Paralysis occurs because of improper muscle function, which generally results in a sensory loss in the part of the body that is affected. It is mostly a result of damage to the spinal cord; that affects the central nervous system of the body. As per global research, 1 out of 50 persons has to deal with some kind of paralysis during his lifetime.
An individual may either suffer from partial or full paralysis because of a number of causes which include- trauma, polio, nerve damage, multiple sclerosis, stroke, cerebral palsy as well as other medical issues. It is the complete muscle function loss in the affected area, thus it should not be mistaken for muscle weakness or numbness. Paralysis may be accompanied by other symptoms like- fainting spells, confusion, headaches, drooling and behavioural changes, problems with speaking or writing, nausea or vision loss.
Paralysis due to stress is an extremely rare condition. It occurs as a temporary form of paralysis in the face, legs, or arms. Certain factors such as stress, anxiety, or mental trauma act as triggering factors and make the individuals more susceptible to temporary paralysis. This occurs periodically, thus known as periodic paralysis.
It may lead to severe weakness in the muscles, followed by an inability to move the body parts partially or completely. The reason being the brain which gets more laser-focused specifically on the stress zone, forgetting to send the signals for the movement of other body parts.
Summary: Stress acts as a triggering factor for temporary paralysis which is a rare condition. It makes the individual more susceptible to such forms of paralysis, accompanied by severe weakness in the muscles of the face, arms, or legs.
Paralysis is the state of inability to make voluntary muscle movements. Stroke, injuries to the brain or spinal cord maybe some of the reasons. The affected individual may be partially or completely unable to move the paralyzed parts of the body.
It may be associated with a loss of sensation, a steady loss of consciousness, muscle cramps, tingling or numb sensation in the limbs, etc.
Summary: Paralysis is accompanied by loss of movement of voluntary muscles along with muscle cramps, state of unconsciousness, tingling or numbness in the limbs, etc. It needs urgent medical care and treatment.
In Paralysis condition you unable to move certain body parts. It happens when something goes wrong between the condition of your brain and muscles. It can be complete or partial. Paralysis can occur on both sides of your body, lower half of the legs, or one side of the body.
The following are the various types of paralysis:
1. Complete Paralysis: In this condition, you do not feel any sensation in your muscles neither you can move or control your muscles.
2. Partial Paralysis: It is a condition in which you can feel some sensation in your muscles. The other terms for this type are ‘paresis’ and incomplete paralysis.
3. Localised paralysis: It affects in a particular area. This could be your face, feet, hands or vocal cords.
4. Generalised paralysis: This type can affect more than one body part at a time. This includes:
5. Locked-in syndrome: It is the rarest form of paralysis. In this type, a person loses control over every part of the body except the muscles which control their eye movements.
Many of the human beings are paralysed by birth and few come across the attack due to medical issue or accident. Few other causes because of which you can suffer from it are:
Many times it is often easy to diagnose it as you will lose control over your muscles completely or partially. To identify it for the internal body part, the medical professionals use X-rays, MRI scans, CT scans, myelography, electromyography other imaging studies.
The treatment of paralysis is mainly done by a neurologist. It starts with a diagnosis for which a series of different types of tests are prescribed. Those tests include CT scan, MRI, X-ray, and electromyography.
Following the diagnosis, treatment is initiated which mainly includes medications along with supportive therapies such as physiotherapy, massage therapy, acupuncture, and chiropractic care. The treatment is based upon the principle of re-establishing the connection of the brain with the body.
Summary: The treatment of paralysis is done under the supervision of a well-specialized neurologist. Starting with a proper diagnosis, the treatment plan is decided which includes supportive therapies as well.
The treatment will depend on the type of paralysis you suffered from as well as the symptoms you faced. According to your paralytic condition, your doctor will prescribe the treatment. Doctors generally offer treatment that aids in the restoration of the brain’s connection to the body.
Medicines and drugs are generally prescribed for a specific type. The medicines mostly help patients suffering from symptoms. For instance, muscle relaxants like baclofen and dantrolene are prescribed to help with spasms and excessive muscle pain.
Physiotherapy for paralysis: Physiotherapy also helps patients to a great extent. Depending on the kind, patients undergo physiotherapy sessions where they are made to do different exercises to help regain muscle movement. This type of treatment is slow and requires a lot of effort and strong will. But its results are most effective.
