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Overview

Occupational Therapy - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Our body is prone to illness and diseases. Not to mention the times and circumstances where we live in, we are prone to more number of ailments than at any point in time in human history. As a result, the human species is finding it increasingly difficult to live and feel satisfied at the same moment. This is what occupational therapists aim to achieve. Occupational Therapy is the treatment where the therapists help people to live as independently as possible. They work in tandem with various sections of individuals and try to identify the solution for the things that ail them. They also cooperate closely with differently abled persons and people who have chronic medical conditions and injuries. They also address your psychological aspect and assist you in becoming independent. They also groom you to blend within the society and find your acceptance. Naturally, the treatment works best when the individual is more open to the treatment and gives the appropriate time needed. Even simple activities like eating and dressing can be addressed as a part of Occupational Therapy. In rare cases, even medications and drugs can be prescribed based on your depression levels. The therapists also work in close contact with other teams of doctors to supplement the best medical care for you.

How is the treatment done?

Occupational Therapy can include various levels of treatment and is not tailor made to suit everyone. It is had as a series of sessions, and the therapist first gets to know the patient first so that the right treatment approach can be adhered to. Once the treatment pattern has been established the therapist would recommend opening up with the individual to address his/her needs. These can include personal care activities like eating, dressing, and walking, home skills such as cooking, gardening and personal management skills such as sticking to timelines and efficiently doing a work. Physical exercise is recommended wherever possible and as per the needs of the person. Some of the treatment can be focused on making you adjust to the assisted devices (if you use any) such as a walking stick or a wheelchair. Also in most treatment plans your family member would also be included as they would have a part in the caregiving schedule. Most of the Occupational Therapy deals with the mental or the physical impairments a person has since birth. The second common cause would include people recovering from long-term injury. In some cases, these can include individuals who are recovering from heart attacks, stroke or an amputation.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Occupational therapy as stated earlier focuses on helping people as individually as possible. So an individual who has undergone a medical condition or is in the treatment for a situation can be candidates for such procedures. The treatment is usually imparted to persons with mental and physical impairment so that they can adjust to their surrounding and lead a better life.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

The treatments mostly are of a psychological nature and can be safely undergone by any individual. There is no restriction or an eligibility criterion for such therapies, as these focuses on the betterment of a person as a whole. In rare cases when medications are involved, it would be safe to consult your physician about your body condition.

Are there any side effects?

No, there are no side effects for such treatments as they focus on the physical and mental inabilities of a person and the treatment is imparted as a series of self-care, recreational and work activities. They are also imparted as a series of sessions and can be had for life without any repercussions.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Mostly you might be asked to make some lifestyle changes, and you might have to change your home environment to suit your physical needs. The purpose of the treatment is to make you comfortable with yourself and to blend in the society. Hence accordingly you might have to go for group therapies or social sessions to achieve this.

How long does it take to recover?

Once again, there is no recovery period as the treatment is an ongoing process and tries to make you adjust to your surroundings and your life. Even after you are completely in sync, you can follow the procedures like undergoing certain activities or recreation to stay yourself fit and happy.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

In India, the treatment cost depends on the type of session an individual has and also depends on the number of sessions. Each session can be around the average of INR 350.00 and can go up based on the type of treatment imparted. Occupational therapy is not just a uniform treatment, and it has to be customized as per the person’s individual needs.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results vary vastly from every person and depend on how well the person adjusts to his surroundings. The results can be permanent in some cases, while in certain cases the treatment has to be undergone for life. You can consult with your therapist and physician on how you fare and how long you have to undergo the treatment. The fundamental purpose of the treatment is to ease back yourself into the society, and it depends on how far you are willing to be open to the treatment.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The options can depend on the basis of your physical condition. For some people meditating and doing yoga can be beneficial, while for others to get back the fitness, they have to work on certain exercises and activities. You can also pursue your hobby and you favorite sports after consulting with your physician.

