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Open Pores: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

Last Updated: Dec 22, 2022

What are Open Pores?

Our skin has tiny openings called open pores all over it that allow our skin to breathe and retain moisture. They also aid in our bodies ability to get rid of pollutants. But occasionally, blockage and dilatation may cause these pores to enlarge. That is when they start to cause issues. They are more likely to develop in those who have oily skin.

Even while these open pores are typically painless and safe, they can be extremely unpleasant to the eye, especially if they are on the face. Blackheads, poor-quality cosmetics, excessive sweating, ageing, genetics, and unsanitary behaviours can all contribute to open pores. There are several natural solutions you can try to reduce your open pores. Your dermatologist might advise using retinoids and salicylic acid to treat your open pores. AFT technology, Pixel Perfect technology, TCA Cross, Derma Rollers, and Lasers are your other options if they don't work.

Summary: Open pores are small holes or openings on the skin that can cause various skin problems such as: acne, blackheads, pimples and whiteheads.

Types of Open Pores

  • Y-Shaped Pores: Your skin's collagen production declines with age. Your pores may then take on the appearance of a water drop, sometimes referred to as Y-shaped pores. They frequently show up on the cheeks.
  • O-Shaped Pores: Your T-zone is most prone to experience them. They have a spherical form. If you have oily skin or are prone to acne, these kinds of huge pores are likely to appear.
  • U-Shaped Pores : These pores are a result of dry skin.

Summary- There are three major types of open pores, these are: Y- shaped, O- shaped and U- shaped pores.

What causes Open Pores on the face?

Our skin has thousands of pores that can’t be even visible through naked eyes. All the pores are naturally open and have hair follicles present in them. These pores allow the skin to breathe properly. Every pore has an oil gland (Sebaceous gland) that produces oil from the skin commonly called sebum.

Hormones play a pivotal role in stimulating sebaceous glands to produce an abundant quantity of sebum from the skin. This is the reason why our pores, especially of the forehead, nose, and cheeks appear to be larger than the others. There are many causes behind Open Pores on the face, some are listed below:

  • Extra sebum (oil) production.
  • Thick hair follicles.
  • Overexposure to sun.
  • Reduction of collagen production.
  • Genetically.
  • Reduced elasticity around pores.
Summary- Causes of open pores are: exposure to the sun, dry skin, excessive oil and hair follicles.

Do pores get bigger with age?

Age is the one factor that causes the enlargement of pores. As you grow old, skin starts to lose its elasticity making your pores larger in appearance. In fact, skin also becomes thick with the growing age causing minuscule skin cells which ultimately become the reason behind bigger pores.

Summary- As you age, your skin becomes less elastic, stretching and sagging, giving the appearance of larger pores.


Open pores can be prevented in the following ways:

  • Keep yourself hydrated: Enlarged pores are a sign of dehydrated skin. You need to stay hydrated to prevent your skin from drying out.
  • Put on sunscreen: By using broad-spectrum sunscreen, you can stop your skin from drying out. Keeping your skin moist also stops the creation of excess sebum. The result will be smaller pores.
  • Remove your makeup before sleeping: One of the biggest reasons for clogged pores is leaving your makeup on for an extended period of time. Make it a point to take off your makeup every night before sleeping.

Summary- Open pores can be prevented by following some simple steps like taking enough fluid, applying sunscreen and removing makeup before sleeping.


Various ways to treat open pores are:

  • Applying various topical retinoids such as Vitamin C, niacinamide and AHAs.
  • You can use chemical peels at the suggestion of your skin specialist.
  • Several medications like oral retinoids and antibiotics can be used to treat open pores.
  • You must exfoliate your skin on a daily basis.
  • Applying a clay mask.

Summary- Open pores can be treated by: using retinoids, clay masks, essential oils, medications and exfoliation.

Types of Treatment

The types of treatment for open pores are:

  • Skincare masks: Blackheads can be removed successfully with masks that dry on the face, and they may also assist to minimize the appearance of open pores. Pores are made to appear smaller by drawing out impurities with the aid of facial masks.
  • Steam: A steam facial can assist to clear out pores, which will make them seem smaller and give your skin a youthful look. You can improve the steam by adding herbs or essential oils for a better experience.
  • Exfoliation: Exfoliating your skin helps get rid of debris and oil that can block pores. A few of the many exfoliating products you can choose from include astringents, creams, and lotions.
  • Laser treatments: In a dermatologist's office, non-invasive laser procedures like Laser Genesis, Pixel Perfect, and the Fraxel Laser are carried out. They may be specifically beneficial for big pores brought by ageing or UV damage because they revitalize collagen production.

Summary- There are various forms of open pore treatments. Some of them are exfoliation, laser therapy, steam and facial masks.

What can we do at home to reduce the open pores?

You can reduce open pores at home by following the given instructions:

  • Clean your face properly
  • Apply sunscreen to prevent UV damage
  • Prefer oil-free products
  • Keep yourself hydrated
  • Apply aloe vera on the face to remove dirt and unclog the pores
  • Exfoliate your skin on a daily basis
  • Apply retinoids
  • Keep your skin moisturized
  • Use facial masks to remove excess oil and dirt

Summary- Various home remedies to reduce open are: cleansing, exfoliating, moisturizing, hydrating, and applying retinoids and sunscreen on the skin.

How is the open pores treatment done?

Try salicylic acid-containing face cleansers and toners for open pores if your skin is exceptionally greasy. Open pores can be reduced as a result of this acid penetrating the sebaceous ducts and removing the keratin plugs. Retinoids should be used at the dermatologist's advice.

Retinoids can be used topically and orally to minimize oil production and pores. Larger pits and craters left by acne scars can be effectively reduced by laser treatment. To reduce the open pores, they can help in collagen remodelling.

TCA Cross entails using a toothpick to apply tri-chloro-acetic acid to the surfaces of open pores. On each pore, a black scab will develop and detach within the following 7 to 10 days. In order to minimize the open pores, Derma Rollers also use collagen remodelling. Since they are less effective than lasers, they can be used in mild situations.

Open pores can also be treated with AFT technology, a light-based device that instantly gives the skin a brighter, more youthful appearance. Natural light is designed to penetrate the skin deeply to stimulate the growth of new skin and produce collagen. Your skin will be forced to self-exfoliate by Pixel Perfect technology so that new skin can form.

Summary- Treatment of open pores can be done with the help of retinoids, cleansers, TCA cross and AFT technology.

Who is eligible for the treatment of Open Pores?

If you feel that the open pores on your skin have opened too much and are making your skin look ugly, you must consult a dermatologist and get this condition treated.

Summary- People with enlarged pores are eligible for the treatment.

Who is not eligible for the open pores treatment?

If you are going through some other medical treatment, the open pores may be a side effect of the medications from that treatment. Wait for that treatment to subside before getting on with the open pores’ treatment.

Summary- People with very few pores that occur as a result of some other treatment are not eligible for open pore treatment.

Are there any side effects of open pores treatment?

Consult a dermatologist before using salicylic acid if you have dry or sensitive skin. It may cause some serious damage. AFT technology for open pores is not known to have any side effects. Other treatments for open pores may result in temporary redness, irritation or mild itchiness in your skin for some time.

Summary- Yes, open pore treatment can cause some temporary side effects.

What are the post-treatment guidelines for open pores treatment?

Along with following your dermatologist’s instructions, you must make sure that your skin is clean at all times. Use a good face wash and toner twice a day to clear off all the dirt from your open pores. Apply a good amount of sunscreen lotion with an SPF of at least 30, before stepping out in the sun. Use only good quality makeup, if you must. Avoid junk food and consume a nutritious diet including items rich in vitamin C helps in curing open pores.

Summary- Post-treatment guidelines for open pores are: clean your skin properly, apply moisturizer and sunscreen on a daily basis and take a healthy diet.

How long does it take to recover from open pores?

AFT technology for open pores shows immediate results. Pixel perfect technology takes about 7 days. It will take about 7-10 days if you choose the TCA cross. Lasers and Derma Rollers treatment for open pores may have to be done a few times depending on the severity of your condition. Only then will they show results.

Summary- It takes approximately 10 days to recover from open pores.

What is the price of open pores treatment in India?

One session of consultation with your dermatologist may cost between ₹1000 - ₹2000. The cost of treatment for open pores may vary according to the one you choose to go for, the severity of your condition, and the area of skin covered.

Summary- The price of open pores treatment in India may range from Rs 1000- Rs 2000.

Are the results of open pores treatment is permanent?

The results of the open pores treatment may or may not be permanent. Skin pores may return with aging, hormonal changes, unhygienic conditions, or any other reason. However, you must take keep your skin clean in order to avoid the situations.

Summary- In some cases, the results of open pore treatment can be permanent.

What foods reduce pores on the face?

By following some natural approaches, you can reduce the size of your Open Pores.

  • Start with eating Vitamin C-rich foods like Kiwi, oranges, and lemon.
  • Sunflower seeds are another best source to reduce the pores on the face. They are rich in Vitamin E that prevents sebum oxidation and keep your skin healthy forever.
  • Coconut oil is wonderful not only for hair but also takes care of your skin in a better way. It is a good source of Vitamin E. Thus, it keeps your skin pores unclogged, making your skin look smoother and brighter.
  • Sweet Potato also helps in making your skin look cleaner. It is enriched with Vitamin A that supports skin texture and prevents blockage.
Summary- Foods that help to reduce open pores are: sunflower seeds, coconut oil, sweet potato and foods rich in vitamin C.

Is apple cider vinegar good for pores?

Yes, apple cider vinegar is good and tremendously effective in refining the skin texture. It has anti-inflammatory properties that exfoliate the skin, controls extra sebum, and clear pores.

Summary- Apple cider vinegar is very effective for pores.

Is Aloe Vera good for Open Pores?

Aloe Vera has nourishing properties that work in the favor of your skin’s good health. It calms down the skin and tightens the Open Pores. The best part of Aloe Vera is that it cleanses the skin from deep within and makes your skin young forever.

Summary- Yes, lemon helps to close the pores.

Can Lemon close pores?

Lemon is a rich source of Vitamin C. It works as a natural skin whitener and gives you a healthy glow. It works against Open Pores, makes them shrink, and regulates sebum production. Apply a few drops of lemon on a cleansed face using cotton pads. Leave it for 10 mins and rinse off using water.

What are the alternatives to the open pores treatment?

You can try homemade face packs comprising of almonds, apple cider vinegar, honey, egg whites or sandalwood for open pores. Applying ice a few times a day is also known to minimise enlarged pores.

Summary- Various alternatives to open pore treatment include home remedies like applying face packs and ice on the pores.

Key Highlights

Safety: Medium

Effectiveness: Medium

Timeliness: Medium

Relative Risk: Medium

Side Effects: Medium

Time For Recovery: Medium

Price Range:

Rs 1,000 - Rs 2,000

Can ice close pores?

Yes, ice is known for providing a tightening effect to the skin. It helps in stimulating blood circulation by simultaneously reducing the size of the pores. You can simply take a wrapped ice cube and apply it on a cleansed face for a few seconds. You will be surprised by the results!

Summary- Ice can be used effectively to close the pores.

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Written ByDr. Amit Agarkar MD - Dermatology,FCPS - Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy,MBBSDermatology
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