Communication disorders refer to a variety of disorders that may affect a person’s ability to detect, comprehend, or apply speech and language to effectively engage in discourse with others. Over 10% of children suffer from communication disorders. A problem in a particular area of communication can affect other areas. For example – hearing impairment in a child can disrupt his/her ability to adjust the tone or pitch of voice, leading to voice disorders.
Types of Communication Disorders
Communication disorders are classified into several types –
Signs Indicating Communication Disorders in Children
Each child with a communication disorder may show unique symptoms. Nevertheless, the most common ones observed in a child are –
Most children with the above disorders are able to speak by the time they enrol in a school. However, they may still face problems communicating. Children of school-going age may have problems forming and understanding words, while teenagers often face trouble expressing or comprehending abstract ideas.
Even though the symptoms may seem like an indication of some other health problem, be sure to take your child to a therapist for proper diagnosis.
How are Communication Disorders in children diagnosed?
In most cases, children with communication disorders are referred to as an SLP or a Speech-language pathologist. A complete evaluation involves –
How to treat Communication Disorders in children?
Treatment for communication disorders in children may include one or more of the following types of approaches –
Speak with your therapist or counsellor about the needs of your child, as they can prepare a treatment plan to help your child cope with the difficulties they face with communication disorders.