PID or Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection that affects the upper part of the female reproductive system which includes the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and inside of the pelvis. Often, there may be no symptoms of this illness.
PID does not cause any obvious symptoms. However, if you observe any of these mild symptoms, it’s better to get examined.
Some other serious symptoms include:
Some of these signs and symptoms are also observed in other conditions like appendicitis and ectopic pregnancy. Thus, medical help should be taken to diagnose the disorder.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is caused by the upper female genital tract infection. The infection gets spread from the vagina & cervix up to the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
People who are more likely to develop PID are :
Untreated PID causes scar tissue and abscess collections in fallopian tubes damaging the reproductive organs. It may also cause:
Pelvic inflammatory disease if left untreated can lead to serious complications. Some of the complications are as follows:
PID is usually a result of infection from multiple bacteria. Hence, a combination of antibiotics may be prescribed to combat the infection. The initial dose may be an injection followed by a 14 day-long course of antibiotics. The course of antibiotics must be completed even if you are better, to ensure that all the infection is cleared off. In severe cases of PID, hospitalization may be necessary to give IV antibiotics. If you have lower pelvic pain, painkillers may also be given along with antibiotics.
Follow up - After 3 days of taking antibiotics, it is necessary to get checked if they are working well for you. If the medicines are efficient, another follow up appointment is made at the end of the course to ensure if the infection has been cleared off.
Treating sexual partners - It is necessary to prevent the infection from spreading or recurring, even if no specific cause is identified. Sexual contacts must be avoided during the course of treatment.
Early detection is a key factor behind the cure of this disease. A late diagnosis of this condition often can lead to damage to the patient’s reproductive system.
Formation of scar tissues due to recurrent episodes of PID can increase the risk of infertility as multiple recurrences of this illness often results in tubal blockage of the fallopian tubes. This can also lead to the development of an ectopic pregnancy.
Experts recommend ultrasound scanning of the reproductive organs for diagnosing this disease. Antibiotics are generally prescribed for the treatment of this infection. PID is more recurrent in women who have a previous history of this disease. Use of IUD (intrauterine device) is another other reason for getting infected with this disease.
Home Remedies of PID: