Dentistry has many branches, one of them is orthodontics. It corrects improperly positioned teeth and jaws and treats an abnormal bite. Teeth that are not fitted together and crooked teeth cause several problems. It is harder to keep clean and always has the risk of tooth decay and periodontal disease. Improperly positioned and crooked teeth cause extra stress on the chewing muscles leading to other issues like a headache, neck and shoulder pain. The appearance of a person gets hampered because of a crooked tooth or for teeth that are not in the right place. Orthodontics helps in having a healthier mouth, a better and pleasing appearance and teeth that would last a lifetime. Orthodontic treatment is based on certain diagnostic tools like special X-rays and pictures of your teeth. Orthodontics includes the treatment of various aspects of facial growth (dentofacial orthopedics) along with the development and shape of the jaw, as well. Previously, orthodontics was known as orthodontia. The term ‘orthodontia’ comes from the Greek word ‘orthos’ that means ‘straight, proper or perfect’ and the word ‘dontos’ means ‘teeth’. Orthodontics treatment helps in straightening crooked teeth, closes wide gaps between two teeth, improves oral functions and prevents excessive wearing out of the teeth.
Many varieties of appliances are used for orthodontic treatment. They can be either fixed or removable. The devices help in removing and positioning of the teeth, favorable they affect the jaw and restrain facial and chewing muscles. A gentle pressure on the teeth and jaw would help set the appliances.
Persons with the following conditions can opt for the treatment.
People who do not have improperly positioned teeth or even if they do, it does not, however, affect their appearance. If a crooked tooth does not affect the oral functions, one need not undergo this treatment. Moreover, this treatment is not necessary when a person has grown and developed a better jaw naturally.
Orthodontic treatment is used mainly to position the crooked tooth. However, this treatment has a few adverse effects. They can be inside or outside the mouth or systematic side-effects.
Intra-oral or inside the mouth: Tooth decay is the most common if the patient is not careful about the oral hygiene or if the treatment goes on for a length of time. Decalcification can occur on the tooth after the treatment leading to small white lesions. People wearing braces are more prone to decalcification.
Extra-oral or outside the mouth: It is uncommon but it includes infection from the metal nickel from the brace, or the patient might be allergic to latex, the material used in the gloves of the operator. Temporomandibular dysfunction may also occur.
Systematic side effects: There is a rare chance of having a cross infection if the instruments used in the treatment are not sterilized properly.
After the orthodontic treatment is over, all crown surfaces are positioned, and dental bleaching is to be done next. It is because all teeth do not have the same color, particularly when the braces come off. Especially the enamel does not have the same volume or mineralization for all its elements. There might be resin fragments adhered to the coating. After the treatment, some oral adjustments need to be done.
The length of time required for the recovery depends on the continuity of the treatment. A regular follow-up would take a few months to recover, while a delay can lead to years of treatment with no proper outcome.
The main cost of this treatment is that of the appliances used. The cost ranges from Rs. 5000 to almost Rs.50000 if you prefer invisible braces. In some dental clinics, the rates may be higher, ranging from Rs.90000 to approximately Rs.2 lakhs. Add on to it, the fees of the orthodontics which again varies from one to another.
The procedure is efficient, and the end results are always good and lasting. If an orthodontist diagnoses the problem correctly, the results are stable. Orthodontics is a way to ensure long-term stability of the teeth.
Transalveolar transplantation of maxillary canines is an alternative to orthodontics. Fixed orthodontic appliances were used for fixation after which transplanted teeth were firmly affixed in the new position.
If you have been struggling with that thread we dentists call floss, it’s time you stopped and switched to something way easier.
Here are 3 powerful secrets to making flossing easier and a few simple steps to making you cavity proof !!
Let’s understand why dentists think flossing is sooo necessary. We all are aware of the fact that merely brushing is not going to protect our teeth especially with the kind of diets we have with processed foods and high sugar content in our foods.Floss when used properly tends to reach places where a normal brush does not and dislodging this processed food breaks up the bacterial buildup so decreasing cavities.
For people who have crowded teeth or a high tendency for decay flossing and other means of dental care become a huge priority if they don’t want to end up in the dental chair frequently paying large bills.While we may not want cavities the option of flossing seems extremely daunting. So let’s say we can have our cake and eat it too maybe we can better clean between teeth and at the same time not have to worry about flossing.
A few devices that make our life simpler.
A pocket friendly tool it is a floss thread mounted on a U - Shaped soft plastic stick which can easily go between your teeth without getting tangled. It is also more controlled as you can handle it better and so gums don’t get injured and bleed as they may with bad technique with a regular floss. These are disposable and should be used for all teeth at one time with rinsing the plaque of in between.Best is to stand and in front of a mirror and start off with the front teeth and then move to the back as u get better with technique.
The digital or power flosser makes for some powerful bacteria dispelling action. It’s a small pen like device that has changeable flexible tips that go between teeth and dislodge trapped food and debris which is then washed away by rinsing or brushing. If you’re still not convinced of the manual technique then going automatic makes perfect sense.The biggest advantage is the speed and ease of use for all ages .
If you don’t want anything going between your teeth and want to eliminate all chances of poking and bleeding your gums,then the water flosser is for you as this is the best just a water jet cleaning between your teeth and all around your mouth.
The benefit is you just need to hold it against your teeth allowing the water jet to spray out all the trapped food and bacteria. So easy to use and portable and family versions allow it to be cost effective as well. This pressure jet comes with tips that can suit your use like a seperate tip for tongue cleaning and even cleaning between braces.
A great smile is priceless so practicing good oral care is like making an investment that will pay out in the long term.
1. Lingual Braces
Lingual Braces are one of the many types of the fixed orthodontic treatment appliances available to patients needing orthodontic treatment. It involves attaching the orthodontic brackets on the inner sides of the teeth. The main advantage of lingual braces is its near invisibility compared to the standard braces which are attached on the buccal side of the tooth.Lingual Braces are the real good option for those who want to hide the fact that they are undergoing orthodontic treatment,. These are the most invisible of them all! Lingual braces are strategically placed behind your teeth, so that nothing is seen from the front. You can go ahead smile, floss and brush without a worry. No one will ever know you have braces on.
Clear Aligners, also known as clear-aligner treatment, are orthodontic devices that uses incremental transparent aligners to adjust teeth as an alternative to dental braces.Clear-aligner treatment involves our expert orthodontist at Smile Up Dental Care & Implant Center taking a mold of the patient’s teeth, which is used to create a digital tooth scan. The computerized model suggests stages between the current and desired teeth positions, and aligners are created for each stage. Each aligner is worn for 20 hours a day for two weeks. These slowly move the teeth into the position agreed between the orthodontist/dentist and the patient. The average treatment time is 13.5 months.
Your Invisalign® clear aligners are custom-made for you. The aligners are virtually invisible and fit snugly over your teeth.Each aligner shifts your teeth slightly, moving them horizontally and vertically and even rotating them when needed. Your aligners are engineered to use the right amount of force in the right place at the right time.When you change to the next set of aligners (typically every week) your teeth gradually move into position, following a custom treatment plan mapped out by your doctor.Only Invisalign clear aligners are made of proprietary, multilayer SmartTrack® material to gently shift your teeth into place.Invisalign is a modern orthodontic treatment for teeth straightening. It was introduced in the late 90’s and is constantly being developed. Unlike traditional braces, it does not involve wires, elastics or even brackets. Invisalign braces include series of transparent, custom fit, aligners built from BPA free plastic.The virtually invisible aligners, which are made of a thermoplastic material uniquely developed for the Invisalign treatment plan, look similar to teeth-whitening trays. A series of Invisalign aligners are custom-made for you, to move your teeth in the sequence determined by your doctor.
Ceramic braces are the same size and shape as metal braces, except that they have tooth-colored or clearbrackets that blend in to teeth. Some even use tooth-colored wires to be even less noticeable. Pros: Less noticeable than metal braces; move teeth much faster than clear plastic aligners (Invisalign).The advantage of these brackets are that they are less noticeable, which means you can smile with confidence. Ceramic brackets are a great choice for both adults and children.The wires that are used to bring the teeth into the desired position can also be tooth coloured but as treatment progresses stronger metal wires will be needed.