A very common problem that occurs within people is the problem of crooked teeth, where the alignment of the teeth is not correct. Teeth may be badly positioned, overcrowded or there may be presence of gaps between the teeth. All such conditions hamper the looks of people, as well as it doesn’t allow the people to brush or floss efficiently and chew the food properly while eating. Due to improper alignment of teeth, the jaws and gums can be severely injured and therefore it is strongly recommended to correct the alignment of the teeth if they are improper. This problem mainly occurs when the permanent set of teeth start emerging, or approximately from 6 years of age.
This problem can be solved by visiting and orthodontist who can give the patient a number of options to cure this problem. For minor problems like fixing gap within teeth or fixing a single crooked tooth can be solved by using retainers. Usage of porcelain veneers is an option which can cover up the problem of crooked teeth rather than correcting them. The most common method of correcting crooked teeth is the usage of braces. Braces not only correct the crooked teeth but are also efficient to correct overbites, under bites and cross bites.
Critical under bites can be corrected by wearing jaw expanders. sometimes, surgery is performed for extremely critical conditions of crooked tooth
Usage of retainers is quite easy and is even inexpensive too. The orthodontist makes a mould of the mouth of the patient with a thick substance known as alginate. The retainer is made from the very same mould and placed within the mouth, which re-positions the tooth that is mildly out of position that is creating slight overcrowding at one particular place inside the mouth.
The usage of porcelain veneers are generally for covering up the problem rather than curing it. The job of a porcelain veneer is to improve the appearance of the crooked or uneven teeth, mostly used in the case of gaps within the teeth or mild overcrowding of the teeth. The doctor removes a part of the enamel, and the veneer is set within the mouth.
A jaw expander increases the size of the upper jaw so that the bottom teeth of the patient do not overlap with the teeth of the upper jaw any longer.
Surgery is the ultimate option of the most critical case of crooked teeth. Surgery is rarely performed to treat crooked teeth, but may be the only affective way out for certain patients. Surgery decreases the length of the lower jaw thus reducing the under bite.
The most effective and user friendly way of correcting crooked teeth is insertion of braces. They are the most common option in this matter that can cure all types of crookedness and the related problems. There are visible braces that are brackets attached to the front of the teeth and connected by metal wires. Brackets can be made out of metal, ceramic or plastic and regarded best for severe problems.
Nearly visible braces are plastic tray-like structures that are fit over the teeth, mainly made out of Invisalign. These braces can be worn as well as taken out of the mouth whenever required. There are invisible braces shaped in the form of brackets that are fit behind the teeth. The brackets are customised to the teeth so that they work faster.
The problem of crooked teeth can occur to anyone, mainly if the permanent teeth come out in an uneven manner after the milk teeth start falling. So there is no particular age barrier for taking the treatment of crooked teeth. Any person facing this problem is eligible to undergo such treatment.
People whose teeth are completely aligned do not need to take this treatment. There may be certain people whose teeth are very slightly non-aligned. Even they do not require consulting medical personnel for such a matter. Little care, if taken can solve this problem.
There can be certain side effects of using the various treatment methods. The retainer can sometimes cut into the gum. They can even draw a lot of saliva into the mouth causing it difficult to pronounce individual words clearly. It is not recommended for an athletic person to use retainers due to possibility of injuries. Even veneers are not good for the people who are into sports or related activities. Braces are good options for curing crooked teeth, but the nearly visible or completely invisible braces might not work as good as the visible braces, especially in the case of severely crooked teeth. The visible braces are quite effective, but can be very painful at times. Invisible braces are the most difficult to get adjusted with. It can sometimes make it quite hard to speak.
A person using a retainer has to keep in mind that it is to be taken out while eating and brushing. When not in use, the retainer should be kept in a box properly and away from any heat source. It should be cleaned regularly by mouthwash to avoid any build-up of germs. The porcelain veneers need to be taken care of, especially against grinding of teeth and while biting into hard food like biscuits, nuts and others. People who use braces should avoid certain foods as long as they are wearing them. Hard (chocolate and candies), crunchy (chips) or sticky (caramel, gum) food items are to be avoided, or cut into smaller pieces while eating, which otherwise will damage the braces.
There is no fixed time period for treatment of crooked teeth. It depends on the severity of the problem that is being faced. While some people take this treatment for a few months, others with severe crooked teeth have to wear either of the external items like retainers or braces for many years, until the orthodontist asks to discontinue the usage of it.
Crooked teeth can be permanently cured if either of the treatment methods is used efficiently by able orthodontists. The time period if curing may vary from patient to patient, but the result is permanent. A person does not get a crooked tooth again once the tooth is fixed.
Rs. 25000 – Rs. 100000
A person normally focuses on the disadvantages of having braces when he/she is required by the dentist to put braces. If you are also one of them, think again and read on about the importance and advantages of having braces for teeth:
Teeth are one of the most precious parts of the human body. By playing a significant functional and structural role in aesthetics, facial appearance, and food habits, digestion and chewing, all efforts at maintaining them should be undertaken. As we all know, we have two sets of teeth, primary or deciduous and the permanent set. Let us discuss tooth removal in these two sets separately.
In the primary teeth, the main indication would be dental decay. If the tooth is severely damaged beyond repair with fillings, then removal could be an option, with two things considered. The primary successor will erupt within the next 6 months; if not, a space maintainer would be put in place.
Another reason would be if the tooth is beyond its lifecycle and is blocking the eruption of the successor, then it requires removal.
The permanent teeth, however, are a set that are meant to last for a lifetime and removal should be considered only as a last resort. With advances in dental treatment methods, gone are the days when removal would be an option for severe decay.
Some of the absolute indications for removal would be:
Unlike in the earlier years, the absolute indications for removing tooth have changed. A thorough examination, both oral and radiological, should be done before zeroing on extraction.
Why to replace missing teeth ?
Tooth Shifting: When you lose a tooth, the surrounding teeth begin drifting into the open gap, shifting your teeth out of alignment. What once was a straight smile can quickly turn into crooked teeth.
TMJ Syndrome: When teeth shift out of alignment after tooth loss, bite problems usually develop. When the upper and lower jaws don’t meet properly, it strains and damages the jaw joint (TMJ).
Gum Disease/Tooth Decay: Once teeth shift out of alignment, it is harder to reach some spots with your toothbrush or floss. When plaque and bacteria aren’t reached, tooth decay and periodontal disease develop, often causing further tooth loss.
Face Shape Alteration: When the tooth root is not replaced from a missing tooth, bone deterioration can quickly lead to face shape alteration, changing your appearance.
Best options to replace missing teeth
Dental implants : An implant is a great way to replace a missing tooth. This solution feels and acts the most like a natural tooth when chewing, brushing or smiling. The implant replaces the actual root of the missing tooth and heals in the bone for several months. We then place an abutment, to which a crown will be cemented. A major advantage is no need to alter any other teeth when placing an implant. An implant is a great solution for a single missing tooth, and even more implants can replace many missing teeth. When smiling or talking there is no way to tell the difference between an implant and a natural tooth.
Bridges : A bridge is an option when there are teeth on either side of the missing tooth. A bridge is a fixed solution that stays cemented in the mouth and does not come out. This method involves cutting down the teeth on either side of the missing tooth to be able to connect them together.
Removable partial denture : A removable partial denture, which is worn during the day, can replace one or many missing teeth. Sometimes a partial denture may need metal clasps to help it stay in the mouth. Unfortunately, these metal clasps may be visible when speaking or smiling. Another disadvantage of a removable partial denture is that they can move a little when speaking or eating, which can be uncomfortable.
A missing tooth can be responsible for causing different health issues. Along with these, a person loses his ability of chewing with missing teeth, develop problems related to speaking and his overall facial appearance also gets affected.
In case of a missing tooth or several missing teeth, it is best advised to get dentures fitted. Dentures are false teeth, which are fitted in the oral cavity in place of lost natural teeth.
Here are several reasons why it is important to fill up a missing tooth:
A missing tooth should never be ignored and in case you lose a tooth, you should see a dentist as soon as possible. By filling up a missing tooth, you will be able to save yourself from several issues related to the mouth and gums.