Safety: Very High Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Very Low Side Effects: Very Low Recovery Time: Very Low Price Range: RS. 350 and above per session

Popular Health Tips

ADHD - Know The Symptoms

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Pediatric Surgery
Pediatric Surgeon, Jaipur
ADHD - Know The Symptoms

If you have noticed your child to be restless and anxious all the time, it might look cute as the child is highly energetic, but it could be a cause for concern at the same time. It is not normal and the child could be having ADHD that is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. As the name suggests, it is a disorder with deficiency of attention and in which the child is always hyperactive.

ADHD is a disorder in which the symptoms usually show up before the age of seven. It is characterized by a group of behavioral symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. The impact of these symptoms is felt extensively where his overall self-esteem is affected, be it at home, preschool or school, academics or extracurricular activities and in interpersonal relationships.

The most common symptoms, which are almost diagnostic of ADHD are:

  1. Inability to hold attention: The child's attention span is very short and it is very difficult to keep them engaged on one particular thing.
  2. Increased restlessness: The child would be extremely restless and gets distracted easily.
  3. Fidgeting: The child would be seen constantly fidgeting with his fingers.

The following are the less common ones:

  1. Learning disability is rare, but can happen. However, the good news is that it does not affect the child's intelligence.
  2. Sleep disorders
  3. Difficulty in following directions
  4. Poor executive functioning skills
  5. Disorganization, which can lead to poor motor coordination and impaired movements
  6. ADHD kids tend to forget things very easily and need help with coordinating movements
  7. The child suffering from ADHD could easily tire and/or feel lethargic with very low energy levels. This can lead to the child procrastinating things and not wanting to do things on priority basis
  8. These children also have difficulties with fine motor and cognitive skills and so there is delay in their overall participation in games.

While these are the pressing symptoms of ADHD, occupational therapy can play a significant role in managing the child in the following ways. As a first step, the caregiver should have a detailed discussion with the school staff and any other people with whom the child interacts significantly.

This will help identify areas that need support from an Occupational Therapy, which are the following:

  1. Support with gross and/or fine motor skills
  2. Support with improving handwriting
  3. Support with engaging in playing sports and games
  4. Support in engaging in social activities
  5. Improving sensory processing difficulties
  6. Improving visual perception
  7. Support in adapting to the environment
  8. Teaching strategies to participate in various social and academic activities

So, while an ADHD child is definitely a cause for concern, proper support from family can help manage the condition. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.

1898 people found this helpful

How Can Muscular Dystrophy Be Treated in Children?

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Faridabad
How Can Muscular Dystrophy Be Treated in Children?

Weakness of the muscles due to a genetically inherited condition is known as muscular dystrophy. This condition prevents the body from producing the required protein that can help in building muscles. This protein is also responsible for making the muscles strong and stable. This is most commonly seen in children who may seem clumsy as they begin to grow up and indulge in varied kinds of movements. Let us learn more about this condition and the ways in which it may be treated.

  1. Symptoms: In order to better understand the ways of treating this condition, it is important to take stock of the varied signs and symptoms that are associated with the same. The main symptom of this condition includes difficulty in walking as well as constant slips and falls that may be endured by the child. Also, the children suffering from this condition will have trouble in lifting the leg and foot in a normal way.
  2. Other Complications: This condition can also affect the heart and lungs by making the muscles in these regions weak. Also, this condition can lead to a number of serious breathing problems that will need immediate medical intervention so that it does not become fatal. It may also lead to accelerated heart beats and affect the hands and feet of the patient in an adverse manner. This condition can be found in different types, each of which will affect the patient in a different manner.
  3. Physical and Occupational Therapy: One of the most effective ways of dealing with condition in the long run is to indulge in physical and occupational therapy. With the help of a physiotherapist and other specialists, the patient will be taught to move in a more deliberate and normal manner without falling too often. Also, the patient will be eventually trained to go about life and various functions with certain kinds of movements that will be limited to the issues that the patient may be facing. Bracing will also be required so as to help the child cope better in the physical sense.
  4. Prednisone: This medicine may be prescribed by the Pediatrician to ensure that the progression of the heart issues may be slowed down. This will ensure that the heart may function in a more normal manner despite the muscle issues that it may be facing. The doctor will usually recommend that the medicine should be started when the child is around five or six years old.
  5. Spinal Fusion: This surgery can lessen the pain and reduce the severity of the symptoms, which can lead to better chances of moving in a normal manner. This will also give the child better posture so that the child may breathe normally.
4546 people found this helpful

