan of action and limit the expectation of parents. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Speech Therapist.

3909 people found this helpful

Body Language

Mrs. Anam Kaushal 89% (82 ratings)
MPhil Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Body Language

Body language

Body language refers to the non-verbal gestures that we use to communicate to others. Body language is part and parcel of our day to day activity. Believe it or not, but it is an integral part of our life – even things that we do not intend to communicate verbally, can get expressed non-verbally. 

Research indicates that 7% is conveyed by words, 38% by voice tone and 55% by facial and body expressions. Body language includes behaviors like – body posture, facial expressions, eye moments and gestures.

Body language plays a very important role in one’s personal and professional life. It reveals much about one’s feelings and meanings to others and how others reveal their feeling towards us. Most of the basic communications are common all around the world.

 For example when someone is happy, he/she smiles, when one is angry or sad, they frown. Another example is that of nodding the head which indicates either a “yes” or a “no”. A shoulder shrug is also an example of universal gesture that again indicates that the person doesn't know or doesn't understand. The ring is a universal sign for okay, a v – sign indicates victory and so on.


Types of non – verbal communication

1. Facial expression – our face is extremely expressive. We express countless emotions through our expressions. Few of the emotion expressed by facial expressions are – happiness, anger, excitement, disgust, fear, surprise, desire etc.

 2. Eyes - is considered to be the “window to the soul”. They tell us much about what we feel and think. The ways you look communicate much about you. Now, if the person is looking directly into your eyes it indicates that the person is interested and paying attention and if the individual is breaking eye contact in between that indicates disinterest and uncomfortable. Blinking is a reflex; however how much a person is blinking also indicates much about a person. Excessive blinking indicates discomfort and distress.

3. Mouth – mouth expressions are also important to understand body language. Lip biting is often seen to be displayed by people. Lip biting indicates one’s feeling of being worried, anxious or stressed. A pursed lip on the other hand is an indicator of distaste, disapproval, or distrust.

4. Arms and legs – also provides great amount of information. For example, crossed arms indicate defensiveness and self protectiveness. Similarly, crossing legs away from someone indicates dislike or discomfort from that person. Standing with hands placed on hips indicates that the person is ready and in control. Rapidly tapping fingers is a sign of feeling bored, impatient or frustrated.

5. Posture - our posture tell a lot about us. How we hold our bodies also showcases body language. Sitting up right for example, indicates that the person is focused, friendliness, openness, willingness and paying attention to what is going on. Sitting with the body hunched forward indicates feeling of being bored, hostility and unfriendliness.

6. Touch - we communicate a lot through touch. This includes handshakes, hugs and so on.

Let’s have a look at some positive and negative body language signs that can help us bring forth few changes in us.

Positive body language

  • Positive body language is generally quite reliable as an indicator of a person's feelings. It signals interest in the other person and in the conversation.
  •  Relaxed posture - comfortably seated, relaxed breathing, no visible stiffness or abrupt movements. These indicate no major barriers to communication.
  • Arms relaxed - uncrossed arms and hands open are signs of openness.
  • Good eye contact - looking in the other person's eyes, particularly when they are speaking, indicates interest in that person. Proper eye contact involves looking away occasionally to avoid staring.
  • Nodding agreement - when nods are used to punctuate key things the other person has said, they signal agreement, interest and understanding. However, continual unconscious bobbing of the head usually indicates that the listener is tuning out.
  • Taking notes - shows interest and involvement, particularly if notes are on what the other person is saying.
  • Smiling/adding humor - this is a very positive sign. It signals a warm personal relationship.
  • Leaning closer - reducing the distance between two people, particularly when the other person is speaking. Indicates interest is up and barriers are down.
  • Gesturing warmly - talking with hands, particularly with palms open, indicates involvement in the conversation and openness to the other person.
  •  

Negative body language

  • Body tense - stiffness, wrinkled brow, jerky body motion, and hands clasped in front or palms down on the table. These can indicate concern with the topic or dealing with the other person.
  • Arms folded in front - creates a barrier; can express resistance to what is being said.
  • Hand on face - a hand over one's mouth is a closed gesture. Leaning on one's elbow with the chin in the hand can communicate boredom.
  • Fidgeting - moving around a lot, playing with things and drumming fingers are usually a sign of boredom, nervousness or impatience.
  • Arms behind head, leaning back - in a well-established relationship this can be a relaxed gesture. In a new relationship, it is often used to express a desire for control or power.
  •  Yawning - boredom, confusion. The other person is talking too much or in too much technical detail.
  • Impatience - trying to interrupt what the other person is saying, opening one's mouth frequently as if to speak.
  • Distraction - eyes flicking about, blank stares, flipping through literature without really reading it, looking at others in the office, looking at the person's body or clothing.
  • Leaning away - avoiding moving closer, even when something is handed to the person, is strongly negative.
  • Negative facial expressions - these include shaking head, eyes narrowed, scowling, frowning.
  • These entire factors can communicate a lot about you. It helps one to form a general impression about us. Is these factors are kept in mind it can help people form a more positive notion about us.
2 people found this helpful

How Speech Therapy Can Help Develop Your Child Better?

Dr. Murli Singh 92% (221 ratings)
D.H.L.S, B.A.S.L.P, M.A, B.Ed .SE . ( H.I )
Speech Therapist, Delhi
How Speech Therapy Can Help Develop Your Child Better?

Speech therapists are known by different names but most commonly, they are referred by people as speech therapists, who make children undertake different speech therapies to make them recover from their problem in talking or in their attempt to express their thoughts. These therapists work with children having a range of disorders and delays from minor articulation delays to more complex kind of disorders such as hearing impairment, motor speech disorders and other developmental delays.

We will now look at some of the ways through which speech therapy can help in the better development of a particular child:

Articulation skills and speech intelligibility: The physical ability to get the tongues, lips, jaws and palate moving in order to produce sounds of speech individually, which people call as phonemes. For instance, in order to articulate the /b/ sound, one needs to inhale, then at the time of exhaling, one has to turn their voice on by bringing the slightly tensed lips together to pause and build the airflow up, then finally release the airflow by getting the lips parted.

Intelligibility is all about how well people can understand a child’s speech. A speech therapist can work along with the child to teach them on ways to produce particular speech sounds or certain patterns, he or she is having difficulty with, which in turn is affecting his overall speech intelligibility.

Expressive language skills: On one hand, where speech requires physical motor ability for talking, language refers to a symbol or a definite rule-governed system used for conveying a message. In the English language, the symbols could be in the form of words, either spoken or in written form. There are also certain symbols in the form of gestures like shrugging of shoulders to give the impression that he doesn’t know a certain thing or a wave to indicate bye-bye or getting their eyebrows raised to indicate that one is surprised by an event or by hearing something.

So, basically expressive language is referred to something which a child says through signs and gestures. Speech therapists can let a child learn new words and teach them how to put the words together and hence form phrases and sentences, hence allowing them to communicate with others.

Receptive language or development of listening skills: Receptive language is nothing but a child’s ability to listen and understand a particular language. Often, children tend to have stronger skills for receptive language than the skills required for expressive language. Hence, understanding becomes easier for them than their ability to express whatever they have understood. A speech therapist can help in teaching a child new words and the way they should be used to follow particular directions, reply to questions and thus take part in simple conversations with peers and other people.

Speech fluency: Speech fluency is affected by stuttering, which refers to the breaks in the flow of speech. This hampers one’s ability to talk freely. Through speech therapy, a child can come across different strategies on how to control this behavioral pattern and lead to an increase in speech fluency.

2676 people found this helpful

Audology And Speech Therapy

Dr. Murli Singh 92% (221 ratings)
D.H.L.S, B.A.S.L.P, M.A, B.Ed .SE . ( H.I )
Speech Therapist, Delhi
Audology And Speech Therapy

Audiology deals in identifying and evaluating hearing disorders that are associated with adults, children or infants. The audiology department at genesis-neurogen diagnostic evaluations to people having speech, hearing, language and communication difficulties.

