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Overview

Tennis Elbow - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Tennis Elbow?

Lateral epicondylitis or as it is commonly called tennis elbow is a condition by which the outer part of the elbow becomes tender and sore. It affects the part of the elbow known as lateral epicondyle. This happens because of repetitive overuse of the tendons and muscles of the forearm.

Tennis elbow leads to tenderness and pain on the site of the illness.Any activity, which also involves playing tennis that involves repetitive use of the extensor muscles of the forearm can cause chronic tendonitis at the lateral epicondyle of the elbow. This condition is also very common among laborers who swings hammer, and carpenters, which affects the medial epicondyle on the inside part of the elbow. Also sometimes known as lawn-tennis elbow and washer women’s elbow, continued activity after onset of the condition can lead excruciating pain which is only treatable via surgery. So mandatory rest is advised by doctors once you are diagnosed of this disease.

Medication and Diagnosis :

For people who are keen to know more about the non-invasive therapeutic treatments of tennis elbow, occupational therapy or physical therapy, which employ stretching-exercises, massage techniques, moist heat and ice pack therapy and use of low wave ultrasound can alleviate the pain factor of this disease.Sometimes anti-inflammatory medications are prescribed to the tennis elbow patients, if the disease has been diagnosed at an early stage. Doctors also prescribe the patients suffering from this disease to wear an elbow brace for four to six weeks.

Many patients suffering from tennis elbow have also found relief from this condition by undergoing acupuncture therapy. In general acupuncture therapy is done for two days a week for a period of one month. Medical practitioners even prescribe the use of corticosteroid injections for alleviating the pain when someone is suffering from this malady. For diagnosis of this disease, doctors performs a battery of tests, during which the physician places pressure on the affected area, while asking the patient to move the arm. X-ray is also done to at times to eliminate other causes of pain, such as fracture or arthritis.

However medical ultrasonography and MRI are the best diagnostic tools for determining this disease. Athletes who are affected with tennis elbow, should continue to work out in a smart and effective manner. Sport’s doctors often helps the athletes not only to be aware of their body, but also prescribe cross training adjustments to their exercise regime, to add diversity and avoid further injuries.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Pain in elbow or muscles Swelling in elbow or muscles

Popular Health Tips

Tennis Elbow - Know The Most Common Causes Of It!

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Tennis Elbow - Know The Most Common Causes Of It!

Tennis elbow is a type of tendinitis. It is usually the swelling of certain ligaments. It causes pain in the elbow as well as the arm. These ligaments are bands of strong and stretchable tissues that connect the muscles of your lower arm to your elbow. In spite of its name, you can in any case get tennis elbow regardless of the possibility that you have never been close to a tennis court. This is merely a name for the condition and has little to do with the sport. It can affect anyone who indulges in a swinging motion.

Any repetitive exercises that require a tight grip, particularly in cases where the thumb and the initial two fingers are used frequently, may cause tennis elbow. Tennis elbow is the most common reason for patients to see their doctors for elbow torment. It can occur in individuals of all ages; however, it is most common and normal at about the age of forty.

This condition is usually caused when there are repeated contractions of the lower arm muscles that you use to raise your hand and wrist as well as to straighten it. The repetitive movements and pressure to the tissue may bring about a series of little tears in the ligaments that connect the lower arm muscles to the hard surface on the outside of the elbow.

Tennis elbow ordinarily occurs after some time. Dull movements such as holding a racket during a swing can strain the muscles and put a lot of weight on the ligaments. That consistent pulling can cause a small amount of tears in the tissue. Tennis elbow may be caused because of the following reasons:

  1. Playing tennis
  2. Playing racquetball
  3. Playing squash
  4. Fencing
  5. Weight lifting or any other stressful exercises involving the muscles

In tennis, the following moves can lead to tennis elbow:

  1. One-handed backstroke with a poor stance or lose hand
  2. A late forehand swing bringing a bend in the wrist altogether
  3. Snapping and turning the wrist while hitting with full power
  4. As the name suggests, playing tennis, particularly repeated use of the backhand stroke with poor strategy, is a conceivable reason for tennis elbow.

