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Orthodontics - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Dentistry has many branches, one of them is orthodontics. It corrects improperly positioned teeth and jaws and treats an abnormal bite. Teeth that are not fitted together and crooked teeth cause several problems. It is harder to keep clean and always has the risk of tooth decay and periodontal disease. Improperly positioned and crooked teeth cause extra stress on the chewing muscles leading to other issues like a headache, neck and shoulder pain. The appearance of a person gets hampered because of a crooked tooth or for teeth that are not in the right place. Orthodontics helps in having a healthier mouth, a better and pleasing appearance and teeth that would last a lifetime. Orthodontic treatment is based on certain diagnostic tools like special X-rays and pictures of your teeth. Orthodontics includes the treatment of various aspects of facial growth (dentofacial orthopedics) along with the development and shape of the jaw, as well. Previously, orthodontics was known as orthodontia. The term ‘orthodontia’ comes from the Greek word ‘orthos’ that means ‘straight, proper or perfect’ and the word ‘dontos’ means ‘teeth’. Orthodontics treatment helps in straightening crooked teeth, closes wide gaps between two teeth, improves oral functions and prevents excessive wearing out of the teeth.

How is the treatment done?

Many varieties of appliances are used for orthodontic treatment. They can be either fixed or removable. The devices help in removing and positioning of the teeth, favorable they affect the jaw and restrain facial and chewing muscles. A gentle pressure on the teeth and jaw would help set the appliances.

Removable Appliances:

  • Aligners: An invisible alternative to the traditional braces and can be removed while eating or brushing and flossing.
  • Lip and cheek bumpers: The bumpers relieve the pressure that lips and cheeks exert on the teeth.
  • Removable retainers: Being placed on the roof of the mouth, these prevent in allowing the teeth to shift in its previous improper position.
  • Splints: It is also known as jaw repositioning appliances and trains the jaw to close favorable position.

Fixed appliances:

  • Braces: The most common fixed tool is the brace. It consists of bands, wires, and brackets. Bands are set around the teeth while the brackets are used to bond to the front of the teeth. The arch wires are passed through the brackets and attached to the bands. The procedure tightens the wires and puts pressure on the teeth, forcing them to move to their proper position. Braces are adjusted monthly, and they come in colors for kids and bright styles for adults.
  • Fixed space maintainers: It is used to keep the area where the baby tooth is prematurely lost until a new tooth grows.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Persons with the following conditions can opt for the treatment.

  • Overbite: If the upper front teeth stick out over the lower teeth.
  • Underbite: If the lower teeth are too far forward or the upper teeth too far back.
  • Open bite: If there is a space between the biting surfaces of the front or side teeth when the back teeth bite together.
  • Crossbite: The upper teeth do not come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when biting together.
  • Crowding: When there are far too many teeth crowding your mouth.
  • Spacing: Sometimes a missing tooth leaves a space between the teeth.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People who do not have improperly positioned teeth or even if they do, it does not, however, affect their appearance. If a crooked tooth does not affect the oral functions, one need not undergo this treatment. Moreover, this treatment is not necessary when a person has grown and developed a better jaw naturally.

Are there any side effects?

Orthodontic treatment is used mainly to position the crooked tooth. However, this treatment has a few adverse effects. They can be inside or outside the mouth or systematic side-effects.

Intra-oral or inside the mouth: Tooth decay is the most common if the patient is not careful about the oral hygiene or if the treatment goes on for a length of time. Decalcification can occur on the tooth after the treatment leading to small white lesions. People wearing braces are more prone to decalcification.

Extra-oral or outside the mouth: It is uncommon but it includes infection from the metal nickel from the brace, or the patient might be allergic to latex, the material used in the gloves of the operator. Temporomandibular dysfunction may also occur.

Systematic side effects: There is a rare chance of having a cross infection if the instruments used in the treatment are not sterilized properly.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After the orthodontic treatment is over, all crown surfaces are positioned, and dental bleaching is to be done next. It is because all teeth do not have the same color, particularly when the braces come off. Especially the enamel does not have the same volume or mineralization for all its elements. There might be resin fragments adhered to the coating. After the treatment, some oral adjustments need to be done.

How long does it take to recover?

The length of time required for the recovery depends on the continuity of the treatment. A regular follow-up would take a few months to recover, while a delay can lead to years of treatment with no proper outcome.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The main cost of this treatment is that of the appliances used. The cost ranges from Rs. 5000 to almost Rs.50000 if you prefer invisible braces. In some dental clinics, the rates may be higher, ranging from Rs.90000 to approximately Rs.2 lakhs. Add on to it, the fees of the orthodontics which again varies from one to another.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The procedure is efficient, and the end results are always good and lasting. If an orthodontist diagnoses the problem correctly, the results are stable. Orthodontics is a way to ensure long-term stability of the teeth.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Transalveolar transplantation of maxillary canines is an alternative to orthodontics. Fixed orthodontic appliances were used for fixation after which transplanted teeth were firmly affixed in the new position.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Recovery Time: High Price Range: RS. 5000 - Rs. 2,00,000

Popular Health Tips

Dental Services!

MDS - Orthodontics, BDS
Dentist, Meerut
Dental Services!

Dental services

The dental clinic provides for most of your general and cosmetic dentistry needs, all under one roof. Our staff strive to promote an environment where your family can feel at home.

Tooth whitening

Tooth whitening can be a very effective way of lightening the natural colour of your teeth without removing any of the tooth surface. It may not make a complete colour change, but it will lighten the existing shade. The dental clinic gives you the best of tooth whitening.


We offer the straightening of teeth which are crooked, crowded, jut out or tilt in. The dentist uses braces to move the teeth gently into improved positions.

Flexible denture

We provide a nylon-based medium for temporary, or permanent replacement of missing teeth. The flexible removal partial dentures also provide an option for cosmetic improvement of adjacent teeth that appear elongated due to gum.

Orthodontic Treatment

Dentist, Mumbai
Orthodontic Treatment

Consumption of hard and crunchy food items should be avoided when one is undergoing orthodontic treatment.

Fillers For Treating Dark Circles

MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Ghaziabad
Fillers For Treating Dark Circles

Non surgical eye rejuvenation is preferred in younger patients with tired looking eyes with or without hollowness in surrounding.Fillers provide fix instantly with no downtime. However other age group may require surgical eyelid procedure depending on skin laxity. 

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3 Secrets To Making Flossing Simpler

Dentist, Mumbai
3 Secrets To Making Flossing Simpler

If you have been struggling with that thread we dentists call floss, it’s time you stopped and switched to something way easier.

Here are 3 powerful secrets to making flossing easier and a few simple steps to making you cavity proof !!

Let’s understand why dentists think flossing is sooo necessary. We all are aware of the fact that merely brushing is not going to protect our teeth especially with the kind of diets we have with processed foods and high sugar content in our foods.Floss when used properly tends to reach places where a normal brush does not and dislodging this processed food breaks up the bacterial buildup so decreasing cavities.

For people who have crowded teeth or a high tendency for decay flossing and other means of dental care become a huge priority if they don’t want to end up in the dental chair frequently paying large bills.While we may not want cavities the option of flossing seems extremely daunting. So let’s say we can have our cake and eat it too maybe we can better clean between teeth and at the same time not have to worry about flossing.

A few devices that make our life simpler.

Floss Stick 

A pocket friendly tool it is a floss thread mounted on a U - Shaped soft plastic stick which can easily go between your teeth without getting tangled. It is also more controlled as you can handle it better and so gums don’t get injured and bleed as they may with bad technique with a regular floss. These are disposable and should be used for all teeth at one time with rinsing the plaque of in between.Best is to stand and in front of a mirror and start off with the front teeth and then move to the back as u get better with technique.

Power Flossing 

The digital or power flosser makes for some powerful bacteria dispelling action. It’s a small pen like device that has changeable flexible tips that go between teeth and dislodge trapped food and debris which is then washed away by rinsing or brushing. If you’re still not convinced of the manual technique then going automatic makes perfect sense.The biggest advantage is the speed and ease of use for all ages .

Water Flossing

If you don’t want anything going between your teeth and want to eliminate all chances of poking and bleeding your gums,then the water flosser is for you as this is the best just a water jet cleaning between your teeth and all around your mouth.

The benefit is you just need to hold it against your teeth allowing the water jet to spray out all the trapped food and bacteria. So easy to use and portable and family versions allow it to be cost effective as well. This pressure jet comes with tips that can suit your use like a seperate tip for tongue cleaning and even cleaning between braces.

A great smile is priceless so practicing good oral care is like making an investment that will pay out in the  long term.

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Invisible Orthodontics Treatments And Options

BDS, Certificate in Cosmetic Dentistry, Certified in Orthodontics, Certification in Prosthodontics & Periodontology, Advanced Endotontic Course On Root Canal
Dentist, Pune
Invisible Orthodontics Treatments And Options

1. Lingual Braces

Lingual Braces are one of the many types of the fixed orthodontic treatment appliances available to patients needing orthodontic treatment. It involves attaching the orthodontic brackets on the inner sides of the teeth. The main advantage of lingual braces is its near invisibility compared to the standard braces which are attached on the buccal side of the tooth.Lingual Braces are the real good option for those who want to hide the fact that they are undergoing orthodontic treatment,. These are the most invisible of them all! Lingual braces are strategically placed behind your teeth, so that nothing is seen from the front. You can go ahead smile, floss and brush without a worry. No one will ever know you have braces on.

2. Clear Aligners

Clear Aligners, also known as clear-aligner treatment, are orthodontic devices that uses incremental transparent aligners to adjust teeth as an alternative to dental braces.Clear-aligner treatment involves our expert orthodontist at Smile Up Dental Care & Implant Center taking a mold of the patient’s teeth, which is used to create a digital tooth scan. The computerized model suggests stages between the current and desired teeth positions, and aligners are created for each stage. Each aligner is worn for 20 hours a day for two weeks. These slowly move the teeth into the position agreed between the orthodontist/dentist and the patient. The average treatment time is 13.5 months.

Clear aligners they are various systems like clear path Invisalign , Flash orthodontics One of the best and oldest is invisalign.


Your Invisalign® clear aligners are custom-made for you. The aligners are virtually invisible and fit snugly over your teeth.Each aligner shifts your teeth slightly, moving them horizontally and vertically and even rotating them when needed. Your aligners are engineered to use the right amount of force in the right place at the right time.When you change to the next set of aligners (typically every week) your teeth gradually move into position, following a custom treatment plan mapped out by your doctor.Only Invisalign clear aligners are made of proprietary, multilayer SmartTrack® material to gently shift your teeth into place.Invisalign is a modern orthodontic treatment for teeth straightening. It was introduced in the late 90’s and is constantly being developed. Unlike traditional braces, it does not involve wires, elastics or even brackets. Invisalign braces include series of transparent, custom fit, aligners built from BPA free plastic.The virtually invisible aligners, which are made of a thermoplastic material uniquely developed for the Invisalign treatment plan, look similar to teeth-whitening trays. A series of Invisalign aligners are custom-made for you, to move your teeth in the sequence determined by your doctor.

3. Ceramic braces

Ceramic braces are the same size and shape as metal braces, except that they have tooth-colored or clearbrackets that blend in to teeth. Some even use tooth-colored wires to be even less noticeable. Pros: Less noticeable than metal braces; move teeth much faster than clear plastic aligners (Invisalign).The advantage of these brackets are that they are less noticeable, which means you can smile with confidence. Ceramic brackets are a great choice for both adults and children.The wires that are used to bring the teeth into the desired position can also be tooth coloured but as treatment progresses stronger metal wires will be needed.

Ceramic brackets are the cost effective alternative to incognito(lingual braces ) and Invisalign as there are no laboratory fees involved. 

Simple alignment of the front teeth can change your smile in six months.







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Popular Questions & Answers

Can I do facial yoga exercises like blowing balloons while undergoing orthodontic treatment that is while wearing braces? I clench a little as well.

