The problem of periodontal disease is said to occur when your teeth structures get infected by bacteria found in dental plaque. To get rid of the bacteria, your body produces substance that bring about inflammation of the structures of your teeth. The teeth structures that get affected can include your gums, alveolar bone and the periodontal ligament. In the beginning of this dental condition, it is the gums that get affected first and eventually if not treated on time, the infection may spread to other structures of your teeth. Certain risk factors like stress, smoking or abnormal levels of hormones can significantly increase your chance of developing this condition.
HOW IS PERIODONTAL DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
The early stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis.