Dentistry has many branches, one of them is orthodontics. It corrects improperly positioned teeth and jaws and treats an abnormal bite. Teeth that are not fitted together and crooked teeth cause several problems. It is harder to keep clean and always has the risk of tooth decay and periodontal disease. Improperly positioned and crooked teeth cause extra stress on the chewing muscles leading to other issues like a headache, neck and shoulder pain. The appearance of a person gets hampered because of a crooked tooth or for teeth that are not in the right place. Orthodontics helps in having a healthier mouth, a better and pleasing appearance and teeth that would last a lifetime. Orthodontic treatment is based on certain diagnostic tools like special X-rays and pictures of your teeth. Orthodontics includes the treatment of various aspects of facial growth (dentofacial orthopedics) along with the development and shape of the jaw, as well. Previously, orthodontics was known as orthodontia. The term ‘orthodontia’ comes from the Greek word ‘orthos’ that means ‘straight, proper or perfect’ and the word ‘dontos’ means ‘teeth’. Orthodontics treatment helps in straightening crooked teeth, closes wide gaps between two teeth, improves oral functions and prevents excessive wearing out of the teeth.
Many varieties of appliances are used for orthodontic treatment. They can be either fixed or removable. The devices help in removing and positioning of the teeth, favorable they affect the jaw and restrain facial and chewing muscles. A gentle pressure on the teeth and jaw would help set the appliances.
Persons with the following conditions can opt for the treatment.
People who do not have improperly positioned teeth or even if they do, it does not, however, affect their appearance. If a crooked tooth does not affect the oral functions, one need not undergo this treatment. Moreover, this treatment is not necessary when a person has grown and developed a better jaw naturally.
Orthodontic treatment is used mainly to position the crooked tooth. However, this treatment has a few adverse effects. They can be inside or outside the mouth or systematic side-effects.
Intra-oral or inside the mouth: Tooth decay is the most common if the patient is not careful about the oral hygiene or if the treatment goes on for a length of time. Decalcification can occur on the tooth after the treatment leading to small white lesions. People wearing braces are more prone to decalcification.
Extra-oral or outside the mouth: It is uncommon but it includes infection from the metal nickel from the brace, or the patient might be allergic to latex, the material used in the gloves of the operator. Temporomandibular dysfunction may also occur.
Systematic side effects: There is a rare chance of having a cross infection if the instruments used in the treatment are not sterilized properly.
After the orthodontic treatment is over, all crown surfaces are positioned, and dental bleaching is to be done next. It is because all teeth do not have the same color, particularly when the braces come off. Especially the enamel does not have the same volume or mineralization for all its elements. There might be resin fragments adhered to the coating. After the treatment, some oral adjustments need to be done.
The length of time required for the recovery depends on the continuity of the treatment. A regular follow-up would take a few months to recover, while a delay can lead to years of treatment with no proper outcome.
The main cost of this treatment is that of the appliances used. The cost ranges from Rs. 5000 to almost Rs.50000 if you prefer invisible braces. In some dental clinics, the rates may be higher, ranging from Rs.90000 to approximately Rs.2 lakhs. Add on to it, the fees of the orthodontics which again varies from one to another.
The procedure is efficient, and the end results are always good and lasting. If an orthodontist diagnoses the problem correctly, the results are stable. Orthodontics is a way to ensure long-term stability of the teeth.
Transalveolar transplantation of maxillary canines is an alternative to orthodontics. Fixed orthodontic appliances were used for fixation after which transplanted teeth were firmly affixed in the new position.
Fix Gaps between your teeths at Smile Up Dental Care & Implant Center
If you have gaps between some of your teeth, you’re not alone !
Diastemata – the technical term for spaces between adjacent teeth – are very common. The good news is, there are several treatment options available if you’re looking to correct these spaces.
First, you might be wondering whether it’s actually necessary to correct these gaps. There are plenty of people who famously have gaps in their teeth. However, there are several reasons, apart from aesthetic preference, why you should consider treatment.
1. Difficulty Chewing – When there are excessive gaps between adjacent teeth, food tends to slip into these spaces. Because of this, food is much more likely to be trapped for long periods of time, risking infections, gum problems and cavities.
2. Speech Problems – You’ve probably noticed that gaps in your teeth (particularly your two front teeth) can cause a change in your voice. This is because air passes between these gaps, resulting in “whistling sounds.” If you’re doing a lot of public speaking, this might be an unwelcome experience!
3. Spitting – Another problem with having a diastema is the occasional spitting which occurs during speech. The reason behind this is that saliva flows through these gaps, causing you to spit whenever you speak.
4. It May Get Worse – Probably the worst thing about having a diastema is that, over time, it may get worse. Your teeth will shift as you get older, and having spaces between teeth makes them much more likely to move in unpredictable ways, and faster.
The good news is that these gaps can be easily corrected! There are two main corrective options available: orthodontic or cosmetic treatment.
Orthodontic Treatment – Braces or Invisalign
Get Orthodontic Treatment – Braces or Invisalign at Smile Up Dental Care & Implant Center
This is the best, and most effective corrective option for a diastema. Braces and Invisalign will gradually close the gaps between adjacent teeth. In fact, this is probably the orthodontic issue that Invisalign is most effective at correcting. (If you’re considering orthodontic treatment and are trying to decide between the two, take a look at our comparison of braces and Invisalign.)
However, orthodontic treatment takes at least six months, so if you’re looking for a quicker solution, there are also cosmetic options available.
Get Dental Implants at Smile Up Dental Care & Implant Center
An implant is either a fixed or a removable replacement tooth that fits into the gap. This is usually best when the diastema is a full tooth wide. The replacement tooth will be inserted into the gum or bone, and sometimes attached to the surrounding teeth. Dental implants procedure has an extremely high success rate of 98% and is known for its long-lasting benefits. It is, however, slightly more costly than other options.
Cosmetic Treatment Options
i. Bonding – For this procedure, a tooth-colored filling material is applied to your teeth, widening them so that the gap is closed. This can be done in a single visit, and the results are immediate.
ii. Veneers – Another cosmetic option is to attach veneers – very thin shells made of porcelain – over the front surfaces of your teeth in such a way that the gaps are filled. Depending on the specifics of your smile, bonding or veneers may be the preferred option. Either way, the results are immediate.
iii. Crowns – In cases where veneers or bonding are not suitable, we may recommend attaching crowns over the front teeth to correct the gaps.
If you have a diastema, and are considering treatment, reach out to us and set up an appointment. We’ll be able to tell you which options are most suitable for your situation, and what you can expect in terms of time and cost.We have a team of highly specialized and experienced Dentists to deal with all kinds of cases and to achieve the best possible results.