Phonosurgery is a surgery which is done to maintain or improve the quality of the voice. Various surgical techniques are used to restore the voice of a person. Human voice depends on an elastic structure called vocal ligament. When these are affected, phonosurgery has to be done to restore the voice that is lost. Voice disorders can be the result of trauma or inflammation or also due to a functional origin. These disorders are very dangerous to professional singers, politicians, actors and for that matter any common person. Voice therapy plays a vital role in the correction of several disorders which are functional in nature. Phonosurgery treatment includes microsurgery of the vocal folds which are done using endoscopy, an open-neck surgery done for restructuring the framework of the larynx using a laryngeal injection for the restoration of the nerve connecting the larynx. These can be attended to by a laryngologist. Laryngology is a department which uses various tools to analyze the voice. Computerized analysis methods are used in the recent times for such analysis. Voice surgery is done as a team which includes otolaryngologists, speech therapists, psychiatrists and at times plastic surgeons. Voice disorders may either be of functional origin or of organic origin. The benefits of this surgery are an improvement in the quality of voice, after the correction of defects in the laryngeal sound production. It is important to consult an experienced laryngologist to undergo this treatment successfully.