Occupational Therapy For Children - What All Should You Know

Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT), Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
Occupational Therapist, Delhi
Occupational Therapy For Children - What All Should You Know

The human brain develops astonishingly during the first three years of life. Compared to the rest of the life, the initial three years are crucial to acquire a majority of social and cognitive skills. The brain evolves during this phase immensely. However, the development milestones are not crossed by all the kids in the same manner. In a few kids, the advancement is delayed, and the progress does not happen as desired. For optimal development, such children need additional support. This is where occupational therapy comes into the picture. Yes, this therapy is not related to adults alone and can do wonders for kids. This therapy helps such children to overcome the barriers and lead a normal life gradually.

  1. Trains to do the daily chores: Occupational therapy for kids can be used for a wide range of diseases and disorders. The major benefit the children can enjoy from occupational therapy is the ability to do the daily chores without depending on the adults. Self-help skills are improved in children. Any child who undergoes this therapy can soon start writing and drawing with ease.
  2. Dealing with a specific condition: A few kids are oversensitive, and a few are less sensitive. The organs related to the five senses send the details to the brain, and the brain interprets the signals to respond. This interpretation does not happen properly in such kids. As a result, they are not able to pay attention at school or home. This difficulty in paying attention often distracts them. This can be serious than you think. It is not only their studies that get affected but also the fact that they would not react to the fire alarm, and cannot mingle with the children of same age group. Occupational therapy helps them to stay focused. Regain of skills is possible with this therapy. Cerebral palsy is another area where the intervention of occupational therapy is essential. This is a scenario where the disorder restricts the child to a wheelchair. Moving the wheelchair, taking lunch, opening or closing closets, and other simple daily chores are taught to the kids by an occupational therapist. Management of muscular dystrophy and other disorders that restrict movement and affects the lifestyle of children may also need a therapist for training purposes.
  3. A package of methods and plans: Kids who suffer from autism and Sensory Processing Disorder have limited skills in playing and observing. The occupational therapist observes the pattern and finds where the skills need to be honed. The practitioner comes up with specific methods to train the children. It has to be understood that there is no single program and a practitioner really considers a lot of things and put together a variety of methods. The set of activities devised help with interaction, awareness, and coordination skills in these kids.

When you take the kids to an occupational therapist, he or she observes the kid. The apt plan or method to improve the skills or to train the kid to do a specific set of daily chores is devised based on the kid's condition. The age group of the kid, too, plays a vital role in designing the therapy. The therapy can be conducted in a hospital, school, home, or a specialized care center.

3701 people found this helpful

How Occupational Therapy Can Help In Case Of Trauma?

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT), Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT)
Occupational Therapist, Gurgaon
How Occupational Therapy Can Help In Case Of Trauma?

How occupational therapy can help in case of a trauma

Trauma can lead to a lot of changes in the your personality, way of thinking, behaviour and communication skills as well. It’s very common in children.But in order to recover or get better, you will need the expertise and the guidance of an occupational therapist. They will help your child to relearn whatever skill they want to, make them take part in things they like to do in order to keep themselves busy,make them more independent than ever so that they can take part in different types of activities.Your child will be under the observation and they will take a note of your child’s strength and weaknesses. You must be having a lot of questions in your mind, so let’s find out more about the occupational therapists.

Where will they see your child?

If you take your child to a trauma centre,your kid will be either at the paediatric intensive care unit or any general ward.There are some cases where your child might be referred to the local services which would be very close to home or the school.

What will your occupational therapist do when you’re in the hospital?

Firstly, an OT will talk to you about your daily life and how you are following the injury.They might even ask you about your home and different stuff related to it.They might ask you about the number of steps to your bathroom or Living room and various other basic questions.The purpose of this is to make a note in how you are going to get around in your own house after the process.There have been cases where the OT even might visit your house in order to provide you his valuable advise. In order to make the daily activities easier you might be given some equipments in order to raise your confidence and to make your activities easier.

What is occupational therapy all about?

The different types of activities that you might have to perform when you’re at the hospital are as follows:

- You’ll be given equipments to make your life easier and to gain confidence.
- You might be prescribed to use a wheelchair in order to make your daily life easier.
- Talking about your daily life which consists of basic things which are very important to you.
- Proper therapy in order to get over the trauma and to improve.

The time taken for recovery is different for each and everyone. It will take a longer period of time for a brain injury but in some cases all it might take is just a couple of weeks. What we should always keep in our mind is that intervention and a regular therapy session is very much important and will make a difference in the process of healing or recovery. The main aim of the operational therapist is to make sure that you do the normal things which you do regularly as safe and quickly as possible and to recover from the trauma to be perfectly fit and fine, both from the inside and the outside.
 

4407 people found this helpful

Cerebral Palsy And Occupational Therapy

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT), Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT)
Occupational Therapist, Gurgaon
Cerebral Palsy And Occupational Therapy

Cerebral palsy and occupational therapy

In order to recover the skills that are required for leading an independent and a satisfying life after any injury or disease, an occupational therapist is required. The word occupation refers to the tasks which one has to perform everyday not to one’s profession. Muscle and joint coordination issues can be fixed with the help of occupational therapy in case if kids .These include the daily activities like eating, brushing using the toilet. With the help of OT your cognitive and social abilities and even your motor skills will improve at a very good rate.

How is this beneficial for children with cerebral palsy?

Occupational therapy will be helpful to the children who are specially suffering from cerebral palsy. These benefits includes:

- It will increase the chances of making your child more independent.
- It will boost their ability to play as well as to learn.
- The self esteem and the confidence of your child will readily increase.
- They’ll have a sense of accomplishment.
- Their quality of life will improve as well.
- This is also beneficial for the parents as well. It will reduce your stress and will provide you with a sense of security.

What to expect?

Occupational therapy is different for different children who have cerebral palsy. It depends on one’s physical, intellectual and social emotional abilities .The first session is basically done for evaluation where your child’s fine motor and will be observed how your child responds to touch or any kind of movement. The parents are also interviewed in order to find out about the strengths and the weaknesses of your child. For children with cerebral palsy, a revaluation should be done in every 7-8 months in order to see the progress and change the treatment plan accordingly as per the improvement .The operational therapist will use some specific techniques which will help your child to improve very quickly and reach their destination.

These techniques are :

Paediatric constraint induced Movement therapy: This therapy helps your child to move the weaker parts of the body by restraining the stronger counterpart. If you child has a difficulty in moving one of the arms then the stronger arm will be restrained and the weaker arm will be trained in order to gain the strength.

Sensory integration therapy: This type of therapy will help your child to improve the ability bro receive , interpret and act on the information and situations that comes in your child’s brain with the help of sensory receptors .

Occupational therapy has been a very important part in improving the physical and the mental discomfort faced by your child when he or she is suffering from cerebral palsy. The therapist may even provide your child with some gadgets in order to make his /her daily life easier and more independent. This helps your child to improve and gradually get better at it without any sort of negativity. While you’re looking for a OT make sure the person has enough experience and knowledge, just to ensure that your child gets the right treatment.

 

4247 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My daughter is suffering from cerebral palsy. We r giving her occupational therapy but she is not responding well. We r frustrated.