  • Our team of experienced and qualified audiologists undertakes all kinds of hearing tests like newborn screening (oea) pta, etc. And also have experience with regard to all types of hearing aids, starting from the standard to the most advanced option. Our experts provide solution for all lifestyle needs e. G. Swimming ear plugs, noise muffs/plugs etc.
  • We specialize with determining cochlear implant candidacy, mapping and auditory verbal therapy. 
  • We also deal with all kinds of speech-related problems including language and voice problems for e. G. Stammering, delayed speech and language misarticulation, cleft palate etc. With regard to children and aphasia, dysarthria, parkinson’s, hoarse voice etc in case of adults.
  • A comprehensive assessment is carried out for each patient based on wjihich a customized treatment plan is planned through the use of latest and advanced technology.
  • Our highly trained specialists offer a wide variety of services like speech/language intervention, cochlear implants and aural rehabilitation
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Different Types Of Speech Therapies That Can Be Of Help!

Mr. Murli Singh 92% (221 ratings)
D.H.L.S, B.A.S.L.P, M.A, B.Ed .SE . ( H.I )
Speech Therapist, Delhi
Different Types Of Speech Therapies That Can Be Of Help!

A person might be referred to visit a speech therapist or more precisely, a speech language pathologist for a variety of disorders. A speech language therapist can help people having problems related to speech, hearing and swallowing.

If we have to talk more on specific terms, a SLP can help in assessing the problem and treat problems related to:

  • Speech: People who face difficulty in forming proper sentences and uttering those sentences in distinct manner.
  • Fluency: Ones who tend to stutter and talk in a haphazard manner.
  • Language: Who lack the ability and also to comprehend both spoken and written language.
  • Voice: Help treat people, who are facing problems with their voice.
  • Auditory Habilitation and Auditory Rehabilitation: A speech language therapist would undertake certain recovery techniques related to speech, hearing as well as language disorders.

Now we will take a look at some of the therapies which a SLP would utilize to treat some of the more common speech-language disorders.

  • Speech Therapy for Late Talkers: An infant or a toddler should talk after attaining a certain age. If that doesn’t happen, he might be referred to a speech therapist. The therapist would try out different things, like encouraging a child to talk, play certain games with him. At times, he might take away a favourite toy them, till the they ask for it, can motivate small children to speak up.
  • Speech Therapy for Kids Having Apraxia: Children who suffer from apraxia face difficulty in saying certain syllables or in making certain sounds. A child would know exactly what she or she wants to say but somehow, they fail to express it correctly. Speech therapists would evaluate children having this problem through several tests, which include:
  • Oral-Motor Assessment: This would let a therapist check out weakness of the muscles in the jaw, lips or tongue.
  • Melody of Speech Assessment: During this, the therapist would listen to see if they can precisely target syllables and use certain pitch and pauses in between at appropriate places in sentences.
  • Speech Sound Assessment: This helps a therapist to further determine how well a child is able to pronounce certain sounds, including vowels, consonants and combinations of sound. It would also include determining how well other people are able to comprehend a child’s conversational speech.
  • Speech Therapy for Stuttering: Stuttering is a kind of behavioural problem. Speech therapists would look to teach children, who face this problem, behavioural modification techniques, which in turn would help tackle their problem. A common approach is to control the rate of a child’s speech, as speaking too quickly can make the situation worse. Practising speech at a slower and in a more fluent manner can be extremely helpful.
  • Speech Therapy for Aphasia: Aphasia is a condition which causes difficulty in speaking due to some kind of damage to the brain. Some of the speech therapies to help a person get rid of the problem are:
    • Drills, which ensure improvement in specific skills related to language.
    • Group therapy to bring improvements in conversational skills.
    • Gestures and writing to augment their communication skills.
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