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Last Updated: Sep 21, 2021
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Platelet Rich Plasma: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

About Treatment Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Side Effects Precautions What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Result Cost Alternatives

What is the treatment?

Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy is known to cure some medical conditions sooner than the conventional ways. Athletes are increasingly opting for this therapy for conditions like sprained ankles or knees, tennis elbow, chronic tendon injuries etc. as they are able to return to competitions much more quickly. The therapy cannot be done for every injury and on all parts of the body. Your overall health will also be considered before the treatment. Whether your injury is chronic or acute also changes the course of this therapy.

Does platelet-rich plasma work for hair loss?

Hair loss is one of the common issues people are facing nowadays. It can be cured by platelet-rich plasma therapy. Although this method has not been proven 100% effective till now on the basis of science, it has given positive results in a survey conducted by a series of experiments done on a wide range of populations.

Is PRP a permanent solution?

The time duration till which the platelet-rich plasma therapy remains effective is considered to be around 12 months. It is not a permanent solution and the therapy needs to be done repeatedly at a fixed interval of time to maintain its effectiveness. The effect or outcome of the procedure depends upon the capacity of the body to heal.

How is the treatment done?

Our blood consists of liquid plasma and some solid components like red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Platelets are generally known to clot blood in your body. However, they also carry hundreds of proteins that are necessary to heal the injuries of your body. During the preparation of this therapy, blood is drawn from the patient and the platelets are separated from other blood cells. They go through a process called centrifugation wherein, their concentration is increased 5-10 times. Plasma, with increased concentration of platelets, is added back to the remaining blood. It is then, injected exactly into the injured area in order to speed up the process of healing.

Is platelet-rich plasma safe?

Platelet-rich plasma therapy involves the withdrawal of blood from the arm of the patient and introducing the same in the affected region that needs to be treated. Since the treatment procedure involves the use of patients' own blood, it is completely safe and can be used for purposes of hair transplants, cosmetic transformations, and trauma as well as injury.

Can I do PRP at home?

Doing Platelet-rich plasma therapy at home is quite an unsafe and risky process according to the doctors. The procedure may lead to sepsis or infection of the blood. Besides this, there are other problems such as blindness. damage to nerves and ultimately death may occur.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you have had injuries like sprained ankles or knees, tennis elbow, chronic tendon injuries, acute ligament or muscle tear, knee arthritis or fracture, you may go for this therapy. Also, this is a good option if you want your injury to heal faster than it will through the conventional way of treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Minor injuries can be treated through pain reliever pills or ointments. You need not go for this complicated therapy for them.

Are there any side effects?

You may experience increased pain in the injection site for the next few days.

Why is PRP so painful?

Platelet-rich plasma feels to be more painful initially in the first step of the procedure. The pain is initiated by swelling in the affected region. The swelling is important as it is much needed for the long-term healing process by the cells of the blood.

What should I avoid after PRP?

The outcome and effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma therapy totally depend upon the post-treatment care. Some of the preventive measures that need to be followed after the procedure for a long-term result of the therapy include quitting habits such as smoking and alcohol consumption as well as the use of prescribed chemicals on the affected area to enhance the effect of the treatment.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Follow the guidelines provided by your doctor. You might have to take some pills or apply certain ointments for a few days. Your physical therapist will also suggest you some exercises that you must do in order to keep your limbs active.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery time depends on your age, the severity of your injury and the area of your injury.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

A platelet rich injection may cost you anywhere between ₹30000 - ₹ 80000 depending on the severity of your condition and the area of injury.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

There are no definite proofs as yet to show 100% effectiveness of plasma rich injections. However, the results of successful treatments have been mostly permanent.

How much does platelet-rich plasma therapy cost?

Platelet-rich plasma therapy is an advanced technique that has been getting used on a large scale these days, for several purposes such as hair transplantation, cosmetic needs, and healing of wounds. The cost of treatment usually depends upon location, qualification of the doctor who will perform the procedure, and equipment. However, the estimated price varies in a range of 500 to 2000 dollars.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

You can go for conventional ways to treat your injury like physio therapy, pain killers, surgeries etc.

Summary: Platelet-rich plasma therapy is an advanced technique that has been getting used on a large scale these days, for several purposes such as hair transplantation, cosmetic needs, and healing of wounds. It is quite a safe process, although it has not been proven 100% effective till now. Some of the preventive measures that need to be followed after the procedure for a long-term result include quitting habits such as smoking and alcohol consumption as well as the use of prescribed chemicals on the affected area to enhance the effect of the treatment.

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MD - Dermatology,FCPS - Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy,MBBS
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