Dentist, Gorakhpur
You can do yoga to relieve stress. Clenching is damaging not only teeth but also TMJ (jaw joint) in long term. You can divert it by slow down it by always having something in your mouth like sugar free chewing gums. Whenever you clench try to chew on so that clenching urge can be diverted. Drink plenty of water to relax your body and mind. If this is not helping there are other things you can do at home. You can consult me personally if needed. THANK YOU.
1 person found this helpful

I had orthodontic treatment which completed in jan 2015. My upper fixed retainer broke 2-3 weeks back. I also have removable retainers which I wear sometimes. Should I fix the fixed retainer or teeth is now fixed n no need to worry?

Bachelor of Dental Surgery
Dentist, Bangalore
Adviced to get your fixed retainer repaird and fix back there is always a change of relapse of your treatment if you don't wear your retainer.

I am a complicated case of deep bite, nw my gums startED showing recession, have taken orthodontics treatment twice bt both d tym it failed need help.

BDS, MDS - Orthodontics
Dentist, Gurgaon
Anterior bite plane cemented to molars for minimum 4-6 months will help open the bite. Prosthodontic treatment with crowns will need RCT of all lower posteriors. Not advisable at your age.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Know More About Braces
Hello, I am Dr. Deepak Singh.

Hello, I am Dr. Divya Swarup.

We are practicing orthodontics at Braces and Roots. Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry which deals with the treatment and correction of mal right teeth and jaws. Today let s talk about braces treatment or in simple words the procedure to correct irregularly positioned teeth in the mouth. The only natural process to correct malpositioned teeth is through Orthodontic Therapy that is braces. There are various other options as well but they will certainly compromise the natural tooth structure integrity to some extent always. So if we say teeth are irregularly placed that is various malalignments, which causes major issues.

Firstly, it becomes unaesthetic, not very pleasant to look at. The aesthetic concern is very important as it raises the overall confidence of a person. Having a pleasing and confident smile is very necessary from psychological point of view. To talk, smile and laugh without being overtly concern about one s teeth and their appearance is very necessary. Peer pressure in today s world may otherwise lead to depression, feeling of neglect and unwantedness. Unaesthetic and pleasing smile is the simplest solution to avoid psychological concerns.

Secondly and the more important issue is the function that is when teeth are malaligned and not properly positioned, they prevent proper cleaning to be done which leads to the secondary damage to the gingival, inflammation causing loss of perinatal attachments and finally bone loose leading to untimely tooth loss. Another problem in tooth function due to malocclusion is deferment of a deep bite that is, when the lower teeth are completely covered by the upper teeth, in such cases the lower teeth starts hitting against the upper teeth causing perinatal damage leading to early tooth mobility being developed. When the lower teeth hit against the upper teeth the incisal edges that is the upper edges of the lower teeth becomes attrited and sensitivity in teeth develops. Attrition of the lower teeth leads to the loss of proper bite and causes the collapse bite in the posterior region leading to various other complications one of them being TMDs that is Temporomandibular Disturbances. The lower teeth even start touching the palate of face causing trauma to the palate leading to bleeding from the parietal surface. So if we see just a simple thing like malalignment of teeth can lead to various complicated problems.

Now let s see the various options in these braces treatments. Traditional braces are metallic braces. These come in various sizes, shapes. The smaller the size, the smoother the bracket design, the more comfortable it is for the patient. Metallic braces are very common. Next options are tooth-colored braces or ceramic braces. These are again of two types. One being disliked translucent one which is polycrystalline and second is the totally transparent braces that are monocrystalline. So the aesthetic concern of the patient is taken care of when ceramic braces are chosen.

Metallic braces in comparison are not as aesthetic and as pleasing to look at. With ceramic braces, the wires that are used are also tooth colored. Hence the aesthetic concern being taken care of. The next option for braces is Lingual Braces. Lingual Braces are the braces that are placed on the inner aspect of the tooth that is on the lingual surface. Again these braces are not visible while talking while smiling and hence they are practically invisible.

Next, there are Self-Ligating Brackets. In this, the wire is engaged directly in the braces without the help of an elastic module or ligature wire which generally holds the bracket or the wire inside the bracket. This wire component might cause slight discomfort to the patient which is not included in the self-ligating brackets. The time duration per appointment also decreases in self-ligating braces. The last option being invisible option for Orthodontic treatment is the aligners. These are the most prevalent today. These are thin transparent plastic-like materials which is worn over the tooth. This aligner therapy is the most aesthetic option today. Finally, if we see, all these treatment options will help us in achieving the ideal occlusion and a perfect smile.

Orthodontics braces are the perfect treatment modality for achieving the desired smile and occlusion. Orthodontic treatment as earlier thought is not just limited to the growing children or the young age group. Adult orthodontic is very common and highly successful today. So whenever you decide and whatever age it is, it s never too late. Hoping to create a beautiful smile for you and your family members. Visit us at our clinics soon, at Braces and Roots and Smile Square.

Thank you.
Play video
Treatments for Crooked teeth
Hi, I am doctor Ayush Sharma. I am a specialist in orthodontics and in facial orthopaedics. I deal basically in braces in young children and adults as well.

Most of the eager children must be noticing that their children have got crooked teeth. The reason for this is evolutionary changes, the jaw size is decreasing, the number of teeth are still the same, the dietary changes. All these are causing the teeth to become more and more crowded. The reason is that of the jaw size and the tooth size relationship. It is not matching anymore. This is why you must be observing that the milk teeth are not falling at the right time whereas the permanent teeth are getting more and more delayed. The solution for this is we need to have regular check ups for our children so that this problem can be solved at an earlier stage. If the child comes to us at an earlier stage, we have more treatment options and the bone is less mature so we can perform better procedures such as braces and other orthopaedic appliances which help in enhancing the jaw growth so that all the teeth can be accommodated well and your child can have a perfect smile.

In earlier days, we only had the option of getting metallic braces done but with the advancement and the recent technologies that has resulted in tooth coloured braces, invisible braces, lingual braces and more and more advancements which make the treatment very comfortable for your child and this does not limit you to a child treatment as well, but it has enhanced and even adults can get their crooked teeth corrected by us which results in better smiles, healthier teeth and longevity of the teeth as well.

If you have any queries regarding your crooked smile, irregularly placed teeth or you are not happy with your chewing ability, you can definitely contact me through liberate or contact me via my phone number, via my email or message me.
Play video
Tips for Braces Treatment
Here are some tips for braces treatment
Here are some tips for braces treatment

Tips for Braces Treatment
Hi! My warm wishes to all the viewers. I m Dr. Ankur Gupta. I m a practicing Orthodontist in Gurgaon for the last twelve years.
Today, I m going to talk about my branch Orthodontics, which is very commonly known as braces or wires.
This braces and wires, what are they?
This is just a treatment modality to correct the malaligned or misaligned teeth or we say the patients who are having crooked tooth or forwardly placed tooth or bugs bunny type of tooth, we can align them with this sort of braces.

In this treatment modality, it is a very slow process. We put small small attachment over the tooth surfaces and we apply very small small, little, gentle forces to align those teeth into their final and ideal position.
Due to this, process, is a very slow process, it takes around one year.

Usually, most of the patients they ask me, what is the best time to get the braces. I will say the best time would be, in the growing age of the patient. When the child is growing between ten to 15 years is the best time but now, due to the dental advancement, lot of advancement and technology, any patient can get the braces whether he s in 20s, 30s, 40s and 50s but just his born condition should be good.

Usually there are three types of braces.
First one is the metal type of braces which I have shown you earlier also. These type of metal braces, they were the traditional, they are more visible, and usually done in children.
Then, another type is the ceramic type of braces which are slightly less visible, more smooth and comfortable.
Then, the third one are the type of braces which are called invisible braces in which the braces are put from the inside structure of the tooth.
These type of braces, they are usually , this treatment is usually taken by the patients whose job profile is like that they don t want to show off that they are getting the braces or their social bindings like that.

In case you want to know more about these things, not only about braces or any other treatment modality, you can contact me on Lybrate, online consultation or offline consultation.
Thank you!
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice