Get help from best doctors, anonymously
Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Hypopituitarism: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Dr. Neelam Pandey Kukreti 90% (88 ratings)
DM - Endocrinology, MD Medicine
Endocrinologist, Gurgaon  •  12 years experience
Hypopituitarism: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Hypopituitarism is defined as a condition in which the pituitary gland is unable to produce enough hormones. Under-secretion of pituitary hormones affects reproduction, body growth and blood pressure. It also results in pre-mature aging.

The pituitary gland is a small bean-shaped gland situated at the base of your brain, behind your nose and between your ears. Despite its size, this gland secretes hormones that influence nearly every part of your body.

In hypopituitarism, you have a short supply of one or more of these pituitary hormones. This deficiency can affect any number of your body's routine functions, such as growth, blood pressure and reproduction.

Few Causes:

  1. Head injury

  2. Tuberculosis

  3. Radiation treatment

  4. Stroke

  5. Brain tumors

  6. Brain surgery

  7. Meningitis (brain infection)

  8. Hypophysitis (autoimmune inflammatory disorder)

  9. Sarcoidosis is an infiltrative (accumulation of cells and tissues in excess of the normal amount) disease which occurs in various organs.

  10. Impaired hormone secretion by the pituitary gland is caused by genetic mutations.

  11. Sheehan’s syndrome: It is a condition in which the pituitary gland gets damaged due to severe blood loss during childbirth.

  12. Hypothalamus (a part of the brain which is located above the pituitary gland) diseases wherein the pituitary activities are directly affected by the hypothalamus.

Symptoms:

  1. Fatigue

  2. Reduced sex drive

  3. Decreased appetite

  4. Anemia

  5. Irregular menstruation, pubic hair loss, hot flashes (feverish heat), and inability to breast-feed properly because of low breast milk production).

  6. Dwarfism in children

  7. Weight loss

  8. Increased sensitivity to cold temperature

  9. Infertility

  10. Facial puffiness

  11. Reduction in body hair or facial hair

Treatment Options:

  1. Hormone replacement drugs include:

    • Corticosteroids: Adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency leads to low production of adrenal hormones (different kinds of hormones such as cortisol and adrenalin, produced in the endocrine glands). These drugs act as a replacement of adrenal hormones.

    • Growth hormone: Growth hormone, also known as somatropin, is injected beneath the skin. This treatment method promotes growth, which balances the height in children. Growth hormone deficiency in adults is also cured by these medications to some extent.

  2. Surgery: Surgical procedure is needed if the condition of hypopituitarism is the result of a tumor. The doctor will remove the tumor through surgery, thus resulting in normal growth.

  3. Radiation: Radiation therapy helps in reducing the size of the tumor which causes stunted growth or pre-mature aging. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

2751 people found this helpful
Icon

Book appointment with top doctors for Infertility treatment

View fees, clinic timings and reviews