Functional Electrical Stimulation: It is known to help patients who are suffering from the lower leg as well as feet paralysis. This form of treatment uses electrical impulses to restore muscle function. Thus, the affected muscles are stimulated with electric pulses along with a vigorous exercise regime for a stated period of time. Research has shown that this type of treatment is very effective. In fact, patients with zero movements have been able to regain considerable control of their legs after undergoing this treatment, thus allowing them to lead a considerably normal lifestyle.
Paralysis, depending upon the cause, can be permanent or temporary. In the case of temporary paralysis such as paralysis due to stress or Bell’s Palsy, symptoms get resolved spontaneously over time without any need for treatment.
But permanent paralysis is an incurable condition. It mainly involves injuries to the spinal cord and brain, hence cannot be reversed. Such conditions require lifelong medical care and treatment involving medications and rehabilitation.
A combination of both improves the quality of life and enables the paralyzed individual to lead a healthy and normal life.
Summary: The cause of paralysis and the way it affects a particular individual is the basis of recovery from the condition. Temporary paralysis can be resolved on its own without treatment while permanent paralysis is a lifelong condition.
People suffering from temporary paralysis are not eligible for the treatment. Such conditions are caused due to stress or may be related to Bell’s palsy. The associated symptoms get resolved spontaneously over a certain period of time without any need for medical care or treatment.
Summary: Cases of temporary paralysis which are related to stress or Bell’s palsy can be recovered completely over a certain time period. No treatment or medical interventions are needed in such cases.
The eligibility criteria include:
Paralysis is mainly caused due to lack of communication between the central nervous system and nerves all over the body. Its onset may be sudden or gradual. A sudden form of paralysis is a medical emergency and needs prompt treatment.
Other associated symptoms which may be an indication of a medical emergency include the following:
Summary: Sudden or quick onset of paralysis indicates the state of a medical emergency. Prompt treatment of the condition is imperative as it only can help to overcome such conditions.
The duration that a person may take to recover from paralysis mainly depends upon the cause of the paralysis. When the cause of paralysis includes stroke or injuries to the brain or spinal cord, it is permanent and irreversible. It cannot be cured and stays lifelong.
The treatment and rehabilitation therapies can improve the condition of the affected individual. A time period of around 6 months or even more is required for noticeable improvements.
Summary: It usually takes around 6 months or even more for the condition of a paralyzed individual to improve. The treatment and rehabilitation therapies ensure such improvements but cannot cure the condition.
Below are some of the home remedies for paralysis which are very effective:
Basic lifestyle changing factors include stopping smoking, getting regular exercise and having an improved diet.
Best foods to prevent stroke:
Best foods that help stroke recovery:
Paralysis is accompanied by loss of function of voluntary muscles. It affects a person both physically as well as emotionally. Dietary intake may play a role in improving the quality of life and enables a paralysed individual to cope with the condition. Certain food habits or food items preferred in such conditions may include:
Summary: Dietary intake may not play a direct role during the recovery phase of paralysis, however, they are important to improve the health and quality of life of the affected individual.
Diet affects the health of an individual directly or indirectly. A good diet helps a paralysed individual to cope with the symptoms and enables him/her to lead a healthy and improved quality of life. But there are certain food items that may aggravate the condition. Those may include:
Summary: Certain food items are preferred to be avoided during paralysis as they are unhealthy and may have adverse effects on the health of the paralyzed individual. Red meals, acidic food items, stale or pungent foods, etc. are some of them.
Physical exercises are an important part of the rehabilitation therapies needed during the treatment of paralysis. Since the affected individual can no longer perform any active physical activities, passive forms of exercise are preferred in such conditions.
These help to increase the range of motion in joints, enhance blood circulation and promote better transmission of impulses between muscles and the brain or spinal cord.
Physical exercises to be preferred during paralysis may involve:
Summary: Physical exercises are important as a part of rehabilitative therapy during the recovery phase of the paralysis. Passive forms of exercise are preferred for the affected individuals as they can’t bear any physical exertion.
Medicines are a part of the treatment of paralysis along with rehabilitation services. Important medications to be preferred include:
Summary: Medicines are a part of the symptomatic treatment of paralysis as there are no medicines known till now that can cure the condition. They can only relieve or minimize the effects of the symptoms.
The treatment of paralysis mainly involves the application of medications and rehabilitation therapies. In cases of partial as well as temporary paralysis, complete recovery is possible over a certain time period.
Results of the treatment are permanent in such cases, while in the case of complete or permanent paralysis, the results are not permanent. Such cases cannot be cured and stay lifelong.
Summary: The results of the treatment are permanent in the case of temporary or partial paralysis, while it is not so in the cases of complete or permanent paralysis.