However, a number of other basic arm movements can also cause tennis elbow. It can also affect individuals with particular occupations or while performing leisure activities that require heavy arm movements or gripping, for example, the following:

  1. Carpentry
  2. Excessive writing
  3. Painting
  4. Raking
  5. Weaving or knitting
  6. Utilising plumbing devices
  7. Driving screws
  8. Chopping cooking ingredients or vegetables, especially meat
  9. Repetitive computer mouse utilisation
  10. Lifting heavy materials or even grocery bags

There are a number of ways to treat a tennis elbow. These include certain over-the-counter (OTC) medicines. If those do not work, seek the help of a specialist or physiotherapist. He or she can recommend you the right kind of medicines as well as exercises needed for the recovery.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3557 people found this helpful

Tennis Elbow vs. Golfer's Elbow: Causes and Symptoms You Must Not Ignore!

MBBS, D.Ortho, FCPS
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Tennis Elbow vs. Golfer's Elbow: Causes and Symptoms You Must Not Ignore!

Tennis elbow and golfer’s elbow are both injuries to the elbow joint that are caused due to overuse. Technically, they are both considered to be forms of epicondylitis. This refers to an inflammation of the tendons attached to the elbow. Another similarity between them is that they are not restricted to athletes. However, they are not synonymous. The main difference between the two conditions lies in the part of the elbow that is affected.

Tennis elbow
This condition is also known as lateral epicondylitis. It is most commonly diagnosed amongst patients between the age of 30 to 50 years. The tendons affected by this condition are located on the lateral or outer side of the elbow. Thus, it is marked by inflammation of the outer areas of the forearm and elbow due to repetitive actions by the wrist and forearm. The condition is commonly known as tennis elbow because a forehand or backhand stroke exerts the muscles that cause this inflammation. Cooks, carpenters, plumbers and painters are most susceptible to this condition. Seasonal activities such as gardening or raking can also trigger tennis elbow.

Symptoms of tennis elbow
A pain that radiates from the outer elbow to the wrist and forearm is a characteristic symptom of this condition. This pain may be felt as a constant ache or only experienced while performing certain activities. In addition, the forearm might feel weak and patients may complain of having a weak grip.

Golfer’s elbow
Golfer’s elbow is also known as medial epicondylitis. This condition affects the tendons on the medial or inside of the elbow. It is characterized by pain and irritation on the inside elbow and arm. Any action that requires repetitive flexing and twisting of the wrist can cause this condition. Thus, golfers are at a high risk of suffering from it. Medial epicondylitis can also be caused by shovelling, gardening or throwing a ball. Carpenters, weightlifters and painters often find themselves experiencing pain associated with this condition.

Symptoms of golfer’s elbow
A pain on the inner side of the elbow is the main symptom associated with golfer’s elbow. This pain usually radiates downwards to the forearm. It may be experienced when lifting the hand or when twisting the forearm, such as when making a fist. The elbow may also be slightly swollen and feel tender. In addition, patients may experience a tingling sensation in the ring and little finger. If left untreated for a long time, it could cause elbow stiffness as well as weakness in the wrist.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2446 people found this helpful

Tennis Elbow: How Does it Affect and Why Does it Happen?

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Pune
Tennis Elbow: How Does it Affect and Why Does it Happen?

Lateral epicondylitis, which is the medical name for tennis elbow, is a condition wherein the tendon in the upper arm develops a tear due to repeated motions. This is a very painful condition and can make your daily life difficult. It usually tends to affect your dominant arm i.e. the arm that you use the most.

Who does it affect and why does it happen?
As mentioned earlier, tennis elbow occurs due to repetitive similar movements of the elbows, forearms and wrists over a prolonged period. The common name for this condition came due to repeated occurrences with tennis players although it can happen to players of other sports as well as people in other profession too. Some of the people who are most susceptible to this could be from the following fields:

  1. Sporting activities such as squash, tennis, fencing, cricket and many other sports where repeated arms movements are required.
  2. Carpenters
  3. Painters
  4. Musicians playing certain instruments
  5. Typing
  6. Knitting work
  7. Chefs and waiters
  8. Cleaning
  9. Road and construction workers

Symptoms

  1. A slow exacerbation of pain over a period and gradual worsening can be a major symptom.
  2. In certain cases, the pain may manifest suddenly which will make any movement very difficult.
  3. Moving your arm may become very difficult, especially during any up or down movement of the arm.
  4. In some cases, the pain may be experienced only when shaking objects or actions wherein squeezing or hard gripping is required.
  5. Performing daily activities such as a tooth brush, trying to open jars or even trying to use a knife or fork can get extremely difficult.

How it can be treated?
Most treatment methods include keeping the elbow in a resting position and giving it time to heal automatically. However, some medication may also be given to relieve pain and quicken healing. Some of these are mentioned below.

  1. Elbow straps: These fix the elbow in a comfortable position and don’t allow it to move helping it heal on its own.
  2. Ice treatment : This is the most common home treatment prescribed to relieve pain. You can use homemade icepacks or even buy gel pack, which can then be held against the area to relieve pain.
  3. Painkillers: Ibuprofen and aspirin can be used to lessen the pain, although it is advisable to consult your doctors first.
  4. Various physical therapies: Physiotherapy, acupuncture or specific doctor recommended exercises could be done to not only relieve pain but also quicken healing and to strengthen the tendons and the muscles of that area.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2271 people found this helpful

Tennis Elbow/Lateral Epicondylitis

BPTh/BPT, MPT
Physiotherapist, Pune
Tennis Elbow/Lateral Epicondylitis

Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) is inflammation of the tendons that extend the hand backward and away from the palm.

Factors that increase having- 

1-weak shoulder and forearm muscles.

2-playing with a racket that is too tightly strung

3-too short, hitting the ball off center on the racket (out of the sweet spot)

4-hitting heavy, wet balls.
 
Hitting backhanded and allowing the wrist to bend increase the chance of developing lateral epicondylitis.

Treatment -

1-ice is applied to the outer elbow, and exercises that cause pain are avoided.

2- use of a tennis elbow brace (usually for a few weeks as per your physio's advice) can be beneficial. 

3 - ultrasound if swelling visible, tens is also very helpful in combination with ultra sound.

4- as pain decreases, elbow and wrist flexibility and strengthening exercises can be started.

In addition to this conventional treatment of physiotherapy our clinic also has shockwave therapy. One sitting treatment. 

PRP Therapy to Heal Pain

Fellowship in Pain Management, MD, MD - Anaesthesiology , MBBS , Observer post
Pain Management Specialist, Pune
PRP Therapy to Heal Pain

PRP therapy is a novel treatment to heal the pain of tennis elbow, knee and shoulder pain.

1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Recently from 3-4 months I got olecranon bursitis. I believe it occurred due to my desk when I put my elbow. What will be best treatment for it. please suggest Thanks.

ms orthopaedics, mbbs
Orthopedist, Noida
1. Avoid placing elbow over table or against rough surfaces. 2. Apply ice packs locally. 3. Medications like Enzomac and Tendocare will help. 4. Intralesional steroid injection offer great help if the problem is recurring.

What is the best medicine for tennis elbow, its confirmed by my doctor but they have different operation on same say relax same say do routine work. Hot & cold size is also suggests So what is medicine for it,

ms orthopaedics, mbbs
Orthopedist, Noida
1. Hot water compression. 2. Ultrasound/ Laser therapy for lateral epicondylitis. 3. Medications like Enzomac, Tendocare will help. 4. Tennis elbow band can be worn. Rest to elbow for 3-4 weeks is the mainstay of treatment. Intralesional steroid injection offer great help.
1 person found this helpful

TFCC injury recommendations to recover faster. Any diet to follow for recovery, exercises or any other help.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
For a good recovery Apart from taking symptomatic treatment Few diet tips - Not to eat fried food items and Can eat All green vegetables, moong , chana , Dal , rice etc And to apply ghee over chappati and don’t apply oil over chappati And to drink milk mixed with turmeric powder twice a day And If possible eat eggs on alternate days And If possible in breakfast eat atleast one bajra ka rotla And Eat seasonal fruit

I have pain in my elbow may be tennis elbow. I ask so many time but no doctor suggest any tablet. All are suggest ice ,pain relief ointment or physiotherapy please suggests any medicine. Ice pain relief ointment, braces on elbow I all try. Please suggest specific tablets for elbow pain. There is no fracture in x-ray. Please help me.

MBBS, D'Ortho, DNB (Orthopedics)
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Hi lybrate-user if you have tennis elbow and no relief with ice, rest, anti-inflammatory or brace then you may require steriod injection or release but before tht make sure you worn brace properly becoz most of time brace provide good relief.