DNB (Neurosurgery)
Neurosurgeon, Visakhapatnam
Dear madam, very sorry to hear your problem. Cerebral palsy is one condition where the treatment journey is tough and requires a lot of patience and family support. The response of treatment is very slow and aim is usually to maintain the present health and prevent further complications. As parents only you can give the best care to the child. Hence your patience is atmost important.

He is a asperges kid. We are going for therapies like occupational speech cognitive behaviour vision therapy for last 2 years and physical activity like swimming now he has developed in all areas but still the delay is there. Can you recommend from whom I can know how much delay is still there. He is 5 year old.

Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT), Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
Occupational Therapist,
In which area you think delay is there. If she achieve all the milestone and able to perform her normal routine work (ADL) activity.then no need to worry .Please go for IQ TEST.

My 2 years old kid (female - till now no speech, but says 2 or 3 word only) having mild autistic spectrum disorder. Doctors informed to go for occupational therapy and speech therapy. I want to know about this. It is curable or not? Most of them telling that, this is not curable. Please advice.

Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MRCPCH, MRCP (UK), MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Delhi
If your child has mild autistic features and can speak 2-3 words then she should do well with intensive therapies, this is the right age to act. You should learn yourself and work with therapist.
1 person found this helpful

My child 3 and half years old is having mild autism we are giving occupational therapy also he is responding also but I just want to ask till what age this therapy will continue and he hits children in his class or even people at home. His therapist are also not able to know the reason for his behaviour. He is tactile and vestibular which has affected speech.

Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT), Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
Occupational Therapist, Delhi
You should take therapy for at least 1 year, exact estimation of how long it will take to completely cure the problem cant be told but things will be under control within 1 year. Keep a close watch on the changes occuring in your child; sometimes there could be occurrence of new symptoms, for every positive or negative change you must observe child carefully. Spend lots of time with your child, take him to the park & let him play with other children. If child is having problem with communicating then you must start with speech therapy as well. Hitting is one of the behavior in autistic children, negative reinforcement technique need to be used. He avoids or seeks tactile & vestibular sense? Is he hypersensitive or hyposensitive?

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
PRP Therapy And Prolozone Therapy
Good evening friends.

This is Dr. Nilay Shah. I run a medical tourism company, called as positive medical services. It s a medical tourism company, which provides one stop solution for many medical problems. The unique part of us, we are different as compared to modern medicine. We are into tolerant therapies. Various alternative therapies which I practised like chelation, ozone, PRP, prolozone, Vitamin C, etc. today we are going to talk about PRP therapy and prolozone therapy. Both of these therapies are very useful in ligament test and tender problems. PRP. That is the first thing about which we are going to talk about. The word itself, PRP stands for Platelet Rich Plasma, Platelet Rich Plasma means its plasma which is rich in platelet. That means that is very useful in producing growth factors, which are produced naturally in the body. The way we do is we draw a certain amount of blood from the patient s vein, now this drug is taken into centrifugation machine. And we Centrifuge it. The moment we centrifuge it, there is a layer which is separated out, which is full of platelets. This layer, we take it in a syringe. And we inject at the place where there is a ligament tear or a tendon problem. Now how does it work? It works by producing growth factors, as I said earlier. These growth factors help in natural rebuilding or tissue repair. Most of the patients which we get for PRP are patients who are asked to go for arthroscopy or surgery. This is a natural way. Where our own tissue is helping it to rebuild again without any surgery or any other invasive procedures. And the best part is since you are using your own blood so there is no question of any side effects. Now, the next thing we are gonna talk about is Prolozone. Prolozone is very much similar to PRP, but the only difference is we are using a polorofent. Polorofrent is something like an irritant which produces a second inflammation to already a tissue which is already injured or damaged. Polorofrent and ozone, when we combine these together it is called as prolozone. Again the mechanism is very such similar to PRP. Whereby we are helping the tissue to get it repaired. The only difference is, in PRP what we were doing is we were using our own tissue for the repair, but here we are using prolofent, giving a second inflammation which is already injured and thereby giving it a second healing. Now, both this PRP and prolozone are very useful. In major cases where patients comes in a lot of pain, they don t want to go for a surgery, they are diabetic and there are certain complications for a surgery. This is the easiest and the safest way for getting the tissue repaired as compared to the convention medicine where you go for an arthroscopy or a tissue repair through a surgery. And since these therapies don t have any side effects as compared to convention medicine, people have been opting for it. And there is one of the major reason, throughout the world these therapies are getting popular. I hope I have been quite informative in explaining you guys PRP and proozone therapy. For more information. If you all at wich to contact me, you can contact me through Lybrate.

Thank you very much.
Play video
How Does Therapy Work?
Ways to Clear Your Mind of Negative Thoughts
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Know The Different Types Of Therapy
Some types of therapy have been in use for decades and others are relatively new. Many are evidence-based and grounded in research, others are based in theory or rely on anecdotal evidence.
Play video
Know More About Sound Therapy
The therapeutic sound and sound therapy techniques are delivered using tonal and rhythmic instruments and voice. Sound therapy is also extremely effective with regard to group and community work.
Play video
Panchakarma Therapies
Hi, I am Dr Sowmya Nair and I am an Ayurvedic physician with more than 13 years of experience in Ayurvedic treatments. I am specialised in Ayurvedic therapies. So, today I am going to speak about Panchakarma therapies.

In Ayurveda, Ayur means "life" and veda means "science". IN Ayurveda, we are treating patients according to the doshas i.e. vaat, pitt and cough. If a person has any imbalance between the vaat, pitt and cough then they will suffer from diseases. In order to balance the doshas, we are doing Panchaklarma therapies.

Panchakarma means 5 karmas. It is the main treatment in Ayurveda. Panch means "five" and karma means "treatment". There are

Vamana
Virechana
Nasya
Basti
Rakta moksha
These are the main treatments in Ayurveda. With these therapies, our body will be healthy and it helps in maintaining all the doshas- vaat, pitt and cough.

For problems like- sinusitis, chronic sinusitis, psoriasis, we do Vamana therapy.
Virechana is a loose motion therapy. In the pitta problems also we do Virechana therapy.
Nasya is the main treatment for the sinusitis, allergic rhinitis related problems.
Basti is the main treatment. It cures all the vada related diseases. LIfestyle diseases liek spondylitis, cervical spondylitis, lumbar spondylitis, slip disc cases, multiple psoriasis. In this, we are giving medicated decoction and medicated oil through anal route.
The last is the Rakta moksha. It is a blood ducting. It is a Kerala therapy and it is a Leech therapy. Leech therapy is very good for all pitt dosh related problem and skin related problems.
Nowadays the slip disc and osteoarthritis are very common. In osteoarthritis, there is degenerative changes in bones. If it affects your neck, it is called cervical spondylitis. If it affects your back, it is called Lumbar spondylitis. If it affects your knees, it is called ankylosing spondylitis. Osteoarthritis of knees are very common now a days.

How to prevent Osteoarthritis of knees?

Maintain your diet. Avoid eating junk food and oily food in order to maintain your body weight.
Do regular exercises. Do walk and yoga asanas to help preventing Osteoarthritis.
Maintain the right postures.
If slip disc affect the neck, you will have pain and numbness. If it affects the cervical, you will get cervical pain, neck stiffness, neck pain. If it affects the Lumbar region, then you will have difficulty in movements and pain in both the legs. For such problems, we have excellent treatment in Ayurveda.

Treatments-

In Osteoarthritis problems, we are doing janu basti, janu pichu, abhyangam, elakiri, podikizhi. All these treatments are very good to cure Osteoarthritis.

If it is cervical disc related problem, then we give greeva basti, greeva picchu, nasyam are very good for this problem.

We treat Lumbar disc related problem with Kadi basti, kadi picchu, abhyangam.

These are the main treatments for all the diseases.

For more information, you can contact me through Lybrate.

Thank you.

Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice